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Fenders his narrative very interesting; especially so speedily after the recent hat of Mr. Williams is more ambi. reprint of Burnet's Lives under the ious, it approaches more nearly to editorship of the venerable Bishop what is often called 'fine writing,' Jebb. but will not, we fancy, be generally preferred. Occasionally, indeed, the Annals and Antiquities of Lacock 4b, vecessity which he has imposed upon bey, in the County of Wilts, with himself of altering the Bishop's phra- Memorials of Ela, the Foundress, eology, whether for better or worse, the Countess of Salisbury, &c. by vhilst he retained his facts, has driven W. L. Bowles, M.A. and John Gough him to curious straits, and now and Nichols. 8vo. hen into blunders in facts and oddi. ies in style greater than any which has generally been written, after the
THE history of Monasteries as it modern refinemept could discover in the sentences of Burnet. For instance, in which brevity was indispensable,
model of the great work of Dugdale, Burnet wrote,
has seldom extended beyond a descrip• He loved building much, which he tion of the ruins and architectural reaffected chiefly because it employed many mains, a catalogue of the superiors of poor people; but one thing was observed in all his buildings, that the changes he
the convent, and a transcript of the made in his houses were always from
most important charters relative to
the foundation, magnificence to usefulness; for he avoided every thing that looked like pomp or va
It is not a little remarkable that the nity, even in the walls of his houses. proverbial minuteness and elaborate He had good judgment in architecture, research of our English antiquaries and an excellent faculty in contriving has never yet been exercised in workwell.'
ing out the history of one of our great Mr. Williams alters it thus :
abbeys, in a manner at all approaching • He was fond of architecture, and his to the completeness which the still love to it was increased by the employ- existing records would authorize. If ment it created to the poor. His judg- investigated fully and closely, any one ment in it as a science was good ; in the of them would afford ample materials indulgence of his taste, however, he for an important volume, possessing a avoided vanity and pomp, and connected main current of considerable interest, utility with every contrivance and every and a ramification of contributary change.'
sreamlets, illustrating the topography Burnet properly used building' in and genealogy of the neighbouring one sensė, and architecture' in ano. district. ther sense. Mr. Williams confounds
In comparison with many, Lacock the two words, and uses one of them was a foundation of humble pretenin both senses. Again, Burnet wrote: sions. Even in the same county there
• And he was scarce ever seen more were two larger nunneries-Wilton angry than with one of his servants, for and Amesbury; and from the time of neglecting a bird that he kept, so that it its foundation (the history of which, died for want of food.'
and of its Foundress, as enlarged upon This is rendered by Mr. Williams by Mr. Bowles, are certainly matters thus.
of high and even romantic interest) • Never was his anger seen to glow so until the dissolution, it remained in hot, as towards one of his servants who the second rank of such establishments, had negligently starved a bird to death, the peaceful and unpretending retreat FOR WANT OF Food.'
of female devotion. Its history, howIt is of such alterations and trans- ever, as given in the present work, positions, that the bulk and substance shows what might be done by the use of Mr. Williams's book is made up. of every available record, combined He has written in a Christian spirit, with a methodical arrangement, in and we have no doubt with a good elucidating the histories of monasintention ; but the little he has added teries of greater importance. to our knowledge of the subject of his The first objects for examination are biography, does not justify bis having the foundation charters, the confirmainflicted a new book upon the world; tions obtained from superior jurisdic
tions, ecclesiastical and feudal; and gies of de Sarisbury, Longespé, atrd the coadjutors in the foundation; Romara, and their connections, have then the most important subsequent received considerable accessions and benefactors; the surveys and valuations corrections; and among the important of the monastic property at different discoveries developed, and prevalent periods; and the succession of supe- errors corrected, we may instance the riors. The charters and records rela- followingtive to estates may be best arranged That the first Earls of Salisbury under the head of each place, as in the were not named Devereux, but only 15th Chapter of the present volume, de Sarisbury. in which the history of each, as con- That they had a common origin nected with the abbey, is given in a with the house of Roumara, which brief narrative.
produced an Earl of Lincoln : and that In cases where the monks themselves the Tancarvilles, Chamberlains of Norhave left the annals of their house, mandy, were probably of the same they are found chiefly to record the lineage. architectural works executed at suc- That Ela of Salisbury hadtwosisters : cessive periods, the legal controversies though, the Earldom being an indiwith secular aggressors or professional visable fief, she was made the sole rivals, the election of abbats, the heiress, and their names have been fallings of timber, cleansing of fish- hitherto unknown. ponds, and most important agricultu- That, as William Longespé, Earl of ral operations, extraordinary seasons, Salisbury, was the son of Fair Rosastorms and eclipses, famines, plagues, mond, Geoffrey Archbishop of York, and murrains ; together with the deaths who was more than fifteen years his in the families of their patrons, and senior, is not likely to have been the such public events as struck the atten- King's son by the same mother. The tion of the chronicler, either from their difficulties attending Rosamond's his. importance, or the vicinity of the place tory, have arisen from her being of their occurrence.
assigned as the mother of Archbishop Such are some of the principal mate- Geoffrey. rials available to the writers of mo- That the present representative and nastic history; and which have been heir general of the Longespés is Lord faithfully employed in the present work Stafford and not Lord Audley : as will as far as the records of Lacock ex- be more fully shown by Mr. Beltz in tend, whilst their deficiencies have his History of the Order of the Garter. in some respects been supplied by illus- We shall only add that the work is trations drawn from those of similar written throughout with taste and establishments. We think the accounts elegance ; that many pleasing little of the discipline and domestic economy digressions occur to relieve the dryness of the nuns, the ceremonies of profes- of antiquarian detail; that the romantic sion, consecration, election of abbesses, incidents connected with the monastic funerals, &c. will be new to the history are skilfully interwoven with modern reader, at least to those the historic narrative; some very upinitiated in the mysteries of the natural and elegant poems are interchurch of Rome.
spersed, among which the Lay of Lacock abbey possessed a book of Talbot the Troubadour pleased us history, the work of one of its inmates, particularly; the reflections by Mr. not recording, however, the annals of Bowles on the Monastic Life,-his the house, but relating the romantic last visit to Old Sarum,-his obserhistory of the Foundress and first vations on Stonehenge, and many Abbess Ela, the heiress of the Earldom other passages, are of superior inof Salisbury. Following the state- terest; while the imagination of the ments of this authority, Mr. Bowles Poet sheds a pensive gleam, like that has been induced to enter at large into of the evening sun, upon the venerable the history of the early Earls of Salis- ruins which it has preserved from bury; so that, in fact, a great portion obscurity. We therefore thus bid Mr. of this work is biographical detail and Bowles farewell : genealogical disquisition. The genealo
TIME had his triumph—with remorseless wing
The Knight and the Enchantress; with
return from the Opera. Indeed, I do other Poems. By the Lady Emme
think Frederick has already more than line Stuart Wortley.
half of it by heart: but do you know, it
really was likely to have produced a most WE were just going to commence violent quarrel between us. Frederick our review of this little volume, when doats upon the character of the Enwe happened to be favoured with a chantress; while I absolutely rave, when sight of a letter from a lady, to whom
I hear the admirable descriptions of the the noble authoress, we presume, had Knight: however, we have compromised
the matter satisfactorily, by allowing that presented the volume, in return for
their respective excellence is nearly equal. the gift; and she has so well expressed My dear Lady Emmeline ! how could you our sentiments, that we begged per- write such charming poetry, so finished, mission to make use of her epistle, so delicate, so refined in expression, so which she kindly granted.
musical in the rhythm (as I believe it is
called) which I think is much prettier Grosvenor-square, May 25.
than to talk about verses having feet ; My dear Lady Emmeline,
and Frederick (who is looking over my I cannot say how much Frederick* shoulder) adds, so masculine in thought: and myself have been delighted with the I assure you we are all amazement! You beautiful volume of Poetry which must excuse my transcribing the opening found on our table last night, after our of the Poem :
Say whither along, ah! whither along,
Yet whither along art thou hurrying now;
On the old mountain's towering brow?
Ah! why then, whither along, in thy strength and thy speed ?
And forbear now to urge your tir'd steed.
Then whither along, speak whither along, yet whither along, young stranger !
Ah! why, then, whither along, &c. Do you know, my dear Lady Emme- they amount to near fifty-five, without line, that we were so pleased with this the last couplet, which we consider be animated address, that I absolutely got a noble conclusion: it is our pet of the Frederick to count the number of the whole. “ whithers along," and do you know,
Ha! whither along, hol whither along-whither, whither?
* Frederick is the name of the lady's husband. They have two beautiful dear little children, and an elegant villa at East Sheen, with a pair of the sweetest ponies in the world. Gent. MAG. VOL. IV.
At first I confess I could not imagine but Frederick assured me, that they fol. how these persons found time for such lowed as fast as they could, lest he should · repeated addresses to the Knight, as he get out of hearing ; and they warned him is described as passing them in full gallop; it was going to be a rainy night :
In their lone keyless caves the great winds I perceive
As they lie in abeyance upfurl'd;
At the deep hinges four of the world. How exquisite that last allusion is ! the Featherstonhaugh, while Sir Lancelot A hinge would be a most uncomfortable Shadwell,-I mean Sir Lancelot Vaux,-I place in general to sleep on; but for the suppose represents the family of the ex. winds it is most appropriate : seeing, as Chancellor. This is very flattering. they are bad sleepers, when they want to There is one little point that puzzles me, shift they can turn any way they like. my dear Lady Emmeline, which I dare My dear Lady Emmeline, how delighted say you can explain. Why the ladies, Lady Londonderry will be to find that after the Knight has dismounted, and is the hero of your enchanting tale must sitting in their hall, should still persevere have been her old grandfather, Sir Guy o' in crying.
Then whither along ?-speak, whither along ?
Ah! hither, turn hither,- yet hither-Sir Knight. For, as the Knight has obeyed their sum- what the tutors of colleges, and people in mons, and as his horse has been taken to black, call • Versus Intercalares,' or some the stable, I don't see how the Knight such word : so he says it is quite approcould be still galloping on. Frederick sup- priate, even if people are sitting still, to poses that I don't understand it rightly; address them as if moving-“Whither but that these words are repeated, not along? Whither along," &c. or as you that they contain any sense, for he says better express it, that it is not the intention; but they are
Still, still in his ears rang the exquisite sounds,
And ceas'd not the full-chorused song ;
Oh! whither, say whither along ?
Through these and round those, the young Warrior moves,
While still sing the bright gay fluttering song,
Say, whither and wherefore along ? The description of the lady's dress new: how pretty dear Lady Jersey would struck me as being at once beautiful and look in it at a masqued ball at Almack's.
'Twas a broad jewell'd Zodiac form'd her zone
And trac'd round its richly wrought signs,
Wizard numbers, and mystical lines.
And squares, circles, and trines were engrav'd;
A fairy-like wand she wav'd.
On her smooth shoulders white and round. Not less pleasing is the description of stanza, and we were forced to ask Lord the pictures in the dining-room; though Holland, who happened to call; was not do you know, neither I nor Frederick that droll ? knew whom you meant in the following
And there Anacyndarax's son,
With the rose and the myrtle crown'd,
His peers and satraps around. Frederick was highly delighted with the hundred feet high. He says, it is what device of the two whales spouting fire a the critics call a beauty from surprise
as no one would expect to see a whale delicate innovation on established terms: spouting fire, except when he was pierced in the following stanza :-by a Congreve rocket; there is also a
From the flagons, and urns, and boss'd salvers superb,
And the graceful and rare myrrhine cups;
Where the small bird luxuriantly sups. A common poet would have said sips : dear Lady Emmeline, to say how much but surely, a bird supping off a
we like the device of stealing the Knight's imperial,' forms a fuller and richer picture cloak in order to detain him, though I to the mind, than merely sipping or pitied him I confess, when I read how tasting it. I have only time now, my cold he was.
On a sudden a sharp biting blast cross'd the hall,
So sharp and so biting and chill,
With its icy and arrowy thrill.
Then the Knight would have wrapp'd his fair fur-border'd cloak
Round his shoulders, and round his broad breast;
The fair broider'd and miniver'd vest. But his resolution to defy the storm, cloak vain, heightens my ideas of his when he found all hopes of recovering his chivalrous character,
Out spoke that young Knight.–Now to horse! ha! to horse !
For too long I've been tarrying with ye ;
To thy company, Sorceress, and thee! But, my dear Lady Emmeline, Frede- second line, which occurs after you have rick asks me to suggest whether there is so beautifully described the light that not a slight misprint by Messrs. Manning pierced to the warrior's soul through his and Sn hson of No. 12, Ivy Lane, in the sense,'—when you say,
Now he urges his steed and now shipping he's ta’en,
And now fades like a dream, the alien strand, as the latter part does not go so trippingly Here unfortunately the letter broke off the tongue, as your verses in general. off, and we are unable to give the I am exceedingly sorry, my dear, that
name of the elegant and tasteful corI have not time to expatiate on the beauties of the other poems, which are all but respondent. We can only add, that (excuse those two naughty little words)
we fully agree in the High admiration equal to the one I have mentioned.
which she has so well and feelingly Frederick desires his kind love; I must expressed of this beautiful Poem, and now dress. Hoping to see you at
need add nothing of our own. We hope soon to see Lady Emmeline in the Press again,
Awxiliary Suggestions on Military In- British army is governed, but that its adquiry concerning Crimes, Punishments, ministration may be capable of improveand the Economy of the British Army, by ment. Mr. Scott is of opinion that the the Author of the Military Law of soldier should never feel himself other England. The author of this sensible than a military criminal, and deprecates little tract, although he has not directly his consignment to the treadmill, or the designated himself on the title page, is contamination of the common gaol. He evidently Mr. Robert Scott, a veteran in recommends, for less flagrant delinquenmilitary jurisprudence. He has treated cies, transfer to a degraded squad, and lathe difficult subject of remission of borious offices. “ It is pretty certain," punishment to be rendered consistent he adds, “ that those who complain of with discipline and the public safety, with flagellation would not desire to see it disconsiderable tact : he shews that there is placed by punishments of the ancient or really no defect in the code by which the modern foreign codes, and so far as he