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most mortifying neglect, or contume. and with usefulness to the community : lious treatment, to provoke us to a and if we cannot obtain the cordial breach of the peace. We wili wait, etteem of every class of our fellow with steady temper, for a change in fubjects, we will do all that the Au. the public mind; and in the general thor of Nature hath pit in course of our lives will apply, with power, we will endeavour tu deserves patriotic diligence, to the duties of it. our respective professions. It shall be Signed by Order, in the Name our constant ambition to fill our se. of the Committee, veral Gations with credit to ourselves, WATSON SCATCHERD, Coairman,

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Directions for Inexperienced Horfemen. N the first place, every horse should is, that the rider should mount pro

perly. The common method is to he is mounted, One would imagine stand near the croup or hinder part of this might b: readily granted; yet the hərfe, with the bridle held very we see how much the contrary is long in the right hand. By this manpractised. When a gentleman mounts ner of holding the bridle before you at a livery-stable, the groom takes mount, you are liable to be kicked ; the horse by the bit, which he bends and when you are mounted, your right round his under jaw: the horse korse may go on some time, or play. ftrising to go on, is forced back; what gambols he pleases, before the advancing again, he frets, as he is rein is thort enough in your hand to again stopped Mort, and hurt by the prevent him. It is comien likewise manner of holding him. The rider, for an awkward rider, as soon as his in the mean time, mounting without foot is in the ftirrup, to throw himself - the bridle, or at least holding it but with all his force to gain his feat; A ghily, is helped to it by the groom, which he cannot do, till he hath first who being thoroughly employed by overbahanced himself on one fide' or the horse's fluttering, has at the same the other : be will then wriggle into ime both bridle and stirrup to give. it by degrees. The way to mount' This confusion would be prevented, if with ease and safety is, to fand raevery borse was taught to ftand till ther before than bebind ihe firrup. when he is mouosed. Forbid your In this posture take the bridle thori, groom, therefore, when he rides your and the mane together in your left horse to water, to throw himself over hand, helping yourself to the stirrup him from a hoife-block, and kick him wilh your right, fu that year toe may with his leg, even betore he is fairly. may not touch the horie in mounting. upon him. This wrong maoner of When your left foot is in the firup, mounting is what chiefly teaches your move on your right, till you face the horse the vicious habit aşainst which side of the horse, locking acrufs over we are here warning. On the other the faddle. Then with your right hand hand, a constant practice of mounting grasp the hinder part of the fadele ; in the proper manner, is all that is and with that and your left, which neccffary 13 prevent a horse's going holds the mane and bridle, lift youron ill the rider is quite adjusted in fulf upright on your left foot. Ree the fiddle.

mais thus a mere inftant on your firThe next thing necessary therefore rup, only so as to divide the action


into two motions. While you are in not your Moulder) toward the horse's this posture, you have a fure hold with head, and keep your usual length of boch hands, and are at liberty, either rein. By this means, you have a to get tafely down, or to throw your check upon your horse, while you inleg over and gain your seat. By dulge him. this deliberate motion, likewise, you If you ride with a curb, make it a avoid, what every good horsenian rule to hook on the chain yourself; would endeavour to avoid, putring the most quiet horse may bring his your horfe into a flutter.

rider into daoger, should the curb When you dismount, hold the bri- hurt him.' If, in fixing the carb, you dle and mane together in your left turn the chain to the right, the links hand, as when you mounted; put your will unfold themselves, and then opright hand on the rommel of the fad. pose a farther turning. Put on the dle, to raise yourself; throw your leg chain loose enough to hang down on back over the horse, grasp the hinder the borse's under lip, so that it may part of the saddle with your right hand, not rise and press his jaw, till the remain a moment on your stirrup, and reins of the bridle are "moderately in every respect dismount as you pulled. mounted; only what was your first If your horfe has been used to land motion when you mounted becomes ftill when he is mounted, there will the last in dismounting. Reniember be no occafion for a groom to hoid not to bend your right knee in dif- him : but if he does, fuffir him not mounting, list your spur should rub to touch the reins, but that part of against the horse.

the bridle which comes down the It may

be next recommended to cheek of the horse. He cannor then hold your bridle at a convenient interfere with the managemeni of the length. Sit square, and let put the reios, which belongs to the rider purchase of the bridle pull forward only; and hoiding a horse by the your thoulder ; but keep your body curb (which is ever painful to him) even, as it would be if each hand held is evidently improper when he is to a rein. Hold your reins with the stand fiill. whole grasp of your hand, divid ng Another thing to be remembered them with your little finger. Let is, not to ride with your arms and yonr hard be perpendicular; your elbows as high as your shoulders; nor thumb will then be uppermoft, and let them shake up and down with the placed on the bridle. Bend your wrilt motion of the horse. The posture is a little outward; and when you pull unbecoming, and the weight of the the bridle, raise your hand toward arms (and of the body too if the rider your breast, ard the lower part of the does not fit ftill) acts in continual palm rather more than the upper. jerks on the jaw of the horse, which Let the bridle be at such a length in muft give him pain, and make him your hand, 3s, if the hurie should unquiet, if he bas a tender mouth ar stumble, you may be atle to raise bis any spirit. head, ani fupport it by the strength Bad riders wonder why horses are of your arms, and the weight of yvur gentle as soon as they are moumed by bouy thrown backward, If you helt skilful ones, though their fkill feems the rein too long, you are subjcct to unemployed : the reason is, the boric fall backward as your horse rises. goes at his ease yet finds all his moIf, knowing your horse perfectly tions watched; which he has fagacity

think a tight rein unnecer enough to discover. Such a sider fery, advance your are a little (but hides his whip, if he finds his borse

sell, you

is afraid of it, and keeps his legs termined for him by the bars of a from his fides, if he finds he dreads demi-peak. Indeed there is no difthe fpura

ference between the seat of either : Avoid the ungraceful custom of only, as in the first you ride with letting your legs thake against the shorter stirrups, your body will be lides of the horse : and as you are not consequently more behind your knees. to keep your arms and elbows high, To have a good seat yourself, your and in motion, so you are not to saddle must sit well. To fix a precise rivet them by your sides, but let them rule might be difficult: it may be a fall easy. One may; at a distance, direction, to have your faddle press distinguih a genteel horseman from as nearly as poslibly on that part which an awkward one: the first lits till, we have deferibed as the point of and appears of a piece with his horse; union between the man, and horse ; the latter seems flying off at all points. however, so as not to obstruct the

It is often said with emphasis, that motion of the horse's shoulders. Place such a one has no feat on horseback ; yourself in the middle or lowest part and it means, not only that he docs of it: (it erect; but with as little connot ride well, but that he does not fit straint as in your ordinary fitting. on the right part of the horse. To The ease of action marks the gentlehave a good feat, is to sit on that man: you may repose yourself, but part of the horse which, as he springs, not lounge. The fet and ftudied is the center of motion ; and from erectocfs acquired in the riding house, which, of course, any weight would by those whose deportment is not be with most difficulty shaken. As in eafy, appears ungenteel and unnathe rising and falling of a board placed tural. in æquilibrio the centre will be always If your horse stops short, or endea. moft at rest, the true seat will be vours by rising and kicking to unseat found in that part of your saddle, into you, bend not your body forward, as which your body would batu aliy fide many do in thofe circumstances : that if you rode without stirrups, and is 'motion throws the breech backward, only to be preserved by a proper poise and you off your fork or twist, and of the body, though the generality of out of your seat ; whereas, the advanriders imagine it is to be dooe by the cing the lower part of your body, grasp of the thighs and knees. The and bending back the upper part and Tider Ihould consider himself as united shoulders, is the method both to keep to his horse in this point; and when your seat, and to recover it when loft. haken from it, endeavour to restore The bending your body back, and the balance,

that in a great degree, is the greatest Periaps the mention of the two security in flying leaps; it is a security extremes of a bad seat may help to too, when your borse leaps ftanding. de cribe the true one. The one is, The horse's riding does not try the when the rider fits very far back on rider's seat ; the lalh of his hind legs the saddle, so that his weight presies is what ought chiefly to be guarded the loins of the horse; the other, against, and is best done by the body's who lis body hangs forward over being greatly inclined back. Stiffen the piomnel of the laddle. The first not your legs or thighs; and let your may be seen practised by grooms, body be pliable in the loins, like the when they ride with their stirrups af coachman's on his box. This loose fectedly short; the latter, by fearful manner of fitting will elude every horsemen on the least flutter of the rough motion of the horse ; whereas horse. Every good rider has, even the fix:ure of the knees, fo commonly on the hunting saddle, as determined laid a stress on, will in great shocks a place for his thighs, as can be de conduce to the violence of the fall.

Рp Vol. XIV. No. 82.


Was the cricket-player, when the alternate rifing and falling is a full ball is ftruck with the greatest velocity, trot. to hold his hand form and fixed when Let your feat determine the lengtl. be receives ii, the hand would be of your itirrops, rather than the ftir, bruised, or perhaps the bones fractured rups your feat. If more precision is by the resttance. To obriate this requifire, let your stirrups in the accident he therefore gradually yields hunting faddle). be of such a length, his hands to the motion of the ball for as that, when you stand in them, there a certain distance; and thus by a due may be the breadth of four fingers bemixture of opposition and obedience, tween your seat and the faddle. Catches it without sustaining the least It would greatly affift a learner, if injury. The case is exactly the same he would practise riding in a large ju riding : the skilful horseman will circle, without ftirrups keeping bis recover his poise by giving fome way face looking on the outward part of to the murion ; and the ignorant horfe. the circle fo as not to have a full man will be flung out of fais seat by view of the horse's head, but just of endeavouring to be fixed.

that ear which is on the oat ward part Stretch not out your legs before of the circle ; and his thoulder, whick you ; this will pufor you against the is toward the center of the circle, very back of the faddle : neither gather up forward. By this means you learn your knees, like a man riding on a to balance your body, and keep a pack; this throws your thighs up- true frai, independent of your itirwards : each practice opseats you. sups: you may probably likewise Keep your legs ftraight down ; and escape å fall, should you at any time 1it not on the most fleshy part of the lose them by being accidentally ihakem thighs, but turn them inward, so as from your seat. to bring in your knees and toes : and As the seat in fome measure de. it is more fafe to ride with the ball of pends on the saddle, it may not be the foot prefing on the stirrup, than amiss to observe, that because a faddle with the ftirrup as far back as the with a high pomniel is thought danheel; for the pressure of the heel be- gerous, the other extreme prevails, ing in that cafe behind the flirrup, and the pommel is scarce allowed to keeps the thighs down.

be higher than the middle of the lado When you find your thighs thrown die. The fałdie should lie as near upward, widen your Races to get the back-bone as can be, without them and the upper part


your tork furting the horse; for the nearer you Jower down on the horse, Grasp the fit to his back, the better feat you laddle with the hollow or inner part lave. If it does fo, it is plain the of your thighs, but not more than just ponimel mult rise enough to secure to allist the balance of your body : this the withers from pressure : therefore, will also enable you to keep your spurs a hurse whofe withers are higher than from the horse's sides, and to bring common, requires a higher pommel. your toes in, without that affected and If, to avoid this

, you make the saddle bleless manner of bringing them in 'of a more straight line, the inconvenie pactised by many. Sink your heels ence fpoken of follows; you Gt to It raight down ; for while your heels much above the horse's back, nor can and thighs keep down, you cannot the saddle form a proper feat. There fall: (aided with the bend of the should be no ridge from the bution at back) gives the security of a seat, to the fide of the pommel

, to the back ahole who bear themselves up io their part of the laddle. That line allo lucrups in a swift gallup, or in the ihould be a little coocare, for your


thighs to lie at ease. In short, a sad- mouth. With a little practice, this is dle ought to be, as nearly as possible, done almost instantaneously; and this as if cut out of the horse.

method will stop, in the distance of a When you want your horse to move few yards, a horse, which will run aforward, raise his head a little, and way with those who pull at him with touch bim gently with your whip; or all their might. Almost every one elle, press the calves of your legs must have cbierved; that when á horse against his fides. If he does not move feels himself pulled with the bridle, fait enough, press them with more even when he is going gently, he often force, and so till the spur juit touches mistakes what was designed to stop him. By this practice he will (if he him, as a direction to bear on the bit has any spirit) move upon the least and to go faster. pressure of the leg. Never fpur him Keep your horse's head high, that by a kick; but if it be nec::rary to he may raise his neck and creit; play fpur bim briskly, keep your heels close a little with the rein, and move the to his fides, and lacken their force as bit in his mouth, that he may not press he becomes obedient.

on it in one constant and continued When your

horse attempts to be vi manner.: be not afraid of raising his cioas, take each rein fepurate, one in head !00 high; he will naturally be each hand, and advancing your arms too really to bring it down, and tire forward, hold him very short. In this your arms with its weight, on the least

case, it is common for the rider to abatement of his metile. When you pull him hard, with his arms low.- feel him heavy, stop him, and make But the horse by this means having him go back a few paces: thus you his head low too, has it more in his break by degrees his propeofity to power to throw out his heels: where. press on his bridle. as, if his head be raised very high, and You ought not to be pleased (tho' his nose thrown out a little, which is many are) with a round neck, and a confequent, he can neither rife before head drawn in toward his breast: let por behind; because he can give him- your horse carry his head bridling in, self neither of those motions, without provided he carries it high, and his Thaving his head at liberty. A plank neck arching upwards ; but if his peck

placed in equilibrio cannot rise at one bends downward, his figure is bad, his end unless it finks at the other. light is too near his toes, he leans on

If your horse is headftrong, pull the bridle, and you have no command not with one continued pull, best stop, over him. if he goes presling bat and back him often, just shaking the lightly on the bridle, he is the more reins, and making little repeated pulls fure-footed, and goes pleasanter; as zill he obeys. Horses are so accustom- your wrist only may guide him. If he ed to bear on the bit when they go hangs down his head, and makes you forward, that they are discouraged if support the weight of that and his neck the rider will not let them do so. with your arms bearing on his fore

If a horse is loose necked, he will legs, (which is called being on his throw up his head at a continued pull; Shoulders) he will strike his toes on in which fruation the rider, seeing the the ground, and stumble. front of his face, can have no power It your house is heavy upon the bit, over him. When your horse" does tie bim every day, for an hour or two, thus, drop your hand, and give the with his tail to the manger, and his bridle play, and he will of course drop head as high as you can make him lift bis head again into its proper place : it, by a vin on each post of the ftall, while it is coming dowo, make a fe. to each ring of the name bit. cond gentle pall, and you will find his Horse-breakers and gropins have a


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