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ITER the forest had lost its taken. The trespasser therefore herë;

great legal support, and reasons as on other waltes, is careful to rear of stare obliged the monarch to fcek his coitage, and get into it as quickly his an ufcmonis nearer hone, the ex. as posible. I have known all the tent of these royal demelas began in- materials of one of these habitations sensibly 10 diminish. New-forest, a- brought together the house builtmong others, was greatly curtailed. covered in the goods removedLarge portions of it were given away fire kindlet-and the family in polin grants by the crown. Many gen- feffion, during the course of a moontenen have houses in its' interior light night. Sometimes indeed, where paris; and their tenants are in pofies the treipass is incontiderablc, be tion of wet cultivated farms. For posleffor has been allowed to pay a zhough the foil of New-foreit is, in fine for his land in the court of Lynd. general

, poor ; yet there are some parts burst. But these trespafses are geneof it which very hppily admit cul. rally in the outskirts of the forest ; or ture. Thus the forest has suffered in the neighbourhood of some little in many places, what its ancient hamlet. They are never {uffered in Jaws confidered as the greatest of all the interior parts; where no lands are Trischief, underiiba name of an assurt ; alienated from the crown, except a word, which fignifies grubbing up in regular granis. its coverts, and copses, and turning The many advantages which the the harbours of deer into arable land: borderers on forells enjoy, such as rearAftop however is now put to al grants ing cattle and hogs, obtaining fuel from ihe crown. The crown-lands be. at an easy rate, and procuring little came public property under the care patches of land for the cronble of in. of the treasury, when ihe civil lift closing it, would add much, One was settled. The king can only grant should imagine, to the comfort of their leases for thirty years; and the parlia- lives. But in fact it is otherwise. ment feidom interferes in a longer ex- These advantagrs procure them not tension, except on particular occa- half the enjoyments of common day. bons.

labourers. In general, they are 20 Besides these defalcatioris ariling indolent race; poor and wretched in from the bounty of the crown, the the extreme. Tuftead of having the forest is continually preyed on by regular returns of a weck's labour to the incrbachments of inferiour people. sublist on, too many of them depend There are multitudes of trespaffers, on on the precarious fupply of forest pil. every side of it, who build their little fer. Their ostensible business is conhuts, and enclose their little gardens, monly to cut furze, and carry it to and patches of ground, without leave, the neighbouring brick-bilns; fur or ceremony of any kind. The un- which purpose they keep a team of esto der keepers, who have constant orders or three foreit-hories : while their coi. to destroy all these inclosures, now lateral support is de r-stealing, poach. and then affe:t the rights of the forelt, ing or purloining timber. In this last by throwing down a fence; but it re- occupation they are faid 'o have been quires a legal process to throw down lo expert, that, in a night's time, they a house, of which poffeflion has been would have cut dowa, cari.ed ett,

From the Samei


and lodged safely in the hands of the vert; nor the vagabond, and out law Tome receiver, one of the largest oaks on the venison. Nay the very foil of the forest. But the depredations, itself will not then be gradually loft, which bave been made in timber, along and stolen, by purprestures and affarts. all the skirts of the forest, have ren- Thus forests, which were formerly dered this species of theft, at present, the haunts of robbers, and the scenes buer an unprofitable employment. In of violence and rapine, may be conpoaching, and deer-Stealing, they of- verted into the receptacles of honest ten find their best account ; in all industry.” the auts of which many of them are I had once fome occasional interwell practised. From their earliest course with a forest-borderer, who

youth they learn to set the trap and had formerly been a noted deer-ttealer. the gin for hares and pheclants ; to He had orien (like the deer-stealer in insoare deet by hanging hooks, buited the play) with apples, from the boughs of trees;

-struck a doc, and (as they became boider profi. And borde her cleanly by the keeper's nose. cients,) to watch the herd with fire. arms, and single out a fat buck; as he Indeed he had been at the head of his pallis the place of their conceal-, profeffion, and during a reign of five ment.

years; assured me, he had killed, og In wild rugged countries, the moun an average, not fewer than an hundred taincer forms

very different churacter. bucks a year. At length he was from the forester. He leads a life of obliged to abfcond; but compoliog labour; he procurts nothing with his affairs, he abjured his trade, and out it. He has neither time for would speak of his former arts without idleness, and dishonest arts; nor meets reserve. He has oftener than once with any thing to allure him into coufelled the fins of his youth to me ; them. But the forester, who has thc from which an idea may be formed of temptation of plunder on every side, the mystery of deer-stealing, in it's finds it easier to trespass, than to work. highest mode of perfection. In his Hence, the one becomes often a rough, excursions in the forest he carried manly, ingenuous peasant; the other with him a gun, which screwed into a supple, crafty, pilfering knave. Even three parts and which he could easily the very practice of following a night conceal in the lining of his coat. Thus occupation leads to mischief. The armed he would drink with the undernightly wanderer, unless his mind be keepers without fufpicion; and when engaged in some necessary business, he knew them engaged, would securewill find many temptations to také ly take his itand in foine distant tbe advantage of the incautious fecu- part, and mark his buck. When he rity of those who are asleep.-- From had killed him, he would draw him these confiderations Mr St. Joha afide into the bushes, and spend draws an argument for the sale of fo- the remaining part of the day in a reft-lands. Poverty, fays he, will neighbouring tree, that he miglit be be changed into affluence-the cotta- sure no ip es were in the way. At ger wil become a farmer--the wil. night he fecreted his pluncer. He derness will be converted into rich bad boarded it a part of his cottage, paftures, and fertile fields ; furnishing (forming a rough door into it, like provisions for the country, and em. the rest of the partitiva, ftuck full of ployment for the poor. The borders faise nais-neads) with such artifice, and confines of forests will cale to thit the keepers on an information, be ourseries for county.g9ils; the have searchid his houle again and trespasser will no longer prey upon again, and have gone off farisfied of VOL. XIV. No. 83.


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his innocence ; though his secret lar. effe&tual in repreffing fo inveterate a der perhaps at that very time contain: evil.And yet in some circumed a brace of bucks. He had always stances, these lirletenements (inhe said a quick market for his veni- croachments as they are, and oftea lon; for the country is as ready to the nurseries of idleness) give pleasure purchase it, as these fellow s are to pro- to a benevolent breast. When we fee cure it. It is a forest adage of an- them, as we sometimes do, the habicient date, non eft inquirendum unde tations of innocence and industry; venit veniform

and the means of providing for a large The incroachments of trespaffers, family with ease and comfort, we are and the houses and fences thus raised pleased at the idea of so much utility on the borders of the forest, though, and happiness, arifiog from a petty at this time, in a degree connived-at, trespass on a walte, which cannot in were heretofore considered as great itself be considered as an injury. Quisances by the old foreft-law, and I once found, in a tenement of this were very feverely punished under the kind, an ancient widow, whof: little name of purprestures, as tending at story pleafed me,- Her folitary dwel. terrorem ferarum.--ad ngcumentum fö- ling food sweetly in a dell, on the refteand, as might be added, at edge of the foreft. Her husband had this time, by the neighbouring parithes, himself reared it, and led her to it, ad incrementum pauperuin. When a 28 the habitation of her life. He franger therefore rears one of thefe had made a garden in the front, sudden fabricks the parish-officers make planted an orchard at one end, and a him provide a certificate from bis few trees at the other, which in forty own parish, or they remove him. years had now shielded the cottage, But the mifchief commonly arises and almolt concealed it. In her earfrom a parishioner's raising his cottage, ly youth she had been left a widow and afterwards selling it to a ftranger, with two fons and a daughter, whose which may give him parish-rights. skender education fonly what the herThese encroachments, however, are self could give them) was almoft her evils of so long standing, that at this whole employment: and the time of day they hardly admit a remedy. Ma- their youth, the faid, was the pleany of these little tenements have been fantest time of her life. As they grew fó long occupied, and have passed up, and the cares of the world sublidthrough so many hands, that the oc- ed, a fertled piety took poffeffion af cupiers are now in secure poffesfion. her mind. Her age was oppressed

Where the major of Beaulieu-ab- with infirmity, Gckness, and various bey is railed from the forett, a large afflictions in her family. In these fettlement of this kind runs in scat. distresses, her bible was her great tered cottages, at least a mile along comfort. I visued her frequenrthe rails. This neft of incroachers ly in her laft illness, and fovod the late Duke of Bedford, when her very intelligent in fcripture, and Lord warden of the forest, resolved' to well verled in all the gospel-topics of root out. But he met with such ftur. confolation. For many years the evedy, and determined opposition from ry day read a portion of her bible, the foresters of the hamlet, who a. seldom any other book ; mounted to more than two hundred men, that he was obliged to defift- Just knew, and knew no more, her biblewhether he took improper measures, true; as he was a man of violent temper, And in that charter read with sparkling -or whether po measures, which he

eyes, could have taken, would have beep Her ridle to a crcafure in the skics.

When she met with passages she did of pronouns, by confounding their not understand, at one time, or other, cases. This corruption prevails thro' the said, she often heard them explain. the country ; but it seems to increale ed at church. The story seems to e- as we approach the sea. · About the vince how very fufficient plain scrip. neighbourhood of New-forest this Do. ture is, unaslifted with other helps, er- ric hash attained its perfection. I cepe such as are publicly provided, to have oftener than once met with the adminifter both the knowledge and following tender elegiac in church: the comforts of religion even to the yards. lowest classes of people.

The dialect of Hampshire has a Him shall never comc again to we: particular tendency to the corruption But us Mall Curely, one day, go to be.

Anecdotes of General Washington. THE moment I arrived at Alex. farmer, constantly employed in the

andria I was eager to repair to management of his farm, in improving Mount Vernon, a beautiful seat of his Jands, and in building bares. He General Walhington, situated ten shewed me one not yet finished., It miles lower down the river.On the is a varit pile, about a hundred feet road to it we pass through a great long, and still more in width, designdeal of wood; and after having mount- ed as a llorehouse for his corn, pota. ed two hil's we discover the house, coes, turnips, &c. Around ii are elegant, though Gmple, and of a plea. constructed ftables for all his cattle, fing aspect. Before it is a neat lawn: bis horses, his adres, the breed of on one side tables for horses and which, unknown in this country, he Cattle: on the other a green-house, is endeavouring to increase. The and buildings where the negroes work, plan of the building is fo judicioully In a kind of yard are perceived ducks, contrived, that a man may quickly fiú geele, turkeys, and other poultry. the racks with hay or potatoes, with: Tbe house commands a view of the out the least danger. The General Potowmac, and enjoys a most beauti- informed me, that he had built it af ful prospect. On the Gde towards ter a plan sent him by the celebrated that river it has a large and lofty por- English holbandman Arthur Young rico. The plan of the house is well. but which he had considerably improconceived and convenient. Wirh. ved. This building is of brick made out, it is covered with a kind of yar

on the spot; and every part of it, exwith, a cement that renders it almost cept the joists of the roof, and the impenetrable by the rain.--It was thingles that cover it, which for want evening when the General arrived, of time he was forced to buy, is the farigued by a tour through a part of his produce of the eilate. He told me, eftate, where he was tracing out a thar it did not cost him above three road. You have frequently heard hundred pounds. In France it would him compared to Cincinnatus: the have coft upwards of 80,000 lis. comparison is juft. The celebrated (3,3331.) 'That year he had plantGeneral is now no more than a good ed leven hundred bulhels of patatoes.


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From Brillot's Travels in North Americm.

All this was quite new to Virginia, in his eyes. They have no longer where there is neither barns nor pro- thar fire which his officers found in vilion for cattle.

them wien at the head of his arnıy; His horses, his ailes, his mules, but they brighten in conversation. In were wandering in the neighbouring his countenance there are no striking pastures. He told us, that it was his features ; whence it is difficult to intention to set his country the ex catch a likeness of him, for few of his ample of cultivating, artificial mea. poriraits resemble him. All his an. dows, fo rare in it, yet so neceffary, swers discover good sense, consummate as in winter the cattle are frequently in prudence, and great diffidence of bitum want of fodder. He had a noble felf; but at the same time, an poal. ftallion, which will keep up the breed terable firmoess in the part be has of good horses in the country, and once embraced. His modefty caohowed us two fine afles from Malta not but be particularly astonishing to and Spain.

a Frenchman. He speaks of the His three hundred negroes were American war as if he had not been distributed in log-hooses scattered or the conductor of it; 'and of his victover the estate, which in that partries with an indifference with which contains upwards of ten thousand no ftranger could' mention them. I acres.

never faw him grow wasni, or depart Colonel Humphreys, the poet of from that coolness which characterises whom I have already ipoken, and who him, except when talking on the prelives with him in the quality of his sent ftate of America. The divisions fecretary assured me, that his poslef- of his country rend his fool. He feels fions in different places consisted of the ncceflity of rallying all the friends more than two hundred thousand of liberty around a central point, and acres.

of giving energy to the government. The General had invited over To his country he is fill ready to fafrom England a good English farmer, crifice that quiet which conftitutes with his family, and placed him at the his happiness. Happiness, said he to head of his husbandry.

mę, is not in grandeur, is not in the Everything in the General's bustle of life. This philosopher waa house is fimple.-His table is well fo thoroughly convinced of the truth fupplied, but without oftentation. Mrs of this, that from the moment of his Washington superintends every thing, retreat he broke off erery political and with the qualities of an excellent connection, and renounced every farmer's wife vnires liat simple place in the government; yet in dignity which ought to distinguish a spite of such a renunciation, of such woman whose husband has filled the disinterestedness, of such modelly, greatest ftation. To these the adds this aftonishing man has enemies ! He also that sweetness, and that attention has been vilified in the newspapers, to strangers, which rendurs hospitality' he has bçen accused of arbition, of so agreeable. The same virtues are intrigue, when all his life, when all pofieiled by her engaging niece, whose America, cao witness his dics.cereft. health, unhappily, appears to be pery edness, and the rectitude of his condelicare.

duct: Virgicia is perhaps the fole You have heard me blame My country where he has enemies; for Chaftelleux for having displayed so no where else have I heard his name much wit in the portrait he has given pronounced but with respect, mixed of the General. 'An artful portrait of with affection and gratitude. You an'artle!s man is totally out of charac- would think the Americans were ter. The Geperal's goodnels bcams Speaking of theis father. It would


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