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therto remained with himself. But thing remains unfinished but the two in April 1786, when an octavo edi- short chapters on arts and manners ; tion was intended, he conveyed the and even for these he has left materials property to Milfrs Cadell and Stra- and authorities so dillin&tly collected, liun ; referring to himself what still that there can be no great difficuly remained unlulu of the quarto edition, in fupplying what is wanting. li is which did not then cxceed cighty-one hoped that this volume may be ready complete fets. A few copies were for publication fome time in the winafterwards printed of the volumes ter or spring 1792; and that it will of which the first impression was ex- be found intitled to the fame favorahausted, to make up additional fets : ble reception from the public which and before the end of 1786, he sold has been given to the former volunies. the whole.co Mefis Cadell and Stra. It was written under the disadvantages han. By the first tranfact: on he of bad health and great weakness of was to recrire socol, and by the se- body. The tremelous motion of his cond betwixe zcol. and 40cl. about hand had increased so as to render 1400l. in all. Tliese funis may not writing much more dificult to hin be absolutely exact, as they are set than it had erer been : but the v gour down from memory, but thcie can- of bis mind and his ardour were unimnot be a mistake of any confequence paired ; and, independent of the geon the cnc lide or the other. Dr ral character of his works, the posthu. Henry had kept very accurate ac- mous volume will be a lasting monucounts of the tales from the time of ment of ihe strength of his faculties, the original publication; and after and of the literary industry and perhis last transaclion with Messrs Cadell í: verance which ended only with his and Strahan, he found that bis real life. profis had amounted in whole to Dr Henry's original plan extended about 3300 pounds: a frikirg proof from the intation of Britain by the of the intrinsick merit of a work which Romans to the present times. And had forced its way to the public esteem men of literary curioliy inult regret - unprotected by ihe interest of the that he has not lived to complete his booksellers, and in spite of the malig. design; but he has ceriajoly finish:d nant opposition with which the first the most difficult paris of his fubject. volumes had to ftruggle.
The periods afer the accession of The prosecution of his history had Edward VI. afforded materials more been Dr Henry's favourite obje& for 'ample, bet:er directed, and much mcte almost 30 years of Dis life. He had within the reach of common readers. naturaliy a found constitution, and a Till the summer of 1790 he was more equal and larger portion of ani- able to parsue his Nudies, thrush ac: mal spirits than is commonly possessed without interruptions. But at that i'me by literary men, But fron the year he lost his health entirely; and, with 1785 his bodily strength was ferlibly a confiturion quite worn out, died impaired. Norwitbitanding this, he on the 24111 of November of the ycar, piesliited fleadily in preparing his fixth in the 730 year of his age.--He was volume, which brings down the history buried in ihe church-yard of Fuse 10 the accuffun of Edward VI, and mont, where it is projeled to erect has lift it in the hands of liis execu a monumene :0 his encory. lors almost corapleated. Scarcely any
An Taieresting Dialogue between the lat: Dr Johnson, and wire Knowles
HY friend Jenny H-thou been bora in Turkey, ic haj
to chee, Doctor.
Mahometan, notwithstanding Christian Dr. J. To me!--ell me not of her! evidence might have wrought in thy I hate the odinus wench for her apos. mind the clearest cocviction; and if tały: and it is you, Madam, who sí, then let me alk, how: would thy hase seduced her from the Christian conscience have answered' for such otReligion.
ftinacy at the great and last triMrs K. This is a heavy charge, bynal.? indead. I mult beg leave to be heard Dr ). My conscience would not in-my own defence : and I coireat have been answerable. the atten'ion of the prosent learned Mirs K. Whose then would? and candid company, deliring they Dr ). Why the State's, to be sure. will judge how far I am able to clear In adhering to the Religion of the myself of fo cruel an accusation, State as by law established, our in. '
Dr F. (much disturbed at this unex. plicit obedience therein becomes our p-died challenge) faid, You are a wo- duty. man, and I give you quarter.
Mrs K. A Nation or Slate, bav· Mrs K. I will nät take quarter. ing a conscience, is a doctrine entire-> There is no fex in souls; and in the ly new to me, and, indeed, a very prefent cause I fear not even Dr John- curious piece of intelligence; for I Son hims-if.
have always understood that a Go: ("* Bravo!" was repeated by the vernment, or Staie,is a creature of time company, and filence ensued.)
only;. beyond which it diffolves, and Dr 7. Well then, Madam, I per. becomes a nonentity. Now, Gentle. oil in my charge, that you have se. men, can your imaginations bądy forth duced Miss H from the Chrif this monffrous individuals or being, tian Religion.
called a State, composed of millions Mrs K. If thou really knewest of people? Can you behold it Italking what were the principles of the Friends, forth into the next world, loaded with ihou would it not say The had depart: its mighty conscience, there to be reed from Christianity. But, waving warded, or punished, for the faith, that discuilion for the present, I will opinions, and conduct, of its constitake the liberty to observe, that the tuent rachines called men? Surely the bad an undoubted right to examine teeming brain of Poetry never held and to c'ange her educational tenets up to the fancy so wondrous, a perwhenever the supposed the had found fonage ! them erroneous : as an accouatable
Dr 7. (when the laugh occasioner! creature, it was her duty so to do. by this personificatirn was fulfided,
Dr. Phaw! pshaw !—an ac. very angrily replied.). I regard not countable creature !-girls accountable what you lay as to that matter. I crearures !--It was her duty to re- hate the arrogance of the wenčh, in main with the Church wherein the supposing herself a more competent was educated ; she had no bugness to judge of religion than those who cduleave it.
cated her. She imitated you, no Mrs K. What! not for that which doubt , but fie ought not to have preMe apprehended to be beiter? Ac. sumed to determine for herself in to cording to this rule, Doctor, hadít important an affair,
Mrs K. True, Doctor, I grant it, (Here the Doctor grew very angry, if, as thou fi emeit to imply, a wech Hill mörcs at the space of time the of 20 years be in a moral agent. Gentlemen infifted on allowing his anta
Dr J. I doubt it would be difficult gonift wherein to make her defence, and.. to proie rhofe deferse that character : his impatience excited one of the comwho turn Quakers.
pany, in a whisper, to jay,
« I pever Mrs K. This severe retort, Doc- faw this mighty' lion so chafed betor, induces nie charitably to hope fore !") thou must be totally unacquainted The Doctor. again repeated, that with the principles of the people against he did not think the Quakers deíery. whom thou art fu exceedingly preju-, ed the name of Christians. diced, and that thou fuppofelt us a set ; Mrs K. Give me leave then to of Infidels or Deitts.
endeavour to convince thee of : thy Dr J. Certainiy, I do think you 'error, which I will do by making belittle better than Deists.
fore thee, and this respectable comMrs K. This is indeed strange ; pany, a confession of
Our faith. 'ris palling Itrange, that a man of such Creeds, or confessions of faith, are universal reading and research has not admitted by all to be the standard thought it at least expedient to look whereby we judge of every denomiinto the cause of diffent of a society nation of professors. so long established, and so confpicu (To this, every ole present agreed; oufly fingular!
and even the Doctor grumbled out his Dr J. Not I, indeed! I have not allent.) read Barclay's Apology; and for this Mrs K. Well then, I iake upon plain reason I never thought it worth me to declare, that the people called . my while. You are upttart Sectaries, Quikers do verily believe in the Holy perhaps the beft fubdued by a lileot Scriptures, and rejoice with the most contempt.
full and reverential acceptance of the Mrs K. This reminds me of the divine history of facts, as recorded language of the Rabbies of old, when in the New Testament. That we, their Hierarchy was alarmed by the consequently, fully believe those hisincreasing influence, force, and fin- torical articles fummed up in what is plicity, of dawning truth, in their called the Apostles Creed, with these high day of worldly dominion. We two exceptions only, to wit, our Sameekly truft, our principles stand op viour's descent into Hell, and the rethe same folid foundation of simple furrection of the body. These my. truth, and we invite the acuteft invef- fteries we humbly leare just as they rigation. The reason thou givest for fand in the holy text, there being, not having read Barclay's Apology is from that ground, no authority for surely a very improper one for a man fuch affertion as is drawn up in the whom the world looks up to as a Creed. And now, Ductor, canft Moral Philosopher of the first rank ;' thou still deny to us the honourable a teacher from whom they think they tiile of Christians ? have a right to expect much informa Dr 7 Well!-I must own I did tion. To this expecting, eaquiring not at all fuppose you had so much to world, how can Dr Johnson acquit fay for yourselves. However, I canhimself for remaining unacquainted not forgive that little fut, for presumwith a book translated into five or fixing to take upon herself as the has different languages, and which has done. been admitted into the libraries of Mrs K. I hope, Doctor, thou wilt almost every Court and University in not remain unforgiving; and that you Christendom!
will renew your friendship, and joy,
fully meet ae laft in those bright re- pleasantly received, t'at the Doctoč gions where Pride and Prejudice can joined in the laugh; tis /pleer was dilnever enter!
fipated; he took his coffee, and becamie, Dr 7. Meet her! I aever desire for the remainder of the evening, very fools any where.
cbearful and entertaining.) (This furcastic turn of wit was fo
On the Pleasures of elegant Society ; from the Loiterer, a periodical Work.
HEN, in composing a loiter- ed by a sweet and voluble utterance,
er, or in following any other and sufficieatly pointed by a piercing ftudies, I have insensibly fallen into eye? more intense thought than is congenial But though conversation may be to my system, I find certain and im. generally a source of pleasure, and mediace relief in the conversation of a rarely of pain, it not unfrequently few friends, whom many successive wearies and offends by impertinence. years have gradually placed at my side, In many instances, indeed, the comand in whom commanding talents are pany can fifle or promote a topic, f. so tempered by complying manners, lence or encourage a speaker, at will; that if at any time I feel more than but where fuperiority, by age or forordinary self-complacency, it is when tune, fanctions prolixity or in tpidity, I reflect that I have been able to draw the remedy is not always practicable, round me such a circle : living in ri. and if one man will expose himself, valihip without enmity, and familiarity the rest must submit to look on. I without distuste, we mutually derive hall therefore recall to my. readers a from conversation alistance in ftudy, fev characters, which probably every and delight in relaxation.
one of them has met and condemned; Molt of my readers of both sexes in which he who is free from their erhave also their little circles, in which rors may fee his danger and avoid it; they enjoy the fatisfaction of talking and he who has inadvertently fallen and being talked to; and however into them may perceive his folly and they may be divided which affords reform. And it is certainly more de.. moit pleasure, there are few but will firable that a man should discover his agree, that lite can exist where they owo want of wisdom, than that others are precluded from both. I am in- should be reduced to the necessity of dined to believe that the most con- informing bim that he is a fool. versible are, if not the most happy, yet In the circles of men, few charac-, the least unbappy members of society; ters are more frequent than one who for grief, fear, and anxiety, are ab- fuftens on fome ftranger who happens stracted and silent; but joy, hope, and to have visited or io refide in his conteniment, have an ear open io eve- neighbourhood, with whoin he runs. Ty tale, and a tongue ready to fill eve over a catalogue of names, and a regi
Iter of minute circumstances, unintelPerhaps the pleasure of conversation ligible to others, and unimportant to is ofien exclufive of any actual wit or hinself. Enumerating every person fense contained it ; for who but has with whom he has dined or danced, biltened with pleasure to the bewitch- he details their concerns without in ing as things of a pretty woman, and tereft, and characterises them without thought her periods sufícieaily round. discrimination. Unwearied in inqui
ries, not prompted by denre of rejoic- to shine by his own light, he seeks re, ing with the fortunate or condoling licf in the darkness of another. One of wh the wretched, he liftens to the this character is found in most small forelation of calamity without pain, of cieties, and two or three in every comgood fortune without pleasure. Whe- mon rooni.' He may be easily diftin. ther the objects of his inquiry be sink- guished ; for when he enters the coming into poverty, or rising in:o wealth, pany, argument is relinquished and whether fick, dying, or dead, he hears laughter subsides, and a general silence their story with the fane vacant com- of expectation and appreher:Gon preposure of muscle, the same complacent vails, till it appears who is to be licgnod of apprehenfion. Happy is the led out for the evening's persecution. cmpany when the fortunate lapfe of When once the spirit of raillery is cona letter in the recollection of a name, jured up, every one becomes interestor some confusion in ascertaining a paro ed in fixing it in its circle, and the ricular day or place, fufpends his yo- vhole erening waftes away in the dilubility.
ftri fles of one man, and the ungener. Equally frequent and wearisome is ous triumph of the rest : and while all the man who is in the opposite ex are actuated by one illiberal feeling, treme. As the conversation of the and unite in one fruitless purpose, no one is more copious than finent, that mutual courtesies refine the manners, of the other is more fluent than copi- no collision of sentiments strengthens ous: the one bewilders himself among the taste, no interchange of informaa thousand different persons and things, tion enriches the mind. the other confines himself to a very Bit of all impertinents he is the few favourite topics. It is sometimes molt insufíerable who talks from books amusing to obferve with what dexte in great fwa:hs.' He is positive in rity he conducts the discourfe round his allert ons, becavíe be believes he io his darling subjects, and with what has read them, and angry if they are delight he expatiates on the well- controverted, because he has not a fin. known ground,' I have an old and gle idea by which he can maintain respectable acquaintance fomewhat of ihem, In what inextricable confusion this decripion; and when he falls have I seen such a man involve him. into there harangues, he sometimes self and all around lum, by having brings so lively to my recollection the turned over two leaves together, or oplace and time in which I first heard verlooked a comma in a critical place. them, that I almost doubt whether all Such a character generally poflefies a which lias intervened is not a dream, feeble intellect, which entirely bends and half persuade myself that I am under the weight of studies which, tercral years younger, and in quite a with violence to nature, he pertinaciditierent part of the kingdom, than I ouliy imposes on himself. You may afterwards find I really am. But let track him through all the labyrinth me be jaft to his meriis. One fome. of his reading by the thread of his tines is ir disposed to ta'k or listen, yet conversation : his mind is a shallow neither affects silence or folitude; at stream, where every accession of rubSuch trafons, what hoors of indiscribe.' bifh aprears above the surface. adlo kufury have I passed in the con Dilgusted at the frequent recur. verfion of av friend !
rence of such characters among men, Another leading personage is one we fly to feriale circles. In 'wonen
fits mute while the conversation we persuade ourselves trifting will lose corinnes general, and scarcely feems its insipidity, ignorance its arrogance, in exiit till he has turned it against and mirth its licentiousness. A little fume unfortunate individual: unable experience teaches us that the con.