The Rise of Agreement: A Formal Approach to the Syntax and Grammaticalization of Verbal Inflection
John Benjamins Publishing, 1 ene. 2005 - 335 páginas
This book investigates the historical paths leading from pronouns to markers of verbal agreement and proposes a unified formal account of this grammaticalization process. In opposition to beliefs widely held in the literature, it is argued that new agreement formatives can be coined in a multitude of syntactic environments. Still, the individual paths toward agreement are shown to exhibit a set of underlying similarities which are attributed to universal principles that govern the reanalysis of pronominal clitics as exponents of verbal agreement across languages. It is claimed that syntactic principles impose only a set of necessary conditions on the reanalysis in question, while its ultimate trigger is morphological in nature. More specifically, it is argued that the acquisition of inflectional morphology is governed by blocking effects which operate during language acquisition and promote the grammaticalization of new markers if this change serves to replace 'worn-out', underspecified forms with new, more specified candidates.
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2nd person 3rd person addition adjacency affected affixes Agr-morpheme Agree agreement formatives agreement markers agreement morpheme agreement morphology analysis apparently approach argued argument assumed assumption attach Bavarian Blocking Principle Chapter Chomsky claim clause clitic complementizer agreement complex contexts contrast derivation dialects discussion dissociated distinctions elements enclitic example exhibit existing exponent fact feature finite verb forms French functional head further German given giving rise grammar grammaticalization historical indicative inflectional insertion instances involve languages leads less lexical licensed Linguistic loss marked ment morphology movement moves Note object obligatory observed operations overt paradigm phonological position possible prefixes present pronominal pronouns properties proposed question realization reanalysis reanalyzed relation relevant requires respect restrictions result Roberts seems shown similar specified stage structure subject clitics suffixes suggest syntactic syntax Table taken tense triggered verb verbal agreement Vocabulary