Imágenes de página

A man,
A woman,

To laugh,
A canoe,
To eat,


To weep, ,


A hog,

A dog,

gold and Glver, and it is 'no easy mat

Kegonia, ter to impose baser merals upon them

Kecanna, as such.

A child, Chu, , They purchase a much larger quan

Ayelaur, tity of cloth than is consumed upon

App, their own Illand. This is intended for the Choury market. Choury is a

To drink,

Okk, {mall island to the southward of theirs, Yams,

T'owla, to which a large fleet of their boats fails every year about the month of A pine apple, Frung. November, to exchange cloth for ca A house, Albanum, noes, for they cannot make these A fowl, Hayám, themselves. This voyage they per.

Howp. form by "he help of the sun and stars, Fish,

Ka. for they know nothing of the cohir

To fleep, ,

Loom loom, pass.

T'amam. In their dispofition there are two


T'amia, remarkable qualities. One is, their Rain,

Koomra. entire neglect of compliment and ceremony; and the other, their averfion They have no notion of a God, so dishonesty. A Carnicobarian tra- but they believe firmly in the Devil, pelling to a distapt village upon bu- and worship him from fear. In every finess or amusement, passes through village there is a high pole erected, many towns in his way without per- with long strings of grour:d-rattaus haps speaking to any one ; if he is hun. hanging from it, which, it is said, sry or tired, he goes up into the nearest has the virtue to keep him at a dir. house, and helps himself to what' tance., When they see any figns of he wants, and lits till he is rested, an approaching storm, they imagine without taking the smalleft notice of that the Devil intends them a visit, any of the family, unless he has business upon which many fuperftitious cereor news to communicate. Theft or movies are pertoimed. The people robbery is so rare amongft them, that a of every village march round their man going out of his house never own boundaries, and fix up at different takes away his ladder, or shuts his distances small sticks split at the top, door, but leaves it open for any body into which split they put a piece of to enter that pleases, without the cocoa-uut, a w sp of tobacco, and leatt apprehension of having any thing the leaf of a certain plant: whether kolen from him.

this is meant as a peace offering to Their intercourse with strangers is the Devil, or a scarecrow to frighten fo frequent, that they have acquired him away, does not appear. in general the barbarous Portuguese When a man dies, all his livefo common over India. Their own lock, cloth, hatchets, fishing-lances, language has a sound quite different and in thort every moveable thing he from moft others, their words being poffeffed, is buried with him, and pronounced with a kind of ftop, or his death is mourned by the whole catch in the throat at every fyllable. village. In one view this is an exThe few following words will serve cellent custom, seeing it prevents all to Niew those who are acquainted disputes about the property of the dewith other Indian languages, whe- cealed amongst his relations. His ther there is any similitude between wife must conform to cultom by havthem.

ing a joint cut off from one of her Zzz

fingers; and, if he reiuies this, the Polygamy is not known among mult submit to have a deep notch cut them; and their punithment of adul: in one of the pillar of her boute. tery is not less severe than effectual,

I was once present at the funeral They cut from the man's cttenling of an old won an.

When we went member a piece of the foreskin prepora into the hous', wlich had belunged tioned to the frequent commillion or to the decealed we found it full of enormity of the erine. her female relations; some of them There seeins to sublift among them were employed in wrapping up the a perfect equality. . A few perlons, corpie in leases and cloth which had from their age, have a linle ore rebelonged to her. In another house speet paid to them ; but there is no hard by, the men of the village, with appearance of authority one over ano. a great many others from the neigh ther. Their society seems buund rabouring towns, were Gitting drinking ther by mutual obligations continually foura and smeaking tobacco. In the conterred and receivid; the fimplett mean time two tout yourg fellows and best of all ties. were buty digging a grave is the fand The inhabitants of the Andamans near the house.

When the wonien are said to be Carn bals. The peohad done with the corpse, they set up ple of Carnicobar have a tradision aa most hideous howl, upon which the mong them, that several canoes came people began to asie mbie round the from Andaman many years ago, and grave, and four men went up into the that the crews were all at nied, and house to bring down the body; in do- con mitted great depredations, and ing his, they were much interrupted killed feveral of the Nicobarians. It by a

a young man, son to the decealed, appears at first remarkable, ibat there who endeavoured nih all his might flould be such a wide difference beto prevent them, but finding it in vain, tween the manners of the ini abitants be clung round the body, and was car- of inlands so near to one anori er; the ried to ihe grave alorg with' it there, Andamans being favag: Cannibals, and after a violent struggle, he was turned the others ibe mott harmlets inoffen: away and conducied back to the five people possible. But it is account. house. The corple being now put in. ed for by the fulloning historical aneca 10 the grave, ar.d the bathings which dete, which, I bave been afford, is bound the legs ard arms cut, all the matier of fact. Shortly after the Por: live.stock which had been the proper- fuguese had discovered the page to ty of the deceased, confifiing of obcut Ircia round the Cape of Good Hope, half-a-dczen begs, and as many tou is, one of their ships, on boaid of which was killed, and fing in above it: a was a number of Miczan:bique neşrces, man then approached with a bunch of was left on the Areaman idynes, larcs fuck upon the end of a pule, which were till then unin abited. The which he swept two or three times blacks remained in the food and ferit: gently along the comple, and then the ed it: the Europeans made a small f, rave was filled up. During ihe ce- Shallop, in which they sai itel 10 Pegu. Ti meny, the women continuid to make On the other hand, the Nicot ar iflanes the most horrible' vocal concert ima. Weie peopled 'rim ile' oppofite maini ginale ; the men faid rrothing. A few and the coast of Pego ; in proof of days afierwards, a kind of morument which the Nicobar and Pegu languae was erected over the grave, with a pole ges are said, by those acquainted with upon it, to which long strips of ciuth the farter, to have much icfembiance. Gidilerept colours were burg.


Account of the Officers and Government of New Forest in Hamphire *.


MITH regard to the fituation and well as that of bow-bearer, and a few

boundaries of this extenfive for others, have been long in diluse: rest, it occupies the south weit extre- leaft shey sem to be weiegated to the mity of Ham, shire; and in its earlier keepers : of thise there are tirrecen; form was a kind of peninsula, bound. who preside over as many walks, into ed by the bay of Soutira lipton on the wh ch the furcit is divided. In each eait-by the river Avon, on the west wolk is erected a lodge. A few of

and on the south, by the channud of lodges are clegant mansions; and the Isle of Wight, as far as the are the bavit tions of the keepers, Needles; and to the welt of those who are men of fashion, or rocks by the ocean.' Thus the boun. fortune. Prince William of Glocefter daries of New-foreit were determined has one; the Duke of Bolton aroby the nato al lines of the country.

ther; and Lory Delawar a third ; This tract of wood-land was origi- but in general, the lodges are but mopally made a forest by William I. in derate buildings, and are inhabited the year 1079, about thirteen years by the under keepers, or goom-keepafter the battle of Hastings; and is in. eis, as they are called ; on whom deed the only forelt in England whole the executive part of the keeper's office origin can be traced. It took the de- devolves. domination of New-forest from its be The under.keeper feeds the deer ia ing an addition to the niany foreits, winter-browzes them in summerwhich the crown already poffeiled; knows where to find a fat buck-exand which had form rly been appro- ecutes the king's warran's for venlun priated in feudal times. The original -preferits offences in the forest-courts Dame of chis tract of country was —and prevents the deitruction of Ytene.

game. In this last article his virtue is The government of New forest is, chicfly shown, and to this purpose at this time, nearly what it originally the nien:ory of every sound kexper was, excepting only that the abolition should be furnished with this cabaliitic of fore!-la:s hath reftrained the power verse, of its officers.

Stable-stand; The chief officer belonging to it

Dog-draw; is the Lord-warden, who is generally

Back-bear; and Some person of great diftinction. The

Bloody-hand. prefcrt Lord werdea is the uke of Gloceller Under bim aic two It implies the several circumstances, diflin&t appointments of officers ; ibe in which offenders may be taken with one to preserve the verison of the the manner, as it is phrase. If a forelt; and the other to preierve is mari be found armed, and itationed vert. The former term, in the lan- in some lubicous pari of the foreld guage of forest-law, includes all fpe- or if he be found with a dog pursuing cies of gatne: the latter respects the a stricken deer-or if he be found woods, and lawns, which harbour carrying a dead deer on his backand (eed then.

or, ladly, if he be found bloody in Oi thole officers who superintend the foreit; he is, in all thefe cales, the game, are, first, the san- seizable; though the fact of killing a gers. Lut the office of ranger, as deer cannot be proved upon him. The

under-keeper ' From Gilpiu's Remarks on Forest Scenery.


under-keeper also drives the foreft; ed from the crown in some period fae that is he annually impounds all the vourable to liberty. As New-foreft cattle that pasture in his walk; and was always conficiered as the great fees them examined, and properly magazine of navy timber, the verdemarked.

rors were impowered by an Act of ParWiih regard to the woods of the liament in Kirg William's time, to forest, which were orginally consider. kne delinquents to the amount of five ed only as they respected game, the pounds in their attachment-courts : firft efficer, under the lord-warden, whereas in all the other forests of is the wor dward. It is his business, England, the fine does not amount os his title denotes, to inspect the to more than a few.pence, which was woods. He prevents waste he fees the original amerlenent. The ver. that young trees are properly fenced deror is an officer without salary: but and he assignstimber for the payment by anc.ent custom he was entitled to of forest-officers. This timber is course, and take what deer be pleased, fold by auction at the court at Lyndo in his way to the forest-court; but hurft ; and annually amounts to about this privilege is now compounded by feven hundred pounds, which is the an annual fee of a buck and a doe. sum required.

Besides these ancient officers of the Unuer ihe woodward are twelve re. foreft, there is one of later inftitution, garders; and to these indeed chit ily. Since timber became valuable as a mais delegated the executive part of his serial. He is called the purveyor, and office. The regarders seize the hedge. is appointed by the commishoner of bills, and axes of trespassers ; present the dock at Portsmouth. His busi offences in the forest courts; and Gness is to align timber for the use of align such timber as is claimed by the the navy. The origin of the puro inhabitants, and borderers of the fo. veyor is not earlier than the reign of rest, for feuel, and repairs. Of this Charles II. in whose time five hundred inferior wood, there are great quan- oaks, and fifiy beeches were annually tities assigned, on every side of the assigned for the king's yards ; and this forest. I can only speak of my own officer was appointed io assign ihem. alligoment, as vicar of Boldre, which But it being found, that the forest is annually twelve load.

could ill fupply so large a quantity of Besides these officers, who are in oak, instead of five hundred, tho, effect the officers of the crown, as they number was afterwards reduced to are appointed by the lord-warden, fixty; which, together with fifty there are four others, called verderors, beeches, are ftill annually afligned, who are commonly gentlemen of pro- The puryeyor has a fallary of fifty perty and interest in the neighbour- pounds a year; and fix and eight, hood, and are elected, like the knights pence a day, when on dury. of the thire, by the freeholders of I shall conclude this account of the the couny. These officers, Gince officers of the forest with the singular the jufficiary-in-eyre has been a fine. character of one of them, who lived care, are the only judges of the forest- in the times of James and Charles I. courts. The Verderor is an ancient It is preserved in Hutchin's Hilory foreft officer. His name occurs in the of Dorsethire. carlieft account of forest-law. But The name of this memorable sporif. though his appointment has at pre- man, for in that character alone he fent a democratical cait, it is proba- was conspicuous, was Henry Hastings. t'e that he was formerly a royal cffi. He was fecond son to the Earl of cer, and that his election by the free- Huntingdon, and inherited a good Holders of the county was extort- estate in Dorsethire from his mother



He was one of the keepers of New- defend it, if they were too trouble forest, and resided in his lodge there fome. In the windows, which were during a part of every hunting season. very large, lay his arrows, cross-bows, But his principal residence was at and other

accoutrements. · The Woodlands, in Dorsetshire, where he corners of the

were filled had a capital mansion. One of his with his belt hanting and hawking nearest neighbours was the Lord poles:

His oyster-table stood at the Chancellor Cooper,

forft Earl of lower end of the room, which was Shaftsbury. Two men could not be in constant use twice a day, all the more oppofi:e in their dispositions and year round; for he never failed to pursuits. They had little communi- eat oysters both at dinner and supper, cation therefore ; and their occasional with which the neighbouring town of meetings were rendered more dif. Pool supplied him. At the upper end agreeable to both, from their op- of the room stood a small table with a posite sentiments in politics. Lord doable desk ; one side of which held Shaftsbury, who was the younger a church-bible; the other, the book man, was the survivor ; and the fol. of martyrs. On different tables in lowing account of Mr Hastings, which the room lay hawk's hoods ; bells ; I have somewhat abridged, is faid to old hats, with their crowns thruit in, have been the production of his full of pheasant eggs; tables ; dice ; pen.

cards; and store of tobacco pipes. Mr Hastings was low of stature, Ac one end of this room was a door, but very strong, and very active ; of which opened into a closer ; where a ruddy complexion, with flaxed hair. stood bottles of strong beer and wine ; His cloths were always of green which never came out but in single cloth, His house was of the old glasses, which was the rule of the fashion; in the midft of a large park, house; for he never exceeded himwell stocked with deer, rabbits, and self, nor permitted others to exceed. fith-ponds. He had a long narrow. Answering to this closet was a door in it; and used to into an old chapel ; which had been play with round fand-bowls. Here too long disused for devotion ; but in the he had a banqueting room built like pulpit, as the safett place, was always a ftand, that ran buck, fox, hare, ot to be found a cold chine of beef, a ter, and badger; and had hawks of venison-pasty, a gammon of bacon, all kinds, both long and short winged. or a great apple-pye, with thick craft, His great hall was commonly strewed well-baked. His table coft him not with marrow-bones; and full of much, thuugh it was good to eat at. hawk-perches, hounds, spaniels, and His sports supplied all, but beef and terriers. The upper end of it was mutton ; excepe on Fridays, when hung with fox-skins of this and the he had the beft of fish. He never last year's killing. Here and there wanted a London pudding; and be a was intermixed; and bud- always sang it in with, " Nly part lies ter's poles in great abundance. The therein-a." He drank a glass or ewo parlour was a large room, compleate' of wine at meals; put syrup of gilly. ly furnished in the same style. On flowers into his fack; and had always a broad hearth, paved with brick, a tunglass of small-bear ftanding by lay some of the choiceft terriers, him, which he often stirred about with hounds, and spaniels. One or two rosemary. He lived to be an bun. of the great chairs had litters of cats did; and never kit his eye-light, in them, which were not to be disturba nor used spectacles. He got on horseed. Of these three or four always back without help ; and rode to the at:ended him at dinner; and a little death of the itag, till he was palt wbite wand lay by his trencher, to fourscore.

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