Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub

ter.

I not only fought for the means of admi- tutional ones. In short, the voice of the pege gifiering a remedy, but I also perceived the pie is to me no longer dubious; 1 perceived necessity of preventing its return.

lac it to ihow itself at once, both by tis adhes cordingly conceived the project of placing ļon to your p:oceedings, and ty' its attachthe happinelę of the People on a conititu ment to the support of Monarchial Gog tional and a stable basis, and of subjecairg vernment. to invariable rules, that authority of which “ I accept therefore the Constitution. 1 was the Depository. I accordingly called " ! undertake the engagement to mais the Nation around me to execute this plan. Cain it within ; to defend it from cvery atDuring the course of all the events produc- tack from without; and to have it executed by the Revolution, my intercions have ed by every means it has put in my power. never varied. After having reformed the “I declare that, now iniormed of the atancient ipi'itutions, you began to replace tachment which the great majority of the them by the first eff«ys of your political la. People has for it, I renounce the joint cons hours. I waited only for the completion of currence I had claimed in that work; and the Constitution to give my entire aflent being only responsible to the Nation alone, to it; I even favoured the component parts, to one else, when I renounce it, has a sight before I could view them as cre great to complain (The left side of the Hall, whole ; and if the disorders which have and all the Galleries, here resounded with accompanied almost all the epor las of the applauses.) Revolution, have often afliced my heart, * I should nevertheless be wanting to I still hoped that the Law would regain its truth, did I say that I had discovered in the proper impulfe, when confided to new means of executing and adminittrating the powers, and as the term of your labours Constitution, that energy which is receitary approached, every day would add to that to impress the motion and to prelerve unity relped for it

, without which the People in all the parts of lo valt an Empire; but fan neither enjoy liberty nor happiness fince opinions are at this day fo divided in

“ I perfiited for a long time in that hope, regard to thefe objects, I consent that exa and my resolution never changed till the perience alone shall become the fole arbia moment that it abandoned me. Whoever recollects the period when I left Paris " When I have made a faithful use of all muit know, although the Constitution was the means which have been entrusted to me, acarly atchieved, that yet the authority of no reproach can poliibly be urged against me; The Laws was becoming more feelile. The and the Nation, whose inteșeit alone ought most exaggerated opinions alone obtained a to ferve as a rule, will explain itself, by tholc hearing; the licentiousness of the Press was means which the Constitution has reserved at its ncighth ; no power whatever was re for its preservation. [Reitiruted plaudies.] peded. I could no longer recognize the “ But, Gentlemen, for the support of Charader of the general will in thote Laws Liberty, for the ftability of the Conltitue which I beheld without force and without tion, for the individual happiness of ail the çxecution. I then began to think, that if French, there are certain interests which you presented the Constitution to me, I command us to re-unite all our efforts Thould not be able to believe that the in. These interests are, a respect for the Lawn terest of the people (the constant and only the re-eltablishnient of order, and the ses rule of my conduct) would permit me to ac union of all the Citizens. cept it. I had but one fentiment; I 'formed * Now that the Conftitution is definitivebut one proje&; 1 resolved to withdraw my. ly settled, Frenchmen living under the same Self from all parties, and to "make myself Laws ought to know no other enemies than acquainted with the real with of the Nao those who infringe upon them; dilcord and 'tion.

anarchy, these are our worit foes. I hall “ The motives which then direded me, conibát thèni with all my power; it is neno longer exist at this moment; ever since, cessary that you and your fucceffors should the inconveniencies and the evils 'I complain second tie with energy, and that withont ed of, hayo made on you the fame impresion tytannifing over the mind, the law should they did on n. You have manifefied your protect all tho.e who submit their actions inclination to order; you have given your to its direction. attention to the insubordination of the ar. " It is necessary that all chofe who, from my; and you have lelt the necessity of re- the dread of troubles and of perfecutions, prelling the licentiousness of the Press. The have ablented themselves from their Counrevisou of your labours has placed among try, thould be certain of finding Salety and the number of iegulations, leveral Articles, wanquillity on returning to its bolom. which are' at firte prefented to me as Con “And for the extinction of the animoftitutional Laws. You have established le. fities, and 'lefiening the evils that a great gal forms for the revision of those Articles, Revolution always produces; and on pure hich you have placed arong the Cor.fti pose, that the Law from this very day ago

dele

ed:

date its execution, let us consent to forget exultation. His Majesty seemed very senwhat is part. [The left hand lide of the fibly affected by the acciamations of the House, and Galleries, teltihed their fatis- crowd. faction at this paragraph.] Let the accufa The ceremony was conducted with much tions and the perfecutions, a.mmenced in regularity and order, and the effect was confcquence of the Revolution, now drop, grand and impresive. A large detachment and be buried in a general reconciliation. of National Guards efcorceu the King, and

“ I speak nor of tho e who have been de- the proceflion move between two inies of termined by their attachment to me; cap the lame troops. His acceptance before the you yourselves think them guilty? Allembly was announced by a general dis

“ As for those who, by exceiles, or by charge from the Artulery of thc National personal injuries, may have wounded the Guards. Laws in regard to me, I fhall prove to th m, When the King entred the hall, he was by my clemency, that I am King of all the accompanied by all his officers, and the Af French.

(Signeu) * LOUIS." fembly nood up. He featco himselt beside * P.S. I think, Geaciemen, that it is in the Fretident, and and addressed the Aliem. the place where the Constitution has been bly in the following words : formed, that I ought to pronounce my fo I come solemnay to consecrate my ac teim acceptation of it;' I fall in confe. ceptation of the constitutional code. In quence repair to-moriow to the National consequence of which I faveur (the members Affembly."

now lat down) to be jutopul to the nation, and

to the lauris employ wii the power with which M. la Fayette rose and said, “I should not I am entrusted in muintaining the constitution der do juftice to the sentiments with which the treed by the National disemuly, and to cause the Alembiy has just received the King's re. laws to be executed.dommendation of a general amnesty, were The King lạt down, and the hall resound, I to do any more than simply to move it in ed with applauses, after which he proceed. the orm of a decree :

* The National Aflcably, after hearing Alay this grcat and memoral le epoch the King's message, by which he accepts be that of the re-establishment of pace and the Connitutional Ad, and adopting the union, and become the balls of the welfare femiments expressed by the King on the of the people, and of the prosperity of the ceffation of ail prosecutions relative to the empire!" events of the kevolution, decree as ful. 'l lic hall i esoured for fcveral minutes lows :

with applauses, alu flours of Vixels Ro! ** First, All persons in arreft, or under The Prefulent, on his legs~ ' Abutes of accusation, on account of the King's dc- long standing, which hau triumphed over parture, fhall be inliantly liberated, and all the good intentions of the beat of Kings, prosccutions againit them shall cease. ana had unccauingly braved the authority

“ Second, The Committees of Constitu. of the throne, had oppresled France de tion and Criminal Jurisprudence, Ihali pre- King ren ained fitting, and the President fent to-morrow, at the opening of the fit- fat down. )--Depository of the wifbes, of ting, a decree to annui immediately all pro- the rights, and of the power of the people, fecutions relative to the evetits of the Re- the National allembly ha eitabh fhen, by volution.

the destruction of all abufes, the folid bats * A decree shall also be presented to- of public prosperity: Sire, what this Almorrow to abolish the use of paliports, and sembly has decrced, the national con urammull all the momentary impediments to rence has ratificd. The most complete exethe liberty which the Constitution afiures to cution of its decrees in all parts oi the em alt French citizens, of going and coming, pire attests the general sentiment. It deboth out of and into the kingdom.

ranges the weak plans of those whom dife * A deputation of fixty Members fall content has too long kept blind to their own infantly go and present the above decree to interests. It promises to your Majelly, that the King."

your withes for the welfare of the French This was decrced by acclamation, will no longer be vain.

“ The National Alembly has nothirg PARIS, Sept. 14.

more to defire on this ever-memorable day, Agreeably to his intention expresied in in which you cçmplete, in its busom, byt.c. his letter of yefter day, the King, this day, moft fol.mo engagement, the accepration of at twelve o'clock, repaired to the National Conflitutiusul Royalty li is the attachment Allembly, and personally confirmed his ac- of the French-mit is their confidence, who ceptance of the Confitution, The Hall, confer upon you that pure and relpectable and all the averaes to it, through which title to the niofi de firal le crown in the uns the King pasled; were crowded with people, verse; and what secures it to you, Sirc, is pybo geiseraily expelled the most Lively the unperishable authority of a constitution

freely

freely decreed. It is the invincible force of America, the Levant, and States of Bapa a people who feel themselves worthy of li- bary. berty-it establishes the necessity which so « The importations from abroad inte great a nation will always have of an here. France, which amounred in 1988 to 30% ditary monarchy.

millions, had a real advance in 1789 to 345 “ When your Majeły, waiting from ex millions, but from a circumftance perfectly perience the lights which are about to be unconnected with the Revolution. The spread by the pra&ical result of the consti- dearth of grain obliged us this last year to tution, promises to maintain it within, and import in grain, four, and pulte, to the a. to defend it from attack from without, the mount of 73 millions, articles, which in the nation, trusting both to the justice of its total of importations of 1788, are calculate sights, and to the consciousness of its force ed only at 13 millions; so that without and courage, and to the loyalty of your co this dearth, onr importations in 1789 would operation, can entertain no apprehension of have been 17 millions less than in 1788. alarms from without, and is about to con “ On the other hand, it appears that the tribute, by its tranquil confidence, to the articles of manufacture which we oflensibly {peedy success of iis internal government.

received from abroad, amount only 10 57 " What ought to be great in your eyes, millions, whilft the same articles in 1783 Sire, dear to our hearts, and what will ap- (tood the nation in a sum of 62 millions rear with lustre in our hiftory, is the epocha we appear then to have paid a tax of 3 mil. of this regeneration; which gives to France, lions les to foreign incruitry, than during citizensconto the French, a country--to you, the year of the Revolution. as a King, à new title of grandeur and The exportations of France to all the glory-and.to you again, as a man, a new Powers or Countries of Europe, amounted Tource of dajoyment, and new sensations of int merchandize, in 1788, to a fum of 365 darpiness.

millions; this fum, for 1789, forms only The King did not appear in the Cordon 357 millions for the last-mentier.ed period Blora

of the Revolution. But this small diminu. The King, who is now as popular as a tion on a total of exportation of icch extent few wecks since faw kim contemned, gave is so much the less alarming, as it falls on a new matter to feed the frenzy of applause, Small rise in 1789 of certain articles, of by refusing to wear the Blue Ribband when which there is a fiaple in fume ports of the guing to address the Assembly. He faid, kingdom, and which only produce very he did not wish for any external mark, by moderate profit of warehousing and comwhich he might be distinguished from other million. citizens. His rejection of this ornament has been of use to his cause ; when the adly, Of our Connefiems with the Islands of minds of men are in a state of fermentation,

AMERICA. objecis triking in themselves are frequently « Our Commerce with the Hands of A. important in their consequences.

merica, and the parts of Africa which are In the evening there were splendid illu- dependant on them, include on the one minations all over Paris.

hand expeditions from France with mer

chandize of all sorts, and on the other the Syiflunce of a Report on the situation

return into our ports in the production of

America. of the French Foreign Commerce,

“ Our expeditions, during the three years during the Revolution in 1789. which precede the Revolution, amounted to Presented to the National Assembly from ibe 98 millions and in 1789 got no farther

than 78. This deficit of 20 millions was Committees of Agriculture and Comnarte.

equally a consequence of the dearth which GENTLEMEN,

diftrufied France in 1789. The Foreigners

allowed to fupply with provifions our co « We thall coolider the external com Jonies, which we were unable entirely to mercial connexions of France uuder five din sublift, took advantage of the facility of acvifions : it, Its connexions with Europe; ccss to introduce, along with four, other 2dly, Its cennexions with our American astieles of commerce, in addition to thosc Mands; zdly, Its our-fits for the East ladies; of France. 4thly, Our Fisheries; sthly, The Itate of

“ As to the returns into our ports of the Navigation in the teas of Europe, and an productions of America during the years our own coasts.

· 1786, 1987, 1788, they formed a medium ift Of French Commerce ix EUROPE.

of 100 millions, and in 1789 the sun-cota!

rofe to 218 millions, holding out an increase “ Under this first division, we include of 28 millions in the year of the Rerolu. not only our connexions with Spain, Portu- tion. Thus the advantages are still found gal, Italy, England, and the nations of the to balance the disadvantages in carrying on North, but likcwise the United States of this branch of Frerich Conuerce.

3dly, of

sheir cargo.

3dis, Of our out-fits for the East-Indies.

ENGLAND. “ In direding your attention, Gentle

The King and Queen, with the Princesses men, to the out-fits destined for the Euston Royal

, Augusta and Elizabeth, have reside Indies, which include our connexion with

ed fince the beginning of this month at the Islands of Franc: and Bourbon, and our establithments in India and in China, you Weymouth, for the convenience of sea bath

ing; in confequence of which that place will recollect that there were dispatchel has become the refort of all the fashionable from France (wenty-four thousand tons

world not before too deeply engaged. The charged with sixteen millions in merch. - King according to all accounts enjoys a most dize and piasters, for these latitudes, either perfe& ftate of heaith. on account of merchants, or those concerned in the ancient affociation, the French

King's BATHING MACHINE, India Company. The medium of these

The machine forms the figure of an obout-fits, taken for 1786, 1787, 1788, a

long at its bafe, and is without lining, exmounted to the fame number of twelky

cept the window curtains; it is painted four thoufand tons; but the sum laid out in merchandise, piafters, and the expence of both inside and out.

white, with blue pannels, and red cornice

It forms a semicircle; the expedition, formed 19 millions, three millions more than the value of the cargoes fea is the British flag, elevated on a pole a

on the upper extremity of the end next the fent out during the year of the Revolu- bout ten feet long, and on the opposite tion.

end, the British crown; at the height of a “ This variation proceeded from the un hout two feet from the top, on the front, certainty which ar this period those con

is fixed a painting of the King's arnis. cerned in the Ancient India Company might be supposed to feel respecting the continuance of their privilege, a source of inquie. the heat of the day, by having a bathing

Her Majesty often enjoys the sea air in tude which they had laboured unier lince machine drawn into the fea, and fitting at 1788, and which induced them to diminisa work or reading, with the Priucesses, and

their attendants, for three or four hours 4thly of the Fifberies.

together

and we have the pleasure of hear

ing so much benefit has been received, that “ The most important of the French her Majeity has appeared several crenings Fisheries, and the only one of which your on the walk with his Majesty and the PrinCommittee could procure complete infor- ceffes, which he was not able to accomplish mation, is the Cod fishery, on the coast of before. Newfoundland, in America. This particulat branch of industry, which forms a school New GOVERNMENT IN CANADA. of failers for the French Marine, has been The patronage of this new settlement, as Iess considerable in 1787 than the preceding of every other colony, is divided betweets years. In fact, instead of the annual me- the Secretary of State for the Home Dedium of the three preceding years, which partment, and the Treasury. The law of amounted to 48,000 tons employed in the fices, &c. are in the gift of the first; chose Cod-fishery, in 1789 the number did not belonging to the revenue, of the latter. It exceed 41,000.

the present instance, however, Colonel SimThe produce in money of this fishery ap coe has been allowed to recommend certas pears equally confiderable for this last period, persons, chiefly loyalists, whose claims are and inilcad of 14 millions, which it had general, having, for their attackrent te 'brought the three preceding years, procur- Great Britain, suffered both loss of propered only a sum of 12 millions. This dimi- ty and personal proscription. The acquiefnutier ought to be attributed to the collu cence and humanity of Government, in refion of the English and Free Americans, fpect to this appointment, must receive the who contrived to disappoine the French concurrent approbation of the public. fishers, by finding means to fuppiy us with their Gíh, while they eluded the payment ENGLISH FUNDS AT AMSTERDAM. of the daty imposed on importation, in or By advices received from Holland, we der to establish a preference in favour of the learn, that the fate of the Britiih Fands iir French fihery.

Andterdam is much higher than ever « But you have reason to hope, Gentle here, men, that thuis difadvantage will quickly The Dutch have ever been esteemed to disappear, in consequence of the sage med possess as much consummate wisdom in the fure which you haye adopted in decreeing application of their monies, as in the admion the demand of your Committee, the niltration of their policy, it is therefore a maintenance and increase of bounties, for matter of no small magnitude to the enchis branch lo important so you Com- crealing prosperity of this country, to find marce."

that this industrious people, as the last ac

counts inform us, has raised the English Sept. §. John Lowden, Efq. of Cloak, id Funds to the following rates, viz.

Miss Moore.
Bank Stock

205

Dr George Moncreiff of Perth, to Miss India ditto

193

Janet Lyon of Ozle.
And Consols 90€

12. Charles Granville Steatt Mori

tcath, Esq. of Clofeburn, to Miss Ludivina By late accounts from India there is great Loughinan of London. reason to believe, that lov at least of the Lieut. Robert Wright of the Artillery, British prisoners taken last war are fill alive to Mifs Isabella Mabang. in the service of Tippoo Sultan in different - 19. George Monro, Esq. of Glasgow, parts of his cerritories. Two foamen who to Miss Lilias Murdoch. escaped, came home in the Worcefter. It Mr John Roberta, manufaeurer at does not appear that either they or their Daikeith, to Miss Jane Fair of Kelfo. fellow-prisoners were mutilated, as has heen reported. A rigorous enquiry into the fate

BIRTHS. of these uphappy men, and their relief from

Aug. 26. Mrs Gordon of Wardhoose des captivity, muit undoubtedly be one of the livered of a daughter. molt desirable consequences of our vic 24. Mrs Prinple at Orniifton of a lon. tories.

30. Mis Cheape of Rollie of a daughter.

Sept. 9. Mrs Drummorid of Suragcati: of SCOTLAND.

• fot.

21. Mrs Wemyss of Wemyss of a son. EDINBURGH, Sept. s. The following Gentlemen were chofen

DEATHS. into the direction of the Company of Mer Aug. 20. Capr. Mark Kerr of the gek chants of this city, for the ensuing year. regiment of dragoons. ROBERT YOUNG, Esq MASTER. 22. Williani Willar of Starr, Esq. ASSISTANTS.

28. Miss Douglas Trotter, youngeso Meff. Chas. Cowan Sir Wm. Forhes, Part. daughter of Thomas Trotter, Esq. of More

David Miln Meff. Nel Macvicar tonhall
Thos. Campbell Rob Ramsay

29. Mrs Clerk, widow of the late ComRob. Forrestr

Jag. Mansfield

miffary Clerk. John Vernon

John Hutchison

31. Lady Dowager Abercrombie of BirkRob. Gourlay

John White

enbog. TREASURER,

Sept. i. Mr William Brugh therchant in Mr Walter Lothian.

Leith.

4. Mr Thomas Crichton merchant iä Sept. 12. The University of Edinburgh Dundee. conferred the degree of Doctor of Medicine 7. Mi John Scott late surgeon in the upon the following gentiemen, after they loth reg. of dragoons. had gone through the usual public and pri. 8. Mi James Bodie, Surgeon in Edino vate trials :

burgh. DISSERTATIONES 9. Mrs Jean Erskine, daughter of the From JAMAICA. INAUGАRALES. laté John Erikine of Balgownic, Ffq. Mr J. J. Erikine, De Concoctione Alimen

Ir. Hew Dalrymple, Esq. late of Nur From ST CROIX Mr W. Macdougal, De Variolis.

1. Mr Patrick Baillie, Minister of Bor. From ENGLAND.

rowstonness. Mr Ed. Bradley, De Diferimine inter Charles MDotal, Esq. of Crichan,

Scarlatinuon Cyo Late Sheriff of Renfrewshire.
nancben.

12. Mrs Low of Ferry-bridge. Mr Jof. Clarke, De Tetano.

13. Mr Archibald M Nab of Newton. - Mr W. Okuley, De Hydrocephal. Acuto. 14. Mrs Jean Grant, daughter of the Mr W. Lifter, De Plenorrbæa a Venere late Sir Archibald Grant of Monymuft. Impura.

16. Miss Catharine Bray. From IRELAND.

17. Mr George Pitcairn, late merchant Mr R. D. Jackson. De Artbyrodynia. in Edinburgh. Mr T. Johnson, De Cypriide.

Mrs Jane Ferriot of Ramornie.

19 Mr Nathaniel Duke of Little Koos. MARRIAGES.

Mrs Shirteff, wife of Mr Alexander Aug. 27. Charles Hay, Esq. merchant in Sher'ff, merchant in Leith. Dunbar, to Miss Stag of Yorkshire,

20 Lady Elizabeth Hay, lifter to thib Sept. 1. Capt. Robert N. Campbell of late Earl of Kinnoul. Handlethope, to Miss Montgomery, eldest 21. Mr Thomas Murdoch, an eminent daughter of the Lord Chuef Baron, Pistol-maker.

torun.

raw.

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »