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are of the grey race; and the nails to another; for though frie should are thicker and longer than those of get better fuon, she will not return to the young. The female sometimes so her nest. The first fymptom of fick. much resembles the male, that it is not ness, cspecially in the cock, is melaneasy to distinguish the difference at first choly: whenever he is observed to sighe : however, the colours of the lose his natural gaiety, he must be put in male are always the brightest, his head a separate cage and placed in the fun in a little thicker and longer, the temples the same room with the hen. If his more of an orange colour, and under feathers appear rough, you must look if the billa flame-coloured yellow, which he has not a pimple above the tail ; descends lower than in the female; when the suppuration here is fit to be his legs are also longer, and he begins opened, the bird often performs it him"to record almost as loon as he cao feed self with his bill; but if it goes on too himself. It is true that there are hens flowly, it must be opened with a large which likewise begin thus early; but needle, and the wound anointed with taking all these marks together, we faliva, without mixing any falt with it, will be at no loss to distinguish, even which would smart it too much. The before the first moulting, the cock from next day, you may let him loose, and ibe hen. After that time there is no observe, by his behaviour and eagerness more uncertainty, for the cock declares for the hen, whether he is cured or himself by his fong.
not, If not, you must take him again, Every quick exertion of the voice and with a smali quill blow a little is in animals a strong indication of white wine under his wings, put him paffion; and as love, of all internal e in the sun, and next day when you let motions, is that which agitates them him loose judge as before of the fate ofteneft, and transports them most of his health ; if melancholy and dispowerfully, they do not fail to express gust for the female continue after these its ar dour. Birds by their song, the remedies, all hope of cure is vain; he bull by its lowing, the horse by neigh- mult be put into a separate cage, and ing, the bear by growling, all announce another inale given to the hen timilar one and the fame defire. The ardour to the one the bas loit, or if that canof this defire is by no means so strong not be, one of the fame variery with nor so conspicuous in the female as it herself: there is generally moft fymis in the male; and accordingly she ex- pathy between those which resemble presses it but seldom by her voice ;- each other, except in the case of that of the hen Canary-Bird is nothing cream-coloured varieties which prefer more than a gentle note of tender fa- the females of any other colour. But tisfaction, a sign of confent, which docs care must be taken that the new male Dot escape her till the has long listened be not a novice, bụt already acquaintto and suffered herself to be won by ed with the duties of a pareni. When the ardent prayer of the male, who ex. the female falls sick she muft have the eris himself to inspire her with the same treatment with the male. same pallion which he feels. But The most general cause of sickness when her defires are once excited, is too abundant or too rich food :there is a necessity for gratifying them, : when these birds are made to breed in otherwise the often falls sick and dies. a cage or closet, they often eat too
It is seldom that Canary-Birds much, or select the succulent food de. brought up in a chamber fall lick be- frgned for the young ; herce the confore hatching : fometimes a few cocks sequences are either repletion or in. over-eat themselves and die: if the flammation. By keeping thein in a hen grows fick while she is sitting, room this inconvenience is in a great her eggs must be taken away and given measure prevented ; because being an
mong a great number, they hinder one this first moulting; and in the fecond another trum eating to excess. d cock the following year, the large feathers, who eats for a long time is sure to be even those of the wings and tail, iall Staten by the other males; and the likewise. The young bırds of the latt fame is the case with the hens; these brood, which have not been haiched quarrels give them exercise, tempe- till September or later, fuffer accord. rance, and occupation from necelity: ingly much more in moulting thaa it is chiefly on this account that they thole which were hatched in the Ipring. are seldom or never Gickly in a cham. Cold uea: her is very unfrienciy to ber during the breeding time ; it is this state, and they woulj all die were only after hatching that in. firmities and they not kept in a temperate, or rather diseases attack them. The greater warm place. While this function is part have the piniple we mentioned a- going on, that is, for six weeks or two bove, and afterwards all of them are months, nature labours to produce new subject to moulting. Some support feathers; and the organic nolecules pretty well this change of state, and which had been previcofly employed do not fail to fing a short while every in formitg the seninal fluid, are now day ; but most of them lose their voice, engaged in this new production ; acand some of them even die. When cordingly, when muuliing, birds neithe hens have attained the age of lix ther breed ror pair ; for the fuperflux or seven years, many of them die in of life is wanting, which every being moulting; the cocks support this fpe- must have before it can convey it to ocies of difease more easily, and exist thers. three or four years longer. However, The most fatal and most common as moulting is a natural effect rather disease that the young Canary.Birds than an accidental disease, thefe tirds especially are subject to, is that called would have no need of remedies, or the surfeit, in which their bowels seen would find fuch for themselves had to descend to the extren:ity of the bothey hecn reared by their parents in a dy. The intestines are seen through diate of nature and liberty. Lut being the skin, in a state of icflini mation, under restraint, fed by us and made redness, and cifter fion; the feathers 11 ore delic te, moulting, which to oo the part fall off; the birds grow birds at freedom is only an indifpof- emaciated, give over eating, tho' they zion, a lels perfe&t Itaie of health, be. fit perpetually belide their meat, and conies to those in caprivily a serious die in a few days. The cause of this and often faral malady, for which in- disease is the too great quamity, or too deed there are but few remedics*. It succulent quality of the food. All Temains only to say that moulting is medicines aie fruitless ; diet alone can the less dangerous, if it baj pens early, fave a few out of the number of birds Dhe is, in a good season of the year. thus affected. They must be put inYoung Canary-Birds moult early in to separate cages, and nothing given ehe year, about six weeks after they to them but water and lettuce leed : are hatched: they become melancho, this food is cooling and purgative, it ly, appear rough, and put their head tempers the arcour which consumes under the wing. Their down fails in them, and sometimes causes evacua
At moulting tine pit a bit of steel, not iron, into their water, changing it three times a weck: give them so other medicine, only put a little more hemp-feed than usual
an.org their mear during this critical period. Nute of Father Baugot. Observe that fieca *? is preferable to iron, only that you may be sure there is no rust, which would do more
kuin ihn good.
tions that save their lives. In fine, prisoners, subject to the evils of captiwe may observe, that this disease pro. viry. Of all those we have mentionceeds folely from our method of rear- ed, none seem to be natural except ing these birds, for it is seldom that moulting. There are even some of those fed by the parent birds are ever thote birds which, in this wretched attacked with it. We ought therefore stare of captivity, are never fick, cuto be particularly cautious of over Nom seeming to have made it to them feeding them when we bring them up a second nature. lo general, the with the stick: boiled rape seed, a fault of their temperament is excess of little groogdiel without sugar or bif. hear, and therefore they conftantly cuit, and in general rather too litile need water. When wild, they are than too much food, is the most appror- found near rivulets or moist piaces : ed method.
ba: hing is neceffary for them at all seaWhen the Canary.bird utters a faint fons; for if a plateful of snow is put and frequent cry, which seems to iffuse into their cage, they will lie down in from the bottom of his stomach, he is it and turn themselves upon it with faid to be asthmatic: he is also subject figns of pleasure, even in time of the to a sort of extinction of voice, espe- greatest cold: this fact proves fuffic cially after multing : the afthma is ciently, that it is more noxious than cured by administering plantain seed use:ul to keep them in very warm and hard biscuit foaked in white wine: places. and the extinction of voice by good But there is another disease to food, such as yolks of eggs mixed with which the Canary-bird, as well as othe crumb of bread; and for drink, thers, such as the Gold-Finch, are a ptisan of liquorice; that is, water in subject to, especially in confinement ; which liquorice root has been steeped I mean the Epilepsy. The yellow and boiled.
Canary.B rds are most liable to this Canary Birds are frequently affccted filling-fickuess, which seizes them in with ulcers in the mouth ; these pro a moment, even when they are singing deed likewise from 100 abundant or the loudelt. It is said they ought not too succulent food, which often pro. to be touched or taken up when they duces infiammation in the throat and fall, but that we ought merely to obpalate, and must be cured by cooling serve if they have voided a drop of diet, such as lettuce-feed with water, blond at the bill, in which case they in which some bruised melon-seeds will come to themselves and recover have been put.
in a little space their fense and life ; These birds are likewise infested that touching them before would make with a sort of lice and the scab, owing the drop fill too foon, and would octo the dovenly manner in which they cafion their death. I wish the truth are kept. Therefore care should be of this account were well ascertained, taken to keep them always very clean, for some facts in it appear to me doubtgiving them water to bathe in ; never ful. This niuch is certain, that when putting them into cages of old wood, they survive the firit fit, they often live Dever covering these but with new as long after it as if they had never cloth where there have been no moths, been attacked by it. I believe, howe. and Gifting and walhing the seeds and ver, that they might all be cured by herbs given them for food. These giving them a slight wound in the feet, little cares muft be bestowed on them for in this way Parrots are often cured if we would have them neat and of the epilepsy. healthy; they would be so if they How many evils attend upon Nave'were in a state of liberty; but contin- ry! In a late of freedom would these ed and ill seen to, they are, like all birds be althmatic, scabby, or epilep
tic? Would they be liable to infiam. and neither hear nor see the male ; but mations, to imposthumes, to ulcers? when they are excited by the light of aod is not the most direful of all dif- him, or by his song, they lay much eases, that arising from ungratified more frequently : such effect have oblove, common to every being in capti- jects, even at a distance, on the powers vity ? Females especially, being more of fentient beings. I cannot better deeply tender, more delicately fufcep- conclude this subject than by extracttible, are more subject to it than males. ing the following remarks of a letter It is remarked, that the hen Canary, from the Honourable Daines Barring. Bird oftcn grows fickly at the begin. ton to M. Maty on the singing of ning of Spring, before the hảs got a birds : mate ; the fados, pines, and dies in a “ Molt people who keep Canaryfew days. The vain emotions and “ Birds, do not koow they fing chieftegratified defires which hen seize her " ly either the Tit-Lark or the Nighfuddenly, are the cause of her languor, “ tingale's notes. when she hears so many males singing “ Nothing however can be more around lier whom he cannot approach. “ marked than the note of a Nightis"! he cock, though the cause of the de- "gale, called its Jug, which moft of fire and the most ardent in appearance," the Canary-Birds brought from the refifts better than the famale the evils
evils “ Tyrol commonly have, as well as of celibacy; he seldom dies of priva- “ several Nightingale strokes, or partion, but often of excess.
“ ticular paffages in the fong of that Upon the whole, the physical tem
" bird. perament of the hen Canary-Bird is “ I have mentioned the superior jike that of the females of other birds. " knowledge in the inhabitants of She can lay eggs without any com " London, because I am convinced, munication with the male, but they " that if others are consulted in relatiori are addle, and the heat of incubation " to the finging of birds, they will corrupts instead of vivifying them.- “ only milead, instead of giving any It has been observed, that heus seldom “ material or useful information." lay eggs if they are totally sequestered,
Anecdote of Monf. Dangeau, the French Grammarian,
HIS gentleman flourished to- to very ludicrous fituations, and to a
wards the end of last century, smile from those around him, in which, and was a member of the French aca- however, he was very ready to join. demy. He was a very skilful gram. He happened one day to be in a mix: marian, and applied himself chiefly to ed company where the conversation the cultivation and improvement of the turned on the miseries of war, and the French language. His mind was so calamities likely to happen in conleengreffed with the particular obje & of quence of that in which the French his ftudies, that he disregarded erery nation was then engaged. “Likely to o her purfait as of inferior importance; happen!” says Dangeau. “ Happen and his inatteotion in company, in con- what will, I have in my commod-place quence of the abitradion of his book no less than two thoufand French
ughts from every thing but his fa- verbs all well conjugated.” te fabject, esposed bin sometimes
Continuation of Miscellaneous Extracts from the Statistical Accouæt of
It is go
PARISH OF BATHCATE. corn, which produces very serious Alterations in the Manner of Living.' consequences to the inhabitants, as
they are obliged to purchase meal at A
of living has taken place in this To remedy this fore evil, about twen. parish within the lat to years. A. ty years ago, a number of mechanics, bout 1750, there were no above 10 countenanced by many of the more families who used tea, and now, per- respectable and wealthy - inhabitants, haps, there is not above twice that formed themselves into an association, number who do not use is. Batcher whose object was to purchase meal, to meat was theo not more used than be distributed weekly to the subscritea: scarcely any cattle or theep were bers only. Each fubferiber, at his killed, except at Martiomas, when entry, originally paid five fillings, fome families used to falt a whole, or (now feven shillings and fixpence). Others only a part of an ox or cow, and thirteen pence a year. to serve for provision * ; but no v there verned by a deacon, as he is called, is a regular flesh market iwice a week, and twelve affeffors, chofen annually. and alınost every family, who can This inftitution has produced very afford it, cats flesh constantly. A good effe&ts. The subscribers, and much greater quantity of wheaten bread the poor in general, are regularly fupis now consumed in the parish in a plied at a price rather below the rate month, than was in a 'twelve-month of the country. Their stock is now forty years ago. The alteration in about L. 140 Sterling. drets lince 1750 is also remarkable. When the good man and his sons PARISH OF DELTING, IN SHETLAND. went to kirk, market, wedding, or burial, they were cloihed in a home
Diseases. spoo fuit of freezed cloth, called kelt, Convullion fats, of a very extraorpladjen hose, with a b'ue or brown dinary kind, seem peculiar to this bonnet; and the good wife and her country. The patient is first seized daughters were drefied in gowns and with something like fainting, and inapetticoats of their own spinning, with mediately after utters wild cries and a cloth cloak and hood of the same, shrieks, the sound of which, at what, or a tartan or red plaid. But now, ever distance, immediately pets all the former, when they go abro.d, who are subject to the disorder in the Wear suits of Englith cloth, good hats, fime fituation. It most commonly &c.; and the latter the finest printed attacks them when the church is cottons, and sometimes lilk gowns, crowded ; and often interrupts the silk caps, and bonnets, of different service in this, and many other fhapes, sizes, and colours, while , churches in the country. On a faftockings, cloth fhoes, &c.
cramental occasion, 50 or 60 a,e
fometimes carried out of the church, Parish of STRANQAER.
and laid in the church-yard, where
they struggle and roar with all their Trade.
strength for 'five or ten minutes, and The farmers generally export their then rise up without recollecting a N Vol. XIV. No. 80.
This practice is sometimes Nill continued.