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ticity, with particular reference to the Majesty, he was enabled to raise his subhistory and properties of caoutchouc. scription from one to five guineas anThe following gentlemen have lectured nually. during the season: Professor Vaughan, on the History and Literature of Ancient

NEW HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT. Rome, a course of four; Messrs. R. The Committee recently appointed to Addams, on Acoustics, two; W. C. take into consideration the rebuilding of 'Taylor, A. M. on Oriental Literature. the two Houses of Parliament have pubtwo; W. Higgins, F.G.S. on Geology; lished their Report; having arrived at E. Atherstone, on the study of Elocu. this important Resolution, « That it is tion from books; R. Mudie, author of expedient that the designs for the rebuildthe work on “ British Birds,” on the ing of the Houses of Parliament be left Philosophy of Natural History, four ; open to general competition." Professor Bernays, Ph. D. on General The style of the buildings is to be Grammar, two; Dr. Hope, F.R.S. on “ either Gothic or Elizabethan.” A lithothe Circulation of the Blood, two; J. S. graphic plan is to be made of WestminBuckingham, esq. M.P. on the Advant- ster Hall and of the premises adjoining, ages of Travel; the Rev. H. Stebbing, shewing the entire area of the new buildA.M. F.R.S.L. on the Influence of ing, including the space to be gained by Italian Literature on early English Li. an embankment of the river. All Deterature; Thomas Jackson, esq. B.A. signs are to be executed on one and on the Historians of Greece, Dr. A. T. the same scale, viz, of 20 feet to an inch, Thompson, on Physical Education. to be delivered in to the Office of the

At the Conversazioni the following Woods and Buildings at Whitehall, on or papers have been read: on the History before the first day of November next. of the Romans in Great Britain, by the A premium of 5001. is to be given to Rev. G. F. W. Mortimer, A.M.; on each of the parties whose Plans shall the “ Ornithorhyncus Paradoxus," by G. be recommended by five Commissioners, Bennett, esq. F.L.S.; on Oriental Cus- to be appointed by his Majesty, and toms, by Dr. Holt Yates, F.R.S.A.; on shall be considered by them as Artificial Light and Light-houses, with thy of the reward, but the successful experiments, by Mr. H. Wilkinson; on competitor shall not be considered as Instruments for drawing Perspective, by having necessarily a claim to be entrusted Mr. Howlett; and two on Vegetable with the execution of the work; but if Physiology, with experiments, by Mr. not so employed, he is to receive an adDay. The Library has lately received ditional reward of 1,0001. considerable additions, and now contains It is determined that the House of about 2000 volumes.

Lords should be capable of containing 300

Peers on the floor; that the same space LITERARY FUND SOCIETY.

be allowed below the bar and for the throne June 17. The forty-sixth anniversary of as in the late House; but that the new this Society was celebrated at the Free- House shall be so much wider as masons' Tavern. The President, the admit one bench more on each side. That Duke of Somerset, was in the Chair, there shall be a lobby of 40 feet by 30, supported by Lord Teignmouth, the Ba. and a ball outside the same. Upwards of ron Ompteda, M. Van de Weyer, Asmi eighty apartments are also considered Bey; of our own men of science, Sir

necessary for the various offices, &c. John Barrow, Drs. Roget, Paris, Su- among which are, one 48 feet by 25 for therland, Lardner, Mr. Murchison, Mr. conferences with the Commons; two for Amyot, Sir W. Betham, Sir Harris private interviews; and four galleries, one Nicolas, Mr. James, Mr. Lockhart, &c. for 100 Members of the Commons and &c. Dr. Croby, as one of the registrars, distinguished individuals, one for 150 enforced the merits of the institution in a

strangers, one for 40 (ladies), and one for very eloquent address; and the company 24 (reporters). were gratified by excellent speeches from With respect to the House of Commons Lord Teignmouth, Mr. Murchison, Mr. it is proposed that sitting-room be proWilkie, &c. &c. The subscriptions vided for from 420 to 460 Members in amounted to upwards of 5001. of which the body of the House, and adequate 501. was a donation from the Duchess of accommodation for the remainder in the Kent, who had recently been made ac- galleries, not exceeding 1,200 feet of sit. quainted with the merits of the Fund. A ting-room in all; that two Lobbies be gratifying letter from Mr. Sharon Turner provided immediately adjoining the opannounced that, in consequence of the posite sides or ends of the House ; that renewal of his own pension from his there should be an outer Lobby for stran


gers desirous of speaking to the Members bers of the other House of Parliament, on their entrance to the House; that and distinguished strangers, should be prothere be one or more Galleries at the vided within the walls of the House for 100 lower end of the House for the accommo- persons; that there be thirty Committee. dation of 200 strangers, of which a por- rooms provided ; that the Library be tion in the centre to contain 24 reporters; formed of three rooms, each 60 feet long, each of which Galleries should have a and wide and lofty in proportion; and separate access, and a Retiring-room at that suitable accommodations be provided no great distance, for the strangers re- for the official residence of the Speaker, spectively to occupy when the House is and offices for the chief Clerk, and other cleared; that accommodation for mem- persons connected with the House.



Chapel, when complete, were raised to Thomas Amyot, esq. Trea- a still greater height than the ruins now surer, in the chair.

show them - having the addition of a Sydney Smirke, esq. F, S. A. com- clerestory. municated an account, accompanied by June 1l. H. Hallam, esq. V.P. drawings, of various original features of The following gentlemen were elected the architecture of Westminster Hall, Fellows of the Society: Edward Ord developed during the repairs now pro- Warren, esq. of Horkesley Hall, near ceeding under the superintendence of his Colchester, F.G.S.; Francis Mercier, brother Sir Robert Smirke. It has been esg. of Torrington-square; Jabez Gibfully ascertained that the walls of the son, esq. of Walden in Essex; Benjamin Hall as high as the cornice or string Golding, M.D. of St. Martin's-lane, aucourse within, are of the identical fabric thor of a History of St. Thomas's Hos. erected by William Rufus. Mr. Smirke pital; and Simon Macgillivray, esq. of passed an unfavourable opinion on the Salisbury-street. soundness of their structure, the cement John Gage, esq. Director, gave an acnot being so strong as in most ancient count of the important discoveries reworks, and the stones consisting of rub- cently made in the largest barrow of the ble work, of various kinds, (sometimes Bartlow Hills, on the confines of Essex very fragile,) specimens of which were and Cambridgeshire. It will be recol. laid upon the table. On the remodelling lected that these barrows consist of two of the Hall by Richard II. the walls were rows, four of a larger size, and three of cased with Caen stone, and the massy a smaller, and that two of the latter were external buttresses added, which have investigated by Mr. Gage in 1832, and greatly contributed to their support, and his observations printed in the 25th voto carry off the weight of the roof. At lume of the Archäologia. the same time the upper part of the walls About two months ago the largest barwas rebuilt, and perhaps raised; larger row of the whole was very scientifically windows were inserted; and a Norman opened under the superintendence of the colonnade, or triforium, was obliterated, land-agent employed by Lord Maynard. which appears to have rún round the ori- A gallery, or passage, level with the ginal Hall

, in the manner of a gallery, surrounding surface, was cut from one from which access might be had to the side of the mound, and directed immewindows, tapestry might be suspended, diately towards its centre, to which it or a certain number of spectators might arrived after proceeding to the extent of survey the throng below. This remark. forty feet; and the deposit was immeable feature of the original structure has diately found, in the spot where from exbeen disclosed in several parts, and we perience it was expected. The articles of have already mentioned an engraving of a value had been placed in a large wooden portion of it, which has been published in chest, and the sweepings of the funeral the first number of Britton's “ Palace of pyre collected into a coarse earthen ves. Westminster.” Mr. Smirke exhibited sel, which was laid by its side. The soil some of the original Norman capitals, had not fallen in upon the chest, although which have been found built into the the wood was almost entirely decayed; walls; and also an ancient sheath for a but every article remained undisturbed in knife or a dagger, made of leather stamped its original position. They are, 1. a large with a small pattern of lions and fleurs- square vessel of glass, which contained de-lis. In a postscript, Mr. Smirke stated the calcined bones of the deceased; 2, a the remarkable fact, that it has been bronze prefericulum, ornamented with a ascertained that the walls of St. Stephen's sphinx on its handle; 3. a patera, of


bronze, having a handle terminating in a J. Y. Akerman, esq. F.S.A. exhibited ram's head; 4. a small vessel of bronze, two Roman coins lately found by the very beautifully enamelled in a pattern of workmen employed in removing the founblue, red, and green, with a moveable han. dations of old London Bridge. Large dle; it is supposed to be a censer, or conglomerated masses are now continually vessel for perfumes; 5. a large bronze brought up from the bed of the river, and lamp, with a lid or cover in the form of a they are generally found to contain Ro. leaf; the wick and residuum of the oil man coins. A Commodus in large brass remained within, and it is supposed to was lately discovered in one of these have been left burning in the sepulchre; masses; another contained a gold Valens; 6. a folding chair of iron, tipped and orna- while numbers of the small brass of the mented with bronze, and having some lower empire are frequently found in them. remains of the leather straps by which the Among the latter were the two exhibited seat was attached; 7, 8. two glass bottles, to the Society: one of Allectus, the one containing a liquid which Mr. Fara- assassin of Carausius, the other of Marius, day conjectures may have been a mixture a tyrant in Gaul, who is said to have held of wine and honey; 9, and 10, two bronze the sovereignty in that province for only strigils. No coins were found; nor any three days. pottery, except the coarse vessel already A communication from Sir Francis mentioned. The whole afforded addi- Palgrave was then read, being a letter of tional proof that the Romans had sepul- Martin Tindal, Fellow of King's college, chral barrows as well as the Celts; that Cambridge, to Secretary Cromwell. the Bartlow hills are Roman sepulchres; John Yates, esq. communicated a and that the theory which_bas attri- paper on the invention of Paper made buted their formation to the Danes, and from linen rags; and as early a date as thereby supported the location of the bat- 1263, in Germany, was mentioned. tle of Assandune at Ashdon, and that A further portion was also read of Mr. which has assigned to the same peo. Repton's collections respecting Female ple the erection of the round church Head-dresses. towers abounding on the Eastern coast, The Society then adjourned to the 9th have been vain and visionary.

of November June 19. The Society re-assembled after the Whitsuntide recess, for the last A Prospectus is in circulation for the time this season, H. Hallam, esq. V.P. formation of an ARCHÆOLOGICAL AND in the chair.

TOPOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTION. The imThe following gentlemen were elected mediate objects are to investigate, deFellows: Robert Pashley, esq. M. A. scribe, and illustrate the antiquities of the resident Fellow of Trinity college, Cam- various counties in England, Wales, and bridge; William Wallen, esq. of Spital Scotland, the results to be arranged and square, architect; and William Cotton, classed in chronological order, under the esq. of the Priory, Letherhead, Surrey. following heads : I. Celtic, or British

Mr. Richard Tongue presented two Antiquities ; 2 Roman Roads, Stations, oil-paintings by himself, one representing Encampments, and other Remains; 3. the Coeton Arthur, near Newport in Saxon, Danish, and Norman Antiquities; Pembrokeshire, and the other the Tolmen 4. Castles, Monastic, and Ecclesiastical near Constantine in Cornwall.

Buildings, &c.; 5. Old Mansions, Crosses, Hudson Gurney, esq. V.P. exhibited Bridges, &c. Committees are to be formed a dagger found at Messrs. Barclay and in the metropolis, and others in the coun. Perkins' brewhouse, near the site of the ties, to undertake and direct the separate Globe Theatre.

subjects of inquiry; and it is proposed to S. C. Northcote, esq. exbibited an commence with the county of Kent. earthen vessel, of coarse manufacture, and Several ancient remains have been disblackened with fire, found near St. covered at Jumieges in France, not far Qlave's church in Southwark.

from the Forest of Brotonne. They Samuel Woodward, esq. exhibited a cop- were found buried nine feet below the per bulla, lately found at Castle Acre in surface of the earth under the turf. Norfolk. It is round, about two inchesand Amongst other objects were the followa half in diameter, embossed on one side ing:- Two hatchets, supposed to be Cel. with the figure of a man on horseback, in tic, of copper ; the point of the blade of a shirt of mail, holding in his right hand a sword, of bronze; a bronze vase of a a bow and in his left an arrow; on the circular form, the orifice of which is four other, a similar figure, holding in his inches in diameter; and a leaden plate right hand a faulchion, and on the left a ornamented with figures of dolphins in concave shield. Mr. Woodward presumed relief. All these curiosities were sent to it to be Saxon; but many who saw it the Museum of Antiquities by M. thought it of Oriental work.





directed to the subject, with the view to May 21. Lord Brougham rose for the reduce some portion of those burdens to purpose of bringing forward a resolution which the land is subject through the on the subject of GENERAL EDUCATION. pressure of local and general taxation.". The Noble Lord went at great length The Earl of Darlington seconded the into a review of the existing system of motion.--Lord J. Russell disapproved of education in this country: Referring to the address as far as it went, in calling the Report of the Education Committee for specific reductions of taxes. Already in 1818, he said, it appeared from that that interest had experienced benefit; and document, that there were, at that time, it would derive more from the improveschools capable of educating 640,000 chil- ment of the poor laws and the commutadren: viz., endowed schools, containing tion of tithes. He moved, as an amend166,000, and schools supported by volun- ment, " That the House directs the early tary contributions for 478,000. În 1818; attention of the Government to the rethe number of children in unendowed day. commendation of the Committee apschools was 50,000; in 1828, the number pointed last Session on the payment of had increased to 105,000; and the whole county rates, with a view to the utmost number, which in England in 1818 was practical alleviation of the burden of local 478,000, had, in 1828, increased to taxation."- A long debate followed; and 1,000,000; and at present, in thirty-three on a division, the motion of the Marquis counties from which he got returns, of Chandos was lost by a majority of 211 1,144,000 children were receiving educa- against 150. tion. The great increase bad, however, May 26. On the report of the GREAT taken place in the endowed schools. He WESTERN RAILWAY Bill, Mr. Miles thought the number of schools should be moved the introduction of a clause to pre. increased, and the system of instruction vent travelling upon it on the Lord's Day, extended, and that education ought to be naming a penalty of 201...It called forth more equally distributed; for whilst, take much discussion, and it was eventually England through, the average was as high as divided upon, when the numbers were, one in twelve, take the populous counties of ayes, 34; noes, 212. London and Lancashire, the average did June 1. Mr. Cayley brought forward not exceed one in thirteen, or one in four. a motion, for a select Committee to teen, Under these circumstances, he did inquire into the means of affording not mean to say that the Government relief to the agriculture of the country, should take the whole expense of public and especially to consider the subject of education upon itself, but he was of a silver, or conjoined standard of silver opinion, that they should meet it half- and gold. A debate ensued, in which way, and he hoped a grant of public several Members took part, amongst money, to be so appropriated, would be which were Mr. C. P. Thomson, Sir R. agreed to. After some further details, Peel, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer. the Noble Lord concluded by moving a The motion, was eventually lost upon a string of resolutions pro forma, embracing division, by a majority of 216 to 126. all the points of his speech, and prepara- June 2. Mr. Grote brought forward a tory to an ulterior measure which it was motion for the adoption of the BALLOT his intention to submit to their Lordships. in Parliamentary Elections. In a speech

of considerable length, he contended that HOUSE OF COMMONS.

independent voting could only be secured May 25. The Marquis of Chandos, by the Ballot--an opinion which the last after depicting the sufferings of the agri- general election, and still more recent cultural interest, in a speech of consider- events in Devonshire and elsewhere, had able length, brought forward a motion for strengthened.- Sir W. Molesworth setheir relief, to the following effect :- conded the motion, and enumerated the “ That a humble Address be presented to different places at which the Whigs were his Majesty expressive of the deep regret beaten for want of the Ballot, as he con. which the House feel at the continuation tended.-Mr. Gisborne opposed the moof the distress experienced by the agricul. tion, and moved the previous question tural interest, and to express the anxious upon it.— A long discussion followed, in desire of the House that the attention of which Dr. Bowring, Lords Howick and. his Majesty's Government should be Stanley, Lord J. Russell, and Sir R. Peel, GENT. MAG. VOL. IV.




took part, the last of whom suggested ceeded to state that the Bill would in. that the amendment should be withdrawn, clude 183 boroughs-containing about and the question met by a direct negative. 2,000,000 of inhabitants. He proposed Eventually the House divided on the that all municipal charters, which were inoriginal motion, which was negatived by consistent with the provisions of the Bill, a majority of 317 against 144.

should be wholly abolished. One uni,

form system of election would be estaHOUSE OF LORDS.

blished, and there would be the same June 3. Lord Brougham brought in a

description of officers, with the exception Bill to alter and amend the LAW OF PA.

of a few large places. The present rateHis Lordship stated, that it was

payers of the towns were to choose the his intention to repeal the Statute of

Common Council. He proposed that James, and consolidate into one Act all there should be one body only, consisting the Acts which had since passed relating of a Mayor and Common Council, in to patents. The object of the Bill was

whom the powers of the Corporation

should be vested. to give greater facility in procuring pa

All pecuniary rights, tents, and to secure the enjoyment of them

now enjoyed by individuals, he proposed to the inventors, in a better manner than

to preserve during their lives, and also all was now the case. He proposed that the peculiar rights; but that no person should person wishing to have a patent should in future be a burgess of those Corporarecord his specification, and obtain a fiat ditions to which he had alluded. Persons

tions, except in accordance with the confrom the Attorney-General; but the patentee should then enter his disclaimer, who were free of a city would retain the and give notice of his invention in the privileges which they now possessed; but

he Gazette, and advertise the same in some

proposed that in future such exclusive of the newspapers in the neighbourhood privileges should not be granted. The in which he lived; but having obtained Mayor would be annually elected by the the fiat of the Attorney-General, which


, and during that time he should expressed the patent to be innocent, and be a Justice of the Peace. When the not noxious or fraudulent, and baving officers were appointed, they would imfiled his disclaimer (of which evidence mediately have power to appoint a Townmight bereafter be given in the Courts of abolish all bodies instituted by local Acts,

Clerk and a Treasurer. He proposed to Law and Equity, in case his patent was invaded), he should have the sole use of and to commit the preservation of the bis patent. He also proposed a clause peace wholly to the Corporations. He to give a power of applying to the Privy proposed wholly to abolish some of the Council for an extension of time,

beyond Corporations in minor towns. The Nothe usual period of 14 years. The Bill ble Lord concluded by stating that the was then read a first time.

above were the principal points of the Bill..Sir R. Peel said he should offer no

opposition to the motion. The time, he In the HOUSE OF COMMONS, the same thought, had arrived when a more efficient day, The SABBATH OBSERVANCE Bill mode of Corporation government ought was thrown out by a majority of 54 to 43. to be adopted. The reports of the Com.

The Wills' EXECUTION Bill, and the missioners showed that amendments were EXECUTORS' and ADMINISTRATORS' Bill, required, but the Bill went to establish new were read a third time and passed. principles. After a few laudatory re

On the motion of Mr. Lynch, the Ro- marks from various Hon. Members, leave MAN CATHOLIC MARRIAGES' Bill was, was given to bring in the Bill without a after some opposition, read a second time. single dissentient voice. It was subse

On Mr. Elphinstone's motion for the quently read a first time, and ordered for second reading of the Bill for limiting the, a second reading on June 15th. Polls for Counties and Boroughs to one day, a discussion of some length ensued.

HOUSE OF LORDS. The opinion of most of the speakers was June 11. The GREAT WESTERN RAILfavourable to its object, though some WAY Bill, was, after some opposition, read doubted the practicability of taking the a second time, by a majority of 46 to 34; poll in one day.--The Bill was read a the system of voting by proxy being second time,

abandoned, on this occasion, by their June 5. Lord J. Russell moved for leave Lordships. to bring in a Bill for the Better Regula. June 12. On the motion for the third tion of the MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS of reading of the NEWCASTLE RAILWAY Bill, England and Wales. After instancing the Bishop of Hereford moved the insersome of the numerous abuses which had tion of a clause to prevent Sunday travelcrept into those bodies, bis Lordship pro- ling upon the railway. After some con


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