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main source of discontent and war, should that it will, in all, give way to motiva be so defined and regulated as to obviate which arise out of a just sense of duty, and imposition, and, as far as may be pratio a virtuous regard to the public wellare. cable, controverfy concerning the reality. If there are any circumstances in the law, and extent of the alienations which are which, confiftcaily with its main dengn, made,

inay be so varied as to remove any well-in. That commerce with them should be pro- tentioned obje&ious that may happen to

moted under regulations tending to se- exist, it will consist with a wife moderation cure an equitable deportment towards to make the proper variations. It is des them, and that such rational experiments firable, on all occasions, to unite, with a should be made for imparting to them steady and firm adherence to constitutional the blessings of civilization as may from and necessary, acts of government, the fullest time to time suit their condition.

evidence of a disposition, as far as may be That the Executive Power of the United practicable, to confult the wishes of every

States should be enabled to employ the part of the community, and to lay the ineans to which the Indians have been foundations of the public administration in long accustomed, for uniting their im- the affoctions of the people. mediate interests with the preservation of Pursuant to the authority contained in peace And

the several acts on that subjec, a district That efficacious provision should be made of ten miles fquare, for the permanent seat

for inflicting adequate penalties upon all of the government of the United States, has those who, by violating their righes, shall been fixed, and announced by proclamation; infringe the trcaties, and endanger the which distrid will comprched lands on peace of the Union,

both sides of the river Potowmac, and the A system corresponding with the mild towns of Alexandria and Georgetown. A principles of religion and philanthropy tor sity has also been laid out, agreeably to a wards an unenlightened race of men, whole plan which will be placed before Congress; happiness materially depends on the con and as there is a prospect, favoured by the duch of the United States, would be .asho- rate of sales which have already taken place, nourable to the national character, as con of ample funds for carrying on the necellaformable to the dictatcs of sound policy. ry buildings, there is every expectation of

The powers specially vested in me by the their due progress, a& laying certain duties on distilled spirits, The completion of the census of the in, which respect the sub-divisions of the dif- habitants, for which provision was made by tricts into furveys, the appointment of offi- law, has been duly notified (excepting in cers, and the allignment of compensations, one instance), in which the return has been have likewise been carried into effect. In informal; and another, in which it has been a manner in which both materials and ex- omitted or miscarried; and the returns of perience there wanting to guide the circu- the officers who were charged with this lation, it will be readily conceived that duty, which will be laid before you, will there must have been difficulty in such an give you the pleasing assurance, chat the adjustment of the rates of compensation present population of the United States bora as would conciliace a reasonable competen- ders on four millions of persons. sy with a proper regard to the limiis pre It is proper also to inform you, that a fur. scribed by the law. It is hoped that the ther loan of ewo millions and a half of flocircumspe Aion which has been used will be rins has been completed in Holland, the refound in the result to have secured the last turns of which are limilar to those of the of the two objects; hut it is probable, that one laf announced, except as to a small rewith a view to rhe first, in fome instances a duction of charges. Another, on like teras, sevision of the provision will be found ad- for fix millions of florins, had been set on viseable.

foot, under circumstances that assured im. The impresons with which this law has mediate completiop, heen received by the community have been, Gentlemen of the Senate, !pon the whole, such as were to be expec Two treaties which have been provisionredamong enlightened and well-disposed ci- ally concluded with the Cherokees, and in tizens, from the propriety and necessity of nations pf Indians, will be laid before you ine mcafure. The novelty, however, of the for your consideration and ratification. fjx, in a considerable part of the United Gentlemen of the House of Representation, States, and a misconception of some of its In entering upon the discharge of your provisions, have given occafion, in particule legislative trut, you must anticipate with Jer places, to fome degree of discontent.- pleasure, that many of the difficulties ne but it is facisfactory to knowy, that this dif- cettarily incident to the first arrangement of position yields to proper explanations and a new government for an extensive country morc apprehensions of the imne nature of have been happily furmounted by the zealthe law. And I cutcrtain a full confideacous and judicious exertions of your prede


cellare in co-operation with the other branch Office and Pot Roadsthe Mint-Weight: of the legislature. The important objects and Meafures-a Provision for the sale of which remain to be accomplished, will, ! the Vacant Lands of the United States. am persuaded, be conducted upon princi The first is certainly an object of primaples eqnally comprehensive, and equally well ry importance, whether viewed in reference calculated for the advancement of the ge- to the national security, to the fatisfaction neral weal.

of the community, or to the preservation of The time limited for receiving subfcrip order. In connedion with this, the establishtions to the loans proposed by the act man ment of competent magazines and arsenals, king provision for the debt of the United and the fortification of such places as are peStates having expired, statements from the culiarly important and vulnerable, naturalproper department will, as soon as possible, ly present themfelves to consideration. The apprise you of the exact result. "Enough, fafety of the United States; under divine however, is already known, to afford an ala protéalon, ought to rest on the balis of sya furance that the views of that act have been itematic and solid arrangement, exposed as fubitantially fulfilled. The subscription in little as pollible to the hazards of fortuitous the domeftic debt of the United States has circunsances. embraced by far the greatest proportion of The importance of the Post Office and that debt; aifording, at the fame time, proof Port Roads, on a plan sufficiently liberal and of the general satisfaction of the public cre- coniprehensive, as they respect the expedie ditors with the system which has been pro- tion, safety, and facility of communication, pored to their acceptance, and of the pirit is increased by the inftrumentality in diruof accommodation to the convenience of the fing a knowledge of the laws and proceedgovernment with which they are actuated. ings of the government, which, while it The subscriprions in the debts of the respec- contributes to the security of the people, tive states, as far as the provisions of the ferves also to guard them agaidst the chiens Jaw have permitted, inay he said to be yet of ntifreprefcfitation and misconception. The more general. The pari of the debt of the cftaħlim

nent of adáitional cross-poits, espeUnited States which remains unsubscribed, cially to some of the important points in the will naturally engage your further deliber- Western and Northern points of the Union, a cions.

cannot fail to be of material utility, It is particularly pleasing to me to be able The disorders in the existing currency, to announce to you, that the revenues which and especially the scarcity of (niali change, Fra ve heco eftablished proinise to be adequate a scarcity lo puuliarly diffresting to the to their objects, and ‘niay be permitted, if poorer clairus, 'strongly recommend the cara no unforeseen exigency occurs, to fuperfede, rying into immediate cffect the resolutio:f for the present, the neceflity of any new already entered into concerning the estabardens upon our constituents.

blihnient of a mint. Measures have been Au object which will claim your early taken pursuant to that resolution for procurattention, is a provision for the cuitent fer- ing some of the most necessary articles, to'vice of the enfuing year, together with inch gether with the requifite apparatus.

afcereaired demands upon the Treasury as An unifornity in the weights and mea*require to be immediately discharged, and fures o the couat:y is among the import"Ruch casualties as may have arifen in the ex- ant objects submitted to you by the Conecution of the public buîness, for which no ftitution; and if it can be derived from a

por cific appropriation may have been made; Standard aè once invariable and universal, of all of which, a proper eftimate will be must be no les honourable to the publis

. laid before you.

Councils than conducive to the public con.

venience. Genieten of the Senate and of the

A provision for the sale of the vacant House of Representatives,

Tands of the Unica States is particularly I shall content nyfelf with a general re- urged, among other reasons, by the importa ference to former communications for sever- ant confideration--hit they are pledged "ul objects, upon wirich the usgency of other as a suvel for reimbursing the public debe aftsins hes hicherto poftponed any definitive that, if timely and judicioudly applied, they rejontion; their importance will recai bem may fav: che neceßity of burdening our cito your attention; and I trut that the pro- tizens with new tax.s for the cxtinguishsreisn'ready made in the molt arces ar

ment of the prinipai--and that, huing free Tüngedunts of the govetament will afford to discharge the principal lut, in a limited you lulure to run them with advane proportion, no ou purtunity onghe có be loft iage.

for avaiding in public of its righc. 'I here are, howeter, fonie of them of


Warox. 'whirl curtoe furbear a more particular t':::d 5!*:, 09 251:721;

These are tb- Milisatie Poft

Copy of the Declaration of the Court of Vienna open the fame carcer, continue to tread in to the Powers of Europe.

their slepe, and let the spirit which animat

ed them, and which you appear to inherit, His Imperial Majesty makes known to all be displayed in your actions. the Courts, to whoin he sent the first circu “ Elizabeth fuccoured Henry IV. who lar letter, dited Padua the 6th July, (now triumphed over the League at the head of adding to the number, Sweden, Denniark, your anceitors.--The example of that Queen Holland, and Portugal,) that the situation is worthy of being imitated by posterity; of the King of the French, which occafion- and I fall deferve to be compared to her by ed the faid circular letter, being changed, he

my perfeverance in my sentiments for the thinks it his duty to manifeli to the laid descendant of the fame hero, to whom I powers his present manner of thinking. have as yet only shewn my wishes and my

His Imperial Majesty thinks that the good intentions. In espousing the common King of the French ihould be considered as

cause of Kings in that of your Monarch, I FREE; and, in consequence, his acceptation, do no more than the duty of the rank which and all the subsequent acts, as valid. He hold on earth : I listen only to the pure hopes, that the effects of the said acceptation di Nates of a sincere and disinterested friendwill reftore good order in France, and that thip for your Princes, the King's brothers, the moderate party may prevail according and the desire of affording a constant fupto the views of his Moit Christian Majetty. port to every faithfal servant of your SoveBut as the hopes of the King may, contrary

reign. to all appearance, be abortive, and as all the

si Such are the dispositions of which I disorders of riot, and excess of violence, in have charged Count Romanzow to assure

As no cause was ever more Tegard to the King, may be renewed, his those Princes. Imperial Majesty thinks, that all the powers grand, more just, more noble, or more deto when this is addressed, ought not yet to ferving to excite the zeal and the courage delift from the measure concerted between of all who have devoted themselves to dethem, but continue vigilant; and that they fend it and to fight for it, I cannot but auought to declare, by their respective Mini- gur success the most fortunate and analosers at Paris, that their coalition sublists, and gous to the wishes I have formed; and I pray that they are ready to fupport, on every oc- God to have you, and all the French Nobicafion, the rights of the King, and of the hity who participate your sentiments, and French Monarchy.

adhere to your principles, in his most holy Vienna, Nov. 19,1791.


(Signed) CATHARINE."

S.. Petersburgh, 02. 29, 1791. 'The Letter, of which the following is a Iranilation, we find inserted, as authentic,

WARSAW, Nov. 25. in one of the most respectable French Pa Prince Abam Czartorinkki and Count pois.

Mortowski set off yesterday for Dresden ro

have a conference with the Electoral CahiLetter from h., Majesty the Empress of all the net, relative to the obitacles which have hia Rimus, to the Marfhuil de Broglio ;

therto retarded the Elector's acceptance of

the hereditary throne of Poland. * Marfball de Broglio,

The principal of these obstacles are the “ I addicfs myself to you, to make known following : to the French Nobility, banished and perfe 1. That po ad of the Diet fhall have the 'cuted, but still unshaken in their fidelity and force of a law, until it fall have received "attaciment to their Sovereign, how fen- the Royal sanction. fibly I have felt the sentiments which they 2. That the marriage of the Princess loprofefied to me in their letter of 20th Sep fanta fall folely be at the disposal of her tomlur. The moit illustrious of your Kings August Parents. gloricd in calling themielves the first Gentle (By the conftitution, this marriage is to men of their kingdon. Henry IV. was be approved at least by the nation, particularly desirous of bearing this title. 10 3. That the King's authority over the was noi an enpty compliment that he paid army shall be fupreme, and uncontroulto your ancelors; but he thus tauy hit them, ed. that without Nobility there could be iro monarchy; and that this interest to defend

FRANCE. and maintain it was inseparable from his. They umieritood the leilon, and lavished

NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. their blood and their efforts to ricettablith the rights of their masters and their own.

Notember 20. Do you, their worthy defcendants, to whom The Allem!ly having considered a pre the unhappy circumilances of your country poúsion made for taking decisive meatures

at foreign Courts with regard to the Emi. Constitution, makes it recessary for me to grants, decreed in the following terms : recapitulate its principles with regard to the

“ The National Assembly decrees that a point in queston. deputation of twenty-four of its members “ The Conititution determining, in the thall wait upon the King, to communicate moft precise manner, the different relations to him, in the name of the Assembly, its of the King with the Legislative Body, has folicitude on the dangers that threaten the attached to the Royal Prerogative the righ: country, by the perfidious combination of of proposing laws upon certain lubje ts, and Fitachmen, armed and embodied without of inviting the Legislative Body to take the kingdom, and of thofe who devise plots others into consideration. The act by which within it, or excite the citizens to revolt the King judges it proper to exercise cither against the law; and to declare to the King of these rights, being always an ad purely that the nation will see with fatisfaction all Royal, of the fame nature as the Royal fancwise ineasures that the King can take for tion, requires, like that, the counter-fignathe purpose of requiring the Ele&ors of ture of the Minister, only to atcelt the riga Treves and Mayence, and the Bishop of nature of the King, and imports not any Spire, conformably to the Rights of Nations, kind of responsibility; whereas the requifito disperse the assemblages of French Emi- tion of funds for the ordinary and extraordigrants; that with the same confidence in nary expences of Government, being evithe wisdom of such measures, the nation dently acts purely executive, ought always will see the necessary troops assembled to to proceed directly from the Ministers of compel those Princes to respect the law of the King, in order to have the guarantee of nations by force of arms, if these afsem- their responsibility. blages should continue ; and, finally, that the “ Such is the spirit and the general fyfNational Assembly has thought it its duty tem of the Conftitution, the balis of which to make this folemn declaration, to the end is laid in the following disposition : that the King may prove in the official com The King can only invite the Legislative munications of these impressive measures, to Body to take a subject into consideration." the Diet of Ratisbon, and all the Courts of Chap. 3. Sect. I. Art. 3Europe, that his intentions, and those of the “*fhall make ufe of this power, whenoFrench nation, are the same."

ver the glory, the happiness, and the interest The same deputation will represent to the of the nation require it. King, that the Assembly confiders as one of “ Paragraph the 8th of the fame article, the most efficacious measures to this effect, delegates to the Legillative body the the speedy termination of the negociations right of determining annually, after the

for the indemnities due to the Princes who proposition of the King, the number of med possessed feudal rights in Alface.

and ships that shall compofc the armies hy

land and by sea, as well as the pay and the November 24.

number of individuals of each rank."

“ I shall conform to this article in the preTue Kixg's LETTER TO THE NATIONAL neral statements, which I thall address to : le 'ASSEMBLY.

Legillative body at the commencement of “ I am informed, Mr President, that the cach year, and in the particular propofitions National Assembly, after having heard the of the same nature, as the extraordinary cira report of their Diplomatic Committee, on cumstances may require in the course of the the proposition contained in the letter from year. the Minister of Marine, dated the zist of

“ War cannot be decided upon, except Oc. concerning the demands of the Dey of

" by a decree of the Legislative Body, Algiers, and the sums to be voted for the “ niade after the King's formal and Decelarmament ordered at Toulon, have decreed fary proposition, and fanctioned by him.” that there was no roorn for deliberation on -(Chap. 3. Sec. I. Art. 2.) the proposition, it not coming to them in a * I hope that I may not cver be in the conititutional form.

fituation to adrirefs a proposition of this naI have already remarked, on occasion ture to the Affembly. Peace is too nicel of the funds destined for the arnaments for sary to the happiness of France, that I hail San Domingo, that the Conflitution did not not use every nicans coniitent with the bon prescribe any form different from that fol- nour of the nation to maintain it. lowed by the Minister of Marine, when he " The following disposition of the same made, by my order, a demand of those funds, article imponey, “ 'l'hai, in case of bostilities under his own re:ponsibility ; but firce the threatened, or already begun, or of an fame difficulty is now again renewed, on ally to be supported, or of a ngat to oe occasion of the armament folicited to pro

enforced by arms; the King (bald give now ted the commerce of Marseilles; the obli- “ tice of it without any delay to the Legation I have contracted to employ all the set gislative Body, and thaL' acquaiat it with power entrusted to me in maintaining the “ his motives."*


" I fall always conform to this difpofi M. Merlin read the following letter, which tion with that extreme circumspection the was found in a boat, near Treyes, dated interest of the State requires; it would be Paris, 220 October, and subscribed by M. to depart from this lalt in a dangerous mi Delatre, Profesor of Physic, at Paris, adner to communicace simple doubts of the dressed, “To M. De Calonne, Secretary of intention of a freighbouring power as a State, at Coblentz: threatened heitlicy; in such a case it would be futñcient toki precautionary measures;

“ MONSIEUR, and it is to the King cxclusively that the “ May I fiatter myfell, that, notwith-. zration has delegated this important care standing the importance of affairs in which I am now occupied in this care, and I thall you are engaged, you will deign to remem: always be so with the nost active diligence; ber a professor, who, confined to Paris by and the extraordinary funds which the dif his profession, still sublifting, though ruined, ferent armaments have required, and the retained there a fo by his age, which hinniovement of troops which I have judged ders him from joining the faithful fervants necessary, have all along been ordered on of the King, fends thither his only fon to the fimple demand of the ministers of war supply his place, and takes the liberty of teand of Marine, made by my orders; because, commending him to your protection. according to the terms of the Constitution, “ This fon was Comptroller General of the Legillative Body are to order the funds the Farnis : te has served under M. Neuilaccording to their view of the cxpences to ly, Farmer General, who lias the honour of be made in their respective departments. being known to you, and who will give a This article indeed mentions only the ordi- good character of my boy. He has behides, nary expences; but it is impo'lible not to the honour of being particularly known to apply it to the extraordinary expences of Mr President Gilbert Devoisins. May the the same nature.

project which you have conceived for the “ The Constitution, not having prescribe deliverance of the nation, and the re-eitaed to me a different form relative to these blishment of order and tranquillity in the erpences, bas necessarily ranged them in kingdom, be speedily and happily executed. the same class, fubjecting them to the fame

(Signed) DELATRE." responsibility, by the 5th article of the same

lu confequence of this letter, the writer fection, which could not be if they were to proceed from the King immediately, instead House, where he frankly avowed the let

was seized and brought to the bar of the of beirg made by his oriniiter, who are the agents which the Couift.tion has given fon).

ter, and was accordingly conducted to prihim for acts purely executive. “ The sth article of the 4th feet:on, Syndic of the department, giving an account

A letter was read from the Procurator chapter the 3d, imports, “ 'har ail the acts of fome disturbances at Montpellier, by “ of the King's corresponde:xce'with the

which several persons had lost their lives. " Legislative Body ought to be counter“ signed by a miuifter.' « But it would be to give the Constitu

December 14 tion a tendency the most contrary to the At four in the afternoon the Affembly principles which are its balis, to conclude met, and the President read' a note from the that all the acủs which solely interest the King, announcing his intention of coming Executive Power, ought necessarily to be down to the Alfernbly at fix. the fubject of the perfonal correlpondence As the note contained no inti:nation of of the King, becaule froin this would re the bufiness on which his Majesty meant to fult an entire deficiency of refpenfibility, and come down; the President was authorised to an abfulute inaction in the proceedings of return an immediate answer; and it was fera Adminiflration, every time the King chose led, that the Assembly, after taking into con · to be filent.

fideration tive propositions which the King “ The Constitution, withont deter:nining might make, fhou id make koown the refue the cases in which the personal corrcipon- by a nefuge. dence of the King wonki be neccfTary, has *The heating of drums announced the only exprefled that all the acts of thit cor King's approach; the air, adacts of the AR respondence should be counterfigned by a sembly placed two fcats. ornamented with minifter.

urs de lys in goid before the President's " 'The Con.itution has exprefied orhing chair;'a de pucation sent to receive the King, farther. It is my duty to be determined by it, entered before him; the Usher proclaimed hecause it forinäily interdicts all the coiftio his arrival; the Members all stood up un tuted poivres from the right of changing it, revered; the President announced tirar the cither wholy, or in its parts.

Asembly was no longer a deliberative body, (Signed) LOUIS." aid that rio perfon not speak; the King dadaderligned, DEDESTRAND. entered, Surrounded by his failers, cook

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