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distinction of accent, but that on vestigators of languages suppose that which the distinction rests, viz., the Dr. Blomfield would have printed comparison of the cognate tongues. the first line of the Prometheus So far what the earlier MSS. intend
Χθωνως ed: but did they always stick to this?
μην εις τελουρων εκoμην πηδων, I answer, that they very seldom took
even if he had found it so written in the trouble to do any such thing: they every MS.? I rather think that the very seldom thought it worth while to learned prelate would have thought make distinctions for the eye, which it necessary to correct the inaccurate were made by the voice in speaking,
Greek of his authorities, by what he and which the context would al- knewwasand must be right. However, ways ascertain. But thus much the in order to show the result of adhering MSS. did; whenever they accented,
to MSS. in this case, I shall take the they accented the long vowels; and liberty of printing a few lines carefully what those long vowels were I will accented upon such authority, and to enumerate below. The second and that authority being _real, I pledge somewhat later class of MSS. some. myself. (Alfr. Boeth. Rawl. p. 2). times, and most capriciously in gene
Đá láóồ bé ic wréces géó lústberral, extended these accentuations to lícé sóng, íc scéal nú hếófíéndé síncertain vowels, not naturally long, but gan, and míd swi(dé) úngérádúm rendered so by position : this I attri- wordúm géséttán, béáh íc géó hwilúm bute entirely to Danish influence, cer- gécóplícé fúndé, ác íc nú wépéndé tain vowels becoming long in Norse and gícsiéndé óf gérádrá wordá mísbefore certain consonants, although fó, mé áblendán þás úngétréówan naturally short, and remaining short in wórúldsæ'lþá, ánd mé þá fórlétán all the Tuetonic tongues but the swá blíndné ón þís dímné hól. Đá Norse. It is here that I think Rask béréáfódón æ'lcéré lústbæ'rnéssé þá errs; he followed very often his Norse Pá ic hími m'fré bétst trúwódé fá analogies, and they misled him. It is wéndón hí mé héórá bæ'c tó, and me here that I think Thorpe errs, when míd éallé frómgéwítán. Tó hwón he builds upon the class of MSS. I scéóldán lá míné friend séggán bæ't íc describe as supporting Rask's views. gesæ'líg món wæ'ré, hú mæ'g sé béón I reject utterly the accentuation of gésa'lig séde ón ám gésa'lbúm such words as ún, word, &c. They urhwúníán né mót? are Norse accentuations, but not Sax- In these 98 words there are 181 accen
The last class of MSS. are nearly tuations, all authorised by MSS. and all subsequent to the Conquest, and their practice; and of these 181 there in addition to all the accumulated er- are just 38 right, and 143 wrong! As it rors of other MSS., whether these is abundantly obvious that it is nonbe errors of ignorance, or the still sense to accent every vowel, I take more frequent errors of carelessness, the liberty of requesting these supthey accent almost every i, especially porters of authority, "authority which where it is possible to confound it with is but air condensed,” to inform me the stroke of a u, an m or n; and how they will set about distinguishing some, indeed, go so far as to accent the right from the wrong. The plan nearly every vowel indiscriminately. adopted by us is sufficiently simple : But there is yet a word to be said careful comparison of the various Teurespecting Saxon MSS.: those who tonic dialects has established a law of are very anxious to save themselves relation between their vowels, and we the trouble of learning how the vow- accent according to that law.
The els should be accented, make a great Gothic language, which contains the parade respecting the authority of the oldest Teutonic documents that we at MSS. : those who are familiar with present possess, has twelve vowel Saxon MSS. are equally well aware,
sounds, three of which, viz. A, I, U, that these literateurs la violette are
are short, and seven long, viz. A'l, not familiar with Saxon MSS. or BI, E', IU, A'u, ó and u' when the with any MSS. whatever ; nay, even
short vowels I and u stand before u or that they do not know what is the R, they become changed into ar' and case with every editor of a Greek or AU'. Now comparing these vowels Latin classic. "Do these profound in with those of the Saxon and German,
we find, that in old Saxon and Ger- é. The Gothic u' remains as ú; but man, A mostly remains in the same in A. S. if followed by i or ë, it is words as took it in Gothic, but that changed into y. I will now arrange in A. S. it is under different circum- these vowels tabularly, in order to stances replaced by three different show how we determine whether a vowels : before h, l, and r, it becomes word should have an accent or not: ea, thus Goth. gards, alls, mahts, A. S.
Got. O. H. D. geard, eall, meaht. When followed
a, e in another syllable by i, the Gothic a ve ái
é becomes A. S. e, thus Goth. katils, A. S. cetel, and this is sometimes the case in ve
á O.H.D. and O. Sax. When followed by
a, e sc, st, sp, or by a single final conso
i, aí i, ë
é nant (except m, n, I, h, and r) or by any single consonant and the inflec
6 tions, es, e, the Goth. A becomes e
au, ou, 6 in A. S. Before mand s it sometimes
i, ai i, ë
i, e eó iu iu, ie, io
ió, ie is replaced by a, sometimes by 0.
i i, aí i, ë
i, e The Gothic I sometimes remains in
1 the other tongues unchanged, some
u, aú times becomes dulled into ë, and in A.S. 6 6 before h and r becomes changed into
u, aú eo; thus Goth. itan. O. H. D. ezzan ú ú
ú O. Sax. and A. S. etan, edere: Goth. у haírus (for hirus) ensis. 0. H. D. hëru, y
ú, i6, &c. ió, ie A. Sax. hëoru. O. Nor. hiörr (=hiarry.) In order to ascertain the length of the In A. S. this vowel is sometimes vowel in an A. S. word it is therefore wrongly replaced by y. The Gothic necessary to ascertain what vowel coru remains as u in the other languages, responds to it in the other principal or is dulled into o, and especially in Teutonic tongues, and by this process those cases in which, from standing alone can we correct the MSS. thembefore h and r, it became aú; thus selves. In connection with this meGoth.waúrd, O.H.D.waort, A.S.word. thod, we may use the etymological But if followed by i or its equivalent ë, means afforded us by the verbal u in A. S. becomes y,=N.H.D. ü or u. scheme, or the system of relation in Thus Goth. Runigenus. O.H.D. chunni. which the vowels stand to one anA.S. cynë, and O.H.D. chuninc. A. S. other, in the present, præt. sing., præt. cyning, rex. The Goth. A'ı is repre- pl. and past participle, of those twelve sented in 0.H.D. M.H.D. and N.H.D. conjugations which it has pleased the and in 0. Nor. by ei, in O. Sax. by é, same profound scholars, who prefer and in A. S. by á : but in A. S. this á, idleness to inquiry, to nickname irreif followed by i orë, becomes æ'. The gular, but which are the foundationGothic ei is represented by î in all the stones of all Teutonic etymology. languages quoted, and only in the I have but one word to add to what N. H. Ď. and N. E. does ei return in I have said : in spite of the ingenuity sound, though notin form, in both; thus made use of to persuade myself and Goth.weins, O.H.D. O. Sax. A. S.wín, my friends that the ungentlemanlike N.H.D. wein, N. E. wine. The Gothic productions to which I have alluded, E' becomes in A. S. æ, in O. H. D. á; proceeded from the University of Oxthe Goth. iu remains in all the older ford, I have come, perhaps rather languages but the A. S., where it be- late, to a different conclusion. That comes eó,and which is sometimes re- my opinions as a scholar undergo placed by y'. The Goth. au, which thereby any change, is out of the in O. H. D. and O. Sax. generally re- question : but I fairly say, that if, in mains as ou or ó, becomes ea in A. S. the expression of those opinions, I as Rauds, A. S. Read, rubes. The have used words which have given Gothic ó remains as ó in O. Sax, and pain to any one, I most sincerely re0. Nor. In O.H.D. it becomes uo, and gret it. I claim as much excuse as in A. S. it remains as ó, except when may be granted to a scholar, indignant followed by i orë, and then it becomes at the attempt to injure a favourite
pursuit; to a man, filled with scorn at not immediately perceived, either by the anonymous abuse not only of his friends or enemies, he unquestionably friend, but his friend's countrymen, to laid the foundation of the Reformation whose industry Europe owes so much; in this country. Of this the enemies and to a gentleman, filled with disgust to that great measure were afterwards at, and contempt for, the vulgar tone so conscious, that they did him the assumed by assailants, whose incog- honour to disinter his mortal remains, nito alone secured them from a differ- and burn them for the alleged heresy ent and severer mode of castigation. of his life. To all those, who in the spirit of fair The plan of a monument for Wiclif and honourable criticismo deal with originated five years since at Lutmy remarks, or my editions of books, terworth in Leicestershire, where it I am accustomed to listen with such lay dormant for some time; but where respect as their views deserve ; and to about 300l. have since been raised toall, in whatever school brought up, wards its execution. Among other who seriously put their shoulder to distinguished patrons of this measure, the wheel with me, I hold out the I find the names of the Right Reright hand of fellowship; but against verend the Lords Bishops of Lincoln, all quackery, and all quacks, I hold the Dublin, Salisbury, and Lichfield and old motto-" War to the knife!" Coventry. The memorial of Wiclif Yours, &c. JOHN KEMBLE. now contemplated is a monumental
statue of him in the Church ; but it has
2 MR. URBAN,
Gloster Terrace, been suggested, that some more public
Hoxton, May 20. memorial of him might be adopted : IT will be gratifying to your readers and a writer in the Leamington Chronto be informed that there is a proba- icle has suggested a statue in or on the bility of something like justice, although netv Town Hall about to be erected late justice, being done to the memory at Lutterworth. of John WicLif; of whom Southey* Will you, Mr. Urban, permit an old has truly said, that It is a reproach correspondent to offer another sugto this country, that no statue has gestion, and to propose the erection been erected to his honour;" and of a strong airy building in some conanother writert of some celebrity has venient and central part of the town; observed, “ Such men are the true which may be used as a TOWN SCHOOL, heroes, to whom mankind ought to on the comprehensive principle of raise statues and trophies, rather than being open to receive the children of to conquerors, who often waste the
persons of all religious denominations. lives of their fellow-creatures to gra. This I venture to submit would be an tify their own ambition.”
appropriate memorial of a man, who Wiclif was a man of rare talents, did so much to extend the knowledge distinguished learning, persevering in- of divine truth, and make it accessible dustry, and great fortitude, and did to all, by liberating it from the thralmore in the cause of the Reformation dom of Popish proscription. in this country than any other indi- Another appropriate memorial of vidual, because he may be truly said Wiclif I would also venture to suggest to have originated it. The service for the consideration of your literary which he rendered to that cause has and antiquarian readers. It is a comthis peculiar feature of merit, that he plete and uniform edition of his stood alone, and was the first who
WORKS; many of which have not yet started in that race of danger and of seen the light, but remain locked up true glory, in which others could but in public or private libraries. There follow him. His shrewdness, patience, are among them, no doubt, articles and firmness, were equally conspicuous which would now be regarded as in his exposure of the unjust usurpa- trifles, and interesting only to the antions, the errors, and the iniquitous tiquary and philologist ; but there are practices of the Church of Rome; and, others which would in all probability although the effects of his labours were be found highly interesting to the the
ological student, and to the historian ; * Book of the Church, vol. i. p. 347.
and I have no doubt that if some perto Wakefield's Family Tour.
son of adequate talent, and literary
eminence, would undertake this work, man of London, hath cured and the public would cheerfully remunerate healed
many forlorne and deadlye his toils by a liberal subscription.
diseases." ir The thirde booke" beAs Mr. Baber has given a valuable gins on folio 48, b. and consists of descriptive catalogue of Wiclif's prety conceates of Cookery, as baked works, in the introduction to his Life meats, gellies, conserves, sugar-plates, of Wiclif, a reference to that cata- and others." “ The fourthe booke, logue will satisfy your readers, that on folio 60, is headed, “ Here folwere they brought from their obscurity loweth a booke which was founde in and placed before the public, they the Parson's study of Warlingham, would find a place in every large written in the Roman hande, and it library in Europe, and thus prove wanteth both the beginning and endthe most public, as well as the most inge.” « The fifthe booke" contains imperishable monument of our great Certayne medicines which Reformer.
taken out of the vicar of WarlingThos, FISHER. ham's booke, beinge, as he sayde,
taught him by the fayries;" and as Mr. Urban, Hartburn, June 9.
specimens of the whole, I have, Mr. ABOUT twenty years since, I Urban, made the following extracts, procured several curious MSS. from supposing that many of your readers, a mass of papers which had be- unacquainted with the practice of melonged to Mr. William Pickering, dicine in the sixteenth and seventeenth an apparitor of the Consistory Court, centuries, may find amusement, in at Durham; and among these was
perusing and contrasting them with a neatly written folio book, with the science that guides the medical the title-page,
EDWARD POTTER. practitioners of the present day. ijs. iiijd. HERE BEGINNETH A Booke 1. To staunche bloude. of Phisicke and Chirurgery, with divers other things necessary to be
There were three Maryes went over the knowne, collected out of sundry olde written bookes, and broughte into one
The one bid stande, the other ftente
bloude : order. The several things herein con
Then bespake Mary that Jesus Christ tayned may bee seene in the bookes
bore, and tables following. Written in the Defende gods forbod thou shouldeste year of our Lorde God, 1610." The bleede anye more. work commences with a list of the
The three Marys here named were “thirty-three evil days” of the year, probably the Virgin Mary, the Egyptian and a general calender; and on folio 2 Mary, and Mary Magdalene. Whether bas “ A catalogue of all my books, this is to be spoken as an exorcism, or and the prices they cost me, taken worn as a charm, is not mentioned. The by me, Edward Potter, ye 30 of custom of wearing charms was probably November 1594.” This catalogue is adopted by the Christians from the phyin a different hand and ink to the rest
lacterics of the Jews, which were little of the book. Then follows seven fo
cubical boxes, or as the word means, lios, under the running title of “A
conservatories, of a cubical form, sewed Prognostication,” which is a curious upon long fillets, at given distances, each
made of parchment, and containing a medley of rules about the weather,
roll with portions of the law written upon and astronomical calculations.
it. They were worn chiefly on the left first booke” begins on folio 11, a. and arm, or wrist, and wound round and has this title" A coppge of all round it. suche Medicines wherewt the noble I formerly knew a Dutch Jew, who Countisse of Oxenford most chari. left his lodgings, and staying from them a tably, in her owne person, did manye
more than usual time, his hostess sent for great and notable Cures upon her
another Jew, his friend, who knowing that poore Neighbours."
" The second
he had been dispirited on account of the booke,” beginning on folio 19, is en
embarrassed state of his circumstances, tituled, “Here beginneth a true copye despondency, he had destroyed himself,
immediately began to dread, that in his of such Medicines wherewt Mris.
soon confirmed in the conJohan Ounsteade, daughter unto the jecture, from finding that he had left worshipfull Mr. John Olliffe, Alder- his philactery behind him-a thing a Jew
never does. His body was found a few that growe towards the north, if it be days after in the river Wear. The phi, possible; if not, then take them as lactery and his Bible I purchased, and found the former all made of parchment,
you can get them, although they be as I have described. I loved the man
not verye ripe; dry them in the shafor his most amiable, charitable dis
dowe, and keepe them in a boxe of position, as well as from his critical wood, as you doe presious things; if knowledge in the Hebrew language ; but any bee infected with the pestilence, I will not mention his name, lest some
take of the sayde berries, and beate one, consulting a disciple of the magi- them to powder in a fayre morter, and cians of Egypt, take upon him to call then give the sicke of the sayde pow. upon his name, and disturb the repose of der in a glasse of white wine, so much his soul.
as will lye on a groate or more; then 3. To take awaye frekels. - Take rub him in his bed, and make him the bloude of an hare, anoynte them sweate well; this done, change his with it, and it will doe them awaye.
sheets, shirte, and other coverings of Either hares are scarce in the High
his bed, if it
may bee; if not, let him lands of Scotland, or this remedy is un
at the leaste change his shirte and known there, or the Gaelic beauties find sheets. Some have taken of the sayd freckles killing, for certainly they seem powder overnighte, and have founde to take little pains to remove them. The themselves in the morninge very well, fairies delighted in the crimson drops i' th' so that they rose up, and clothed bottom of a cowslip; and of the fairy themselves, and walked about the queen we are told that
house, and finally were throughe The cowslip tall her pensioners be; cured. In their gold coats spots you see; To these wonder-working properties of Those be rubies, fairy favours ;
ivy-berries, we may add some of the In those freckles live their savours.
plant, from " Bartholome,”
a Fran. The Highland shepherd sees as many ciscan friar, of the family of the Earls captivating charms in the freckles of of Suffolk, who set forth his book “De “ the lonely sun-beams” of his love, as Proprietatibus Rerum," in 1360; and he the queen of the fairy troop, that built
says that it “ is full wonderfull in knowthe magic hill of Tomnaheurich in a ledge and assaieng of wine; for it is cernight, saw in the sun-spots of her fa- tain yt if wine meddled with water be in vourite flower, before the unhallowed a vessel of ivie, ye wine fleeteth over ye plough tore up the meadows of her pride brink, and the water abideth." on the northern border of the Ness. there is a manner-ivie, and deaw falleth
4. For a man or a woman that hath on the leaves thereof, and waxeth gleylost theire speeche. - Take worme
mie, & turneth to glewe;" concerning woode, and stampe it, and temper it which, Batman, in his additions to the
text of our author, says,
" the gum of with water, and strayne it, and with
ivy killeth lice and nits, and being laid a spoone doe of it into theire mouthes.
to it, taketh away hair. It is unwholeHow many men would like to be in a
some to sleepe under the iuie, or in an eondition to try the efficacy of this re. iuie-bush. It maketh the head light and medy, with the hope that it might prove dizzie.” Malkin, in his South Wales, unsuccessfull Lay an ointment on a
says that the stem of the ivy, on the speechless woman's tongue! Who dares north side of the castle of St. Anthan's, to stand the torrent of eloquence it would is five feet in girth, and in some years most certainly produce ?
yields large quantities of gum; so that 6. A verye sure and perfect re- it may be certainly had of size sufficient medye to cure a man, &c. of the pes
to make vessels for assaying wine, and its tilence; and some there hath bene gum, if of any use, obtained. Its ber
ries have long held some repute as sudothat have bene.cured in a nighte; the
rifics; and I have seen it somewhere said same remedye is allso good for God's markes, boyles, carbuncles, blotches, given with great success in vinegar, or
that the powder of them was actually &c. and such like, as St. Anthonye's white wine, in the great plague in Lonfire, &c.--Take the seed or berryes of don; though it may be doubted whether ivye that groweth on trees or walls, the healing virtue was not more in the and not of that which is founde lowe vehicle than in the powder of the ivyby the grounde: you must gather the berries. Bartholomew's account of ivysayde berryes very ripe, and of those vessels being used for assaying wine, is