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his place, and delivered the following the people's injuries; and I am now to in.. Speech :
form you of the resolution I have taken to
pursue reparation. “ GENTLEMEN,
u I have caused a declaration to be made “ I have taken your message of the 20th to the Elector of Treves, that if before
the of last month into deep consideration. In 15th of January he do not put a llop witha case that involves the honour of the French in his states to all collecting of troops, and people, and the safety of the empire, I thought all hoftilc dilpulitions on the part of the it my duty to be myself the bearer of my French, who have taken reluge in them, li answer, The nation cannot but applaud shall no longer confider him but as the encthese communications between its elected my of France. (Shouts of applause and and its hereditary Representatives. Vive le Roi.] 1 tball caufe fimilar declara
“ You have invited me to take decisive tions to be made to all who favour allemmeasures to effect a ceffation of those exter blages contrary to the tranquillity of the nal assemblages which kcep up, a hateful dif kingdom; and by fccuring to foreigners all quiet and fermentation in the bofom of the protection which they ought to expect France, render neceffary an oppressive aug from our laws, I hall have a right to des mentation of expence, and expose liberty to mand a Speedy and complete reparation of greater danger than an open and declared all the injurics which Frenchmen may have war. You defire me to cause declarations received. to be made to the neighbouring Princes, “ I have written to the Emperor to cnwho, contrary to the rules of good neigh gage him to continue his good offices, and, bourhood, and the principles of the law of if neccffary, to exert his authority as head of mations, protect these assemblages, that the the empire, to avert the evils which the obpation can no longer suffer this want of re- ftinacy of certain members of the Germanic spect, and those fources of hoftility. Finally, body, if longer perdited in, cannot fail to you have given me so understand, that one occasion. Much may undoubtedly be exgeneral emotion is felt by the nation, and pected from this interpofition; supported that the cry of all the French is for war, in by the powerful influence of his example ; prelucnce to a ruinous and degrading pa- but I am at the same time making the most tience.
proper military arrangements to render these “ Gentlemen, I have long thought that declarations respected. our circumstances required great circum “ And if they shall not be attended to, fpection in our measures; that having scarce. then, Gentlemen, it will only remain for ly yet weathered the agitations and the me to propose war; war, which a people forms of a Revolution, and in the first essays who has folemnly renounced conquest never of an infant Constitution, no means ought to makes without ncceflity; but which a nahe negleded that could preserve France tion, happy and free, knows how to underfrom the innumerable evils of war; these take when its own safety when honour means I have always employed. On the commands. one hand, I have done every thing to recall “ Buc in courageoully abandoning ourthe French Emigrants to the bosom of their selves to this resolution, let us hasten to country, and induce them to submit to the employ the only means that can assure its new laws which a great majority of the na- success. Turn your actention, Gentlemen, tion has adopted; on the other, I have em- to the fate of the finances; confirm the naployed amicable intimations, I have caused tional credit; watch over the public for formal and precise requisitions to be made, tune. Let yout deliberations, always goto the neighbouring Princes, from giving scrned by constitutional principles, take a them a support calculated to Aatter their grand,
high fpirited, and authoritative course, hopes, and encourage them in their fath the only one that befits the legislators of a designs.
great empirë. Let the conftituted powers « The Emperor has done all that was to respect themfelves to be respected ; let them be expected from a faithful ally, by forbid- give mutual aid instead of mutual impediding and dispersing all assemblages within inent; and finally, let it appear that they his itates.
are distinct, but not enemies. It is time to “ My measures at the Courts of other shew to foreign nations, that the French Princes have not been equally successful. people, their representatives, and their King, Unaccomodating answers have been given are but one. to my requisitions.
“ It is to this union, and also let us ne" These unjust refusals call for resolutions ver forget it, to the respect we pay to the of another kind. The nation has manifest- government of other itates, that the safety, ed its wishes. You have collected them, the confideration, and the glory of the enyou have weighed the consequences, you pire are artached. have expressed them to me by your m Mage. « For me, Georlemen, it would be in "Gentlemen, you have not anticipated me. vain to endeavour to furround with disgusts As the representative of pcople, I felt the exercise of the authority which is con,
fided to me. In the face of all France I de " Every where the French people will clare, that nothing fu all weary my perfeve- oppose themselves with vigour to their enerance, or relax my efforts. It hall not be mies, from the Rhine to the Pyrenees, owing to me that the law does become the from the Alps to the ocean. All France shall protection of the citizen and the terror of be covered by the regards of a good King, the difturber. Ithali faithfuly preserve the and by soldiers intrepid and faithful. depofit of the colistitution, and no consider “ Behold, Sire, the family that deserve ation hall determine me to suffer it to be your heartathese are your friends thefe infringed.
will never abandon you. “ If men, who with only for disorder “ All the representatives of the French and trouble, take occasion from this firmness, people-all the Frenchmen guarantee, on to calumniate iny intentions, I will not stop their heads, the defence of a conftitution to to repel hy words the injurious fufpicions which they have sworn, and of a beloved they may choose to circulate. Those who King whose throne they have established." 'wa:ch the progress of government with an attentive, but unprejudiced eye, muft ice
ENGLAND. that I never depart from the constitutional line, anu that I feel profoundly how glori
FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE ous it is to be the King of a free people."
EXTRAORDINARY. This conclusion was followed by long continued shouts of, “ Bravo, Long live thu
WHITEHALL, Dec. I. King of the French.”
THE letters from the East Indies, of The President anfivered
which the following are extracts and copies, “ 'The Aticmbly will take the propofi
were yesterday received by the Leopard, tions you have made into conlideration, and
one of his Majetty's thips :coniniunicate ther determination by a nel
Extract of a letter from tbe President and CounThe King withdrew attended by a de
cil at fert St Ceorge, in their political departputation, preceded by his minifters, and ef
ment, to the Court of Directors, dated ibe zif! corted by the National Guard.
Fane. 'The fpeech was ordered to be printed, We avail ourselves of an opportunity that and sent to the departments.
presents itself via Bombay, of writing to The Minister at War faid, “ the King your honourable Court on the subject of the wishes for peace : he has neglected no military operations of this coast, fince the means of securing it; but he thinks it his date of our latt adviccs by the Warren duty to support these pacific measures by a Hastings. vigorcus lin: of conduct. His Majesty has Lord Cornwallis, having drawn supplies charged me to give orders for allembling from the magazine on the western frontiers, 150,000 men on the frontiers within a marched (as we had the honour to inform month. I arn confident this is not only pof- you in our last) from the head of the Ven. fible, but cały."
catagherry Pass, on the 22d of April, and
reached Bangalore on the 19thof that month; In consequence of the above speech, the from whence his Lordship wrote to us, that Nacional Aflen.hly presented the following as lais cattlu had suffered very considerably addrcss to the King :
during the narch, by the heavy rains that had fallen, it was necessary for us to provide,
with all pollible expedition a further supe In the language which yonr Majesty held ply of draft and carriage bullecks. Orders to them, the National Assembly recognize were in confequence immediately given for the King of the French. They feel more this purpose. than ever how truly valuable is harmony The army remained in the neighbourbetween the two branches of power and a hood of Bangalore five days, to recruit their Irank communication, which is the desire, provisions, and prepare materials for the and will be the welfare of the empire. liege of Seringaparam. Colonel Duff was
* Sire, the Assembly will fix all their at relieved from the command of the fort by tention on the decisive measurcs which you Lieutenant Colonel Oldham; and on the annoarce, and is the order of events thall 3d of May, Lord Cornwallis marched tomake the neafures nece Tary, they promise wards the capital of Mysore, to your Muieffy more true glory than was We did not hear again from his Lordship erer obtained fry any of your ancestors. until the gilt of May, when he informed
"They promile :) Europe the new spec- us, (in a letter. dated the gth) that he Pacle of a great people, outraged in its in- found the country more rugged and harren mutable love or liberty, artniog the band than he expected, and that his cattle had in union with the hcart.
tuffcred very much by the march ; That
the zeal of the troops had enabled him to go fords of the Cavery, Jiad obliged him to give on, the greatest part of the carriayex, load- up thoughts of at backing Seriugapatam be. ed with the stores of the magazine, and a for the setting in of the Monsoon, but also large proportion of the entrenching tools, tu destroy the heavy iron guns, which, for having been drawn and carried almost all the last several marches, had been drawn the way by the foldiers,
'almoft by the soldiers; that the faming A few days after, we had the fatisfaction which had prevailed among his followers to learn, by private accounts from the ar had likewise incrced his difficulties, by my on which we could depend, that Lord crcating an alarming deficiency in the public Cornwallis had, on the Igth of May, at stock of provisions; which could not be tacked and defeated Tippoo's whole force, wondered at, when it was understood that taken four of his guns, and driven him, with rice sold in the Buzar for a Pagoda a Seer, all his troops, under the walls of Seringis- (about 2lbs.) and that under this considerapatam. This fingular victory was more ho tion, it was not to be expected that Mail nourable to the British armis, as the ene tries and builock-drivers would be able to my had been forced from the heights, where withstand the temptation of plundering the he was itrongly polled. Lord Cornwallis's bags committed to their charge on every &ccount of the action has hoc yet reached march.
His Lordlip concluded by moving, that Our next advice was by an exprcfs from he had been obliged to remain near Serins Licutenant Colonel Oldham, in which he gapatam to feoure the retreat of General ftated, that he had received a letter from Abercromby, who had advanced to PeriaLord Cornwallis, dated the 22d of May, patan; but that he should march on the adviling, that the want of forage, provi- 26th to Bangalore and Vencatagherry. He fions, and the reduced state of the cattle, requested that we would order every hul had rendered it necessary for the army to lock that could be procured, to be sent imreturn immediately to Bangalore." Liche mediately to Amhour, that he might be tenant Colonel Oldham added, that “ his able, without loss of time, to furniih fup. Lordship, for want of bullocks, had been plies for the troops, and to replace fuch yder the neceflity of destroying the batter- part of the stark at Bangalore as he might ing train."
he obliged to make ude ot during the marché We are much concerned to observe, that We informed Lord Cornwallis, in reply, the wants of the army had at length forced that, from the exertions which had been Ins Lordihip to relinquilh, in the midst of made by Government, there was the greate vidory, the object of his enterprize; bet, eft probability that we should have at Ame foreseeing that much might depend on im- boor, in the course of six wecks, or two mediate exertion, we toft not a moment in weeks at farthet!, fix thoufand draught and iffuing our ordere for collecting all the bul- twemy thoudind carriage bullocks (the Jocks that could be procured in the country number required by his Lordship) and thae under our management, and for transport- there were at present in the ucighbourhood, ing to Amboor, for the use of the army, of that place 1,787 draft and 3,477 carriage ample fupply of grøn and other provisions. bullocks.
We advised Lord Cornwallis of the stops A few days ago we received two letters we had ewken for tbe relief of the army, and from his Lordship, dated the 311t ultimo expresled our hope, that, by the exertions und sth instant. By the former we were we wer: making, added to those of Capt. advised, that he marched on the 26th to-, Amexander Road, whom we had before fent wards Bangalore, but that on coming to witli a detachment into the Myfore coun- the ground where he proposed so encamp, try to procurc fupplics, his Lordship would he was greatly surprised to hear that thic firid his distress confiderably relieved on his two Marratta 'armies, commanded by Hury. arrival at Bangalore.
Punt and Pursuram Bow, (both of whici, On the 7th inftant, we were informed, by he had every reason to believe was at the private advices from Camp the 26th of May, distance of 150 miles) were then actually.. ikat the Maratta army had joined Lord within a day's march, and that Purfuram Gornwallis that evening, and that great Bow's son, with the advanced gaard, was hopes were entertained of relief by this in fight : That this unexpected event had means in the article of provision.
naturally occafioned a cocal change of his On the 10th in tant we received a letter plan, cpecially as he found that the chiefs, from his Lordship, dated the 24th ultimo, although they had heard that the attack of, Aating that the rapid deftrudion which the Seringapatam had been necessarily postponlate heavy rains and the want of forage had" ned till the conclusion of the raine, entera, occafioned among his cattle, in addition to rained no idea of retreating towards their the very unexpeõed obftru&tions to a junc.. own frontier, but were disposed to co-ope, tion with General Abercromby, owing to rate heartily with his Lordship in distrelhing the badness and almost impracticabilityof the Tippoo, and cutting off his resources. That * U VGL. XIV. No. 84.
they had further afured him, at the firft in a few days, whether he (Tippoo) would meeting, that they had it in their power to determine to make head against the confe. relieve the greatest dimčulties under which derate armies in that quarter, or endeavour he labouréd, viz. the want of grain and of to disturb the southern provinces. bullocks. That he felt tolerably confident His Lordship prefied us not to lofe fight he should procure a sufficient number of the of the great oljet of providing bullocks and latter in their camp to answer his immed- grain, and of lending supplies of arrack and ate exigencies, but that their supplies of camp equipage to Amboor : That these, and grain, through the means of Benjaries, various other measures, he conceived to be were so precarious, and the authority of the absolutely necefTiry, upon the supposition Chiefs over these people, even if they kept that the war might continue longer than we their word in endcavouring to exert it, fo expected; for tirat although Tippoo bad reinefficacious, that he was very apprehenfive peatedly expresfcd an carnett desire for he should be held, for a considerable time, peace, his Lordhip was by no means conat least in a wretched dcpendence on the vinced that the enemy was prepared to make Maratta Buzar, where he would not only the sacrifices that the confederatës might be obliged to pay an immcnfe price for a think they had a right to expeci. fcanty fubfistence, but be exposed at all times Lord Cornivallis proceeded to inform us cven to the risk of a total failure.
that his wants in money would be preling, His Lordfhip thought it, however, fo and extensive ; that the supply of the army great an objed to keep 30.000 Marátta during the rains and its equipment for the horse in the neighbourhood of Tirpoo's ca- field, exclusive of the corps under General pital, that it was to be attempted almost at Abercromby, could not be estimated at less all hazards; and that lie had already in his than between thirty and forty lacks of rue conversation with the chiefs paved ihe way pees; and he defired us therefore to tako for leading them toward the sera country our ineasures accordingly. He added, that and the vicinity of Bunga'cre, as soon as he would have us contider whether it would the safety of the supplies, which were fol not be advisable to take fome aliitance front lowing Pursuram Buw, thould admit of his the treafure fent out on the Company's ships, moving so much to the left.
which was destined for China; and that His Lordship added, that several letters whatever we night resolve upon, would had been written to h/m by the Maratta have his sanction. In the mean time he dea Chiefs during their natch, to give him no- fired that we would send feven or eight tice of their aproach, but that no letter lacks of rupees tv Vellore, to supply che from either of them had reached him until warts of the army, as foon as the communithe day of their arrival, which he confider. cation was fecured, ed fingularly unfortunate, as he would have It was a peculiar fatisfa&ion to us at this adopted a very different plan of operation time to reflect, that we had adually in our if he had know'n eight or ten days before treasury the full amount of what his Lord, that he could have depended upon the junc. fhip represented to be neceflary for him tion of fo powerful a force.
during the rains, and for the subsequent cz The concluding paragraph of the letter quipment of his army, notwithstanding the stated, that General Abercromby had march- ample advances made for your investment. ed from Periapatam on the 23d of May, We have beca thus particular in detail. and was proceeding towards the head of the“ ing to your Honourable Court the transaco Gaut, without any interruption from the tions of the war, because the subje& is imenerny, leaving four iron eighteen pounders, portavi; and we can readily conceive the which his catric could not remove, and anxiety you mufl
' feel to receive advices by which he could not totally destroy, at Per every opportunity. riaratam, as well as a small quantity of We liave the pleasure to inform you, that provifions and stores; and that the General the for: of Copoole Turrendered to the Ni. expected to descend the Gaut on the 27th. zam's armıy on the 17th of April.
Lord Cornwallis's Icrrer of the sth instant advises us, that it was his LordMix's inten. Extra? of a Letter from the Prepleat and tion to move the next day towards Nega
Council et Fort St. George, in tbeir Political mungalum, to which place chè Beojarnies
Department, to the Court of Directors, disted of the two Maratia armies were to direct
July 14th, 1791. their march, and which, as well as the roads leading to it from the northward, it was We shall now resume the narrative of the confequently very necefiary to take great military operations on this coast fince the care to protect. That Tippoo till remain- zift ult. the date of our last address on this ed with his whole force near to Seringapa. suljca. tam, and that no judgment could be formed On the 30th of last month we received a until the Cavery was on the point of beco- letter from Lord Cornwallis, dated the 14th, ming unfordable, which would be the case in which he inforged us that the Careryria
ver had risen very considerably, but was still orders to the contrary that we might bave
patches either by land or water, in fuch That the necessity of his Lornship’s regu- time as would early ensure their arrival at lating his movements in concert with the Fort St George by the 311t of August. Mahrattas, and protecting their supplies, In reply to his Lordship’sletter respeding would keep him so much to the westward, the loan to the Mahrattas, wę observed, that it would be certainly pullible, and he that the sum of twelve lacks of rupees would by no means thought improbable, that Tip- be held in readiness to answer any call which poo, who could have no apprehension for he might have for it. Seringapatam for the next four months, We have very lincere pleasure in reporta might make a rapid march to Oullore, and ing to your Honourable Court, that Capt. fruin thence puls into the Barampaul and Alexander Read, whom we had seot into the Carbatic.
Mysore country, with a detachment to colo His Lordship added, that we might be af- lect supplies, arrived lately at Bangalore, sured he would give us the earliert intelli- with a very large convoy of bullocks, theep, gence of such an event; but he defired us, and grain for the use of the army; a cira in the mean time, to be upon our guard, and, cumdiance particularly fortunate at this juncamongst other precautions, to reinforce the ture, when the troops were reduced to so. garrison of Arnec, and take every ineans in much distress for all kinds of provifions. our power to transport the itores and provie We underitand that his Lordibip has ein fions, that were not wanted for the use of preiled, in general orders, his acknowledge that garrison, froin thence to Vellore, and, n.ent of the service rendered by Capt. Read. if pollible, to Amboor.
The whole supply, collected by that active We received a letter from Lord Corn. and zealous othcer, amounted to 1752 una waliis of the 25th ult. Itating that the Mah- loaded bullocks, about goco load of grain Tattas, having now no further apprehenfions brought by thic Bcajarries, 141567 theep, and about their communications, or latety of their 100 horfis. diftant detachments, acqniesced in his Lord As the service performed by Capt. Read Mhip’s beginning to move to the eastward on had been conducted throughout with great that morning; and that unleis after minute- ability and judgment, we expressed to him ly reconnoitring the Itrong hill Fort of Se- our warmest approbation of his conduct; verndroog, (about twenty-five miics to the and we resolved, in order to enable him to westward of Bangalore) he hhould be en- defray the extraordinary expence which he couraged to attempt the reduction of that had sustained on this occafion, and as a furimportant polt, he should probably, in four ther testimony of our acknowledgment of or live days, reach the neighbourhood of his services, to give him a gratuity of one Pangalute.
thousand pagodas. I lis Lordship added, that an outline of As the intercourse with the army was his future plan of operations had been ex- opened by kord Cornwallis's movement to plained and concerted with the Mahratta the eastward, we thought it might be cilenChiefs : that they had agreed not to separate tial to his Lordship's plaa- to inforın him of from him until the war was brought to an the exact state of our 'Treasury, which stood honourable conclusion : and that he should on the 4th instant as follows : take an early opportunity of communicat.
la the Canlı Chest, Star Paing to us the particulars of what had passed
2941,469 between him and chofe Chiefs at fome of
In the Treasury, in Pagodas his late conferences with them.
3,84,232 We have received letters from his Lord
Ditto in Bills,
8528 Ship, dated the 2ift and 24th ult. The first, itating that he had been obliged, for reasons
Ditto in Porto Novo Pagodas, 1,44,206 he could not then explain to us, to promise a
Ditto in Dollars, considerable loan to the Mahrattas; and de
In the Mint, in Arcot Rupees, 1,49,686 firing, therefore, that we would immediate
Total Star Pagodas 11,83,889Jy cake the amount of twelve lacks of rupees out of the China ihips, notwithstanding any All the Sills drawn from the camp had