Nazism and the Radical Right in Austria, 1918-1934

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Museum Tusculanum Press, 2007 - 548 páginas

This volume offers a comparative analysis of the two most important radical right-wing movements in Austria during the interwar period: Heimwehr and NSDAP. The book examines the movements from their emergence until they were incorporated into the existing power apparatus (Heimwehr) or forbidden (NSDAP). The analysis ends in 1934 after democracy was disabled, when the Austrian labour movement was violently put down and the NSDAP vainly made an attempted coup.

The author concludes that even though both the Heimwehr and NSDAP strained the democratic institutions they were not responsible for the eventual collapse of Austrian democracy. The main perpetrator was the Christian Social Party (Christlichsoziale Partei - CSP), which chose to abandon democracy to avoid handing over power or to share the power on other terms than its own. Later attempts to blame either the right-wing movements or to devise the idea of a "shared guilt" between the CSP and the Social Democrats should not deter from the facts. The Heimwehr was a project of the CSP - no matter how fervent it has tried to distance itself from it afterwards. The destruction of democracy paved the way for the smooth and successful Anschluss of Austria into the German Reich in March 1938.

Drawing on important archival material, this well-researched study is important reading for anyone interested in the interwar period and the machinations fermenting in the years building up to WWII.

 

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Índice

List of Tables
13
Introduction
21
The General Structural Background of the Conflict
73
Part
91
Stagnation 19231927
125
The Unification Movement of the Radical Bourgeoisie
131
Division and Decline
195
A Governmental Movement 19321934
245
In the Shadow of the Heimwehr 19261930
313
Years of Expansion as a Legal Party 19311933
323
The Putsch of 25 July and its Background
417
Conclusions
431
Appendices 17
451
Appendix 3
467
Appendix 7
479
Index
531

NSDAPs Precursors
275

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Página 483 - ... period.58 German capital, moreover, held a negligible and declining place in the Austrian agriculture after imports from agricultural regions of the former empire, including Hungary and Yugoslavia, declined dramatically after 1918. See Katzenstein, Disjoined Partners, 158. Also see Karl Bachinger, "Mittelstand und Bauernorganisationen als neue politische Krafte in Osterreich nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg," in Die Auflosung des Habsburgerreiches: Zusammenbruch und Neuorientierung im Donauraum, ed.
Página 493 - Wahlerfolg und Wahlerschaft der NSDAP in Osterreich von 1927 bis 1932: Soziale Basis und parteipolitische Herkunft.

Sobre el autor (2007)

John T Lauridsen, Doctor of Philosophy, is head of research at the Danish Royal Library, Copenhagen.

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