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The palace of the Margrave of Anspach But the most remarkable article of the was illuminated.
Code is the following:
“ The Sovereignty consists in the power New Civil CODE OF PRUSSIA.
of conducting the Actions of the Subjects
to the public good; but this Power apperThe new Code of Laws for Prussia was tains not to the King as a Right, but merely as lately published at Berlin. It is the work of a Duty." M. Klein and M. Suarez, under the direction of the Great Chancellor Cramer, and,
What more adverse to the common nowith due regard to ancient customs and tions of Sovereignty have the French La prejudices, dilplays a humane and enlight- gillators said than this ? ened spirit.
Punishments are rendered much less ri. gorous and cruel.
PETERSBURGH, Sepi. 6. contracting such a marriage must declare
The Court has received from the army upon his honour, that he has not sufficient on the Danube, the melancholy news of the fortune for a right hand marriage.
deach of-Prince Charles-Frederick Henry of The left-hand wife is not to assume the Wurtemburg-Stuttgard, brother to the name of her husband, nor even that of Grand Duche's of Russia. "This Prince, fpouse; she must be contented with that of who was the fixth of the eight sons of Prince boufe-keeper.
Frederick-Eugene of Wurtemburg, brother timate, but the father is not obliged to give Rullia, was born
on the 3d of May 1770 The children of such marriages are legi. of the Reigning Dukų, and who had the
rank of Major-General in the service of them an education suitable to his own rank; and died at Galacz, of a fever, after an illand they cannot inherit his seal udless where there are no children or rela: ness of six days, on the 23d ult. tions by a right-hand marriage.
Every roung woman seduced, against whom it is not proved that she is a com
SPAIN. mon prostitute ihall be, juridically married to her seducer, as wife by the right-hand, if she be of the same rank, and by the left
MADRID, Sept. 2. hand' if of inferior rank.
The following circular letter, from the The declaration of the husband, that he King's Council, has been addressed to the does not chuse to live with her, is fufficient Governors of Provinces, and other public however to obtain a divorce.
Officers : This declaration, with the Juridical Act of the marriage, is then to be delivered to “ Having been informed that doubts have the woman, who by virtue of it is placed arisen conce
ncerning the manner of taking the in the same Gtuation with a woman divor- oath required of strangers travelling in the ced from her husband, and' saved froin kingdom, His Majesty has informed Hie fiame.
Excellency the Count de Florida Blanca, The marriage of a Noble with a Pea- that his royal. intentions and his orders do fant, which was formerly prohibited, is now not require a gencral oath; that it regards allowed; provided the King, or three of the only foreigners of suspicious characters cohofband's family, consent to it.
mring into Spain, and principally to Court, A certain part of the fortune of deceased especially when they do not give a fatisfacbachelors, above the age of fosty, goes to tory account of the intentions of their jourthe fund for the relief of the
aey—a case in which his Majesty's orders The simple obligation of a banker, mer-, require, either that they should leave the chant, manufađurer, landholder, or the kingdom, or take the path of travellers, persons acting for them, is as good as a bill provided the fufpicions are not very strong of exchange.
against them.- is to the test, His Majesty Whoever faves the life of another, at the declares, that the oath is not of fidelity, not risk of his own, is entitled to a letter of vafalage, but only of pure obedience and thanks, and a gratification from a Magil submillion to the Sovereign, to the policetrate.
, laws of the country, and an obligation not Talking disrespectfully of any of Roy: to hold any correspondence which may tend al Family, is punisliable only by a short im- to subvert the public subordination and tranprisonment in one of the fortri (es.
quility of the State." X. VOL. XIV. No. 82.
Art. 1. A lift thall be made of all the
strangers in the kingdom, whether domicie: The Supreme Council of Cartile publish- liated or not. ed, on the Ioth of September, a new cdict “ This disposition of public order is preagainst the circulation of writings which scribed by various laws revived under the have a tendency to propagate the principles reign of His Majesty Charles III. It is neof the French conftitution.
cellary it should be known by strangers, that " The King, informed that certain wri- they may of course enjoy the privileges and cings, full of falsehood aud dangerous max. immunities to which they have a right by ims, capable of disturbing the tranquillity, virtue of particular treatics made with their and of endangering the fidelity of bis sub- respective Sovereigns.” jects, had sent circular le:ters, the sth of
2. A forcigner, interrogated refpe&ing January 1790, to prohibit the entry of these his condition may declare his desire to relibels, to encourage informers, and to give main in Spuin, either as a Domiciliant or the utmost latitude both in discovering and not. punilning such atrocities.
“ It is by special favour that His Majes“ These precautions have produced the ty granted this liberty to strangers, inalfalutary effects which his Majesty's Coun- much as the King had a right to require that cil had espected.--The King is again afsu. Domiciliants should conform to the condia red, that attempts are now niaking to in- tions imposed on them by the laws, and to troduce and diffuse throughout his domi- the oath, under the title of Domiciliants in nions, similar writings from France, con the kingdom.” taining feditious principles, contrary to the 3. Tbc foreigner who declares his interifideliay due to his sovereign power, to pub- tion to reside in Spain, as domiciliated, lic tranquillity, and to the piosperity of his ought to oblige himself, by oath, co be faithfaithful subjets : His Majesty has recourfc ful to the religion of the country, and to the a second tine to the same precautions, which laws, and to renounce every civil foreign were before sufficient to prevent the evil;- protection or dependence on his native he has renewed the prohibition of those country. writings in his states, and ordered, that eve “ This engagement is not prejudicial to sy person who fhall bind or feize, in the individual liberty, inasınuch as it does not hands of any person, such productions, ei- cxtend to any economic, commercial, or dother printed or written, 'Thall be obliged mestic affairs." to give them up to the tribunals, rendering
4, The foreigner who shall refuse to doan account of the motives which excited miciliate bimteit, and take the oath, cannot them, if they knew or are acquainted with exercise the professions which require relie them; on failure of which they shall be dency. . proceeded against, as well as other delin “ As those of banker, Thopkeeper, requents, for the crime of disobedience ; that tailer, domestics of the subjects of the state, the tribunals fhall be obliged to transmit to &c." the fupreme council'all the writings which 5- The foreigaer who thall exercise any may have been presented or denounced to profesion allowed only to His Majesty's them, or which they may have seized; and subjects, and who shall refuse the oath of to proceed in this refpe&t with all the vigi- Domiciliants, shall be obliged to leave Court lance and activity required in such impor- within a fortnight, and the kingdom within tant cases,
two months. “ The execution of this edict is recom “ For a foreigner restrained from exercimended to the pastoral and monarchial zeal sing any useful profellion would excite furo of the most Reverend Archbishops, Bishops, picions of giving himself up to wandering Prclates, as well secular as regular, througå- about, and becoming a dangerous person, efout the kingdom of Spain."
pecially having it in his power to be domicitiated.”
6. The foreigner who exercises none of State PAPER.
the professions above-mentioned may declare himself a Non-Domiciliant, and remain at
Court with permission of the Office of FoNew Edict of His CATHOLIC MA
reign Affairs, or in other parts of the king
dont, provided he causes his name to be inJESTY
serted in the list of non-residents. Concerning Foreigners in Spain, whether “ 'This custom has always been observed
Domiciliants or not; composed from towards merchants and traders, as well in the subject of that dated the 20th of who withed to preserve the quality or dif
the cities as in the ports of the kingdom, July; with comments on every are .tinction of trangers." ticle.
7. Mechanics and workmen engaged in following articles of the plan of the comthe nanufactures established by his Majesty, mittees were accordingly passed : or by private persons, may declare them
1. The Allembly reserves to itself the exselves not domiciliated, and relide, in that clusive right of determining, with the fanequality in the kingdom.
tion of the King, on the exterior part of the “ Subjects to have their names inserted in
colonies. the regters; 'individuals included in this
2. The Colonial Assemblies shall be ayArticle shall not be moleftcd nor coinpelled thorised to make, upon these subjects, all to take the oath; except, ist, when the person shall be suspc&ed of political relations fary.
the representations which they think nocela or maxims; 2lly, if he should defire to refide at Court, in which cafe he shall take
3. The laws concerning the situation of the oath of non-refidenes, provided he has persons of colour and free negroes,
persons not free, and the political state of
a not permission from the Office of Foreign
as the regulations relative to the execution Affairs.”
of the said laws, shall be executed provi8. The persons'above described fall take sionally with the approbation of the Goverthe oath ef non-domiciliants, as well as thole
nors of the colonies, and ihall be directly who hall be required by superior authori- presented to the fan&tion of the King, ties, in order to remain in the kingdom, or without any anterior decree being able to seck a trade or profellion in it, or for any obftru& the full exercise of the right inother motive which shall not be included in trusted by the present article to the Colonithe treaties with foreign nations.
al Assemblies. « The oath of the non-domiciliants does
4. The forins to be observed for the comnot enjoin the quality of subject; therefore, pletion of the laws for the internal governit neither expresses vassalage nor fidelity, but
ment, which do not concern perfons, iball respcet, fubmission, obenience to the Sove
be determined by the Legislative Body., scign, and to the laws of police of the coun. try-Confequently, he who has taken the eith ought to abstain from doing, saying, clamation on Sept. 18:
The King published the following proor writing, both within and without the kingdom, any thing contrary to good or
Louis, der, to suboríination, and to public anho- By the Grace of God, and by the Constitu'rity,
tional Law of the State, KING OF THE 9. Foreigners who come to seek an afya
French-To all the Citizens, GREXTlum, or to take refuge in the kingdom, shall
ING : follow the road which fhall be pointed out “ I have accepted the constitution-I will by the Commanders of the Frontiers-Mall use all endeavours to maintain it, and cause stop in the place prescribed, and there wait it to be executed. This Majesty's permisfion, and take the oath “ The revolution is completed. It is above mentioned.
time that the re-establishment of order “ By these means, His Majesty, without · should give to the conititution the support refusing hospitality, will be able to know, which is fill most necessary; it is time to as well what is proper for the refugee-stran- fix the opinion of Europe on the destiny of gers, as for the tranquillity of the state." France, and to shew that the French are
10. Foreigners who shall transgrefs these worthy to be free. rules and orders fball be fent to the galleys, “ But nuy vigilance and my cares ought or expelled the kingdom, with confiscation Atill to be feconded by the concurrence of of their property, according to the condi- all the friends of their country, and of lition of the persons, or the nature of the ide berty; it is by fubmiflion to the laws; it is fractions.
by abjuring the spirit of party, and all the “ In order to proceed judicially in the ap- paflions which accompany it; it is by a hupplication of these points, the Jultices of the py union of sentiments, of wishes, and enPeace shall consult the superior Tribunals deavours, that the constitution will be conof their district, previous to their putting of firmed, and that the nation will enjoy all the sentence in execution."
the advantages which it secures.
“ Let every idea of intolerance then be FRANCE
abandoned for ever ; let the ralh delire of
independence no longer be confounded with NATIONAL ASSEMBLY.
the love of liberty, let those pernicious quiSeptember 24.
lifications, with which it has been attempted In the National Affembly, the affairs of to infame the people, be irrevocably bathe colonies were again taken into consider. nished; let religious opinions no longer be a ation, when, after some debate, it was de- fource of persecution and animosity ; let all termined the subject should be discussed be- who observe the laws be at liberty to adopt are the Allembly thould separate : The that form of worship to which they are atX3%
tached : and let no party give offence to which the disturbarices of the revolution those who may follow opinions different had banished; and let your King henceforth from their own from motives of conscience. 'enjoy, without inquietude and without mo. But it is not sufficient to fhun those escesses leštation, those testimonies of attachment to which you might be carried by a spirit of and fidelity which can alone fecure his hapviolence; you must likewise fulál the obli- piness. gations which are imposed by the public in “ Done at Paris the 28th Settember 1791. terest : One of the first, one of the moft ef
(Signed) sential, is the payment of the contributions
“ Lewis. established by your representatives. It is
(and underneath) “DE LESSART, for the observance of engagements, which national honour has rendered sacred, for
FRIDAY, September 30. the internal tranquillity of the state, for its external security ; it is for the stability of
DISSOLUTION the constitution itself that I remind you of this indispensable duty. « Citizen's armed for the maintenance of
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. the law ;-National Guards, never forgec that it is to prote& the fafety of persons and The Affembly having, by a former des of property, the collection of public contri. cree, resolved, that this day should be the .. butions, the circulation of grain and provi- last of their fitting, and that their fucceffions, that the arms which you bear have fors should take their places to-morrow, been delivered into your hands; it belongs met this day to terminate their labours. to you to feel, that justice and mutual utility The King had intimated his intention of demand, that, between the inhabitants of coming in person to the Assembiy, and the the same empire, abundance should be ap- hall and galleries were crowded and brillia : plied to the aid of indigence; and that it ant as on the memorable day of his accepis the duty of the public force to promote tance of the constitution. The Members the advancement of commerce, as the means of the new Legislature being all admitted of remedying the intemperance of scafons, to the body of the Affembly, and the Mu· correcting the inequality of harvest, uniting nicipality of Paris, as well as the Directors together all the parts of the various produce of the departments, being invited to afliit at tions of their soil and industry.
the fitting, in consequence of addresses which So And you, whom the people have cho- they presented, made it, if possible, more sen to watch over their interefts; you also, numerous than on the former occasion, and on whom they have conferred the formida- infinitely more brilliant. The Aflembly ble powers of determining on the property, closed their labours by receiving the last rethe honour, and the life of citizens; you too ports from their committees on different whom they have insituted to adjust their fubje&ts, particularly the Military Code, and differences, members of different administra- by publishing an account of the state of the tiye bodies, Judges of Tribunals, Judges of finances, of the fuis in the National TreaPeace, I recommend to you to be impressed fury, of the receipt of the taxes, of the corwith the importance and dignity of your tributions received by the departments, and functions; fülbl them with zeal, with cou of the precise flate in which they delivered Tage, with impartiality ; labour with me to over the aflairs of the kingdom to their fucrestore peace, and the government of laws; ceffore. The accounts were received with and by thus securing the happinefs of the the highest pleasure; they were considered nation, prepare for the retun of those whose as highly favourable to the nation; and the absence has only proceeded from the fear of vouchers were ordered to be depofited in disorder and violence.
the archives. M. Montesquion fated, that , “ And all you who from different motives there was 35 millions in the National Treahave quitted your country, your King in- sury, of which 18 millions were in fpecie; vites you to return to your fellow-citizers; and the Members of the Committee of Fis he invites you to yield to the public wish and nance pledged themselves personally for the the national interett. Return with confi- fidelity of the accounts, and that they would dence under the security of law, and this ho. be ready to answer for them to the next nourable return, at the moment when the Legislature. constitution is definitively settled, will ren Before three o'clock they had done all. der more casy, and more expeditious, the re- their business, and prepared for the Royal establishment of order and of tranquillity. presence. In the proceedings of the day be.
.“ And you French people, a nation illuf- fore, they had determined to receive the trious for so many ages, show yourselves King with more respect than on the formar magnanimous and generous, at the moment occafion. Only one chair of state was plawhen your liberty is confirmed ; resume ced on the platform to the left of the ordiyour happy charader; let your moderation nary chair of the Prefident. The tables aud wisdom revive among you the security were not removed, and co carpet was
Sproad. At half past three the King was this happy union of sentiments, of wishes announced, and he entered, preceded by the , and exercions, ihat the Constitution will be Deputation of Members, and by his Niinis-confirmed, and that the nation will enjoy ters, who, initead of being feated on chairs all the advantages which it guarantees.' at the Bar, took their land behind the King. The Assembly were all standing The President immediately made the and uncavered. The King was drest in following aniwer, which was also highly purple embroidered, and with the red rib- applauded : band and star, as patron of the order of St. Louis. He was received with the most “ SIRE, lively acclamation. He drew a p:per from his waistcoat, and read his speech. He read the Conititution decreed by the Asembly
“ The adherence of the Nation ratifies it standing, which by the arrangement pre of the Representatives of the Nation. viously made, kept all the Members on chcir lems. His deporement and manner was
Your Majeily has accepted it, and the pubthrough the whole much more dignified; ral afsent. It promises that your Majelty
lic joy is a sufficient teitimony of the genecollected, and chearful, than on the day of will no longer defire in vain the happinels the acceptance. In reading the speech he
of the French On this memorable day was interrupted twenty times by torrents of
the National Affembly has nothing more applause.
to wish; and the Nation, by its tranquil The speech was as follows:
confidence, is ready to co-operate for, the
prompt success of its internal GovernGENTLEMEN,
The King then left the Assembly in the u You have terminated your labours fame order that he entered, anidit the the Conflicution is finished I have promifhouts of the people. fed to maintain it, to cause it to be executed
The Assembly continued, and, as is -it is proclaimed by my orders. This Con
had been previously fettled, proceeded to kitotion, from which France expeds prof. read over the minutes of the day, and perity, this fruit of your cares and watch- finally concluded by pronouncing their ings, will be your recompence : France
own disolution, and separating to meet no made happy by your labours, will communicate her happiness to you.
" Return to your homes, and tell your fellow-citizens, that the happiness of the
New FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. French ever has been, and ever will be, the objed of my wishes; that I neither have nor can have any intereut but the general This morning, the Assembly commonced interest; that my prosperity conlists only by the report which was made by the Vicein the public prosperity; that I fhall exert President, of the result of the Deputation all the powers intruded to me to give cffie.. sent to the King, M. Ducaltel said, that cacy to the pew fyftem; that I shall com having taken the opinion of the Deputation municate it to Forcign Courts; and shall of what he ' ould say to the King, they in every thing prove that I can only be went up to the Palace at fix o'clock in the happy in the happiness of the people of evening. They saw the Minister of justice, France.
who told then that his Majeily had ap« Tell th m also that the Revolution has pointed ihe next day at one o'clock to rereached its seriod, and that the firmeit sup- ctive the Deputation. The Vice-President port of the Conflitution is now the re-esta flated to the Mirifter, that it was of the utblishment of order. You, Gentlemen, in most importance to the public afiairs of the your several departments, will undoubtedly enpire, that the notice with which they fecond my vigilance and care with all your were charged should be made kncirn to his power ; you will give the first example of Majesty without delay, and they could not, fubmision to the laws which you have fra conlistent with their duty to the Legislative med; in the capacity of private citizens Aflenibly, roftpone their commiftion. The you will display the same character as in Minister of Jufice represented this to his the capacity of public men; and the people Majefy, wło was pleased to appoint nine seeing their Legislators exercise, in private o ciock of the fame evening to receive the life, those virtues which they, have, pro- Deputation. Accordingly, at ninc o'clock, claimed in the National Assembly, will imi- they went up again, and were received by tate them, discharge with pleasure the obli- his Majesty in the Council Chamber, when gations which the public intereft imposes M. Ducattel made his reverence, and delion them, and cheerfully pay the taxes de vered his cow million in the following aced by their Representatives. It is by ternisia