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their own.

By perseverance and bribery he ac- ral years before the leases were exequired the whole, when the plot was cuted, which was not done till 1724, difevered, and he Hed with the ut- and exten led to seventy-nine years. moit precipitation, on board a min, at Bring established to his wiih, he the bizard of his life, taking with procurerin 1718 a pateat from the him two natives, who had favoured Crown, to fe sure the pivsits during his interest and his life, at the risk of fourteen years. But, alas! he had

But though he judged not pursued this lucrative commerce the danger over, he was yet to become more than three or four years when a sacrifice.

the Italians, who felt the effects of Arriving safe with his acquired the theft from their want of traic, dekno vledge, he fixed upon Dirbes termined his destruct on, and hoped a proper place for his porpoie, because that his works wouid t w. tha

2 town was likcly to fupply him with Ana'tfal wo ca ne over in the a fufficient number of hands and the characler of a friend, affociated wih able stream with a confiant fupply of the paries, and alltted in the business. water. This happened about the year Sie atlépied to gain bom the Ita1717.

lins, and lecc cici with one. Ly He agreed with the Corporarion for these two, ik.w poison vas fanposed, an illani or Iwanp in the river, five ju’tly, to have been adhundred feet long, and firty-two wide, muistered to Joha Lombe, who linat cight ,pounds per an, where he gred two or three years in agonics, erected the present wcıks, con aining and departed. The ka jan ran away eight apartm”ms, and 468 widow's, to his own county; anilladam was at the expence of about 30,000!. This interro ated, but nothing tranfuired illand, with another, called the Bye- except chat f're thened iu picion. flat, were part of the continent, but John during a b.ichelor, his properfeparated, ages past, by cutting two ty fell ivo ieiands of his brother Auices to work four le:s of mills. William, who cajvyod, or rather pola The ground continuing fut, fartiier feffed the wris, but a fort time; weit, would yet allow one or two léts for, being of a nislachuly turn, he more.

11:ot tintelf. This fuperb creiding Tnis ponderous building stands up- therefore, becane ih preperty of his on huge pile; of oak, from fixteea io coufia Srlrunis lumica i bdieve twenty feet long, driven close to each this happened about the yuar 1725. other with an engine male for the If the Itahans destruyed the man,

purpose. Over this folid mass of tin. they miscarred in their detiga wan ber is laill a foundat oa of it ine. te works; for tiscany b canje more luc

During three or four y-urs, while cofil, and cutivued to employ 2tris grand affair wis conilueting, he bone 300 je), je. hired various roon; in Derby, and In 1732 the patent expired; when particularıy the Town-had, whicre he Sir Thon43, a true priure of human erested temporary ngin-s, turned by nature, fetitioned Puce amint for a hand. Anal hocgi he reduce the renewal, and, " That the prices so far below those of the, Wirks had taken to forg a tine in pula as to enable him to monopo'ize the feeling, and the pejle in tcacing, trade, yet ihe overf viago or piofit ilaihiere ha i been hone to acquire were so very coníuerable, as to en emolumuni fronte piteni." But he able him to pay for the grand machine forgot to inform them that he had al. as the work went on.

ready accumulated more than 1,000!. It appears that the building was thu, verocity Hics before prohi. it is, completed, and in full cosplos, feve. however, no wonder drigeile held


3 F 2

appear at St Stephen's, where the thaoul Gartrevalli, the remaining Ita. bicart and the tongie so often diligree. lian, who, fixteen years before, Cinie

Government, willing to fpread fo over with John Lombe: him I pero useful ao invention, gare Sir Tnomas funally knew; he ended his days in 14,400l. to fulfer the trade to be poverty; the frequent reward of the open, and a m del of the works taken; the man who ventures his life in a base which was for many years depusted cause, or betrays h's country. Since in the Tover, and cunsidered the then, eleven mills have been created in greatest curiosity there.

Derty, and the fik is now the tape A mill was inmediately erected at trade of the place : more than a thouStockport, in Chehire, which drew fand hunds are said to be employed ia ruiny vf the hands from that o: Der- the various works, but they are ati opby, and, among others, that of Na- on a diminutive scale compared with this.

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Abridged Review of New Publications. 7. Various Tralis concerning the Peer- creet of Ranking. Those proceed,

az of Scotland; colleét. d from the ings are now lubmitted to the public, Public Records, Original Inffru printed from an authentic copy of a ments and Authentic wuripts; manuscript collection depolited in the which is annexed, an. 4; pendix, library of the Faculty of Advocates, containing many Original Papers; written by Sir James Balfour, of Denand, among others, an authentic din milo, Lord Lyon King at arms to count of the Fou dation of the Prin- Charles I. What the editor apprecipality of Scotland; wit! the Diplo- hends should enhance the value of this mas or fundry of the chility, par. publication, is, that the privy counci ticular'y of those Peers whoje Votis records for the 1606, from whence were objec?ed to at the last General those proceedings were collected, are !22:09. pp. 104 400.

Edin- now loft. burgli, rinted for the Author, and The second part contains memorifolu by W tson, Elder, and Co. als out of the un, rinted books of para J. Murray, London. 1791. liament, which were colested by the

same learned autiquary about the year HE

tells us, contain much curious were much more perfect than they To tter respecting the nobility of Scot. now are, land,o: highau: horityand great moment. Part third is certified by a late Lori The years 1320 and 1606 were the Clerk Register; and the append x is most memorable æras in the whole an- taken from original inftru nents, from nals of the Scotch peerage: the 1320 papers written by Sir Lewis Szewart, for the glorious struggle they mide advocate to King Charles I. and by for their independency, which is suih- the late George Chalmers, writer to cienily explained in their letter to the the fignet; both of whom were men Pope. The 1606 was replete with of distinguished abilities, and are well the proceedings which took place be- known to the learned. The diplomas fore the comniillioners authorised by were excerpted from the records, by King James VI. concerning the pre- a late under-keeper thereof, about thir. cedency of the nobility, sufficiently ty years ago. explained in the preamble of the De The editor hopes that it will be no


enacceptable piece of information to three partsa Part first contains the the public, to lay before them the re whole producti»ri, &c. made by the port given by the Lords of Council noblemen in 1636, &c. collected from and Seifion in 1940 to the Lords the records by Sir James Balfour, of Spiritual and Tempora!, relpeeting the Denmiln, Knight, Lord Lyon King peerage and the tale of the public re at Arms. The Decreet pronounced cords of the kingdom of Sco:Innd. by the commissioners in 1600, common. Their Lordships reported thus: They ly called the decreet of runking. Part presume humbly to inform your Lori fecord, memorials extraocd out of Thips, that, through various accidents, unprinted books and acts of parliaihe Aate of their records, particularly ment, collected also by Sir James of their most ancient, is imperfcct; for, Balfour, anno 1610. Part third. Cernot to mention other niisfortunes, it tisicite concerning rolls of parliament. appears by an examination to be found – The appendix contains a letter from among the records of parliament 8th the rebility of Scotland to Pope John January, 1661, that of the reziliers, in anno 1320, translated into English. which having been carried to England The foundation charter of the princiduring the ufurpation of Cromell, pality and itewirtry of Scotland, by were bringing back from London, af Robert III. Another charter by ter the reltoration, by sea, eighty-five King Robert, in anno 1405. Memohogsheads were, in a storm, shifted out rial concerning the principality, writ ea of the frigate the Eagle into another in 1752, including thecaicoftheduchy veifel, which funk with these records of Cornwall. Ad of parliament anat lea; and ten hogsheads more of the acxing the lands of Drumcoll, and records, brought down from London others to the principality, extracted at that time, lie ftill unopened in the fiom the collections of Sir Lewis General Register House, through Sewart, advocate to King Charles I. fome neglect of the oficers to whole Decreet at the instance of King James charge they were commited, that IV. aguint John, Lord Carliike, anno cannot well be accounttd for; fo trai, 1438. Act of parliament, thewiag upon this separate account, your loud that the principality was ersted before ships will perceive a search into the 1489. Acts of parliament, thewing ancient records cannot give reafonable that the king's eldett ton was called fatisfaction.

prince. Abtract charter of King In addition to what their lordNips have George I. creating his elucft ton, reported, the editor can, with much George Prince of Wales, and Earl certainty add, that the rolls of parlia- o! Chetter, anno 1714. Abstract of ment, from ad December, 1673, to charter by King Gcorge 11. creating 28th July, 1681, are loll, he being in his grandson (King George III.) poffesiun of a certificate to this pur- Prince of Wales, audi Earl of Cheller. pose.

Contract of marriage between Mary Under these imperfe&lions and Cueen of Scotland, and James Duke chaims in our records, the editor hum. of Orkney, Earl of Bothnell, &c. bly fubmits the propriety of the pre- Leiter from Queen Mary to the Laird fent publication. For, to the leaft in- of Smciton, 1568. The diplomas of formed mind, even a copy of a copy the nobility, víz, the Duke oi Queens taken from a record which does not bury, &c. Earl of Marchmont, &c. now exift, or is now in an imperf. & Lord Belhaven, Lord Naiper, News ftate, is of moment.

ark, Lindores, Dunbar, Loudor, The contents of this work are: De Sinclair, Ochiltree, and Caithnels; Jure Prelationis Nobiliunii Scotix, in and, lastly, the union roll.


2. An impartial Account of the con- acted, and nothing lefs than the removal

diut of the Excise towards the Brewe of the Commissiners of Excise from eries in Scotland, partii.rly in the board, and of the principal officers Edinburgh.8vo. No Publisher's name. uid-r them, vis talked of as fufficient

punishment for the delinquency. But THIS is a violent attack on the when the day of trial came, the judg. principal officers of Excise in Scot- ment of the Court, and the verdict of Zand.' It accuses them of betraying a special Jury, compleatly justified the their trust, of consulting their own proceedings and int=grity of the defenprivare interest at the expence of the daats, and the high-founding pretenpublic revenue, of partiality to the fions of the prosecutors vanished in:o fraudulent and rigour to'tite fair tra air. der. From the intemperate and abu With regard to the subject of this five nature of this publication, joined impartial aconut, it is till more pruto the circunstance of its being anony- dent to be cautious in fo ming a judg. mous, we are precluded from any ex The candid will always be prepectation of hearing the other fide poff'. fed against a cause which needs of the question.

to be fupported by perfonal invective It is natural to imagine, that men and illiberal infinuation. charged with the execution and inforc ment of fuvere and ungracious, 3. A Letter from Major Scott t, Phi. thougia neceffiry luws, will not calily lip Francis, Eq; pp. 77. 8vo. 2s. eicipcenlure; the odium exciied Debreri, London, 1791. by these laws in t'ie perfons subject THE object of this letter is to hew, 2o th.m, will, by an easy transition, be in a short and perfpicuous manner, the imputed to those who watch over their absurdity of all the charges exhibited execution ; and the charge of rigour aganit Mr Hastings, and the inconand partiality, which every one is filte:cy of his acculers. This the au. prone to muke when he himself is con thor does by proving, that niany of cered, will always be applied to offic then (particularly the opium contraat) cers of the Revenue in proportion to had the perfect concurrence of Me the zeal with which they do their Francis and others, befides the warmduty to the public. Accordingly, in est encomiums of Mr Pite and Mr this pampulit, the perfons attacked are Dundas, and the approbation of that not only made antwerable for the se- house which is now become his ac. verity of tie Excise laws, but for cufer. It is all, mewn, that the opinions of King's Couold, and de- plans proposedly Mr Halting, adoptcitions of Judges.

cd by Lord Cornwallis, and landion. It is not long ago fince a more ed by the Board of Controul, the universal clainour was raised againt India Company, and Parliament, nave the same oificers by certaia perlons been the means of increasing the Inengaged in the distillery. It was said, dian revenue in all its branches. that by their ignorance of the Excite It fews the great difficulties Mr laws, or from wilful malice, they had Hastings had to Struggle with-the ruined the complainers, and had ef disapprobation expressed at one part festually crushed a manufacture which of his conduct respecting the Rajais was to have enriched the country. A of Tanjore, and which conduct has prof cution was raised against them fince been adopted by, and approved an the Exchequer, the attention of of, in ano:her—that the ministry, who he country was folicited to the pro are trying him for a variety of tupceedings, damages to the arount of posed oppressions, have not, in a single ane bundred thousand pounds were ex. instance, altered his fyftem. &c. &c.


The Good King ; a moral Tale.-Transated from the German of Wieland.

Rex eris, fi recte facies.

THE cruel Isfandiar, King of Chechian, thought neeessary, whatever sate might dow rcfulved to destroy his brothers and their to the throne, said he to himfelf, the people children. Tifan was the youngeit of these will bli is the ahes of the honest Genghis ior Ist. At the age of feven years he found having formel for them a King who has h'insell under the care of a Vizier, for whom lived in the habit of conhdering men, even his father had a particular friandinip. Cen- of the low eit class, as his equais; of expect ghis, (this was the namic of the Vizier) had ing nothing from others which they may a ion of the same age with Tisan, and the not in their tuin exad from him; o cwing oriy means of prelerving the line of the his muntenance only to his own labour young Prince, was to de'iver his own fonto a King incapabie of entertaining the mal the murderer whom lifandiar employed. idea that milions of men were brought into Genghis had the courage to make so great a the world : rely to maintain him in a bie facritce, and preferred to the life of his own oficknes, ami to put him in a condition of fog the safety of ene who might af: crwards gratifying his every caprice. If race, on the becoine che father of a whole people, contrary, fiall reserve him for a life of the

He retired with the young Tilan, who fearity, igrorance of his origin will be a palled for his son, to a remete province on being to him. To tell him that he was the southern frontiers of Chechian. He born for a higher condition of life, would fopt in a fertile but uncultivated valley, in this it care bc crucky. furrounded with mountains and defeits, Accordingl;, Tifa:1, while he was fecding which seemed to be destined by nature for his flocks, had no idea that his birth had do an atylım to the man who could fini his {uccd him for swaying a sceptre instead of happiness in himself, and to the young a crook. The royal blood that ran in his Prince who, at fu early an age, had aliearly veins, was to far from giving him any hint experienced the inconitancy of fortune. of his title to, I know but what, innate or s

la this place Genghis eita viinei a fost of rogatives over other meo, that he, en the colony, by giving liberty to a certaia mum con rary, acknowledged as his opcions ber of Daves of both feves, whom he had those who could work butter than lumall, bouyht for the purpose from the twighbour as they were certainly more mon Oftra ing, Circafiians, la condition of their allitting when the gooi Gençlis faw the Princere him to cultivate the deferts. Nature re- toining from his rural labour in a coat of compenced his at:empts try the happieit fuc- the coarseft fruit, and his forchead bedewed cers. In a few years the greater part of with sweat, he would laugh inwardly at the those harrerr waftes was changed into fertile ridiculous impudence of parasites,who would fields, into gardens and mcdows, wat red perfuade the great, that there is some fecret by a thousand rivulcis whidi Genghis and charm in nohle bioodi which conrnunicatos his corpuions had conued from the an air of grardear to their person and their neighbouring mountains. The happy inha- actions, fumething which diftinguithe them bitants lived in abundance of the neceflaries from oiher mal, and which connanus irof life, and in that happy indigence of its yolu tary Icípe. “Who would say, that fuperfluities which is the weaith of the fage yo:ilet you pusfint is the son of a King? and of his, who is ignorai; of them.


He is vertime, it is true; his eyes are being though all his companions had been his of fire; his, features irisdicate a soul glowing faves, Gerg bis arrogated to himfelf 110 au with continett; ude; bnt, escept my thority over them.

felf, o boty 120, in hir any thing but the Every species of incquality that is not fonfiraun, born to labour the grox.d; dictated by nature herself, was tanished from he hirtet i 1.!l; corvinced that we neighthe cottages of there happy mortals. The la- bour live in ilamparab.y a much bitter thers of families formed a sort of council, martha Bc." which deliberatel on the general good, and From the course of life in which is recompofid the little differences that could puted in her cuteil Lim, the young litan arile ia a fociety so small, so content, and lot that dJicare compiexion of luies and fo poor.

roses, and that efi minate air which doule- in this little colony was educated as lels woukl have distinguished him from, the among his equals, the nephew of the great at other children of the earth, had he been bred and mot voluptuous Monarch of the East. in a court. Lut in recompenc- he gaired 2 To keep hira ignorant of his birth, Geoghis robustand durable conftitutio.ibembicwa

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