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attival, the Welsh man informed me Florida, and that on the Spaniards that he was determined to remain with taking posseffion of Mexico, they fed them, giving as a reason, that he une to their then abode. And as a proof derstood ibeir language, it being very of the truth of what he advanced, he fitue different from the Welth. My brought forth rolls of parchment, curiosity was excited very much by which were carefully tied up in otters this information, and I went with my skins, on which were large taaracters companion to the chief men of the written with blue ink. The characlowo, who informed him (in a lan- ters I did not understand, and the guage that I had no knowledge of, and Welshman being unacquainted with which had no affinity to that of other letters even of his owi language, I Indian congues that I ever heard) that was not able to know the meaning their forefăthers of this nation came of the writing. They are "a buld, from a toreign country, and landed on hardy, and intrepid people, very war the east side of the Millissippi, describe like, and the women beautiful wben ing particularly the country now called compared with other Indians."

Miscellaneous Extracts froni Sir John Sinclair's Statiftical Account




fand, which probably had fallen from Diseases.

his viétuals into some fack for mied in Man called William Badie, or the stomach by the weight of the

Beatie, a shoemaker, died a few fores. the stones muft have been weeks ago in Linton. About 16 or lodged in his ftomach for abuut 16 17 years fince, being affli&ted with ito. years. mach complaints, contracted by drink

Poor. ing cold water when overheated in In 1782—3, people were some harveft, he was advised to swallow pimes difcuvered living on nertles, or ftodes to belp digestion, after the man- potatoes, without meal, and were reDie of birds with muscular ftomachs. fie ved; particularly one poor house. He was ever after afflicted with vio- holder, a day.labourer, who was reJent ftomach complaints, and frequent poried to the minister as fick and yomitings, with a long irain of ner. Harving. He was found exhausled vous fymptoms. He never suspected with hunger ; and said, that he felt án that the Atones had lodged io his fto- o'ercafting at his heart, and his lights mach, till happening to be seized with were' ay ready to lose the floff. Some a vomiting lying acrofs a bed, with Port wine, and a supply of meat, puč his head and body reclineddowowards, him in heart, and made him fit for and fupporting himself with his hands work. The people lived then mostly po the 'fluor, several stones came up. on very wholsome white peale, brought The man was of decent character, and from Leith. from his own, and his neighbours reports, there is no doubt of the fact. Parish OF TINWALD. The largett stone was the fize of a

Emirent Men. finger end. He threw up 13, which, The famous Paterfon, who, it is being the Devil's dozen, might pro- faid, planned the Darian scheme, the Bablý be the number swallowed. Lat Bank of England, &c. was born at terly, his fargeon made him vomit in Skipmyre, a farm in the old parith of an inclined position, and he threw up Trailfat, about the year 1660. He


does not seem to have been an obscure dicted. There is not within the Scotchman, as a certaio writer stiles bounds of this parish a single bull, nor him; he more than once represented a male of any other species, except a Dumfries, &c. in the Scotch Parlia- few goats and rams, with horns. The ment. The same house gave birth to experiment the philosopher wished for his grand nephew, Dr James Moun: has been tried a thousand times, and sey, first physician for many years to the result has been observed to be a the Empress of Ruflia. The widow, calf, sometimes with, and sometimes who now enjoys the farm, is sister to without horrs, but never, as the DocDr John Rogerson, who succeeded Drtor moft probably expected, an unicorn. Mounsey as first physician to the Empréfs.



A few years ago, a man died above The people live not in towns or

90, who, about 8 months b: fore his villages, and most of them are employ, which he employea till near his last

death, got a complete set of new teeth, ed in agriculture, which is favourable at once to health, longevity, and mo- four times married, nad children by

breath to excellent purpose. He was rals. Within thele 20 years, at least 12 persons have died in the lower all his wives, and at the baptiím of his

lalt ahild, which happened oot a year parts of Galloway, from 100 to 115 before his death, with an air of comyears old. William Marshall, a linker in this place, is now 118. He placency expressed his thankfulness to

his Maker for having " at last lent might pats tor a man of 60. His fa. cuities are unimpaired, and he walks him the cled score,” i. e. 21. shrough the country with ease. 'Productions.

PARISH OF CRAMOND. The Galloway cat:le have one cha

Eminent Men. racteristic which naturalisis may think Of persons meriting to be particuincredible; they are almoft all with. Jarly mentioned, the most diftinguished our horns ! Dr Samuel Johnson, in his eminent men, who were either natives journey to the Western Illands, (Lon- of, or relident proprictors in the padan edition, 5775, p. 186), has the rilh, are, itt, John Elpbiofton, fecond following notable parage: "Of their Lord Balmerinoch, a nobleman no ed 6 black cattle, some are without for his spirited opposition to the tyran. “ horns, cailed by the Scors, bumbie proceedings of Charles I. for

Cows, as we call a bee a humble bee which he narrowly escaped losing his, " that wants a iting. Whether this head, and for being the best friend, « difference be specific or accidental, that the Covenanters ever had, as he ” though we enquired with great di. spent a great fortune in support of ligence, we could not be informed their cagle. 2d, Sir Thomas Hope of “ We are not very sure ihat the bull Grantoun, well known as one of the «is ever without hords, though we ableft and most successful lawyers at “ have been told that such bulls there the Scottish bar, to whose varemitted

What is produced by putting exertions, and found advice, the firm a horned and an unhorned male and estabiilhment of the Presbyterian mode “ female together, no man has ever of worship in this kingdom is in a great “ tied, who thought the result wor- masure owing. 3d, Sir William " thy of observation.” Though it Hope of Grantoun, his grandson, who may favour of arrogance, the high ay- was distinguished for Superior profithority quoted muit be fatly contra- ciency in all the fashionable accome,



are well

plishments of the times in which he and was so called, because, as the lived, particularly for great fkill in monks Fay, the place was “ divina 18fencing, on which he published a ce velatione premonftratum." lebrated treatise. 4th, That fine fcho. lar, and pleasant companion, but craf PARISH OF DALMENY. ty and flippery statesman, George

Minerals. Mackenzie, firit Earl of Cromarty, There may be mentioned a înolia wbore numerous works

lar basaltic rock upon the fouih lide known. 5th, John Law of Laurief of Dudas-hill, 250 yards long, and ton, Comptroller General of the fi. generally about 60 or 70 feet highDances in France, one of the most ex This rock is almost perpendicular in traordinary characters that this or any its front, and confitts of light bluish other country has produced, to whole granite, of a very close and fine tex. great merit and abilities sufficient ju tute: the males are in an irregular tice has not yer been done. 6th, Geo. columnar state, separated by channels Cleghorn, an eminent physician in or furrows; but many well detined reDubin, the first person that establish gular priinis are to be obferved. ed what could, with any degree of the foot of the fterp, and almost perpropriety, be called an anatomical pendicular bank on which this rock school in Ireland. 7th, William Cleg- lies, is a morass of about 9 acres of horn, who was affociated with his shell marł. But what is chiefly reuncle George, jutt now mentioned, markable and valuable as a mineral in as Profefior of Anatomy in Trinity this parish, is the vast bed of free: College, Dublin, but died foon after- ftone upon the fea-coalt. A quarry of wards in 1783, at the age of 28, uni- this excellent stone has been wrought verfally regretied.

to the extent of three acres a little to

the west of the borough of QueenfParish of HOLYWOOD ix DUMFRIES- ferry; and, besides fupplying the deSHIRE,

mands of the neighbourhood, great Antiguities.

quantities of it were privately exported The Abbey of Holywood stood in for building the fortifications and quay the site of a part of the present church- of Dunkirk. All the fine stone carvyard. About half of the head of the ings of Carl Fife's elegant house at cross of this abbey was ftanding in the Banff were executed here upon the year 1779, when it served for the pa- spot, and sent thi:her in cafes by fea. rish church. These remains, howe. A large baptismal funt, 5 feet in diaver, were then pulled down, and the meter, intended for the Continent, materials used, in part, for building the with its bottom uppermost, and coverpresent new church. The veftiges of ed with sea-weed and sell fih, lies the old abbey are fufficiently evident opposite to this quarry a good way in'the charchyard ; and the adjoin- within the sea mark; and which the ing farm retains the name of Abbey. antiquary might fancy to be one of the The present church has two fine toned remains of some Popish church once bells, taken out of the old building ; ftanding there, that had been overone of which, by an inscription and whelmed by the sea. Grindftones are date on it, appears to have been con. manufactured at this quarry, and an. secrated by the Abbot John Wrich, nually exported to the countries on in the year 1154. From undoubted the Baltic. It is said, that here and Tecords, this abbey belonged to the elsewhere on the coast in this parish, nonks of the order of Premontré, there is such a quantity of free-stone, which was instituted in the diocese of that scarcely any demand could exLoon in France, in the year 1120, haost it. VOL. XIV. No. 79.


L. 2 JO


Eminent Men.

in the forequarter, are in lfs danger The late William Wilkie, D. D. of being gored by each other, and are born in the village of Echlin in this more compact in their shape. The parish, Oct. 5. 1721, and educated at prevailing colours are black and brown; the Scho I of Dalmeny. After revolv white is not elteemed. They are evet ing the biftory of ancient families in in the back, square and deep in the this and o:her parishes, many of which rib, and most in the leg; and so are fallen into decline, and may per healthy, that they falten sooner than haps pass into oblivion, it may be ob- any other : They coit in the country, servet, that the memory of a man of when genius and learning is less fubje&t to One year old perifh. The Epigoniad will probably Two years old

5 10 be always admired. Without speak- Three ditto

7 ing of the happy choice of the subject, Four diito

8 8 and of the mirit of many of the cha- Trey used to be sent to the Englista racters in that epic poein, it may be markets when four years old; but now enough to say, that the episode of too many of the ww are sent sooner.--, Hercules, taken by itself, is sufficient This county sends many thousands to entitle the poet' to perpetual fame. to these niarkets every year; and this Dr Wilkie was distinguished for a fin- parish breeds annually between live gular compass of knowledge, and chief- and fix hundred. They are about ly for an originality of genius. In bis twenty-eight days in travelling to the

you'h he cultivated a small farm, and Norfolk markcis, and cost about 18s. itruggled long and hard with penury. per head driving and feeding. When He was afterwards minister of Ratho; they have finished their journey, it is and Jally profesor of Natural Philofo- fupposed they have loft, through faphy in the University of St Andrews, tigue, above one-eighth of their weight. where he died in 1773, in his 52d To this add the losses occafioned by year.

dife ases, by freights, heats, bad wa

ter, lameness, and other causes. Such Parish OF SORBIE.

losses affect not only the proprietors of Cattle, Wool, &c.

droves, but also the public, by advanThe black cat:le of this parisn and cing the price of beef. Here the unneighbourhood' are of the belt quality. friendly operation of the falt-laws apLord Galloway thinks he has improv- pears in a very clear light. Were it ed the size and fhape of the original not for them, the valt herds of cattle breed, by introducing Westmorland produced by this truly fertile country balls. His Lordship gave new life might be flaughtered and falted at to a spirit of emulation among the hume for the tife of his Majesty's nabreeders, by a premium of a very vy, trading vessels, &c. handlonie dlver cup, which he be Some of the most ancient breed of stowed every year on the person who Galloway horses are among the mounproduced the best tour year old ox or tainous and less improved parts of the cow. With respect to Galloway cattle country. They are said to be very in general, those in the muirs differ bardy, easily maintained, and high spionly from those in the improved part rited. This breed is weli attended of the couptry in their size. The list to in Cumberland, where it is much description of cattle weigh when fat improved by crosses with Englith '50, the first abont 40 stone. Most of horses. A larger breed is preferred the cattle are without horos, and are here, as being more fit for the purposes preferred to such as liave them; be of draught and agriculture. Through cause they are supposed to be deeper the attention of the noblemen and


genery, this neighbourhood has a breed sea-faring people would have much less of hories fic for the saddle, and care troubl: than they frequently have by riages of every kind. The colours of the present mode of managenient, and horses are various; but the dark bay, would at the same time have the satifwith black legs and feer, is preferred. faction of seeing justice dune to a set Their shape is generally good. They of brave fellows, who have risked their were originally galloways, and said to lives in the service of their country, bave sprung from a Spanish breed, which came alhore on this coast when UNITED PARISHES or HOUSTON AND one of the vessels of the Armada was

K:LLALLAN. wrecked upon it, after failing round

Antiquities. by the Penuand Firth.

ABOUT 20 years ago, when the

country people in this parish were dig. PARISH OF ROTHESAŤ. ging for itones to inclose their farms, Miscellaneous Obfervations. ihey met with several cheits or coffins During the lat war, there were á of flag stones, fet on their edges, fides, hamber of feamen from the parish in and ends, and covered with the same the navy service; and, had the prize. fort of itones above, in which were mamoney due to them been properly ac- ny human bones of a large size, and counted for, it is believed that press. several sculls in fome of theni. In warrants would have been unnecesary one was found many trinkets of a jet here; but as matters are at pre!ent black lubtance, fume round, ochers managed, nothing but compulsion will round and oblong, and others of a dia. induce them to enter into the navy fer- mond shape, &c. all perforated. Provice. Many of them, to whom prize. bably they were a necklace. There money is due, can get no account of; was a thin piece, about two inches por even find out the agent in whose broad at one end, and perforated witie hando it is. Would it not anf.ver the many holes, but narrow at the other ; purposes of government equally well, the broad end, full of holes, seemed were the management of prizes put in. to be detigned fur fufpending many to the hands of the pay-office, and go. trinkets, as an ornament on the breast. vernment become accountable for it, The ground where these stone coins as well as their wages; and, instead were found was a little raised, with a of obliging the feamen to employ a. mixture of small stones and earth, in gents and artornies, at a great expence the form of a barrow or tumulus. and risk, might not the inspector of the But whether these atunc coffins were pay-office correspond with the mini. older than the Roman government in Iters of the different parishes to which this country, or later, cr upon what the seameo belong, (which he is even occafion so muy people were buried at present sometimes obliged to do), there in that manner, and several in and the fituation and circumstances of one stone chelt, is not known. It each seaman's righe and claim being, seems to have been the confequence of in the course of the correspondence, a battle or skirmith between two hoftile ascertained, payment night be had at parties; which was the case not 200 the nearest bank, or an order given up- years ago, between families, through on the nearest customhouse, without most parts of Scotiand, who often met either risk or expence? By adopting their enemy, with their vassals and deCome meafure of this kind, the mini pendants, and flaughtered one ano. iters of the parishes where there are ther.

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