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-Boswell is modeft enough, acquaintance of literary men, and Himself not quite Phæbus he thinks. particularly obtained that of Dr And

SAMUEL JOHNSON, from which so

much instruction and entertainment He has all the bright fancy of youth,

has been derived. With the judgment of forty and five.

He fulfilled his additional winter's In short, to declare the plain truth,

study of civil law at Utrecht, in which There is no better fellow alive.

that of Holland was intermixed, unHaving an uncommon desire for the der the very able German profeffor company of men distinguished for ta. Trotz, and made excursions to other leats and literature, he was fortunate parts of the Seven Provinces, particularenough to get himself received into ly the Hague, where he had this great that of those who were considerably advantage of being treated with all his superiors in age; such as Lord the kindness of relationship by M. Elibank, Lord Kaimes, Sir David Van Sommelsdyck, one of the nobles Dalrymple, Dr Robertson, Dr Blair, of Holland, from whose family he had Mr David Hume, Dr Carlyle, Mr the honour of being descended; a Andrew Stuart, and others; and was daughter of that illustrious house havadmitted a member of the Select Socie. ing married Alexander Earl of Kinty of Edinburgh. He then paffed his cardine, whose daughter, Lady Eli. trials as a Civilian before a Committee zabeth Bruce, was Mr Boswell's of the Faculty of Advocates. Perfift- grandmother by the father's fide. ing, however, in his fondness for the He then accompanied the late Earl Guards, or rather, in truth, for the Marischal of Scutland into Germany; metropolis, he again repaired to Lun- and, being well recommended, paffed don, in the end of the year 1762, re some time at many of the Courts ; procommended to the late Duke of ceeded through Switzerland to GeneQueensberry, the patron of Gay, who, va; visited Rousseau and Voltaire ; he believed, was to obtain for him crossed the Alps into Italy, and not what he wished; but, perhaps from a only saw the parts of that delightful fecretunderltanding with Lord Auchin- couotry which are commonly surveyed leck, it was delayed from time to in the course of what is called the time, till, in summer 1763, a com. Grand Tour, but others worthy of a promise was made, that if he would claffical traveller's curiolity. During relinquish his favourite project, and a part of the time which he pafled in resume the study of the civil law, for Italy he had the happiness of being one winter, at Utrecht, he should along with Lord Mountstuart, to afterwards have the indulgence of whole merits he has done justice in a travelling upon the Continent; pro- Lacin Dedication of his Theses Jurivided that on his return he should be. dica. Nor was it a circumitance of come an advocate at the Scotch Bar. smail moment in the pleasant and social

This year he, for the first time, scale that he met at Turio, Rome, appeared as an author with his name, and Naples, the celebrated John in a little volume of “ Letters be. Wilkes, Esq; with whom he had always tween the Honourable Andrew E - maintained an acquaintance upon the fkine and James Bosweil,” Esq. a moft liberal terms, and with whom he publication in which he and his friend, enjoyed many classical scenes with pea brother of the Earl of Kelly, indulg- culiar relish. ed themselves in a vein of lingular

But Mr Boswell's travels were prinand sometimes extravagant humour. cipally marked by his visiting the During his refdence in London at island of Corsica, the internal part this time, Mr Bofwell cultivated the which ao native of Britain had ever VOL. XIV. No. 79.

seen.

of

feen. Undismayed by the reports of apprehended ; not to mention that its danger which were circulated, he pe- effect was said to be considerable in a nctrated into its wildett districts, and certain important quarter. He also was amply rewarded by the knowledge took care to keep the newspapers and which he acquired, and by obtaining other publications incessantly warm the acquaintance of its illustrious with various writings, both in profe Chief General Paoli.

and rerre, all iending to touch the On this account he was celebrated heart and rouse the paren:al and symby Mifs Aitken, now Mrs Barbauld, pathetic feelings. His aid upon this in her poem called Corfica, by the occasion was acknowledged in some late Edward Burnaby Green, Ero; very well written letters by the“ worin “ Corfica, an Ode;" and by Cathy Queensberry." It is well known i pel Lofft, Efq; in his “ Praises of that the hard decree was reversed, l'oetry.”

and that he, whom Mr Bswell thus When Mr Bofwell was at Paris, in fupported, now enjoys the large proJanuary 1766, where he intended to perty of his family, and has also been pass the winter, he received accounts raised to the Peerage. of the death of his mother, which In 1768 Mr Boswell published" An obliged him to haiten home to his fa- Account of Corsica, with the Journal ther. In his way, however, through of a Tour to that Mand, and Memoirs London, he had an interview with Mr of Pascal Paoli,” in one vol. 8vo. Pitt, afterwards Earl of Chatham, This work is univerfully known, it with whom he correfponded concern- having not only passed through several ing the affairs of Corsica. Some of editions in English, but been tranflatThe particulars of this interview, al|ed into Dutch, German, Itajian, and of which he committed to writing, he twice into French. Even the stern has been heard to mention in a very Johnson, we find, thus praises it in a interesting manner. Soon after his ré letter to the author: “ Your Journal turn to Scotland, he was admitted an is in a very high degree curious and Advocate in the Court of Session, and delighiful. You express images which praétised there for some years with operated f!rongly upon yourself, and good fuccefs.

you have impressed them with great In 1767, the great Douglas Caule force upon your readers. I know being an object of universal atten not whether I could name any parration and interest, Mr Boswell gene- tive by which curiosity is better excitroufly volunteered in favour of Mr ed or better gratified.” Douglas, against whose filiation the

In the following winter Mr Boswell, Court of Session had decided by the ever ready to take the part of the incasting .vote of the Lord Prelident jured, was (thougla personally unDuodas. With a labour of wbich few known to him) solicited by the late are capable, he compressed the sub. David Ross, Esq; to savvur hin wich stance of the immense volumes of a Prologue for the opening a Tinea're proofs and arguments into an actavo Royal at Edinburgh, for which Mr pamphler, wiich he published with Roís had obtained his Majesty's pathe iitle of “ The Essence of the tent, but found a violent and opprefDouglas Cause;" and as it was thus five party formed in opposition to him, made intelligible without a tedious flu. Mr Boswell complied, and produced dy, we may ascribe to this pamphlet a what one of Mr Ross's great pairons, great share of the popularity on Mr the Earl of Mansfield, well characDouglas's side, which was of infinite terised a very good copy of verconsequence when a division of the scs, very.conciliating." House of Lords upon an appeal was The effect of it, aided by friends

properly

as

he was

properly planted in differentparts of the had always declared himfelf avere.Theatre, was instantancous and ef. In short, he determined to become a fe&ual; the tide was turned, the loud- married man. For having experienced eit plaudits were given, and Mr Ross for a considerable time, without inwas allowed ever after to enjoy his termillion, how agreeable a companion patent with all its advantages. bis coulin was, and how much her ex.

la the year 1769, Mr Boswell made cellent judgment and, more fedate a visit to Ireland, where he spent lis manners contributed to his harpiness, or seven weeks, chiefly at Dublin, and he proposed to her that they would be eojyed the society of Lord Charle- coinpanions for life, reagetting that moni, Dr Leland, Mr Flood, Dr she would do him the favour to accept Macbride, and other eininent persons of him with all his faults, with which of that kingaiom, not forgetting the ce The was perfectly acquainted; and thu' lebrated George Faulkever, the focial he had un fornly protested, that a though laughable friend of Dean Swift large fonane was an indispensable reand Lord Chesterfield. Fortunately quilice if he should ever marry, for him, Viscount (now Marquis) willing to wave that, in confideration Towonend was then Lord Lieutes of her peculiar merit. She, with a Dant, and the congeniality of incidit frankness of character for which the polinions united them in the cost plea- she was remarkabie, accepted of his fant manner.

offer; and this he has ever been heard Mc Boswell had a very near rela- to say was the most fortunate circumtios (daughter of his granduncle Ge- ftance in his life. neral Cochrane, whose brother after Their marriage, it was agreed, wards succeeded to the Earldom of should not take place till late in the Dan donald) who was married to Ro- year, that he might first have an opbert Sibihorpe, Esq; a gentleman of portunity of revisiting his friends in great consequence in the county of London, to arrange various particuDown. This served as an introduc- lars. In this interval occurred the Jution to much good society. But he bilee in honour of Shakespeare, at was still more obliged in that respect Stratford upon Avon. Thither Mr so che Lady who accompanied him in Bofwell repaired, with all the enthuthis expedition, Miss Peggy Montgo- fiasm of a poetical mind, and at the merie, daughter of D-vd Montgome- malquerade appeared in the character re, Esq; of Lanitaw, a branch of of an armed Corsican Chiet; in which the noble House of Eglintoun, and character there is in the London Mio representative, as heir of line, of the guzine of that year a whole length ancient Peerage of Lyle. She was print of inim, from a d:awing by Wale, his cousin-german, and they had, from This exhibition is recorded in the Pretheir earliest years, lived in the most in- face to the French Translation of timate and unreserved friendihip. His Shakespeare. love of the fair sex has been already On the 25th November 1769 he mentioned, and she was the constant, was married to Miss Montgomerie, a yet prudent and delicate, confidante of woman who contributed greatly to all his egarements du ceur et de l'esprit. his happiness. With admirable sense, Her very numerous and respectable re- affection, and generosity of heart, the lations in Ireland shewed him every possessed no common thare of wit and mark of attention, so that he qaitted pleasantry. One of her bons mots is that country with focere regret. This mentioned in Mr Boswell's Life of jaunt was the occafion of Mr Bof. Dr Johnson. Thinking that the rough well's resolving at hift to engage him- Philosopher bad too much influence Gulf in that connection to which he over her husband, she said, with some

D 2

warnith

wrote

on

warmth, “ I have seen many a bear cause of the public in the work which led by a man, but I never before saw you were so good as to transmit to a man led by a bear.” Once, when me.” Mr Boswell was mounted upon a In 1785, an attempt having been horse which he had brought pretty made to diminish the number of the low by riding the county (as it is cal. fifteen Lords of Sefion in Scotland, led) for an election, and was boasting Mr Borwell considering this as a violathat he was a horse of blood, “ I hope tion of the Articles cf the Union, fo," said the, “ for I am sure he has and besides a very pernicious measure, no flesh.Mr Boswell has a collec

this occasion another tion of her good lavings under the title " Letter to the People of Scoiof Uxoriana.

land ;" which was fo pcr cafe and He continued at the Scorch bar, forcible, that many of the counties of with occasional, and indeed generally North Britain aliemoled, and entered annual visits to London, for many intosuch resolutions against the cheme, years, as his father was averse to his that it was given up. settling in the metropolis. But there In 1785 M. Boswell published a his heart was fixed, and we shall see " Journal of a Tuur to tie Hebrides that he in time yielded to his in- with Samuel Johnion, LL. D. ;" a clination.

work so well known, and so successo In 1981, when Mr Burke was in ful, that it is unnecessary to say any power, that celebrated Gentleman thing ot it. Thewed his sense of Mr Boswell's me He had at an early perind entered himrit in the warmet manner, observing, self as a student of the Inner Temple, “ We must do something for you for and from time to time kept his terms ; our own fakes," and recommended and having no longer the fear of dishim to General Conway for a vacant pleasing his father, he determined to place, by a letter in which his charac- try his fortune in Westminster-hall, ter was drawn in glowing colours. and was called to the bar in Hilary The place was not obtained; but Mr Term 1786. The following winBoswell declared that he valued the ter he removed his family to London.' letter more.

His ambition io resolving to try nis In 1782, by the death of my Lord, fortune in the great worlu of London, his father, he succeded to the estate was thus san. a.vuco by a letter to him of Auchinleck.

from Dor Samuel Johnson, which exIn 1783, when the extraordinary lubits at once a cautious and encouragCoalition of heterogencous parties took ing view of it. place, and Mr Fox's Eart-India Bill " I remember, and intreat you to had been thrown out, and the coun. remember, that virtus est vitium futry was in a ferment as to the monarchi- gere ; the first approach to riches is cal

part of our Conftitution, Mr Bor- security from poverty. The condiwell was very active and very

succes. rion upon

which

you have my consent ful in obtaining Addresses to his Ma- to settle in London is, that your exjesty, and published “ A Letter to pence never exceeds your annual in. the People of Scotlaud on the present come. Fixing this basis of security State of the Nation," which had much you cannot be hurt, and you may be effect, and of which Mr Pitt, then and very much advanced. The loss of Still Prime Minister, thus expressed your Scottish business, which is all you himself, in a Letter to Mr Boswell : “ I can lose, is not to be reckoned as any have observed with great pleasure equivalent to the hopes and posibiliyour zealous and able exertions in the ties that open here upon you. If you

fucceed,

[graphic]

1

ceed, the question of prudence is which are attained by the want of puban end; every body will think that iic virtue in men born without it, or ne right which ends happily; and by the proftitution of public virtue in bagh your expectations, of which I men born with it. Though power, uld not advise you to talk too much, and wealth, and magnificence, may at uld not be totally answered, you firit dazzle, and are, I think, most dehardly fail to get friends who will sirable; no wise man will, upon sober for you all that your present situa- reflection, envy a lituation which he

allows you to hope : and if after feels he could not enjoy. My friend few years you should return to (my Mecenas Atavis edite regibus) ötland, you will return with a mind Lord Mountstuart Aattered me once plied by various conversations, and very highly without intending it.ny opportunities of enquiry, with “ I would do any thing for you (said ch knowledge and materials for he) but bring you into Parlian ent; ection and instruction."

for I could not be sure but you might Mr Boswell had not been long at oppose me in something the very next

Englih bar when he was elected day.”—His Lordship judged well. corder of the ancient city of Car- Though I should consider, with much 2, and soon after his learned and atiention, the opinion of such a friend pectable countryman Dr John Dou- before taking my resolution ;-moit 3 was appointed Bishop of the Dio. Certainly I should oppose him in any e. These two promotions gave measure which I was fatisfied ought afion to the following epigram: co be opposed. I cannot exist with

pleasure, ir i have not an honest indefold, ere wife Coacord united this Isle, pendence of mind and of conducts ur neighburrs of Scotland were foes at for though no man loves good eating “ Carlisle ;

and drinking, fimply considered, ut now what a change have we here on better than I do, I prefer the broiled " the border,

blade-bone of, mutton and humble When Douglas is Bishop, and Bofwell port of “ downright Shippen" to all " Recorder."

the luxury of all the statesmen who play

the political game all thorough.” Finding this Recordership, at fo He offered himself as a candidate, at a distance from London, attend at the last General Election, to reprewith many inconveniencies, Mr tent Ayrshire, his own country, of (well, after holding it for about which his is one of the oldest famiyears, resigned it.

lies, and where he has a very extensive t was generally supposed that Mr and a very fine place, of part of which (well would have had a seat in Par- there is a view and description in pent; and indeed his not being Grose's “ Antiquities of Scotland.” Ingst the Representatives of the But the power of the Minister for nmons, is one of those strange Scotland was exerted for another pergs which occasionally happen in fon, and some of those whose fupport complex operations of our mixed he might reasonably have expected vernment. That he has not been could not withstand its influence; he ught inlo Parliament (as the phrase therefore declined giving his friends by fome of our great men, is not the trouble of appearing for him; but be wondered at, when we perafe has declared his resolution to perfepublic declaration in his “ Letter vere on the ocxt vacancy. he People of Scotland" in 1785. Upon all occasions he bas avowed Chough ambitious, I am uncorrupt- himself to be a fteady Royalist; nay, and I envy not high fituations has had the courage to assume the

title

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