The Lost Children

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Harvard University Press, 2011 - 308 páginas

During the Second World War, an unprecedented number of families were torn apart. As the Nazi empire crumbled, millions roamed the continent in search of their loved ones. The Lost Children tells the story of these families, and of the struggle to determine their fate. We see how the reconstruction of families quickly became synonymous with the survival of European civilization itself.

Even as Allied officials and humanitarian organizations proclaimed a new era of individualist and internationalist values, Tara Zahra demonstrates that they defined the “best interests” of children in nationalist terms. Sovereign nations and families were seen as the key to the psychological rehabilitation of traumatized individuals and the peace and stability of Europe.

Based on original research in German, French, Czech, Polish, and American archives, The Lost Children is a heartbreaking and mesmerizing story. It brings together the histories of eastern and western Europe, and traces the efforts of everyone—from Jewish Holocaust survivors to German refugees, from Communist officials to American social workers—to rebuild the lives of displaced children. It reveals that many seemingly timeless ideals of the family were actually conceived in the concentration camps, orphanages, and refugee camps of the Second World War, and shows how the process of reconstruction shaped Cold War ideologies and ideas about childhood and national identity. This riveting tale of families destroyed by war reverberates in the lost children of today's wars and in the compelling issues of international adoption, human rights and humanitarianism, and refugee policies.

 

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The Lost Children: Reconstructing Europe's Families After World War II

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In the aftermath of World War II, the physical reconstruction of Europe was accompanied by a "psychological reconstruction," writes Zahra (history, Univ. of Chicago), focusing on children, who were ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

Civilization in Disarray
1
1 The Quintessential Victims of War
24
2 Saving the Children
59
3 A Psychological Marshall Plan
88
4 Renationalizing Displaced Children
118
5 Children as Spoils of War in France
146
6 Ethnic Cleansing and the Family in Czechoslovakia
173
7 Repatriation and the Cold War
198
8 From Divided Families to a Divided Europe
222
Archival Sources and Abbreviations
247
Notes
251
Index
303
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Sobre el autor (2011)

Tara Zahra is Associate Professor of History at the University of Chicago.

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