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from Pliny, who says if the wine be will fall out of it selfe. Allso, if you mixed with water, the wine sokes through washe your mouth and teethe once a the wood, but the water remains.

month with wine wherein the roote 8. To make a pretious water that

of this hearbe hath bene sodden, you Doctor Steuens did greate cures with, shall never have payne in your teethe. and kepte it secret tyll a little before There can be no doubt byt the caustic his death, then taughte it to the Arch- quality of the juice of almost every spebishop of Canterburye.—Take a gal- cies of spurge, especially of Euphorbia lon of wbite Gascoigne wine, ginger, peplus, applied to the human teeth, will gallingall, cynamon, nutmegs, graynes,

corrode them rapidly. From its likeness

to cream, cloves, annis seeds, fennell seedes,

and its severely acrid nature,

the Irish call the plant that produces it, carraway seedes, of every of them like

the “ devil's churn." In England, from much, viz. a dram of each; then take

its being used to destroy warts, it is called sage, red mintes, red roses, time, wart-wort. Turner, the father of English pellitory of the wall, rosemarye, botany, uses the name under peplis, and wilde time, and gromell, lavender speaks of the burning taste of the sea(the flowers if you can get them), of wart-wort which he saw growing in an every of them an handfull; then béate island near Venice. Gerard also, who the spices small, and the hearbes built his Herbal on foundations laid by allso; then put them all in ye wine, Turner, tells of the horribly acrid quaand let it stand therein twelve houres, lity of sea-spurge, which he experienced stirringe it divers times; then still it

in company with Turner's ancient friend, in a lymbecke; and the first water

Master Rich, in a walk along the sea

coast, near Lee, in Essex. being greene, put it by itselfe, for it is the best; the second water being

15. For him that hath naturally a white, is good, but not so good as the red face.-Take foure ownces of the first ; put that by itselfe ; it is good kyrnells of peaches, and three ownces for all manner of diseases, to drinke of gorde seedes, and make thereof an it fastinge, and at nighte laste, at oyle, wherewith you shall anoynte his every time a spoonefull; it is a pre

face morninge and eveninge ; this will sious and noble water, for a spoone

kill and destroye all redness. A thinge full is a preservative.

founde true by experience.

This recipe, if it was intended for the This, no doubt, was a precious cordial benefit of the fair sex, as well as of the for the days it was in use. But we ques. gentlemen, might be found to furnish a tion whether water made of wine and

very acceptable cosmetic for the toilettes spices, however skilfully combined, or of the blooming beauties of the country, slowly or coldly drawn, was half so ex- who long to exchange the rosy hues of hilarating as ratafia or golden cordial, or Hebe for the wan enchantments that eau-de-Cologne, or Geneva's famous water lighten in the smiles of loveliness of juniper. We have never yet disco. fashionable life. We doubt its efficacy in vered the recipe for making the water of removing the roseate hues that the liquor the gods, or seen a diagram of the “ lym- of cogniac suffuses over the face, much becke” in which it was distilled; but we less in dimming the splendour of the are certain that the Moors did no good to crops of jewels that brandy produces on the beverage of Western Europe, when certain promontories, and, as their name they brought with them into Spain the implies, “shine in the dark, like a lighted Egyptian art of distillation. Henry Earl coal." of Cumberland, who was borne in 1517, and died in 1564, was, according to the

19. To make the face fayre.—Take Pembroke Memoirs, “much addicted to

the blossomes of beanes, and distill alchemy and chemistry, and a great dis. them, and wash the face in that water, tiller of waters.” Pindar was very right and it will be fair. when he said “ Water is the best."

The blossoms of beans 1 Who that is 13. To make an akeing tooth fall

enamoured of the fields and nature, has out.—Take wheate meale, and mixe

not inhaled their delicious Persian pertherewith the milke of the hearbe blackness of the beauty-spot on their co

fume; and has not been struck with the called spurge, and make thereof past rollæ? We certainly recommend a place or doughe, with which ye shall fill

on the toilette of the fair for this delicious the hollowe of the tooth, and let it be water, as the perfumer, on distillation, there a certayne time, and the tooth will really find that it retains the fragrance Gent. Mag. Vol. IV.

F

of the flower; which we, however, do not 30. A good drinke for them that suspect of yielding an essential oil, and are bewitched or forespoken.--Take consequently are not sanguine in our hopes rosemary three braunches, two leaves of of seeing the water of bean-flowers rival- comfrye, halfe a handfull of succorye, ing the ottar of roses.

half a handfull of tyme, three braunches 21. To take away wartes.-When of hearbegrace, a quarte of running you kill a pigge, take the hot bloude, water, and seeth it tyll it be half conand washe the wartes, and let it drye sumed, and then strayne it. And then on them; then presentlye after wash take one nutmegge, and one race of them, and they shall be whole. ginger, one pennyworth of mace, and

two pennyworth of suger, and put Whoever practised this receipt with

them into the water, and drinke thereof success, mixed the pig's blood with some

first and laste a quantity at a time, matter, which he kept a secret; for, though we never tried the experiment, time after you have drunke of the

warme; and eate five almondes everye we are sure that blood, as it flows warm and unadulterated from an animal, can

water. have no manner of effect in removing Fasting, they say, makes men acquaintwarts, or any other schirrhus tumour;

ed with the unseen world ; and no necrobut warm blood is a convenient vehicle

mancer can have communication with the for a quack to use in working medical spirit of the dead, or do his unearthly miracles.

works of witchery, without both he and 22. To remedye baldnes of the

the persons who employ him have spent

a long time in fasting. We cannot tell heade.—Take a quantitye of Suthern

how the wizzards do, but many believe woode, and put it upon kindled coales

that no man will see ghost or spirit, or to burne; and being made into powder, think himself bewitched or forespoken, mix it with the oyle of radishes and who is in health to eat and drink as he anoynte the balde place, and you shall ought; and as the stomachic here recomsee great experiences.

mended may have the effect of producing

a healthy digestion and sound sleep, it is What is here meant by experiences ?' possible that it may be good for persons Changes ? A new growth of hair, or a na- who think themselves possessed and bound tural wig? Johnson is not quite right in the spells of witchery. The accounts when he says that whey is one of the we hear of the command that the magi. meanings of whig. He should have said cians of Egypt have over the spirits of sour whey, for till within the last forty the dead, and the communion that the years we remember a very agreeable sum- fasting seers of Thebes enjoy with good mer beverage called whey-whig, being spirits, will, we hope, be soon given to the used by the people of Westmoreland, and world through the press. We will, how made of whey with savoury herbs, such ever, briefly tell some few particulars, as mint, balm, and time, steeped in it, which we have heard respecting a magitill it became slightly sour, and impreg- cian at Cairo, and he and many others in nated with the essential oil of the herbs. that ancient country are now well known Of milk and whey they also said that it to many travellers both from England was gone, wented, whiyged, or changed and from France. He came to any place when it had turned sour. The word wig, he was sent for, and performed his feats as applied to an artificial covering of hair, in a private room, or in the open air, as has also that application, from a wig being he might be requested. He had no maa substitute or change for natural hair. chinery or apparatus of any kind with And wig and wigh, in composition in the him, except a fire and incense. His first names of towns, means new or changed, request was that you would bring him a and in some instances, as in its applica- boy of twelve or thirteen years old-any tion to the Godmundingaham of Bede, that you chose; and he poured upon the Wighton means the idol's town, because palm of the boy's hand a blotch of comidols were substitutes. If ointment of mon black writing ink. He then mutthe oil of radishes, and the ashes of tered certain prayers, and threw perfumes southern, should be found still to possess into the fire ; and said to the boy "Call the virtue of covering 'bald heads with a the seven flags," which being done, he crop of natural hair, how many elderly asked, “ Now how many do you see?'' gentlemen, dear Mr. Urban, will be con- Perhaps “None," was the answer. Look gratulating themselves with its delightful again. “Oh, I see one, two, three, four."

experiences,' after you kindly commu- 6. What is their colour?" " Red, blue, nicate to them this charming prescription! &c." "Now I see one, two, three more."

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This preparatory ceremony being com- An annotator, on the margin, calls this pleted, the prayers were renewed, and a piece of foolish witchcraft." fresh incense cast upon the fire. "Now,"

63. A confection for one that cansaid the magician to the boy, “ Call the sacred bull." 6. The sacred bull," the

not eate well.-Take the juice of fenboy exclaimed, and he was asked what he nell two partes, and the third of honye,

“ I see a great many people and seeth them together tyll it be as leading forth a bull. Now they are pre

thicke as honye, and put pepper it, paring to sacrifice him. Now they are and take everye day fasting two or eating him." This procession being past, three spoonefulls thereof, &c. the boy was told to call for the Sultan.

71. For to get a stomache. Take The Sultan at the call appeared, attended rosa solis halfe a pinte, rose water with a troop of horsemen, and himself balfe a pinte, a quarter of a pinte of riding upon a splendid black charger, dragon water, and two spoonefulls of from which he alighted, and ascended a

sallet oyle, and halfe a pinte of wormethrone, his court falling off on each side

wood water, and one nut megge beaten in the form of a crescent.

me to powder; boyle all these togetber a paratory incantations being duly performed, the conjurer said to me, « Now ask little while, and after that take five for what you choose, for anything lost, or

leaves of liverworte, of lungworte three any person dead or alive, and the boy leaves, and two races of ginger beaten will see them on the ink-spot in his hand to powder, and put these to the foreand describe them to you." One of the sayde and drinke of it, eveninge and party had lost some jewelry, and on ask- morninge, twoe spoonéfulls at a time, ing for it, the boy said it was on the per- five dayes together. son of one of the party, who confessed he had it, and that he had taken and

Indolence and sickly constitutions, gave kept it by way of a joke. Many illus- people bad appetites formerly as well as trious dead were invoked, and the boy now. The prescriptions for getting a good invariably described them as appearing to appetite abound in the manuscript we him in the costume of the age and nation are quoting from. But beside the indoto which they belonged. One of the

lent who will not take exercise to create a party asked for a friend who had been desire for food, and the sickly, to whom some time dead; and he was described as nature has denied the pleasure of eating, appearing with both his arms, of which how many gourmonds are there who, inthe magician was told he had lost one stead of eating to live, live to eat, and long before he died. “ That might be,” are constantly exciting the rapacity of was the answer;" but all who come at medical avarice by fees for tonics, stimuour command, come perfect persons, as

lants, and dinner pills. God created them." We cannot lengthen 78. Foronethatis or will be dronken. this note, except by exclaiming-Happy – Take swallowes and burne them, long forgotten dead, who escaped from and make a powder of them; and give this world in that blessed obscurity which

the dronken man thereof to drinke, exempts your repose from being disturbed

and he shall never be dronken hereby the earthly agents of evil spirits !

after. Wretched, ye wise and mighty of the dead, whose names are emblazoned on the pages We recommend this recipe to the conof history, and whose spirits are subject sideration and patronage of the Tempeto be touched with madness, and tor- rance Societies. What the appearance, the mented with devils, to gratify the curio. constituent parts, or the taste of the sity of those idle and unfeeling, who not ashes of a swallow may be, we know not, only ransack the graves, but harass the for we have neither seen, analysed, nor souls of their forefathers! What would tasted a specimen of them. But if they Henry Cornelius Agrippa say to all this? would cure drunkenness, the swallowers Formerly men went to get instructions in of drink would certainly decrease, howmagic of the devil, in certain caves in the ever goats might increase in the fens of neighbourhood of Toledo, in Spain. Now England, or midges in the moors of Scotit is found that the art, as known in the land, by the increased demand for swalfirst ages of the world, was never lost in lows. Man settles in marshes, and takes Egypt.

drams and tobacco to correct the effects

of the bad air he lives in ; and swallows 54. A medicine against all manner

haunt fens and water sides for the winged of infirmitys.—Take and drink a cup

insects they produce, so that for a consifull of the juice of betonye, the first

derable part of the year, from the latter Thursday in May, and he shall be de

end of April to some time in September, livered from all manner of diseases the sots that inhabit straths, and moors, for that yeare.

and marshy sea-side countries, may easily GENERAL LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA

obtain ashes of swallows to cure them of 104. For one that hath loste his the malady of drinking.

minde.---Take and shave off the hayre 102. To cause hair to growe.

of the moulde of his heade, then take Take the water of flower-de-leuce,

archangell and stampe it, and binde it and washe thy heade therewith, and to his heade where it is shaven, and it shall cause hayre to growe. Also

let him take a sleep therewithall, and

when he awaketh he shall be righte the water of rosemary hath the same

weake and sober enoughe. vertue. If thou wash thy head with the same water, and let it drye on agayne Philips gives as one meaning of mould by itselfe, it causeth hayre to growe if -“ the dent in the upper part of the thou be balde.

head ;” and Ainsworth renders in Latin,

the mould of the head," by Sutura. This may prove a desirable cosmetic to

Johnson had not found an example of elderly dandies. We can, however, safely the word. It were well, if shaven scalps, áver that the fairies communicated no

covered with a plaster of archangel, were piece of idle superstition to the Vicar of

for a while made fashionable in certain Warlingham, when they affirmed that political circles.

V. H. water of rosemary was good for the hair, for it nourishes and refreshes it much.

(To be continued.)

ALTAR WINDOW OF ST. DUNSTAN IN THE WEST, FLEET STREET.

DESIGNED BY THOMAS WILLEMENT, F. S. A.

(With a Plate.) A STRIKING feature in this newly building. The figures displayed on erected church is the altar window, a the window were in fact only reprefinely executed composition in stained sentations of the statuary of the time. glass, which for richness of colouring They were coloured representations of and propriety of design, is entitled to painted statues. The niche, with its rank with many of the works of an. pedestal and canopy, were retained, cient days, whilst, at the sametime that and drawn in as good perspective as the ancient style of design has been the age could afford; at the same time, preserved, the superiority of modern in the execution it is observable that drawing has not been forgotten. greater freedom is displayed in the

The window which contains the drawing of the figures, showing that glass is a simple design frequently met the painter had assumed a greater with in buildings of the latter part of scope of his genius than the sculptor, the fifteenth century; it is divided by for it must be remarked that the acmullions into four lights, the mould- tual statue was generally far more stiff ings of the central mullion, which is and formal than its representation on larger than the others, diverging at glass. the upper part of the design, and form. In the present subject the paintings ing two subarches, which, as well as of the four Evangelists are varied both the spandrils above them, are in their in the style and colours of their turn subdivided into smaller lights. dresses, and also in their positions, The artist, in filling up the voids of happily avoiding that appearance of this window, has very judiciously ir- tameness which some old designs postroduced the representations of the The saintly character of each of 'four Evangelists in the larger lights, the figures is marked by the nimbus and filled the smaller divisions with which encircles the head, the inva. religious emblems, instead of forming, riable accompaniment in old examples as is often the case, an historical pic- of a sainted personage. Each figure ture, the effect of which must be de- looks towards the centre of the design, cidedly injured, and its unity destroy- and is elevated on a pedestal of an ed, by the interposition of the stone octangular form, with traceried comwork.

partments in the sides, and having It is evident that the designers of an uniform cap and base. Each pethe majority of the ancient church destal is fronted by a shield, over windows were the architects of the which is a ribbon containing the name

sess.

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of the Saint represented above. The banner Argent ensigned with a cross canopies over the head of each figure Gules. are uniform, hexagonal in plan, and Above the principal figures, and surmounted by a filiated cupola be- occupying the minor compartments of tween two pinnacles. The canopies the subarches, are the well-known are relieved with a background of a symbols of the Evangelists, deduced cerulean blue, and each of the effigies from the prophecies of Ezekiel and with a richly diapered curtain, or the Visions of St. John; they are so hanging, of cloth of gold. So far the arranged as to be placed nearly over general features of the whole resemble the figures of-the Saints to whom they each other. The particular descrip

relate, It is almost needless to add, tion of each statue is as follows: that these emblems are an Angel, a S. Matheus.

Lion, a Calf or Bull, and an Eagle. An aged man with grey beard and bald They are here represented white on a forehead, clothed in a tunic or surcoat red ground. In the spandrils are the of scarlet with blue sleeves, a white sacred monograms, A 2 and 1. 1. D. cope or mantle lined with yellow, Above is the descending Dove. fastened at the throat; he holds his

The donors of this splendid window Gospel on his left hand, a richly bound have caused a very simple memorial of and clasped volume in the antique their beneficence to appear in the design. style ; on the shield below, the emblem

At the bottom of the window, on a ribof the Trinity, which may be thus bon, is the following inscription.

Deo et Ecclesiæ fratres Hoare dicave: blazoned heraldically:- Gules, an orle

runt, L'O D'ni ma. DICC.XXX.III; and a pall conjoined Argent, thereon

and this, almost hidden by the ornafour bezants, two in chief, one on the

ments of the altar, is the whole record fesse point, and one in base, the two in chief inscribed : the dexter with the

of the donation of this splendid window. word Pater," and the sinister with

In consequence of this modest re* Filius, the one on fesse Deus," tiring feeling, the artist was left to and the one on base,S'ct's Sp's" form his own design, and he shows on each of the three parts of the orle throughout a close resemblance to the words

ancient examples, on which sacred non est," and on each of

emblems alone formed the ornamental the parts of the pall the word est.

detail. No vain display of family D. Marcus.

pride, no pomp of heraldry is visible. In a long green robe with red sleeves, The only record of the donors is a surmounted by a white chasuble; he simple inscription, set up not for the holds his Gospel in his right hand. gratification of vanity, but for the The shield is Azure, on the fesse point information of the historian. the Star of Bethlem within the crown Will the day never arrive when so of thorns, between three Rails all pleasing, so appropriate, so innocent Proper—a shield of the Passion. an embellishment to our churches, as $. Lucas.

stained glass, shall be universally Attired in a blue robe with a white

introduced ? Let us hope that it will mantle, bis Gospel in his right hand; the surplus wealth of the times dedi.

that one day we shall see a little of the shield, Gules, a spear in bend, surmounted with a staff, with the sponge

cated to the decent and appropriate

embellishment of the house of God. in bend sinister Proper; over all a cross Argent, having a scroll on the

When that period arrives, it is to be fesse point, charged with the letters hoped that windows like the present

will be constructed, instead of those J. N. A. 1. Also a shield of the Passion.

vain displays of corporate and indiD. Johannes.

vidual heraldry which we too often

meet with on the altar windows of The youthful appearance of this

our ancient churches, in situations Saint is preserved ; his robe is grey,

where those ornaments alone should surmounted by a white cope, his Gos

be introduced, which may harmonize pel in his right hand. The shield

with the sacred character of the place, Azure, on a mount Or, the Agnus Dei and accord with the feelings which Argent, the head regardant and encircled with a nimbus Or, bearing a

ought solely to predominate.

E. I. C.

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