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was by Britons discovered long before to that pnrpose, that Arthur, fome Columbus led any Spanyards thither. time King of Brirain, had both know

Of the voyage and re' urn of this ledge of those parts (the New World) Madoc, there be many fabies framed, and some duminion in them; for they as the common people do use in distance fiod (as some report) that King Ar: of place and length of time, rather to thur had' under his government many augment than to diminish, but sure it islands and great countries towards the is, there he was. And after he bad north and west, which one of some returned home, and declared the plea- special note hath interpreted to fignifánt and fruitful countries that he had fy America, and the northern paris seen, without inhabitants; and upon thereof, and thereupun have gone athe contrary, for what barren and wild bout to entitle the Queen of Er gland ground his brethren anä nephews did (Elizabeth) 'to be tre Soveraigne of murther one another, he prepared these provinces by right of descenç a number of ships; and got with him from King Arthur. But the wisdom such men and women as were delir- of our state has been such as to ne ous to live in quietness, and taking gle&t that opinion, imagining it to be Jeave of his friends, took his journey grounded upon fabuloas foundations, thitherwards again.

as many things are ihat are afferte of Therefore it is fuppofed that he and King Arthur. Only this doth convey his people inhabited part of those fome shew with it, that, now some countries ; for it appeareth by Francis hundred years, there was a knight of Lopez de Comara that in Acuzamil, Wales, who, with shipping, and some and other places, the people honour- pretty company, did go to discover ed the Cross. Whereby it may be these parts, whereof, as there is some gathered that Christians had been there record of reasonable credit' amongst before the coming of the Spanyards; the monuments of Wales, so there is but because this people were not many, nothing which giveth pregnant few they followed the manner of the land thereunto, that in the late navigacions which they came to, and the language of some of our Menta Norumibega, and they found there.

some other northern parts of AmeriThis Madoc arriving in that weft- ca, they found some tokens of civility ern counney, onto the which he came and Christian religion ; but especially in the year 1970, left most of his peo- they do nieet with tome words of the ple there and returning back for more Welsh language, as that a bird with a of bis own nation, acquaintance, and white head should be called Penguion, friends, to inhabit that fair and large and other such like'; yet because we countrey, went thirtier again with ten have now invincible certainty thereof, failee, as I find noted by Gurtun Owen. and if any thing were done, it was onI am of opinion that the land whereun- ly in the northern and worfe part, to he came was fome part of the West and the intercourse between Wales Indies."

and those part's in the frace of 700 · Another writer who alludes to Ma- years, was not continued, but quite fidog's voyage is the author of a book lenced, we may go forward with that entitled “ a brief description of the opinion 'al at ihefe Wettern Indies whole world,” edita fih.- London, were no way known to former ages.'* Printed for John Marriott, 1620. The next account of Prince Ma.

" I am not ignorate that some who dog's adventures I have met with is make too much of vain lews, and of in Hornios De Originibus America the British antiqunies, bave given out vis. Hagæ Conimitis, 1652. What to the world, and writer fume things he hath advanced is much the fame,


and contains little more, as he himíolf old Britons) and cook me up by the {sys, than extracts from Llwyd, middle, and told me in the British Haklayt, and Powel.

tongue, I should not die, and there, In the Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. upou went to the Emperor of Tulco. X. for the yeur 1740. p. 103, &c. rara, and agreed for my ransom, and the-following narrative is inferied : the men that were with me. They

" Thete presvors may certify all then welcomed us to their town, and perfons watever, that in the vear entertained us very civilly and cor1660, being an inhabitant of Virgi- dially four months ; during which time nia, and Chaplain to Major General I had the opportunity of converfing Bunrer of vlansoman County, the with them familiarly in the British said Major Bunitet. and Sir William language, and did preach to them Berkeley sent two ships to Port Roy- three times a week in the same lanal, now.called South Carolina, which guage; and they would confer with is fixty leagues to the southward of me about any thing that was difficult Capı fair, and I was sent therewith to therein; and at our departure, they be their Minifter. Upon the 8th of abundantly supplied us with whatever April we fer out from Virginia, and was necessary to our support and wellarrived at the harbour's mouth of doing. They are settled upon PontiPort Royal the i gth of the same month, go River, not far from Cape Atros. where we waited for the rest of the This is a brief recital of my travels, fleet that was to fail from Barbadoes among the Doeg Indians." Morgan, and Bermuda with one Mr Welt, who Jones, the son of John Jónes of Balawas to be Deputy Governor of the leg, near Newport, in the county of faid place. As soon as the fleet came Monmouth. I am ready to conduct in, the smallest vessels that were with any Welshman, or others to the counus failed up the river to a place call. try. New York, March 10,1685-6. éd the Oyler Point. There I con This letter was sent or given to Dr tinued about 8 months, all which tinie Thomas Lloyd of Pensylvania, by being almolt starved for want of pro. whom it was transmitted to Charles vitions. I and five more travelled thto' Llwyd Efq. of Dóly frân in Monigua the Wilderness, till we came to the meryshire; and afterwards to Dr ko. Tufcorara country. There the Tur bert Plutt by Edward Llwyd, 'A. M. corata Indians took us prisoners, be. Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum in cause we told them that we were bound Oxford. to Roanock. That night they carried A letter written by Charles Lloyd, us to their town, and shut us up close Esq. of Dôl y fran, in Montgomeryto our oó- small dread. The next hire, published in 1777, by the Rev. day they entered into a consultation N. Owen, juor. A. M. in a pamphabout us, which, after it was over, let entitled, 16 British Remains," ehteir interpreter told us that we must strongly confirms Mr Jones's narraprepare ourselves to die oext morn- tive, and of consequence, the truta mg. Whereupon being very much of Madog's voyages. Mr Lloyd says, dejected and speaking to this effect in in a letter, that he had been informtide British tongae; " Have I escaped ed. by a friend, that one Stedman of * so many dangers, and must I now Bréconfhire, about 30 years before "be knocked on the head like a the date of his letter, was on the 14 dag;". then presently an Indian coast of America in a' Dutch bot- came to me, which afterwards ap. com, and being about to land for me. peared to be a War Captain belonging freshment, the natives kept them off to the Sachem of the Doegs, (whose by force, till at last this Stedman Original I find mult needs be from the told his fellow Dutch seamen that he


understood what the natives spoke. Gwyneth, A. D. 1170, and a bar. The Datch bade him speak to them, tard having carried it from his lawriel and they were thereupon very cour- fons, one of ihe larter, called Madog, teous; they supplied them with the put to sea for new discoveries, and best things they had, and told Sted: failing Weit from Spain, he discoverman, that they came from a country ed a new world of wonderful beauty called Gwynedd, (North Wales) ia and fertility. But finding this unioPrydan (Pryciain fawr, Great Bri habited, upon his return, he carried tain. It is supposed by Mr Lloyd thither a great number of p:opie fiom thac this place was situated beween Wales. To this delightful country Virginia and Fiorida. It is farther he made three voyages, according to faid by this Gentleman, that one Haklayt. The places he discovered Oliver Humphreys, a merchant, who seem to be Virginia, New England, died, not long before the da:e of this and the adjacent countries. In conletter, told him, that when he lived at firmation of this, Peter Martyr says Surinam, he spoke with an English that the natives of Virginia and Guaprivateer or Pirate, who being near timala celebrated the memory of one Elorida a careening his vessel, had Madoc as a great and ancient bero, learnt, as he thought, the Indian lan- and hence it came to pass that mo. guage, which his friend said was per- dern travellers have found several fe& Welsh. " My brother, Ms Lloyd old British words among the inbabiadds, having heard this, (Mr Jones's trots of North America; Mateo adventures) and meeting with this Zanga and Mat Inga as being in use Jones at Niw York, desired him to among the Guatimallians, in which write it, wi h liis own hand, in his there is a plain allusion to Madoc, and house; and to pkafe me and my cou- that with the D softened into T, acsin Thomas Price (of Llanvyllin) he cording to the Wellh manner of prosent me the original. This Jones liv. nunciation. Nay, Bishop Nicolson ed within 12 miles of New York, and seems to believe ihat the Welsh lanwas contemporary with me and my guage makes a confiderable part of sebrother at Oxforit. He was of Jesus veral of the American tongues. AcCollege, and called then Senior jones cording to a f;mous Britiih antiquary, by way of distinction."

the Spaniards borrowed their double The fight of Jones this gentleman L. (LL) from the people of Mexico, fuppofes to have taken place about the who received it fom the Wellh ; and time of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, the Dutch brought a bird with a whiie and that he was with the Indians a- head from the Streighıs of Magellan, bout the year 1659.

called by the oatives Penguin, which The date of Mr Llyod's letter is word in the Oid British (and in moDolobran, 8m 14 D, .

dern Britilh) lignifies " white head;" To these evidences must be added and therefore seems originally to what the authors of the universal his. have come from Wales. This must tory bave said :

be allowed an additional argument, to « That the Welsh contributed to-, omit others that occur in favour of wards the peopling of America is in- Madoc's three American expeditimated by some good au hors, and tions.” ought to be considered as a notion Mr Charles Beatty, a millionary supporsed by something more than from New York, accompanied by a bare conjectures. Powel, in his his. Mr Duffield, vilited some inland parts tory of Wales, informs us that a war of North America in the year 1966. happening in that country for the suc- If I rightly understand bis journal, he ceffion, upon the death of Owen travelled about 400 or 500 miles, to


upon him

the South West of New York. Dar- did not agree with him, or for some ing his tour he met with several per- other reason, resolved to return 10. fons who had been among the Indians' Virginia, and accordingly set out by front their youth, or who had been land, acconipanied by some other pertaken captives by them, and lived fons : bat travelling thro' the back with them several years. Among parts of the country which was very others one Benjamin Sutton, wno thinly inhabit=d, supposiog, very prohad vifited different nations, and had bably, this was the neareit way, he lived many years with them. His fell in with a party of Intan warriors account, in Mr Beatty's words, was going to attack the inhabitants of Vira: 25 follows:

gioia, against whoin ihey had declared « He, (Benjamin S.:tton) inform- war. ed us, when he was with the Chietaw The Indians, upon examining the nation, or tribes of Indians at the clergyman, and finding that he was goMiffilipi, he went to an Indian town ing to Virginia, lookid a very considerable distance from New and his companions as belonging to Orleans, whose inhabitants were' of Virginia, and therefore took them all different complexions; not fo tawny as prisoners, and let them know they those of the other Indians, and who must die.' The clergyman in prepar

poke Welsh. He faid he saw a book ation for another world went to pray. among them, which he fupposed was er, and being a Welth-man, prayed a Welsh Bible, which they carefully in the Welsh language, polhbly be. kept wrapped up in a skin, but they cause this language was most familiar coald not read it, and that he heard to him, or to prevent the Indians unsome of these lodians afterwards in derstanding hin. One or more of the the lower Shawanaugh town speak party of the Indians was much surWellh with one Lexis a Welth-man, prised to hear him pray in their lancaptive there. This Wellh tribe now guage. Upon this they fpoke to him, live on the Welt-fide of the Millisipi" and finding that he could understand river, a great way above New Or- their speech, they got the sentence of leans.

death reversed, and this bappy cirLevi Hicks—as being among the cumstance was the means of saving his Indians from his youth, told us he life. had been, when attending an embassy They took him back with them inin a town of Indians, on the West- to their country, where he found a Iide of the Milksfpi river, who talked tribe whole native larguage was Welib, (as he was told, for he did Wellh, though the dialect was a little por understand them); and, our inter- different fiom his own, which he preter Joseph saw fome Indians whom soon came to understand.

Tiey he supposed to be of the same thewed him a buok, which he found tribe, who talked Welsh, for he to be the bible, but which they could told us some of the words they faid, not read ; and if I mistake not, his which he knew to be Welth, as he ability to read it tended to raise their had been acquainted with fome Welsh regard for him. people.

He stayed among them some time, Correspondent hereto, I have been and endeavoured to intruct them in informed that many years ago, á the Christian Religion. He at length clergy man went from Britain to Vir- proposed to go back to his own coungigia, and having lived some time try, and return 10. then with some there, went from thence to South Ca- other teachers, who would be able to colica ; but either because the clinate in tract them in their own language :

!o which proposal they consenting, he Delaware Indian, named Jack, after jaccordingly set out from thence, and the English. whole language they jarrived in Britain, with full inten- could understand; and that by him ition to return to them with some of they were conducted to the Delaware his countrymen, in order to t-ach towns, where they tarried one year; these Indians Christianity. But I was and returned ; that the French fent a acquainted that, not long after his ar- white man with them properly furnishe. rival, he was taken fick, and died, ed to bring back an account of tireir which put an end to his schemes. country who, the Indians liid, could : Sutton farther told us that among not return in Je!s than 14 years, fur the Delaware tribe of Indians he ob. they lived a great way towards the Served their women to follow exactly Sun setring. Mi is now, Sutton says, the custom of the Jewila women, in about 10 or 12 years fince they went keeping separate from the rest feven away. He added, that the Deladays at certain times as prescribed in wares observe the feast of firit fruits, the Mosaic Law; that from some old or the green coro ftait. men among them he had heard the The following is an account given following traditions : that of old time by C-ptain Ilaac Stewart, taken from their people were divided by a river, his own mouth, in March 1782, and nine parts in ten palling over the river, inserted in the Public Advertiser, and one part tarrying behind; that Oct. 8th, 1785. they knew not for certainty how they " I was taken prisoder about 50 came frft to this continent, but ac- miles to the Westward of Fort Pitt, count thus for their coming into these about 18 years ago, by the Indians, parts pear where they are now Serd. and was carried by them to the Waed ; that a king of their nation, when balh, with many niore white men who they formerly lived far to the west, were executed with circunllances of left his kingdom to his two sons; thai horrid barbarity. It was my good the one son making war upon the o- fortune to call forth the sympathy of ther, the latter thereupon determined what is called the good woman of the to depart and seek some new habita- town, who was permitted 10 redeem tion; that accordingly he fet out ac- me from the flames, by giving, as my companied by a number of his people, ranfom, a borfe. and that after wandering to and fro Afier remaining two years in bonfor the space of 40 years, they at dage among the Indians, a Spaniard Jength came to Delaware river, where came to the Natio, having been fent they fettled, 370 years ago. The way, from Mexico on discoveries, He he says, they keep an account of this, made application to the chiess for reis by puiting on a black bead of wam- deeming me and another white man, pun every year fince, on a belt they who was in a like situation, named have for that purpose.

Juhn Davey (David) which they comHe farther added, that the king of plied with. And we took oot departhat country from whence; they came, ture un company with the Spadiard to fome years ago, when the French were the Westward, crolling the Milithpi in possession of Fort Duquesne; fent near Rouge or Red River, up which out some of his people, in order if we tavelled 700 miles, when we possible, to find out that part of their came to a nation of Indians remarkDalior, that departed to seek a new ably White, and wbose hair was of a cow try, and that these men, after reddish colour, at least mostly fe. seeking six years, came at length to They lived on the banks of a smalt the pickt town on the Oubache river, river, which is called ţhe River Pett! and there happened to meet with a lo the morning of the day after our


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