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ings; three of Mr. CURRAN'S; Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH S famous speech for Peltier ; four of Mr. CANNING's; and five of Lord BROUGHAM's, including his instructive discourse on the study of eloquence in the Greek orators. Some of the most finished letters of Junius are given in their proper place, with remarks on his style as an admirable model of condensation, elegance, and force. In the first fifty pages will be found nearly all the celebrated speeches before the days of Lord Chatham, from Sir Robert WALPOLE, Lord CHESTERFIELD, Mr. PULTENEY, Lord BELHAVEN, Sir John Digby, the Earl of STRAFFORD, and Sir John Eliot. The selections in this volume extend through a period of two hundred years, and embrace a very large proportion of the most powerful eloquence of Great Britain.

The following are the aids afforded for the study of these speeches :

(1.) A memoir of each orator, designed to show his early training in eloquence, the leading events of his public life, the peculiar cast of his genius, and the distinctive characteristics of his oratory. It ought to be said, in justice to the author, that these sketches were completed in every essential particular, long before the publication of Lord Brougham's work upon British Statesmen.

(2.) A historical introduction to each of the speeches, explaining minutely the circumstances of the case, the state of parties, and the exact point at issue, being intended to place the reader in the midst of the scene as an actual spectator of the contest. These introductions, with the memoirs just mentioned, form a slight but continuous thread of political history, embracing the most important topics discussed in the British Parliament for more than a century.

(3.) An analysis of the longer speeches in side-notes, giving the divisions and subdivisions of thought, and thus enabling the reader to perceive at once the connection and bearing of the several parts.

(4.) A large body of explanatory notes, bringing out minuter facts or relations of the parties, without a knowledge of which many passages lose all their force and application. .

(5.) Critical notes, as specimens of the kind of analysis which the author has been accustomed to apply to the several parts of an oration, and which every student in oratory should be continually making out for himself.

(6.) Translations of the passages quoted from the ancient and foreign languages, with the poetry rendered into English verse. The passages are usually traced to their sources, and the train of thought given as it appears in the original, without a knowledge of which most quotations have but little force or beauty. For the same reason, the classical and other allusions are traced out and explained.

(7.) A concluding statement of the way in which the question was decided, with occasional remarks upon its merits, or the results produced by the decision.

Great compression has been used in preparing this volume, that all who are interested in the study of eloquence may be able to possess it. Each page contains the matter of three ordinary octavo pages in Pica type; and the whole work has in it one sixth more than Chapman's Select Speeches, or Willison's American Eloquence, in five octavo volumes each.

In conclusion, the author may be permitted to say, that while he has aimed to produce a volume worthy of lying at all times on the table of every one engaged in speaking or writing for the public, he has hoped it might prove peculiarly useful to men of his own profession; since nothing is more desirable, at the present day, than a larger infusion into our sacred eloquence of the freedom, boldness, and strength which distinguish our secular oratory.

Sept. 1st, 1852.


SIR JOHN ELIOT ............................ Page 1

Walpole, ib.; deprived of his commission, ib.; becomes

His early life, 1; elected to the House at the opening of

leader of the Opposition, 54-5; comparison between
the contest with Charles I., ib.; imprisoned by the

him and Lord Mansfield, 55; gains a complete ascend.
King, ib b.; again elected while in jail, ib.; Petition of

ancy in the House, 56; unites with Mr. Pelham, and is
Right, 2; Charles tries to evade it, ib.; Eliot's speech,

made Paymaster of the Forces, ib.; exhibition of dis-
ib. ; characteristics of his eloquence, ib.; imprisoned,

interestedness, 56-7; on the death of Pelham comes out
dies the first martyr to liberty, 6.

against Newcastle, his successor, 58; attack on Mang.

field, “Felix trembles," ib.; attack on Fox, "conflux of

SPEECH on the Petition of Right ...


the Rhone and Soane," 59; drives Mansfield out of the

House, ib. ; is made Prime Minister on Newcastle's reg.


ignation, 60; dismissed soon after, and all England in

His birth and education, 7; early traits, ib. ; ill-treated by commotion, ib.; restored, his influence over all con.

Buckingham, ib. ; assumes the character of a patriot, nected with him in government, ib. ; power of his elo-

ib.; defends the Petition of Right, 8; bought off by the quence," Is there an Austrian among you ?" "Ut videre

court, ib.; becomes favorite of Charles I., ib.; his ex. virum," 61; Opposition extinguished, 62 ; triumphs of

actions and cruelties, ib. ; impeached by the Commons, his policy and arms in all quarters of the globe, ib.;

9; description of the trial, ib.

France sues for peace, 63; Spain joins her, ib. ; he pro-

SPEECH when Impeached of High Treason.......... 11

poses war against her, but overruled by Lord Bute, ib.;

resigns, ib.: makes his “ Sitting Speech" against Lord

LORD DIGBY........

Bute's peace, 64; attack on Mr. Grenville, “Gentle Shep-

....... 15

His early life. 15 : enters the House as an opponent of the

herd," 65; opposes the King respecting John Wilkes and

American taxation, ib.; contemptuous retort on Justice

governinent, ib, ; employed against Buckingham, ib. ;

Moreton, 66; with holds his support from the Rocking.

appointed one of the managers for the impeachment of

ham administration, ib.; forms his third ministry, and

Strafford, ib.; changes sides and comes out against the

is raised into the House of Lords, 67 ; his loss of health
bill of attainder, ib.; his eloquence characterized, ib.

and inability to administer the government, 68; resigns

SPEECH against the Attainder of Strafford.

Watford........... 16

and retires, ib.; comes out at the end of three years

against the Grafton ministry. 69: it falls before him, ib.;

LORD BELHAVEN............................... 19 support of America, 70; declines in health, ib.; his

His extraction and character, 19; evils resulting from a

death, 71; characteristics of his eloquence, 71-5.

union of the crowns of Scotland and England, and their SPEECH on a Motion for an Address on the Marriage of

separation in all other respects, ib.; jealousy of the En.

the Prince of Wales.....

....... Page 76

glish as to the trade of Scotland, ib.; retaliatory meas.

SPEECH on the Spanish Convention.........

ures of the Scotch, ib.; plan of a Legislative Union, 20; | Speech on the Impressment of Seamen............. 80

violent hostility against it in Scotland, ib. ; circumstan-

SPEECH in reply to Horatio Walpole...... .......
ces of Lord Belhaven's speech against it, ib.

SPEECH in favor of Inquiring into the conduct of Sir
SPEECH against the Legislative Union of England and Robert Walpole.......

....... 82


....... 21 SECOND SPEECH in favor of Inquiring into the conduct

of Sir Robert Walpole....

...... 89


...... 27

SPEECH on taking the Hanoverian Troops into the pay of

His birth and early education, 27; enters Parliament as a

Great Britain.....

Whig, ib. ; early traits of character, ib.; made Prime

Speech on a Motion for an Address of Thanks after the

Minister, ib. ; his extreme jealousy of all who might be.

Battle of Dettingen.......

come his competitors, 28; character of the Opposition

SPEECH on the Right of Taxing America........... 103

and of Bolingbroke as its leader, ib.; Walpole's system

SPEECH in Reply to Lord Mansfield in Relation to the

of corruption, ib.; falsely accused as to most of his

Case of John Wilkes ...

...... 108

leading measures, ib. ; errors of his ministry, 29; char.

SPEECH on a Motion to Inquire into the State of the Na-

acter of his eloquence and that of his contemporaries,

tion ......


29, 30.

SPEECH in Relation to the Seizure of the Falkland Islands

by Spain......

..... 118

SPEECH on the Septennial Act....

Speech against the Quartering of British Soldiers on the
Speech on Addressing the King for his Removal..... 35 Inhabitants of Boston....

SPEECH in favor of an immediate Removal of the British


... 43

Troops from Boston ...

........... 128

His early life and study of oratory, 43; gradual develop. Speech on a Motion for an Address to put a stop to Hog-

ment of his powers, ib.; becomes one of the ablest of tilities in America.....

English debaters, ib.; breaks down the power of Wal. SPEECH on a Motion for an Address to the Throne at the

pole, ib.; fails to succeed him, ib.; created Earl of Bath, Opening of Parliament, November 18th, 1777..... 134

ib. ; his general unpopularity, ib.; his death, ib.

Speech against a Motion for adjourning Parliament, De.

SPEECH on Reducing the Army.....

.. 43

cember 11th, 1777...

.. 139

LAST Speech upon America, with the circumstances of


his Death ...................................... 141

His birth, 45; early love of polite literature, ib.; elegance LORD MANSFIELD.........

.......... 143
of his manners, ib.; his acuteness and wit as a public
speaker, ib.; his various public employments, ib. ; re.

His birth, 143; descended from the Stormont family, which
tires from office and devotes himself to literature, ib. ;

adhered to the Stuarts, ib.; sent early to the Westmin-
his unhappiness in old age, ib.; his death, ib.

ster school, ib.; his great proficiency, ib. ; removed to

Oxford, ib. ; his studies in rhetoric, ib.; commences the
SPEECH against Licensing Gin-Shops .......

study of the law, ib. ; laborious training in extempora-

neous speaking, ib.; historical studies, 144; practice in


elocution, ib. ; a favorite of Pope, ib.; extent of his

His birth and early sufferings from the gout, 52; his ed business as a lawyer, ib.; made Solicitor General, ib.;

ucation at Eaton, ib.; his conversational powers, ib. ; comparison between him and the elder Pitt, ib.; made

removes to Oxford, ib.; his studies in rhetoric, ib.; Attorney General, 145; appointed Chief Justice with

goes twice through the English dictionary to gain a title of Lord Mansfield, ib. ; speech at taking leave of

command of language, ib.; obtains a commission in the his associates at Lincoln's Inn, 145-6; his qualifications

army, 53 ; joins the Opposition, ib.; enters Parliament, as Chief Justice, 146; testimony of Justice Story, ib.;

10.; his maiden speech, 54 ; its effect on the King and his political course in the House of Lords, 147; resigns



......... 95

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.. 154

SPEECH previolining the Electior Mr. Fox...

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as Chief Justice at the age of eighty-three, ib.; his death, Sheridan, 230; writes his Reflections on the Revolu-
ib.; personal appearance and characteristics of his elo tion in France, 231 ; characteristics of the work, ib.;
quence, ib.

its errors, ib.; its excellences, 231-32; his separation
SPEECH on the right of Taxing America....... Page 148 from Mr. Fox, 232-33; loss of his son, 234-35; pension
REMARKS on the foregoing speech with the American ar-

granted him, 235 ; his Letter to a Noble Lord on the
gument (by the editor).......

subject of his pension, ib.; his Letters on a Regicide
SPEECH when surrounded by a Mob in the Court of

Peace, ib. ; errors of Mr. Burke respecting the war with

King's Bench.

France, 235-36; decline of his health, 237 ; his death,

SPEECH in the case of Allan Evans, Esq. .... ... 155 ib.; characteristics of his genius and eloquence, 237-40

SPEECH on a Bill depriving Peers of certain Privi. | SPEECH on American Taxation ............... Page 141

leges .......

...................... 160 SPEECH on Conciliation with America ....... (265

SPEECH previous to the Bristol Election ....



....... 163

SPEECH on declining the Election at Bristol .. 310

His Letters have taken a permanent place in our elo-

SPEECH on the East India Bill of Mr. Fox ..... 311

quence, 163; the rhetorical skill which they manifest,

SPEECH on the Nabob of Arcot's Debts..


ib. ; the result of severe and protracted effort, ib.; labor

PERORATION of Speech against Warren Hastings ...


bestowed on the selection and arrangement of his ideas,

EXTRACTS from works on the French Revolution... 363

ib.; logical cast of his mind, 163-4; peculiar benefits to

MISCELLANEOUS ...........................


the young orator from the study of his style, 164 ; his

MR. BURKE on the Death of his son....


extraordinary powers of condensation, ib.; of insinu-

CHARACTER of Sir Joshua Reynolds


ating ideas without expressing them in form, 164-5;


reasons why indirect attack by insinuation is so pecul.
iarly painful to cultivated minds, 165 ; Junius' means of HENRY GRATTAN......

.. 382
secret information, ib. ; characteristics of his style, 166– His birth and education in Dublin, 382; study of the law
7; the perfection of his imagery, 167; who was Juni in London, ib.; study of Lord Chatham as an orator,
us ? 168–9; his political relations, 170; had previously ib.; settlement in Dublin as an advocate, ib.; election
written under other signatures, ib.; reasons for his to the Irish Parliament, ib. ; moves a Declaration of
now coming out with increased strength and boldness,

Irish right, 383; unsuccessful, ib.; moves it again at the
ib.; impression made by his first letter, 171 ; attacked end of two years, 384; prevails, ib. ; opposed by Mr.
by Sir William Draper, and thus made an object of pub-

Flood, ib.; invective against him, ib.; opposed to the
lic attention, ib. ; his triumph over Sir William, 171-2;

Union, ib. ; chosen to the Imperial Parliament, ib.; de-

the power he gained as a writer, ib.; his efforts second voted to the cause of Emancipation, ib.; his death, ib.;

ed by Lord Chatham, ib.; the King predicts that Junius

personal qualities and character as an orator, 385.

will cease writing, ib. ; he discontinues his Letters at

he end of three years, and Sir Philip Francis is sent to

SPEECH on moving a Declaration of Irish Right .... 386

India, ib.

SPEECH on making a second motion for a Declaration of

Irish Right......


LETTER to the Printer of the Public Advertiser....


INVECTIVE against Mr. Flood ...


LETTER to Sir William Draper.


LETTER to Sir William Draper....

INVECTIVE against Mr. Corry...


CHARACTER of Lord Chatham.....


LETTER to the Duke of Grafton ..

LETTER to the Duke of Grafton ..

LETTER to the Duke of Bedford....


. 399

REMARKS on the Character of the Duke of Bedford (by His parentage and connection with the stage, 399; early
the Editor)

192 dramatic productions, ib. ; purchase of Drury Lane
LETTER to the King ..


Theater, ib.; election to Parliament, ib.; made Under
LETTER to the Duke of Grafton ...

... 200 Secretary of State, 400; keen retort on Pitt, ib. ; speech
REMARKS on the character of the Duke of Grafton (by the against Hastings in the House, ib. ; speech before the
Editor) ...........

... 204 House of Lords under the impeachment, 401 ; Lord
ESTIMATE OF JUNIUS by Mr. Burke and Dr. Johnson. 204 Byron's lines thereon, ib.; indolence and effrontery as

a speaker, 402; his wit and humor, ib.; habits of intem.

............ 206 perance, 403 ; unhappy death, ib.; personal appearance
His birth and delicate constitution, 206; educated at a

and character as an orator, ih.
Quaker school in Ballitore, ib.; early training, ib.; re- SPEECH against Warren Hastings when impeached be-
moved to Trinity College, Dublin, ib.; account of his fore the House of Lords ....

. 405
studies, 207 ; early philosophical spirit, ib. ; leaves col-
lege and studies law in London, ib. ; his severe mental CHARLES JAMES Fox......

... 437
labor, 208; applies unsuccessfully for a professorship in
Glasgow, ib.; publishes his Vindication of Natural So-

His birth and early genius, 437; indulgence of his father,
ciety, ib. ; publishes his Essay on the Sublime and Beau ib. ; produces habits of dissipation, 438; eminence in
tiful, 209; his society courted by the most distinguished

classical literature, ib.; distinction at Eaton and Oxford,
literary men, ib.; his conversational powers, 210; com-

ib.; early extravagance, 439; enters Parliament, ib.;
mences the Annual Register, ib. ; goes to Ireland as sec-

first a Tory and in office under Lord North, 440; turn-
retary to Single Speech Hamilton, 211; comes into Par.

ed out abruptly, ib. ; joins the Whigs as a pupil of
liament as a supporter of Lord Rockingham, 212: his

Burke, 441; his labors to form himself as a debater,

maiden speech, highly praised by Lord Chatham, ib. ;

443; becomes head of the Whig party, ib.; is made Sec.

goes out with Lord Rockingham, and becomes leader

retary of State under Lord Rockingham, 444; disap-
of the Whigs in the House, 213; Speech on American

pointed in not becoming Prime Minister on the death
Taxation, its powerful impression, 214; elected mem-

of Rockingham, ib.; forms his Coalition with Lord
ber for Bristol, 215; circumstances leading to his speech

North, 445 ; drives out the ministry and becomes Sec.
on conciliation with America, ib.; comparison between

retary of State, ib. ; his East India Bill, 446; speech in
this and his speech on American Taxation, 215-16;

support of it, 447; carried in the House, ib. ; defeated
speech on Economical Reform, "King's turnspit a

in the Lords, ib.; his speech against secret influence,

member of Parliament," 216; speech at Bristol previ.

448; displaced and Mr. Pitt made Prime Minister, ib.;

ous to the election, 216–17; declines the polls, and re-

unsuccessful efforts to drive Pitt from power, ib. ; West.
turned for Malton, 217; speech against the continuance

minster election, 449; Mr. Fox's speech on the subject,

of the American war, "Bhearing the wolf," 217-218;

450; decision of the House in his favor, ib.; derange-

after the fall of Lord North, comes in with Lord Rock-

ment of the King, ib.; Mr. Fox asserts the right of the
ingham as Paymaster of the Forces, 218: carries his

Prince of Wales to the Regency, 451; King recovers,

measures for economical reform, 219; originates the

452; Mr. Fox's speech against Mr. Pitt for arming against

East India Bill of Mr. Fox, ib.; his intimate acquaint-

Russia, 453 ; his Libel bill, ib.; his views of the French
ance with India and its concerns, 220; his speech on

Revolution, 454; his speech on Mr. Pitt's rejection of
Fox's East India Bill, 221: speech on the Nabob of Ar-

Bonaparte's overtures for peace, 458; comes in under
cot's debts, ib.; procures the impeachment of Warren

Lord Grenville as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 459; his
Hastings, 221-22; draws up the articles of impeach-

death, personal appearance, 460; characteristics of his
ment, 223; delivers the opening speech against Hast.

oratory, ib.
ings, ib.; delivers his closing speech at the end of nearly | SPEECH on the East India Bill.....


seven years, 224; reasons for the acquittal of Hastings, SPEECH on Secret Influence ......

225; King becomes deranged, 226; his ground respect SPEECH on the Westininster Scrutiny ..

ing a Regency, ib.; his unpopularity and abusive treat- SPEECH on the Russian Armament .....

ment in the house, ib. ; his early jealousy of the French SPEECH on Parliamentary Reform ........

Revolution, 227; reasons, 227-28 ; his first collision SPEECH on the Rejection of Bonaparte's Overtures for

with Mr. Fox on the subject, 229; his breach with Mr. Peace ........

................................ 523

........ 827

.. 850

.... 851


.......... Page 551 SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH

...Page 821

His early ill health and inability to attend a public school, His birth near Inverness, Scotland, 821 ; precocity and

551 ; his remarkable proficiency at home, ib.; goes to early love of reading, ib.; distinction at school, ib. ; per-

Cambridge at fourteen, ib. ; his ambition from boy hood suades bis school-fellows to practice extemporaneous
to be an orator, ib. ; his training with that view at col. speaking, ib. ; goes to the university, ib.; early attach-
lege, 552 ; his mode of studying the classics, ib. ; his em. ment to metaphysical inquiries, ib. ; intimacy und union
inence in the mathematics, ib.; his severe discipline in of studies with Robert Hall, 821-22; studies medicine at
logic, 553; in mental science and political economy, ib.; Edinburgh, 822; removes to London, and supports him-
his early social habite, 554; comparison between him self by writing for the periodical press, ib. ; publishes
and Lord Chatham, 555; his call to the bar, ib.; his his Vindiciæ Galliciæ in answer to Burke on the French
election to Parliament, 556; remarkable success of his Revolution, ib. ; studies law, and is called to the bar,
maiden speech, ib. ; joing the Whigs, ib.; his sarcasm 823; delivers his lectures on the Law of Nature and Na-
on Lords North and Germaine, 557; comes in with Lord tions, ib.; beautiful character of Grotius in his Intro-
Shelburne as Chancellor of the Exchequer at the age ductory Lecture, 823-24; success ag an advocate, 824 :
of twenty-three, ib.; his brilliant speech against Mr. his speech in defense of Peltier when prosecuted for a
Fox and the Coalitionists, 558; his felicitous quotation libel op Bonaparte, ib.; encomiums of Lord Erskine and
from Horace, 561; is driven out with Lord Shelburne Robert Hall on this speech, 825; is appointed Recorder

by the Coalition, ib.: attacks Mr. Fox's East India Bill, of Bombay, and raised to the honors of knighthood, ib. ;

562; made Prime Minister at twenty-four, 563; Mr. spends eight years in India, and returns with a broken

Fox's efforts to drive him out, ib.; his energetic resist constitution, ib. ; enters Parliament, ib. ; becomes Pro-

ance, 564 ; extraordinary scene in the House, 565; his fessor of Law and General Politics in Haileybury Col-

keen rebuke of General Conway, ib.; his ultimate tri. lege, 826; his literary laborg, ib. ; his character as a par.

umph, sor; his East India Bill, ib. ; motion for reform liamentary orator, ib. ; his death, ib.

in Parliament 569; plan of paying the public debt, 570;

SPEECH in behalf of Peltier .......

his admirable speech against the Slave Trade, ib.; war

CHARACTER of Charles J. Fox....
with France, 571; eloquent speech when his proposals
of peace were rejected by the French, 575 ; speech of GEORGE CANNING.......
great compass and power when he refused to treat
with Bonaparte, 576; resigns at the end of seventeen

His birth in London, 851 ; descended from an Irish fam-
Years, ib. ; returns to power, 577 ; his death, ib.; per.

ily of distinction, ib.; premature death of his father, ib.;
focal appearance and characteristics of his eloquence,

dependent condition of his mother, who goes on to the

stage for her support, ib. ; his early proficiency at school,

ib.; his love of English literature, ib. ; is removed to

SPEECH on the Abolition of the Slave Trade........ 579

Eton, ib. ; induces his companions to establish a paper

SPEECH on the Rupture of Negotiations with France. 593

called the Microcosm, ib.; takes the lead in a debating

SPEECH on Refusing to Negotiate with Bonaparte .. 604

society, 852; leaves Eton with its highest honors, and

enters the University of Oxford, ib. ; when freshman,


............ 629 gains the Chancellor's prize for Latin composition, ib.;

high standing at Oxford, ib.; influence of competition,

His birth at Edinburgh, 629; early education at Edin.

ib. ; leaves the university and commences the study of
burgh and St Andrews, ib. ; his remarkable versatility

the law, ib.; is invited by Mr. Pitt to become his polit.
of mind and liveliness of feeling, ib.; goes to sea at

ical adherent, ib. ; elected to Parliament, ib. ; his early
fourteen as a midshipman, ib.; enters the army as an

character as a speaker, 853; ubites in establishing the
eneign at eighteen, 630; marries at twenty, ib. ; his

Anti-Jacobin Review, ib. ; author of the most striking
studies in English literature, ib.; determines to study

poetical effusions in the work, ib.; the Needy Knife-
law, 631: his call to the bar, ib. ; his first retainer and

grinder, 853-4; made Under Secretary of State, and aft-
remarkable success, ib. ; his instantaneous overflow of

erward Treasurer of the Navy by Mr. Pitt, 854; becomes
business, 632 : case of Lord George Gordon, ib.; enters

Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Duke of Port-
Parliament and supports Fox, ib. ; goes out with the

land, ib.; fights a duel with Lord Castlereagh, and goes
Coalition ministry, 633; State Trials, ib.; made Lord

out of office, ib. ; is chosen member of Parliament for
Chancellor under the Grenville ministry, 634 ; his re-

Liverpool, 855; goes as embassador extraordinary to
tirement and death, ib.; personal appearance and char.

Lisbon, ib. ; appointed Governor General of India, ib.;
acter of his eloquence, 635-6.

is appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs, ib.; his strong
SPEECH in behalf of Lord George Gordon.

stand against the invasion of Spain by France, ib. ; his

SPEECH on the Rights of Juries .....

655 celebrated speech on giving aid to Portugal when in-

SPEECH in behalf of Stockdale ....

683 vaded from Spain, 856; is made Prime Minister, ib. ;

Speech in behalf of Frost ......

his health soon after fails him, ib.; his death, ib.; sketch

SPEECH in behalf of Bingham..

708 of his character by Sir James Mackintosh, 856-8.

SPEECH in behalf of Hardy.


SPEECH on the Fall of Bonaparte .....


SPEECH against Williams for the publication of Paine's

SPEECH on Radical Reform..........


Age of Reason ...


SPEECH delivered at Plymouth..

SPEECH in behalf of Hadfield...


SPEECH on Affording Aid to Portugal.


SPEECH in behalf of Markham...

.. 778




.... 785 LORD BROUGHAM .....

... 886

His birth and parentage, 785; the family, though in low Descended from one of the most ancient families of West-

circumstances, remarkable for intellectual vigor, ib. ; his moreland, England, 886; born at Edinburgh, ib.; edu.

early love of sport and wild adventure, ib.; is sent to cated at the High School under Dr. Adam, ib.; rapidity

sebool and to the university by a clergyman of the of his mind from early lite, ib.; enters the University

Deighborhood, ib., distinguished for his classical attain. of Edinburgh, ib.; distinguished for his mathematical

ments and love of metaphysical inquiry, 786; studies attainments, ib.; early election to the Royal Society of

law in London, ib.; his unwearied efforts to remove his Edinburgh, ib.; studies law, ib. ; his training in extem.

defects and pain fluency as a public speaker, ib. ; settles poraneous debate, ib. ; publishes his work on Colonial

in Dublin and rises to early distinction, ib.; forms the Policy, ib.; removes to London and commences the

Society of the Monks of the Screw, ib.; his celebra practice of the law, 887; is a regular contributor to the

ted address to Lord Avonmore respecting that Society, Edinburgh Review, ib. ; becomes a member of Parlia.

787; enters the Irish House of Commons, ib. ; his bold. ment, ib. ; subjects of his published speeches, ib.; char.

DESA and eloquence during the State Trials, 787-8; acter of his oratory, 888; comparison between him and

Robert Emmett and Sarah Curran, 788; is appointed Mr. Canning, ib.; his attack upon Canning in 1823, when

Master of the Rolls, ib.; hie misfortunes and decline the latter gave him the lie, 889, 890.

of health, 788-9; resigns his office, 789; his death,

SPEECH on the Army Estimates......
ib.; his characteristic excellences and faults as an or-

....... 891

SPEECH in behalf of Williams......


ator, b.

SPEECH on the Invasion of Spain by France........ 904

SPEECH in behalf of Rowan.....!

SPEECH on Parliamentary Reform.

...... 914

SPEECH in behalf of Finnerty ....

INAUGURAL DISCOURSE, when inducted as Lord Rector

SPEECH against the Marquess of Headfor

of the University of Glasgow.................... 937

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