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theang of pacificatiori, which are equitable, tion she feels at the free and open turn the moderate and just. They are are convinced Ministers of their Majesties the Kings of her Majesty will doubtless find, that they Great Britain and Prallia have given to have had the greatest confideration for her their negociations, and the fincere defire of person, and the utmost attention to preserve their Ministers to accelerate the desirable the dignity of her Crown, the honour and work of pacification between Russia and the glory of her Empire, and the interelt of her Porte. An intention of this kind coincides Subjects.

fó much with the withes of her Imperial They freely fubmit to the judgment that Majesty, that it will be promoted on her all Europe shall pass on their candid inten- part to the extent fo reasonable an intentioa tions of re-establishing Peace and general demands ; but if the supporting for such a tranquillity, on their impartiality and per- considerable time the burden of the war, to lect disinterestednefs, which are very evi- which she has been provoked by the unjust dent in the steps they have taken.

attack of the Turks, has a greater influAs to the form of the business which re ence than any other confideration, in mains to be settled, the above Ministers bringing it to an end, she no less thinks will readily comply with every thing her herself entitled to determine, in her wisdom Majesty mall think proper relative thereto, and moderation, the means and ways, in provided the fafety of the engagements for order to secure to her subjects, if out indemwhich they must hold themselves responsible rifications proportionable to their claims, at to the Porte is preserved.

least a certain and uninterrupted reit. If it is true that the regular conferences The claims her Imperial Majesty has fet are not opened till this day, it is no less up in confequence of this, and which she true, that the Ministers of her Imperial has caufed to be published at the Courts of M1 jefty, by familiar intervicws and other London and Berlin, and those of all Europe, nieans, were informed before about the pro- presage in reality only this harmless and posals of peace which were about to be equitable object. made.

All the neutral powers cannot but behold It is thus to be presumed, that the resolu- them in this light and if there should be tion of her Majeity is greatly advanced, if any, who have proposed modification or not taken already, concerning this import. : those claims, without either any deliberant bufness, and her final determination is ation with the Court of Ruslia, or its affent, expected with impatience at the Courts of this can only be through confiderations, London and Berlin.

which did not proceed from the claims beThe friendship and consideration her Ma- ing inconsistent with strid justice and public jesty has for the Kings of England and intereft, but merely fror an apprehenfion Prullia, her great anxiety for the tranquil- of extending any forther the troubles of war. lity of Europe; her affection for her sub Such werc doubtless the motives for the jects; her desire of reforing peace to them, overtures made by the Court of Copenhagen and of avoiding the further effufion of hu- to those of London and Berlin, but of man blood, pledge to the underwritten which the Court of Ruffia" was never ofMinisters that they will soon be informed ficially informed, nor did it authorise the of her resolution, and that it will be favour- fame to hold out the facrifices which the able; the more so, as, conforming in every said Court proposed.' thing, her Majesty seems to demand only But as the apprehensions seemed to be refome other small compensations, which are moved, by means of the friendly explanaHeft to her known goodness and generosity, tions, for which the two last mentioned

CHARLES WHITWORTH. Courts have laid the foundation, the Em-
WILLIAM FAWKENER. press is so sure of the unanimous afsent of all
COUNT GOLTZ.

the powers to her proposals, that her ImPETERSBURGH, June 29.

perial Majesty finds herselt neceflitated,

from very powerful motives relating to the ANSWER OF RUSSIA TO THE management and the tranquillity of her own ABOVE NOTE.

dominions, as well as thofe of all Europe

in general, not in the least to thrink from The second Memorial delivered on the the moderate and disinterested conditions 29th of June by the Ministers Plenipoten- she has hitherto proposed. And tiary of Engiand and Pruffia, being pre Whercas three bafes for a pacification, sented to her Imperial Majesty, her Minic represented in the above Memorial of the ftry have receiệed her Majesty's orders, 29th of June, are not all of equal importand are now able to continue the amicable ance, and the letter being the only one negociations which are the object of said that in fome measure approaches the known Memorial.

intention of her Imperial Majesty, we shall In the firft place, her Majesty feels the fix our attention only on it, and make greaseft pleasure in exprefling the satisface our observations accordingly.

16 The

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« The Allied Courts offer, as the lat on the contrary, she will favour it with her means, to propose to the Turks to make a protection. cession to Rullia of the District of Ockza She is the more willing to do so, as dut. kow, from the Bog as far as the Dniester, ing her reign she has laid it down as a conin full property and sovereignty, as a price Itant rule, to encourage, hy all pollible for the peace; on condition that her Impe- means, the trade and navigation of all peacerial Majesty will authorise them to give such able nations. However, her Majesty hopes, assurances to the Porte, as will be able to that these powers will be pleased to take griet the minds of her subjects, to prevent upon themselves to make the Porte agree, her apprehenfions, and to make her ealy in this respect, to the same rule, and to the with respe& co the consequences of fuch a same principles. division of her empire, by enabling the And in general, though her Majesty has Courts of London and Berlin to be respon- no notion whether the allied Courts are adfible that her Majesty will level the fortress thorised by the Porte in a special manner to of Ockzakow, and not rebuild it; that the act, and make propofals in her name, fre, is to crea no other fortresses in that district, however, is apt to guess, from their unremitand that she will let the navigation of the ting care and pains for establishing peace, Dniester remain in perfed freedom.” Be that their intervention and remonftrances fides, that a claufe of this kind contains an will have all the energy they deserve ; on incompatibility with the principles of pro- which account the flatters herself they will perty and perfect sovereignty, according to employ all their credit and influence at the which the two above Courts consent to ne Porte, in communicating to her the convicgociate with the Porte for the cellion of tion of the equity and candour of the Emthe country in question, it does not answer press's sentiments, which certainly neither to the principles of perfc& equality or reci- aims at the deftruction of the 'Ottoman procal safety, which ought to be an indir- Porte, nor the subversion of the general bapensible basis of this negociation : for her lance, but which, on the contrary, difplayo Majesty is thereby to leave to the Turks a the most sincere desire of a general pacificaperfe& liberty of preserving along their tion, and putting a stop to a further effufion Thores, all their former fortresses, to repair of human blood. them, and to erect new ones, according to Nevertheless, if, contrary to all expedya. their good pleasure.

tions, and in spite of the moderation and eMoreover, such a clause would destroy quity of the claims of the Empress, and in and annul the chief object that is cxpeded spite of the care of their Majesties the Kings from this acquisition, and which consits of Great Britain and Pruffia, in giving them in obtaining for Ruflia a safe and distina a proper weight with the Porte, she should frontier, and which neceflity is felt by her persevere in her unwarrantable obtinacy, Imperial Majesty so much the more, as the in this case, her Imperial Majesty expecs, present war, as well as the preceding one, from the equity and friendship of these sowere begun by the Turks. Besides, the vereigns, that they will leave the care of fibuilding of fortresses in general does not nifhing this war to the mere chance of co thew any design of attacking; this only be vents which it will bring on. longs to measures of precautioir and defence, She thinks she has a right to expect this and will for this reafon create no just fear of compliance on their part, the mote, as her uncaliness ; on the contrary, the more fron- Maj+fty (far from having a mind to conceal, tiers, separated by a demarcation, such as that the mitigations which Me had made, that of the Dniester, are fortified on either in thesc preliminaries of peace, are moftly fide, the more respective safety there will to be ascribed to that which the has the fie be for the preservation of a good harmony tisfaction to thew them on her part) thall and neighbourhood between the adjoining on every occasion display the value the sets ftates.

on the presei vation of their friendship, and Several other motives might be alledged, the desire she is inspired with to continue, taken from the situation of the country, and without any alteration, the best harmony, the character of the neighbouring nations, and the molt perfc& good undertanding. which all concur in not suffering any en Petersburgh, July 20, 1791. gagements to be made which at the same time militate again it the intention of the

The following letter was sent from Mr Empress and that of the mediating powers. Burges, one of the Under Secretaries of But in order to fnew to thum, in a visible State, to Mr Taylor, of Lloyd's Coficemanner, as much compliance as esteeni of house, for the information of the Undertheir interventions, her Majesty does not writers: hefitate to give them the most folemn af. surances, that not only she will not impede

SIR, the free navigation of the Dniellcı, but that, A letter has, this day, been written by

Lord

Lord Grenville, to the Governor of the EXTRAORDINARY SUICIDE.
Ruffian Company, to inform him, that from
the accounts brought by Mr Lindsay, who

AUGUST 17.
arrived this morning, of the roult of the ne-
gociations at Petersburg, his Majesty's fer-

A little before one o'clock, as his Majer vants are of opinion, that there no longer ty was palling in his carriage through the exists any reafon why the Russian merchants Park to St James's, a Gentleman drefied in Tould not proceed in the usual course of black, ftanding in the Green Park, close to their commerce, without any apprehenswn the rails, within a few yards of Mr Copof interruption.

ley's pavilion, jast as the carriage came op I am, Sir,

posite where he food, was observed to full,

a paper harily from his pocket, which he Your very obedient servant,

stuck on the rails, addreited to the King (Signed) J. B. Burges. throw off his hat, discharge a pistol in lis Whitevali, 15th August 1791.

own bosom, and instantly fall. Though fur

rounded with people, collected to see the 35 m. paft 6, P. M.

King pass, the raih ad was so suddenly pera

petrated, that no one suspected his fatal purs FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE.

pose till he had accomplished it. He expia red immediately. In his left hand was a

letter, addressed « To the Coroner who ihail WHITEHALL, Aug. 16.

take an inquest on James Sutherland.”

This unfortunate Gentleman was Juege, Minilerial Notes have been delivered at Advocate at Minorca during the Gorerror: Śt Peterburgh by Mr Whitworth and Mrship of General Murray, with whom behind Fawkener and Coun: Gelize, on the part of a law.luit, which terminated in his furour. his Majesty and of the King of Prussia, and The General, however, got him furxencies? by Count Ofcrman, on the part of the Em- and recalled home. This, and the failure press of Rusia, relative to the terms of paci- of some application to Coverr meni, had fication between Russia and the Porte.

greatly deranged his mind. He was very In these Notes, the Ministers of his Ma- genteelly dreTed, but had only two peace jefty and the King of Prullia agree, on the and some letters in his pockets; the letters part of their respective Sovereigns, that their

were carried to the Secretary of State's 01Majestics will propose to the Porte to con- fice. The body was conveyed to St Marclude a pcace with Rullia on the terms of tin's Lone houlé. the celion of the district of Ockzakow, from In the letter addrested to the Coroner, a the Bog to the Dniester; her Imperial Ma- copy of the following letter was inclosed : jefty engaging not to disturb the free navigation of the latter river, but to favour and

" TO THE KING. protect it; (to which condition the Porte is to be equally and reciprocally bound :) And her Imperial Majelty being also to restore to the Porte, at the conclusion of the leaving it, I express my sorrow, that yo'l

“ In the moment that my hcart's blooi is peace, all other conquests whatever. The have allowed yourself to be imposed upon, Minister of her Imperial Majelly agrees, on

and that you Should fill serfis in retaining the part of his Sovereign, to make peace on these terms; and the Ministers of his Ma- and dutiful appeals, and humiliating fupr.

such prejudices against me. With 1piritel jesty and the King of Pruflia agree, on the cations, I have addrefled you and your Mia part of their respective Sovereigns, that, if nisters. Allegiance and protection are conThe Porte should decline to enter into nego- ftitutionally reciprocal; ar.d as the former ciation on this basis, their Majesties will

never was forsaken by me, I had a right to leave the termination of the war to the expect that you would afford the latter. course of those events to which it may lead. The idea of a fake being driven through

my body has not rerror to make me win The Court of Prussia will be extraordio that the act which I now perform forli be rary splendid in the month of O&ober. At considered in any other light but thet of de2 grand dinner, given lately at Mor bijon, liberale reafuniny. the Cucen, after announcing the interded “ Inleid of go'ng abroad (the means of suptials of the Duke of York and the l'rin- which were not leie me), I have long incels Frederica, gave notice, that, at the same tended to snoot my felf. ' I did not merit cetime, would be celebrated the marriage of gradation ; my conicience told me I wazi' the Hereditary Prince of Orange with the titled to honour, favour, and reward. Iforfecond Princeís of Prillia ; and that of the give Genera! Murray, hut cannot refin, even Hereditary Prince of Delrau, with the at this time, the with I have to let your Mac daughter of Prince Ferdinand.

jefty right with respect to myself. The subVOL. XIV. No. 8o.

joined

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joined extract will fufficiently explain to liberally, were of the choicest kinds Madei, your Majesty my innocence. Parliament ra which had crossed the line iwice, highaccepted the petition of General Murray, favoured claret, &c. To see a branch of but repeatedly threw out mine; for the stern the ancient and respectable house of Lochiel commands of prerogative were obliged to established in this delightful country, was yield to the milder ones o influence. truly pleasing. An English gentleman fung - "Let me recommend, Sire, to you to col. “ Lochaber no more,” wonderfully well; lee the letters written by me to Mr Ste. and Mr Bofwell, one of the counsel upon phens of the Almiralty ; you will there the circuit, who made one of this jovial comSee the abufe of authority and irregularity pany, gave the following toast, which was of Gen.

I did not at that received with three times three cheers, and time know that none Mould reside in the hearty acclamations : May there be a cor. i land of Minorca but such as pleased the dial, generous, and permanent union be General. But I was willing to sacrifice eve- 'tween the Highlands of Scotland and the ry thing but jutice and honour to keep him • Hundreds of Essex. Yesterday the same quiet. At his instance I filled up but one liberal hospitality was continucd; and this commission instead of two, for two priva- day, when the afiizes ended, the High She teers to cruize against the two fates we riff entertained a select party in the most were then at war with, by which I was some agreeable manner. hundreds of pounds out of pocket.

Donald Cameron, Esq. the present High “ I had long determined that my diffolu. Sheriff of the coumy of Essex, is son of Ar. tion should take place in the same manner chibald Cameron, of whom Mr Lorwell and on the same spot that I now fa!l. When makes such honourable mention in his Life my hard case Mhall be publiched, how will of Dr Fobnjen, the world be shuddered to hear that huma

Augufto. nity had deprived one of every resource but

Advices, which have been received this death. “ Yet, in the mids of all my misfortunes, Gudowitch has defcated a large body of

day, state, that the Rullian General de I subscribe myself your Majesty's loyal sub- Turks stationed near Anapa, and that he ject, * JAKES SUTHERLAND. made the garrison prisoners, which confit

has even taken poffeßion of the fortress, and « Written on the 13th, though dated the ed of fixty thoufand men. The magazines, 17th of August, 1791, it being the day on and every thing else in the place, even the which I intend to boot my felf in the Green vessels in the port, have fallen into the hands Park, as the King pafles to the Levee.” of the conquerors. Some accounts state the

number of the garrison at 14,000 men. Mr S. has lefta wife, two daughters, and Thus has this General completed the reduca son (a Lieutenant in the army). lý his tion of the Cuban, by seizing the only pocket, among other papers, was found a strong place of which the Ottoman forces will, bequeathing all he did or right even- were in poflellion. tually poffefs, to his wife and daughters. As the deceased was a man of great probity,

WINDSOR, August 13. highly refpecied by all who knew him and

The birth-day of his Royal Highness the against whom was never heard a syllable Prince of Wales (which completed his like an imputation of immorality, we hope twenty-ninth year), was celebrated here yol; the benignity of his present Majesty, and the terday, with such marks of attention and willingness of the present Adminiitration, respeá, that while it bore a most honourato ad liberally where liberality is due, will ble testimony to the loyal attachment of the convince his family, that he had no real people, afforded likewise a most pleaing cause to defpair of justice.

proof of the concord sublifting between the

branches of the Royal Family, CHELMSFORD, Aug: 5. No aflizes in the kingdom, I will venture

WORCESTER, Anguje 11. to say, exceeded ours at this time. Donald Cameron, Esq. cur worthy High Sheriff, made his procesion on Monday into the county town, followed by fixteen carriages. On Monday last the Affizes began here, Next day he was attended at dinner by about before the Right Hon. Baron Eyre, and the two hundred gentlemen, amongst whom Hon. Justice Heath; of which we have been were twelve East-India captains connected favoured with the following account: with him. Turtle, venison, and every other viand of the best fort were served up in

BARON EYRE'S CHARGE TO THE JURY. aburdance. The defert, consisting of ices, · " About twelve o'clock, Baron Eyre, witla pine-apples, and other fruits of the season, Mr Jattice Heath, entered the Court, and af was delicious; and the wines, which flowed ter swearing the Juries for the county

city buto

TRIAL OF THE BIRMINGHAM RIOTERS.

and

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city of Worcefier, opened the businefs by a

Awf2. moft excellent charge. His Lordship apolo- Early yesterday morning, Baron Eyre was yized for having occasion to trouble the gen- in Court, for the special purpose of trying tlemen of the county, which he thould not

the rioters. have done, had not the late unfortunate riots Robert Cook, after a fair and long trial, in Birmingham rendered it necessary to fay was capitally convicted, for riotously affemá something respecting that dreadful event. bling with divers others, and feloniously deHe commented on several aes of Parliament, molithing the house of William Ruffell, Esq. made for the preservation of the public peace

at Showell Green, and unity; and showed in what the late dif- Mary Cox was tried on the famc charge turbances differed from the crime of high but was acquitted, treason. He recommerded to the Magis- Thomas Coley, charged with the like oftrates by all means in their power to fup- fence against the house of Thomas Cramer, prefs riotous proceedings on their first ap- was also acquitted. pearance, hy venturing their persons; in procuring the means which the larv authori- At the Warwick Aflizes, Francis Field, 7es for the defence of the respectable and John Green, Bartholomew Fisher, and Wm orde-ly part of the inhabitants, by putting Hands, received sentence of death for being arms in the hards of responsible persons for concerned and active in the Birmingham riots. their protection, and for the fuppression of tumults

. His Lordfhip declared, that every A very high compliment has lately been Englishman was in duty bound, at the ha- paid by the Empress of Ruflia to Mr Fox. zard of his fafery, or even personal injury, to The Empreis, on the back of a letter, or proted his neighbour. His Lordship repro- on a flip of paper, wrote a note in French, bated the treasonable and inflammatory with a pencil, from her country palace, and liand-bill, which he called a feditious, foundai- fent it to her Secretary of State, at Peterseus, and abominable libel, that not only attack- burgh, in which she desired him to write ed the Church and King, but every part of

to Woronzow (her Envoy Extraordinary, the Legislative Body.

and Minister Plenipotentiary here in Eng. “ His Lordfhip observed, however, that land,) and bid him procure' her a bult of "he thought much of the mischief was ow

Karl Fox in white marble, which she in"ing to the assembling of those who met to

tended to have put up in her gallery between * celebrate the French Revolution on the

the busts of Demosthenes and Cicero, as a « 14th of July.” That rumour had said the

mark of her esteem for a man whose eloauthor of that vile and treasonable publica- quence and wisdom had prevented a war tion, was a partizan of the Etablished between Great Britain and Russia, which Church ; but that could scarce, he observed, must have proved ruinous to both countries. he credited—for who could say what part The Ruflian Secretary of State waited upon the lower ranks of people would take? To the Empress, and submitted it to her coolicelebrate the French Revolution, whilft par- deration, whether the best thing she could ticipating of the blellings of the British Con- do, would not be to suffer him to retrace ftitation, a constitution that has stood the with a pen the words written by her Mateft of ages, was certainly indiscreet -Men jesty, and transmit the original note to of every description, however, continued his Count Woronzow, at London. Her MaLordship, were under the protection of the jelty gave her Secretary of State leave to laws of the land; and no provocation could act as he thought proper. The peucil-wria justify the burning of houses, or wanton ting was in consequence retraced in red ink, enormities of any kind.-A multitude af and the Empress's original note transmitted fembled, and tumults once begun, easily lead

to Count de Woronzow, who sent it to Mo to rapine and mischief, and dreadful facrifices Fox as soon as he received it, in whole must follow to atonc for the injury to indi- hands it now remains. The exprellion in viduals, and as examples to deter the popu

the note is peculiarly elegant. lace from future ads of violence and outtage."

SCOTLAND, [It is imposible to do justice to the Baron's fine appeal to the human feelings.]

HADDINGTON, August 2.

The General Quarter Selons having this His Lordship was particularly pointed day heard a complaint at the inttance of the on the impropriety of publishing any article Treasurer to the Trustees of the Turnpiketo enflame or keep animosity alive between Roads, against one of the Tollgatherers of this parties, and before he concluded, warmly re- .county, for imposing upon a gentleman from commended every kind and conciliating en- London, and another from Manchester, by Heavour to eradicate the unfriendly remem- refusing a ticket, which each of them had brance of the late unhappy violence. paid for and obtained at the last Turnpike.

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