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pang's funds rionu, would be, first, to The offering a house and garden to a encourage fome Dutch curers to settle fertler gratis, may be an inducement at the two villages, for the purpose of to a wretch who rather intends to beg teachieg the people there the true me. than work, and he will be glad of the thod of preferring herrings : and, fe. offer without any farther encouragecondly, (if no aid can be obtained from ment; but if the Company wish for Goveroment) to apply part of these induftrious men, it must not only offunds to the making and upholding fer them a free house and garden, but proper roads between the said villages also a boat, ners, &. upon credit.

and the Low-lands. In the prefent Even this is not enough: The accom: Hate of the filhing trade, these two plishment of the Company's purpose measures, in our opinion, are what the (viz, keeping the settlers in the vile Company should direct iis principal at- bages) will never be brought about, tention to

unless it shal} find a market at their Having faid thus much regarding doors for the fish caught by their what the Joint-Stock Company have settlers. We do not mean by this,

with the most laudable intentions done that the Company should claim the - for this country, it falls next to be pre-emption of all filh so caught ; on

considered, by- what encouragements the contrary, the settlers should be enthe settlements already established by couraged by the Company obliging itthe Company, may be be preserved self to take from off their hands all such during their infancy, and until full filh as they cannot dispose of, and that, time is given to make a fair experi- not at an under, but at a medium medt of their uzility.

price. Thus, the Company muft for We shall not hesitate to say, that, fome time be the purchasers of filh : in our opinion, the fooner these vil. It must do more; for, with the price lages are left to uphold themselves by fo given by the Company, to a settler their own exertions and industry, the for his fith, he cannot, in the present better for the Company and the com- State of the villages and the country, munity, Encouragements do not al. procure the neceffaries of life; thereways produce the good effects they fore the Company, to effc At its purpose, aim at, especially when bestowed by must engage itself to supply, at mode public bodies; although encourage- rare prices, the settlers, at all times, ments engage the sober and industri- for a certain period of years, with ous, they are also baits for the needy, meal, butter, cheese, fah-beef, fhocs, lithe desperate, and the idle. That in. nen, ready-made fifrer-jackets,&c.and duftry depends as much, if not more, coals, if demanded. Coals, it will be upon the fpirit and dispofition of the absolutely neceffary the Company people, as upon the encouragements should provide, for reasons we have held out to them, is fairly exemplified given. Without such encouragements in the history of the town of Storna- are granted to the villagers for fome way already mentioned, which has time, we are of opinion the settlethriven and grown rich, although for meats will only languifh, and at last a confiderable time, and till of late, in die. It is almost needless here to oba the hands of even severity and exace serye, that the Company, in its mere tjon A. the same time that we say cantile capacity, must provide buildthis, we are clearly of opinion, that ings for sheltering, and also materials all the individuals who are already in- for curing fuch 6h as may be so offer. siscd, or whom it would be prudenced by the ferılers, as well as fore. hereafter to invite to these villages, houses, for the articles of consumption thould have liberal inducements held, we have mentioned. The Company ut to them, to remain or Setile there. should no: however engage itself to


these conditions long. If the fishery of the fettlers as live alone by fishing, fucceeds, and British herrings shall o- if, unhappily (as has often been ex. pen a market for themselves, by the perienced,) the herrings should desert improvements which may be hereafter the coast for fome years running. Io made in curing them, the consequent such a cafe, it would be imposible for prosperity of the villages will open re. the company to purchase their continu." Lonices to the settlers for supplying ance at the village, at the dear rate of themselves, upon perhaps better terms sublifting them upon the Company's than the Company could afford. Upon credit all that time, in prospect of bethe whole, we are of opinion, that the ing paid by the after fishings of such Company, while it on the one hand, settlers : even doing fo for one or for the reasons we have urged, pro- two years, would be too great a rifle ceeds with caution, in not bringing too for the Company to run.

We own great a number of people into its vil. this is a very great dilemma. lages, it should, at the same time, on The difficulty here stated, has often the o her hand, grant due encourage- employed the thoughts of the author ment to those persons it may be proper of this paper; he has confidered it to bring there, to induce them to come with great attention, and, after the mato, and remain in these settlements.- turett deliberation, he can only think This last is a measure absolutely necef- of one thing, which would provide a." Sary, being the only chance for ef- gainst it : unfortunately, it is almost fecting the Company's purpose in any impoffible to procure it : its name is, degree at all.

Th. Liberality of the Government of But there is a great difficulty re. Great Britain, to that part of the King. mains, viz. What is to become of such dom called Scotland.




molt excellent letter to Queen Eli- persons to the Aames, for maintaining zabeth, written in Latin by the cele Arianism and other abfurd and herebrated John Fox, the martyrologiít. tical opinions. The original itself is but little known ; and I believe a translation of it was never attempted, at least for the pub- A letter from John Fox to Queen Elie lic eye. I am of opinion that the

zabeth ; from the Latin. author carried his ideas of toleration as far as any Divine of the age in

« Moft ferene and happy Princess ; which it was written. At that time

most illustrious Sovereign: the hon. Mr Locke had not unfolded its prin

Our of your country, and the ornaciples, nor settled its extent. At that

mect of the age ! time too, the Rev. Mr David Wild " AS nothing was more diftant Jiams had not published his letter on from my intention then this intrusion « Intellectual Liberty:" and scorn. on Majesty, so I must confess that ing what Lord Nugect once called nothing ever affected me more fenfibly Mr. Locke's " mingled ray,” had not than the Glence which I have hitherthen blazed forth in the full uncloud- to maintained, but which the neceflity ed fplendour of meridian liberty! of duty now impels me to relinquith. The following letter was occa Gon « I know not by what infelicity it


kath happened, that which was the we know not into what delusions we kalt object of my hope or my ambi- may be precipitated. But I thank tion, ihonid at this moment press with God, with the warniest gratitude, chat such resistless influence on my mind. not one person of our country, that I I, who hitherto have walked on in can find, hath been in:ected with this bie without muiesting or intruding hzretical frenzy. Fanaticism, like myself on any one, am now nece ilira- this, though it ought by no means 29 ted, even in violation of the moietty be encouraged in a state, yet ought al. of my nature, to be importanate with ways to be checked and supprefled, by Majesty itself :-urged to this step, rational methods of correction. indeed, not by any views of seif, in “ Truly, Madam, the fires of the terelt, but purely by the calamities of stake, raging with the most corobustible, o:hers; which, left they should rise ingredients, huve rather a tendency to to a still higher degree, afford me an throw a cloud over the underitandings, additional motive to deprecate the fe- than to lay a proper refraint on the verity of judgment.

wills of the erroneous. They fuit ra«'I have been informed, that with ther the rigid practice of Rome, than us there are fume ftrangers-Hollan- the gentle spirit of the gospel. In ders, if I miltake no:-of both sexes, Rome, indeed, they had their origin. who were lately cited to the bar Pope Innocent the Thiird was the tirst for maintaining pernicious doctrines. who gave this example of cruelty to Some of them have been lately redu- fucceeding Pontiffs, for never, till his ced from their errors, and have made time, had any one dared to transport the best atonement in their power for the brazen bull of Perrilus from a tythem, by a public act of penitence. rant's court to the Church of Christ. The major part of these sectaries I do not lay dois from a delight in, have been banished from this country; or an indifference 10, whit is perniciwhich in my opinion, was the most ous to Religion or the State, cr :0 enprudent step that could be taken. Bųe courage the errors of any person.“ I am inform d that one or two are But I value t'he lives of mon-for I doomed to the latt extreme of punith. am a man myself. I would how ment; and (unless your Royal cle fome indulgence to th-se unhappy de-, mercy should interp. fe) are to be de- linquens; not that ticy may perfift. voted to the sia nes.

in heresy, bur that they may live to, "In this business, two objects prin. renounce it. Indied my benevilence cipally Atrike nie : the first respects the is not limited ro niy fellow.creatures ; maligni'y of their errors ; ihe se. the very brites share in my good will, cond, the severity of their punishment, and I would gladly ex cnd my fccWith regard to their crrors, I can cours to the mot a ject of animals, conceive of none more absurd and con. For such is the tende nofs of my dilo temptible; ani I prefume that every pofition--perhaps I may be thought perion of commun understand, ng mult vain in thus speaking of myself, but I defpile them as much as I due for feel ii to be a truth, that I can foarcely my own part, judang from the opi- pass by a public butchery, where thic nions then elves, i should bare iria. cattle are fidug' tered, without feeling gined that they wire 100 ridiculous a fccret urcatineís of mind. Hence and incon litent to hare gained the be- I cannot enough admire the clemency lief of any Chriftian wird eser. But of God, who commanded that the fuch is the lot of frais humarity, that bearis which were devoted to fácritice if, being deltitute of the ligte of the foult lifi brilain at the foot of the Divine Spirit, we are left to ourselves, altar bufu's

they were committed to even for the smallest portion of time, the fire. This instance of the Di.


vine clemency teaches us, that even chains and ignominious marks of pubin the most just and necessary punish- lic opprobrium and contempt. But ments, rigour fhould not be carried the flames of Smithfield! oh! to its utmost extreme; but that mer. fuffer them not, after having been excy should always temper the Itroke of tinguished so long, under the auspices justice.

of your gentle reign, to be enkindled “ Since it is only allowed me to afresh. address the throne as a supplicant in “ If this request of mine cannot the name of Jufus, to implore the be granted (which yet I would offer Royal mercy for the wretched, I to your Majesty in every poffible form would prefume to plead that authority of fupplication) yet, at least, let the (and what cannot that effect? (which maternal renderness of the Royal Divine goodness hath conferred upon breast indulge this with that the exyour Majesty for the protection of the ecution of these uncappy creatures may lives of multitudes ; and would make be suspended for a month or tvo, use of it as an argument in behelf of that, in the mean time, we may wait the poor delinquents that you would to see whether the mercy of Heaven in mercy spare them, or at least change will reclaim them from their danger: their fentence, and soften the hor. ous errors ; left, the deftruction rors of the punishment to which of their bodies, their immortal fouls they have been condemned. There should perish also.” is exile or imprisonment. There are

Defcription of Mount Carmel *.

O ,

N ascending that part of Mount monks. The fructure of this peace, fea like a promontory, one finds on respect and admiration. It is indebred the left a garden, furrounded by very for its whole extent almost entirely to weak walls, which conducts to iwo the hand of nature, which seems to Temarkable grottoes cut

out of the have constructed it in favour of rural sock with the chisel. These groetoes and fequestered virtue. The small are held in great veneration by the apartments and cells destined for the Mahometaos, who consider them as use of travellers, are so many convezhe ancient habitation of the prophet nient grottoes, suited to the necesfities Ilias. They have converted them of life. A grotto ferves likewise as 3 into a mosque, under the title of chapel to this facred place. It conEl Rader; in which fervice is per- tains two altars, the principal of which formed by a dervise, or Turkish monk, is confecrated to the Virgin, and the who with his family lives in a neigh- other to Şt Elias. On the whole bouring cottage.

declivity of Mount Carmel, which On coming out of these grottoes, the divides the grottoes El-Rader fron ascent is by a very steep and narrow the convent, there may be seen a path, which in some places is cut out great number of cisteros, defined of the rock in the manner of steps ; formerly for receiving the rain water, and a little below the summit is situat- Some paces from the convent there is ed a folijary convent of Carmelite a folitary grotto, which the Oricotalş

are * From “ Mariti's Travels through Cyprus, &c."

are persuaded was the habitation of from the proprietor one of those cuthe prophet. Elisha, whose name it. cumbers, to refresh him, denounced still bears. On the summit of the that they should be changed into, mountain are the ruios of an ancient stones. Abundance of the fame kind edifice, which bave hung over the of stones may be found in all the cells of these Carmelites. They are mountains of Syria. as thick as the walls of a fortress. At the distance of eight miles from The first time that the traveller visit the promontory, advancing towards ed Mount Carmel, be found them the cat, one arrives at a certain part much higher than he did at his re- of the mountain, called by the Arabs turn. He was told by the monks, Mansur, and by the Europeans the that they had demolished about nine place of sacrifice, in remembrance of fect in the height of them, to pre. what was done there by the prophet' vent their falling on the cells, and Elijah. The transaction alluded to, burying them; which might have is his drawing down the fire from happened by the fury of the winds, heaven on his facrifice, to convince that blow there sometimes with great the people of Israel of the existence violence. It seems as if Și Elias in- of the true God, while the prophets babited succesively every part of of Baal found their invocations atMount Carmel, since the greater part tended with no effect. In the neighof the grettocs, fountains, and fields, bourhood are forty grottoes all conare still called by his name. nected together; the now-deserted re.

After travelling five miles, there fidence of the ancient anchorets of commences a valley, on descending Mount Carmel. into which, one is ftruck with a view Mount Carmel was anciently dir. of a vast space cut out in the rock, tinguished by the abundance of its prowhich was destined for receiving ductions, and the excellence of its horses, and is capable of containing a fruits ; but this favoured spot is at dozen. A neighbouring fountain, present covered with nothing but fo. which winds through the valley, threw rests. It must, however, be naturally itself into a canal cut also out of the fertile, since, various plants grow on : live rock, and turned the wheels of a it without cultivation ; such as fage, millat a little distance from the fea. wormwood, rue, hyssop, lavender, and The canal and the mill are now both parsley. I produces likewise many dettroyed; and no use is made of powers, among which are hyacinths, this beautiful stream, which loses it. lilies, anemones, tulips, and ranunself in the neighbouring waves. A culufes. This place, is extremely little lower, is a second spring, of agreeable, and above all to the sporti equally parc water, to which the good man, on account of the number of Cænobites have resort when the sum. fowls and quadrupeds with which it mer heats dry up the cistern of the abounds. Among the latter convent.

some tygers. On this mountain there The traveller next enters a field cal was formerly a fortress called Ecbaled the field of Cucumbers; so named, tapa. Pliny tells us thar it was afterbecause it contains a great number of wards called Carmel, as well as the sound stones, the inner part of wnich, promontory on which it was built. confifting of a sparry fubstance, has a Thefe folitary places were once the great resemblance to the pulp of a favourite haụnt of Pythagoras, who cucumber. Oriental superftition con- resorted to them fo: meditation; and siders this lufus naturæ as occafioned Vespasian came hither to consult the by a malediction of the prophet Eli- oracle, which, according to Tacitus, jah; who, oot being able to obtain bad only one altar, without a statue or R VOL. XIV. No. 8o.



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