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6 wreck" I really wonde:ed at,the and took occasion to say, that there for actiulness :0 1:hich alone such a ne. was more true dignity in their own naglict could b: in puted; and assured tive tiles ihan in ihofe of Prince, him, that I would express my opinion Duke, and Lord, which haci been idly both in B.ng land in letrers to Eng- given then, but had no cooformity to land. “We have little," said be, "to their nanners or the consti:ation of " hope from le ters, for when we their

government. “ have been paid with them instead

This conuerfation being agreeable " of money, an

have flown them on to neither of us, I changed it, by de“ board your ships, 've hare common- firing that the palanquins and bearers “ ly been treated with difdain, and might be ready next morning as early often with imprecations.” I assured as poilible : be answered, that his pas him, that eithe: troie let rs muit have lanquins were at our service for cobeen written coldly and by very one thing, but that we must pay him ten scure perlons, or shown to very ill-bred dollars for each set of bearers; that it men, of whom there w re too many in was the Rated price, and that Mr Haall nations, but that a fiw instances fings had paid it when he went to vie of redenets ought not to give him a lit the king. This, as I learned af, general prejudice against our national terwards, was falle, but in all events I character. “ But you," said he, “ are knew that he would keep the dollars

a wcalthy nation, and we are indi. himself, and give nothing to the beargent; yet though all our groves of ers, who deferved them better, and

cocoa-irces, our fruirs, and our whom he would compel 1o leave their “ cattle are ever at lour serv ce, you cottages and coil for his profit. “ Can " always try to make hard bargains “ you imagine," I replied, " that we "s with us for what you chuse to dis. “ would employ four and i wenty men

pofe of, and frequently will neither to bear us so far on their shoulders e fell vor give those things which we “ without rewarding them amply " principally want." " To forin,” “ But since they are free men (so he faid I, “ a juit opinion of Englishmen, '" bad assured me), and not your Naves, you must visit us in our own ifland, we will pay them in proportion 10

or at least in India; here we are “ thuir diligence and good behaviour ; " firangers and travellers: many of - and it becomes neither your digni-.

us have no design to trade in any ty nor ours to make a previous bare

country, and none of us think of guin,” I shewed him an elegant ".tra.ding in Hinzuan, where we stop copy of the Koran, which I deftined

only tor re'rollment. The clothes, for his father, and described the rest arms, or inilrunents which you of my prefent; but le coidly asked, muy want, aie comonly necefiary “it ihat was all.” Had he been king,

or cowienient to us; lui if Sayyid a puife of dry dollars would have gi. " Alwiorris fous were to be itrangers ven lim inore pie-fure than the finest " in our country, you ficuld have no o holiest napulcript. Finding him, “ realom to boaf of luperior ho italia in conversing on a variety of subjects,

ty." Heihen the wed me, a ic od uteilyvoid of inteligence or principle, sime, a part of 1.7 old fik vil', wjih I tookiszy icavc. and sawlini no nore, the star of ile Ontur of ile Thike, but promifed tot him know for cerant begej ok 10 ex. 'ain the 1.6110; Lain whether we hould make our inexprefling a nith that the order might ended excurfion. be cor.frired on him by the King of We dined in rulerible comfort, and England in resurr for his çood offices had occafiun, in the course of the day, to ihe Englili. repreiz ted to him to obtuvo the manncis of die Datives the impoMbility of his being calid, ia de middle rank, 'ho are called Bar

nas,

nas, and all of whom have flaves con to Hinzuan; and in the afternoon I ftantly at work for them. We visited met another who had come from Malthe mother of Combomade, who seem.. kat (where at that time there was a ed in a station but little raised above civil war) to purchase, if he could, an indigence ; and her husband, who was hundred stand of arms. I told them a mariner, barrered an Arabic Trea- all, that I loved their nation, and they, tise on Aftronomy and Navigation, returned my compliments with great which he had read, for a sea-cumpass, warmth, especially the two old men, of which he well knew the use. who were near fourscore, and remind

In the morning I had conversed ed me of Zohair and Hareth. with two very old Arabs of Yemen, who had brought some articles of trade

(To be continued.)

I.

An Account of the Signals made use of at BAMBROUGH CASTLE, in the county

of Northumberland in case ships or vessels are perceived in distress, and of the Charitable Inftitution established there for their asistance and relief. A Gun (a nine-pounder) placed tress upon the Fern Islands, or Staples,

at the bottom of the rower, that the sufferers may have the satisto be fired as a fignal in case a ship or faction of knowing their distress is pervessel be observed in distress, viz. ceived from the shore, and that relief

Once when any ship or vessel is will be sent them as fuon as pollible. stranded or wrecked upon the islands, In case of bad weather, the flag will be or any adjacent rock.

kept up, a gun fired morning and e. Twice when any 'ship or vessel is vening, and a rocker thrown up eveGranded or wrecked behind the Castle, ry night from the north turret, till or to the northward of it.

such time as relief can be sent. These Thrice, when any ship or vessel are also signals to. the Holy Illand is stranded or wrecked 10 the south- fishermen, who, by the advantage of ward of the Castle ; in order that their situation, can put off for the ithe Custom-house officers, and the te. Nands at all times when no boat from nants, with their servants, may hasten the main land can get over the breakers. to give all possible aslistance, as well as · Premiums are given to the first boats to prevent the wreck from being plun- that put off for the islands, to give dered.

their assistance to ships or vessels in 2. In every great storm, two men distress, and provisions and liquors are on horseback are sent from the Castle sent in the boats. to patrole along the coast from fun-fet 4. A heil on the south turret will to fun-rise, that, in case of any ac- be rung out in every thick fog, as a cident, one may remain by the ship, signal to the fishing-bouts; and a large and the other return to alarm the swivel fixed on the ealt turret, will Cafile. Whoever brings the first no be fired every 15 minutes, as a signal tice of any ship or veffel being in to the ships without the islands. distress, is entitled to a premium, in 5. A large weather.cock is fixed proportion to the distance from the on the top of the tag-it.ff, for the use Castle ; and if between twelve o'clock the pilots. at night and three o'clock in the 6. A large speaking-trumpet is pron:orning, the premium to be double. vided, to be used when ships are in

3. A large fag is hoisted when distress near the shore, or are run athere is any ship or vessel seen in dif- grund.

7. An

7. An observatory, or watch-rower, entering all kinds of timber and is made on the east curret of the Castle, ther wrecked goods, giving the marks where a person is to attend every morn- and description of each, with the date ing at day-break during the winter when they came on shore. feason, to look out if any ship be in 4. Foar pair of screws for railiog diftress.

fhips that are stranded, in order to their 8. Masters and commanders of ships being repaired. Timber, blocks, and or vefsels in distress, are desired to make tackles, handspikes, cables, ropes, fach signals as are usually made by peo- pumps, and iron, ready for the use of ple in their melancholy fituation. tip-wrecked vessels.

N. B. But, if taken away, to be paid

for at prime-coft. ASSISTANCE, STORES, and PROVI, at

5. A pair of chains, with large rings Castle, for Seamen, Ships, or Ver and swivels

, made on purpose for weighfels

, wrecked or driven afhore on ing ships (of a thousand tons burden.) that Coast or Neighbourhood.

that are funk upon rocks, or in deep 1. Rooms and beds are prepared N. B. These chains are to be lent for seamen, ship-wrecked, who will be (gratis) to any person having occafion maintained in the Castle for a week for them, within forty or fifty miles a• (or longeraccording to circumstances,) long the coast, on giving proper fecuand during that yine be found with all rity to re-deliver them to the truftees. manner of neceffaries.

7. Two mooring chains, of differ. 2. Cellars for wine, and other li- ent lengths, are provided, which may quors from ship-wrecked vessels, in occasionally be joined together, when which they are to be deposited for one a greater length is required. year, in order to be claimed by the 8. Whenever any dead bodies are proper owners.

cast on shore, coffins, &c. will be pro3. A store-house ready for the re- vided gratis, and also the funeral ex. ception of wrecked goods, cables, rig. pences paid, ging, and iron. A book is kept for

water.

Epimate of the Medium Temperature of different Degrees of Latitude, from sin

tual Observations

F

ATHER COTTE of the Ora- and is therefore improper for a work

tory has published, in the Journal of this kind; but perhaps a few exde Phyliqúe, a table of the medium tracts from it, of the heat of the prinheat in 177 different places, from the cipal places, may be thooght curious. line to the 60th degree of North lati- P. Coite makes use of Reaumur's tude, ascertained by actual observation. thermometer, but as Fahrenheit's is This table shews the medium heat of the common one in this country, we each month at every place, and the have, with a good deal of care, subitimedium heat of the whole year. It is tuted the corresponding degrees in

fupplement to M. Kir- this latier thermometer. The places wan's estimate of the temperature of are arranged in the order of their ladifferent degrees of latitude. The titude. whole takes up about 16 pages in 4to,

Names

meant as a

the year

--56

the year

the year

42

the year

the year

Medium Heat of CAMBRIDGE, N. AMERICA. Names of Places.

the Year.

Medium heat of July 64 Peru

68

January 25 Surinam

09

the year

-45 Pondichery

75 Madras

PERPIGNAN.

72 Saint Pierre in Martinico 70 Medium heat of July бо Guadaloupe

73

January 41 Camp de Louise--St. Domingo 68

year -54 Mexico

56

TOULON. Ilie of France in Africa

7 Medium heat of July 68 Ide of Bourbon ditto

73

January 44 Chandernagor

80 GRAND CAIRO.

MARSEILLES. Medium heat of August 75 Medium heat of July 67 February 51

January 42 -64

-53 BAGDAD.

MONTPELLIER. Medium heat of August

82

Medium heat of July 69
December

December

43
.
-48

-54 Cape of Good Hope.

NISMES. Medium heat of the year

60 Medium heat of July 69

• January 37 Syria in Asia MINOR.

-55 Medium heat of August 75

GRANDE CHARTREUSE.
December 47
62 Medium heat of August 51

December

27
Algiers.
Medium heat of August 73

PADUA.
February 55
-61 Medium heat of July

January 33
WILLIAMSBURG, VIRGINIA.

-49 Medium heat of July 72

MILAN.
December 39
Medium heat of July

66
53

January 33
PEKIN, CHINA.
Medium heat of June 74

VERONA.
January 27
Medium heat of July

69
the year
50

January 35
New York.

the year

-55 Medium heat of July 71

Lyons. : January

26

Medium heat of July 69
-49

December 37
ROME,
Medium heat of July 68

St Gothard in SwitzERLAND.
February 43

Medium heat of July 44
the year
-54

February

19 Medium

the year

the year

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the year

66

the year

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the year

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the year

the year

35

the year

58

the year

32

-47

the year

the year

i the year

the year

the year

38

Medium heat of the year -31

BRUSSELS.
GENEVA,
Medium heat of July.

60 Medium heat of July 63

Jungary
December 34
the
year
-47

LONDON.
LAUSANNE.

Medium heat of July 60
Medium heat of August

January 34
January
-46

MIDDLEBURG:
QUEBEC.

Mediuin heat of August

December 35
Medium heat of July 65
February .15
-40

GOTTINGEN.
Berne in SwITZERLAND.

Medium heat of July

62

: December 30 Medium heat of August 62

- the year
February : 32

ROTTERDAM,
45
Nantz.

Medium heat of July 59
Medium heat of August. 63

January 35

47. January .che year

THE HAGUE.

-50 Dijon.

Medium heat of August 60 Medium heat of July 61

· January 34 : January

-47. 33

AMSTERDAM.
ZURICH & NEUCHATEL.

Medium heat of July, 60

January 35 Medium heat of the

year

-47 VIENNA.

BERLIN. Medium heat of July

62

Medium heat of July
February 33

January
-46

30 VARSAILLES

-45

COPENHAGEN.
Medium heat of June 60

Medium heat of July
January 34

January 29
the year

-43 Ratisbon in GERMANY.

Moscow. Medium heat of August 62 Medium heat of June

63
January 32

January 12
45
Paris.

HAWKHILL near Edig.
Medium heat of August 62 Medium heat of August

55
January
35

• January

-45 MANHEIM.

Nain in LABRADOR. Medium heat of July 62 Medium heat of August January 33

January

28 the year -46

STOCKHOLM

the year

the year

-47

the year

61

the year

the year

ES.

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