« AnteriorContinuar »
of age, my father was afflicted with a not less respectable for her modeft virparalytic stroke, which took from him tues, than for her superior ablilities. the use of one side, and disabled him from working at his business ; but still 6. Report of the Lords of the Commitretaining the use of his right hand, tee of Council appointed for the Conand his disorder not affe&ting his fideration of all Matters relative to mental faculties, he taught me the art Trade and foreign Plantations; subof writing, from copies in the spelling. mitting to his Majesty's Confiderabook. My father was now obliged
tion, the Evidence and Information: to go about selling garden-stuff for a they have collected in consequence of living, till (a few months before his his Majesty's Order in Council, da:death, he obtained the place of book ed February uitb, 1788, concerning keeper to the London Coach, which the present State of the Trade to Athen set out from the King's Head, frica, and particularly the Trade in in the Market Place. His lameness Slaves ; and concerning the Effects continued till his decease, which hap and Consequences of this Trade, as pened by a second stroke of the fame well in Africa and the West Indies, disorder, on the 25th of January 1783, as to the general Commerce of this in the 48th year of his age ; I being Kingdom. Folio, a large Volume, then about fifteen years old. My fa illulirated with a Map of Africa, ther died in the parish of St Stephen, Sherwing the route of the Caravanja in which place my mother and I have 21. 21.
fewed. Debrett. continued ever since. About two This valuable S:ate-publication is years after my father's death, I dif. arranged under the following heads : corered in myself an inclination for 11. A view of the evidence that writing verses, which I had no thought the Committee has obtained of the por delire of being seen ; but my mo- present state of those paris of Africa ther shewing my first productions to whence laves have been exported; fone acquaintances, they encouraged taking each country that lies upon me to proceed. Soon after I pur- the coalt separately, begioning from chased a small grammar-book, fecond- the river Senegal, and defcending hand, from which I attained the art fouthward to the east of the European of expressing myself correctly in my fetilements, on the said coast; with native language. My mother's maiden such information as has been obtained name was Lawrence; her father, of the interior countries situated bewhen living, kept a cooper's shop in hind each of the said countries on the Sc Stephen's parish.'
coast respectively. From this short narrative, it ap • 2. View of Evidence concerning pears that this poetess of nature en the nanner of carrying llaves to the joyed few advantages of education, and West Indies, &c. had few incentives to study: but the • 3. The treatment of slaves in the mult certainly have read more than the West Indies, and all circumstances reenumerates, for the mentions no books lating thereto, digested under certain of poctry, and some of these she doubt- heads. less had seen.
4. Tbe sereral accounts which The editor assures us that the poems have been called for in order to thew are the genuine and fole productions the extent of the trade in all its of E. Beatley ; that neither correction branches, and the number of white nor addition has been made ner lug. people and Naves in each of the inlands gested buc hy her; and he concludes in the West Indies, as far as the aohis preface with observing, that this counts could be procured.
5. The advantages which the torical anecdotes, Ly John Nichols. French West India illands are fup-' 2. Volsi crown 8vo. posed at present io enjoy over the British islands, and the reasons on which As long as clegart Litcrature íhal! these superior advantages are founded. be cul.ivated in this country, the
66. View of the information that name of Steele will always have a ref. has been obtained concerning the es pectable portion of esteem and praise. tent of the trade of other European it bas been, till very lately, the fanations to Africa, and the manner in fhion to regard him more as the friend which the same is carried on, and con- of Addison and Pope, and as borrow. cerning the treatment of lives in the ing a relected fplendour from their foreign inlands or colonies in Ameri- luitre, than as entitled to great repu. ca or the West Indics; and concern- tation, on his own account, as an oriing the trade in faves carried on from ginal writer, as portefied of genius the northern, eastern, and fouthern diffusing no inconsiderable light from coasts of Africa, or in the interior iifelf, as iinproving our language, and parts of that courty, as connected as a warm steady friend to liberty and Therewith either by Europeans, or by morals. Bat at this period, when prethe diffcrent people of Asia and Afri- judices of all kinds are the more rigo
roully examined, the more fred they These documents will be deenied feem, and the nore ancient they are, of great importance by those who with it is clearly ascertained and acknowto be possesid of the most authentic ledged that Steele's talents as a man, and most comprehensive evidence and and kill as a writer, required no adinformation, hitherto obtained, rela- ventitious aid. tive to the actual state of Africa, and To the Editor of the present work the real nature and circumstances of the friends and admirers of Steele owe the flave-trade. So extenfive and so many obligations. His industry, and, well-digested a mass of materials, on we may add, his acutecefs, have been this very interesting subject, and pub. fuccefsfully excrcited to render the Hihed under so high a lanction, must, cloud which obfcured Steele's repuindced, be considered as exceedingly tation less and less denfe. His par. valuable and interesting. We may tial care has raised him from amongst add, that the 'e who may take up this the groupe in which he was sometimes volume merely with a view to that ra- confounded and often overlooked, and tional entertainment which naturally placed him on a feparate pedestal, results from the acquisirion of useful where he attracts and obtains his pioknowledge, and, cfpecially, from the per share of atteotion and praise. intelligence which may be collectedfrom There are but very few, partial as authentic accounts of this kind,) will they may have been to Steele's writ. not be disappoinred: biftorians and ings, or curious in collecting the pegeographers, in particular, will also riodical publications of that period, confult it with advantage.
who have feco an entire collection of
the Theatre; and yet we may be jus. 7. The Theaire, by Sir Richard Steele. tified in asserting, that it would be dif
To which are added, The Anti- ficult to produce beiter writing from Tteatre; the Character of Sir Jols either the Spectators, Tatlers, or Edgar; Steele's Cafe with the Lord Guardians. To those who are curious Chamberlain ; the Crisis of Property, in investigating the history of the En. cvith the sequel, two Pasquins, &c. glith stage, they must be peculiarly in Turated with Literary and lis teresting.
The History of Caroline Montgonery.
(By Mrs CHARLOTTE SMITH.] Y father was a native of Scorland, engaging in it. She had to acquaintance
, wand younger brother of a younger branch, friend who had at once the power and etc and married very early in his life a young will to aflift her. woman as well-horn and as inaigent as " Almost the first circumdance which himself. In the year 1745, he was among made any impresion on my mind, was the thöfe who joined the unfortunate Charlesa agonies of pallion with which my mother Edward, and he fell at Culloden, leaving claiped me to her bosom, and wept over me then about twenty months old, and his me, while the called on the spirit of her dcwife then not more than seventeen, entire parted Donglas to behold the wretchedness ly dependent on the bounty of his father, of his widow and his orphan. At that age, and overwhelmed with the greatnes of her however, it is only a light fetch now and calamity ; but when she held in her arms then of fome violent pattion, or ftriking cirher unfortunate orphan, the fole legacy anal comitance, that reits on the memory of an fole memorial of a man whom he had lond- infant. I have no recollection of any thing ly loved, the struggled against her unhappy elle till the scen: was grearly changed, and, deftiny, and for ny fake attempted to live. in my childish eyes, greatly amended.
“ Though peace was at length restored “ It was fummer; and though as that to the wretched country, which had been period the mercantile inhabitants of Lontoo long the feat of devastation, many fa- don were less accustomed ihan they now are milies found themselves totally impoverithe to go to country villas, yet my uncie, who edd; and none fuffered more than my grand- wis growing rich, had one near Hammerfather, who, having narrowly escaped with smith, where he usually repaired wiih his life, survived to Lament the loss of three family on Fridays, returning again to town brave fons, and to see great part of his pro- the begiining of the follo:ving week. The perty in alhes. He lingered only a twelve- weather was uncomingaly hot, and iny moinonth afterwards, and then furik into the ther, who was never of these parties, but grave, Icaving his small patrimony to his was left in London to share the dinner of only furviving fon, who had himself a nu- the folitary servant who took care of the
nily. My mother saw, or fan- house, fancied that I had for many days ciel the saw, that he couid willingly have drooped for want of air; and, alarmed by dispensed with any arditional hurden; and that idea, she too's, after the family were the determined to go to England, where gone, an hackney coach, and directed it 10 Ine hoped to be received by a brother of carry her to the gate of Hyde Park. her own who'was seteled in London. Thi. “ Though the fun was decliving, it hd ther Me conveyed herself and me in the yet so much power, that in walking inrough cheapest way the could, and was received the Park with nr in her arnis, that lut by her brother (who had sunk his illustrious least might not fuifer, she became exceedbirth for the convenience offered him of be- tremely fatiqued. She law people gring incoming partner with a merchant) with to Kensington Gardens: thither the went kindness indecd; but such kindness as a ado; and to avoid obfervation, betook hermind, narrowed by perpetually contempla- felf to an ur.frequented part of them, wbure, ting riches, Mews to the poor who are de- quite overcome with bodily fatigue su pendent on them. His wife, by whofe mental anguish, she threw herself on a flat, means his fortune had been promoted, con- and straining me to licr boson, began with vinced lum that his Giter and her child a torrent of tears to lament, not fo much ber could not be commodiously received into cwn hard rate as that which awaited the his house. -Lodgings were however provide infart of he loft Douglas, whose name th: ed for her in the neighbourhosd, and the frequently repeated, bomben by the fobs and boarlei with her brother : but the second groans which a thout.cl eunder recolecmonth of her thus gliving was not patled, tions of him, and i cani fears for me, before the negle the felt from him, and extorted from bei. tranthus dotius or the pride and ill-ature of his wife, taught fruiriefs forrow it was awakened by the her to experience, in all its bitternefs
, the appearance of a graikan zientziatyn misery of dependence. Born with very a who indderly approached her, and enqua ente feelings, and at an age when every ed with great politeres, ye: with great fenlibility is awake, my mother found this warmth, whether ber ditre's was of a nas ficuation every day more infupportable. Yet ture'he could nritirite or remove? whither could the turn? She had neither “ Alarmed by this address trom a ftrang knowludge of business, Dor any means of ger, ir y mother arafe, and, makin an e
fort to conqner her emotion and conceal her had not yet known above an hour, the uptcars, she thanked him in a hurried voice happy uncertainty of her situation, the acfor his politeness, but affured him that sie tual misery she' suffered herself, and the anwas inerely fatigued by the heat of the wea- guith which weighed down her spirit when ther, and thould now haften home. îne reflected that she had no other portion
" He ivas not however to be so easily to bequeath me than poverty, servitude, or Thaken off. If my mother had at frit ftruck perhaps dependence, more bitter than either. him as a very beautiful young woman, he in making this avowal, she had named her was till more charmed when she spoke, and family, and that of her father. when, amidst the confusion she was under, " Yes," interrupted her protector, “. he observed as much unaffected modely as heard, as I listened to you in the gardens, the natural elegance. It was in vain that the name of Douglas. lam myself of the race; entrcated him to leave her, and assured him for my mother was a Douglas! such a cirthat fhe lived in a very distant part of the curitance, added to the captivating beauty town with a brother, into whole house she of the fair mourner to whom I liftened, could not introduce a stranger, and that the made my curiosity invincible. Dangerous thould be o herwise much distreiled by his curiosity ! to gratify it, I have, I fear, loit attention. He would not leave her, but my peace!" taking me up in his arms, he carried me « Not to dwell too long on the recital, out of the gardens, and then delivering me let me say that this nobleman professed to iny mother, he ran towards the place to himself passionately in love with the young procure, as he said, a coach. My mother, widow; and thorigh the insisted on his gi who trembled the knew not why, at the po- ving up fo wild an idea, he declared before liteness she could not refert, now hurried he left her that he would by fome means on in the hope of her escaping from her new or other introduce himself to her brother, acquaintance; but she had not proceeded an since to live without seeing her was impos. hundred pace, before he was again 2: hersible. It was with difhculey he was at length tive, and again took me in his arms, and prevailed upon to leave the house; and under pretence that there was no coach to without extorting permission from my mo. be had where he had been, but that one ther, he was chere again the next day, and would be prosably mee with if they walked every day, till the family returned, after on, he engaged her to procced, till a coach which he managed so adroitly, that in a overtook them: not such as he pretended few days he made an acquaintance with my to have sought, but one on which was an uncle, and was in form invited to dinner; Earl's coronet, and the arms of Douglas while neither himself nor his wife at all quartered with those of an illustrious English suspected for whose fake the acquaintance family.
was so anxiously cultivated, but were ex" Now," said he, stopping as it came up, tremely elate at the notice which a man of “ here is a carriage, which thall convey you rank wook of them, aud the compliments he apd this little cherub to your hone. You paid to the respectability and intrinsic worth will not, I thivk, refuse me the honour of of men of business. accompanying you, that it may afterwards “ The attention, however, which he take me to mine.'
found himself obliged to pay to the mistres Again my mother urged every thing of the house, and the few opportunities of the could think of.10 prevail upon her new seeing or conversing with my niother friend to delift from a proof of attention which which this method of visiting allowed him, could only diftress her. He would he became very uncasy to him; and at length, bothing; and the warmth of his iniportu- after a long struggle with himself, he deternity forced her, in spite of every objection, mined to hazard telling her his rcal situation. to get into his coach, where he seated nie He probably knew that he had by this time in her lap, and himself by her fide. secured such an interest in her heart, that
“ He then attempted to quiet her fears, it was no longer in her poker to fly froru by entering into discourse on the topics of him, whatever her, honour might diclate. the day, in which he exerted himeli lo ef. Having with some difficulty obtained an fettually, his barners were !o casy, and opportunity of freaking to her, he told her, his conversation to entertaining, that the a that he knew she mytt long have seen his Kilation of her fpiriis gradually fibfided. ardent and incurable pation; which perThe fooling voice of friendhip, of pity, h2ps.".Cued he, " I osht never to of fympathy, which she had not heard for huse indiged; but, alas! from the first many, inany months, again made its way to moment I law you, my heart was your's! her heat, and she lze infengbly turned while r alon in vain condemned nie, and the discourle from lefs interesting marriers repeated the fatal truth which you must to her owo condition, the tears Howed 10 v hear. I ann already married am from her eyes, fofuraefs pervaded her heart, not villain enough to attempt to receive and fac confided to this stranger, whom the you, buc bilen to what I have to add in
extenuation of my conduct, before you con- of me, and put me out to nurse, till I was demn me to despair.”
old enough to procure a livelihood. * The indignation with which my mo. “ Honour, and respect for the memory of ther received this acknowledgment, the ato her husband, had made in the breast of my tempts of her lover to appcale and soften mother a struggle, which this inhuman treather, I need not relate : having at length ment rendered at once ineffe&ual. On one prevailed on her to hear what he had to fide, affluence, with the man whom she alurge, he told her, that to gratify his family ready loved more than she was aware of, he had, when little more than twenty, mar- and a certain provision for the infant on ried the heiress of a rich and noble family; whom she doated, awaited her; on the other, plain, and eveu deformed in her person; poverty, dependence, and contempt; her with a remper soured by ill-health and the child torn from her, and herself sent to ferconsciousness of her own imperfections, and vice. The contrast was too violent : She with manners the most disgusting. For up- retired to her room, and without giving herwards of three years he dragged on a life self time for reflection, wrote to Lord Pea completely wretched with a woman whose vensey, and the next day quitting her inhofmalignity of temper deadened all pity, of pitable and felfth relations, without giving her personal misfortune : at the end of that them any account of herfelf, she fet out with period the was feized with the foall-pox, his Lord hip for Paris. A servant was proattended with the worst fymptoms; but the vided for nie : all that love and fortune distemper acting on an habit constitutional- could offer were lavished on her ; and at an ly bad, failed to deprive her of life, which elegant house on the banks of the Seine the would have been a blessing to them both; was soon' established; with a spleodor but left behind it violent epileptic fits, which, which however served not to make her continuing with increasing violence for ma- happy. ny months, had deprived her of the fiender & Still conscious of the impropriety of her share of reason she cver posested, and threw situation, fhe could never conquer the me her at length into confirmed ideotism, in lancholy that preyed on her mind; though which state The had invariably remained for the fometinica thought, that to have the the last fix years. Thus fitnated, he confi- daughter of Douglas educated and provided dered himself, though the fatal tie could not for, as his Lordship's fondnefs educated and by law be dissolved, as really unmarried, provided for me, was in reality a greater and at liberty to offer his heart to the lovely proof of attachment to his memory than the object who now poflefTed it, though the would have shown, had the fuffered me to cruel circumstance he had related made it have remained in the indigence and difgrace impossible for him to offer her that rank, in to which the penurious and fordid tempér which it would otherwise have been his am- of my uncle would have exposed die. The bition to have placed her, and to which the two sons, whom she brought my Lord, Mhawould have done so much honour.
red her tenderness without lessening it; and “ I was then in my mother's arms: he while the utmost care was taken of their rook me tenderly in his, and said, “ Inter- education, as soon as they were old enough cede for nie, lovely Caroline, with your mo- to receive instructions, I had the best matters ther! Ah! foften that dear incxorable heart, which Paris afforded; and, with such adand tell her that for your fake the should vantages, almoft every European language, quit an abode so unfit for you both, and ac at an early age, became familiar to me. cept the protection of a man, who will con- Lord Pevensex, who was as partial to me as lider and provide for her Caroline as for a if I had been indeed his daughter, and in child of his own." He then hurried away, whose fondess for my mother time inade na Icaving a paper in which he had repeated all abatement, faw with pleasure the progrefs he had before said; and protesting that his I made, and flattered himfelt that he mould first care should be to settle a fortune on me. establish me happily, though the situation That evening, my uncle and his family, who of my mother (who, though the was treated had been ablent, returned, and it happened in France with great refpe&, was well unthat his wife, who was always rude and un- derstood not to be the wife of Lord Pevenfeeling, trcated my mother with an unusual sey) was a very unfavourable circumstance degree of afperity. Her brother too, whe- to me even in that country. The world, ther from accident or from some intelligence however, called me handsome; and I had he had received of his Lordship's visits, spoke received an education very different from to her with great acrimony, reproached her that which is usually given io young women with having been now above twelve months in France. On the day on tvhich I com
burden to him, and advised ...r to try if pleted my fourteenth year, Lord Pevenfey the could not procure a place as companion came to me, as I was dressing for a little to a lady, or governess in a family; adding entertainment which he had ordered on the coldly, ihat hc would in that case take care occasion, and wishing me joy of my birih