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ings; three of Mr. CURRAN'S; Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH S famous speech for Peltier ; four of Mr. CANNING's; and five of Lord BROUGHAM's, including his instructive discourse on the study of eloquence in the Greek orators. Some of the most finished letters of Junius are given in their proper place, with remarks on his style as an admirable model of condensation, elegance, and force. In the first fifty pages will be found nearly all the celebrated speeches before the days of Lord Chatham, from Sir Robert WALPOLE, Lord CHESTERFIELD, Mr. PULTENEY, Lord BELHAVEN, Sir John Digby, the Earl of STRAFFORD, and Sir John Eliot. The selections in this volume extend through a period of two hundred years, and embrace a very large proportion of the most powerful eloquence of Great Britain.
The following are the aids afforded for the study of these speeches :
(1.) A memoir of each orator, designed to show his early training in eloquence, the leading events of his public life, the peculiar cast of his genius, and the distinctive characteristics of his oratory. It ought to be said, in justice to the author, that these sketches were completed in every essential particular, long before the publication of Lord Brougham's work upon British Statesmen.
(2.) A historical introduction to each of the speeches, explaining minutely the circumstances of the case, the state of parties, and the exact point at issue, being intended to place the reader in the midst of the scene as an actual spectator of the contest. These introductions, with the memoirs just mentioned, form a slight but continuous thread of political history, embracing the most important topics discussed in the British Parliament for more than a century.
(3.) An analysis of the longer speeches in side-notes, giving the divisions and subdivisions of thought, and thus enabling the reader to perceive at once the connection and bearing of the several parts.
(4.) A large body of explanatory notes, bringing out minuter facts or relations of the parties, without a knowledge of which many passages lose all their force and application. .
(5.) Critical notes, as specimens of the kind of analysis which the author has been accustomed to apply to the several parts of an oration, and which every student in oratory should be continually making out for himself.
(6.) Translations of the passages quoted from the ancient and foreign languages, with the poetry rendered into English verse. The passages are usually traced to their sources, and the train of thought given as it appears in the original, without a knowledge of which most quotations have but little force or beauty. For the same reason, the classical and other allusions are traced out and explained.
(7.) A concluding statement of the way in which the question was decided, with occasional remarks upon its merits, or the results produced by the decision.
Great compression has been used in preparing this volume, that all who are interested in the study of eloquence may be able to possess it. Each page contains the matter of three ordinary octavo pages in Pica type; and the whole work has in it one sixth more than Chapman's Select Speeches, or Willison's American Eloquence, in five octavo volumes each.
In conclusion, the author may be permitted to say, that while he has aimed to produce a volume worthy of lying at all times on the table of every one engaged in speaking or writing for the public, he has hoped it might prove peculiarly useful to men of his own profession; since nothing is more desirable, at the present day, than a larger infusion into our sacred eloquence of the freedom, boldness, and strength which distinguish our secular oratory.
Sept. 1st, 1852.
His early life, 1; elected to the House at the opening of
leader of the Opposition, 54-5; comparison between
him and Lord Mansfield, 55; gains a complete ascend.
ancy in the House, 56; unites with Mr. Pelham, and is
made Paymaster of the Forces, ib.; exhibition of dis-
interestedness, 56-7; on the death of Pelham comes out
against Newcastle, his successor, 58; attack on Mang.
field, “Felix trembles," ib.; attack on Fox, "conflux of
Strafford, ib.; changes sides and comes out against the
is raised into the House of Lords, 67 ; his loss of health
and inability to administer the government, 68; resigns
violent hostility against it in Scotland, ib. ; circumstan-
SPEECH in reply to Horatio Walpole...... .......
SPEECH in favor of Inquiring into the conduct of Sir
leading measures, ib. ; errors of his ministry, 29; char.
SPEECH on a Motion to Inquire into the State of the Na-
SPEECH on the Septennial Act....
Speech against the Quartering of British Soldiers on the
SPEECH in favor of an immediate Removal of the British
ib. ; his general unpopularity, ib.; his death, ib.
Speech against a Motion for adjourning Parliament, De.
LAST Speech upon America, with the circumstances of
His birth, 45; early love of polite literature, ib.; elegance LORD MANSFIELD.........
His birth, 143; descended from the Stormont family, which
adhered to the Stuarts, ib.; sent early to the Westmin-
ster school, ib.; his great proficiency, ib. ; removed to
Oxford, ib. ; his studies in rhetoric, ib.; commences the
study of the law, ib. ; laborious training in extempora-
neous speaking, ib.; historical studies, 144; practice in
SPEECH previolining the Electior Mr. Fox...
as Chief Justice at the age of eighty-three, ib.; his death, Sheridan, 230; writes his Reflections on the Revolu-
its errors, ib.; its excellences, 231-32; his separation
granted him, 235 ; his Letter to a Noble Lord on the
subject of his pension, ib.; his Letters on a Regicide
Peace, ib. ; errors of Mr. Burke respecting the war with
reasons why indirect attack by insinuation is so pecul.
Irish right, 383; unsuccessful, ib.; moves it again at the
Flood, ib.; invective against him, ib.; opposed to the
Union, ib. ; chosen to the Imperial Parliament, ib.; de-
LETTER to Sir William Draper.
REMARKS on the Character of the Duke of Bedford (by His parentage and connection with the stage, 399; early
192 dramatic productions, ib. ; purchase of Drury Lane
Theater, ib.; election to Parliament, ib.; made Under
... 200 Secretary of State, 400; keen retort on Pitt, ib. ; speech
... 204 House of Lords under the impeachment, 401 ; Lord
a speaker, 402; his wit and humor, ib.; habits of intem.
............ 206 perance, 403 ; unhappy death, ib.; personal appearance
and character as an orator, ih.
His birth and early genius, 437; indulgence of his father,
classical literature, ib.; distinction at Eaton and Oxford,
ib.; early extravagance, 439; enters Parliament, ib.;
first a Tory and in office under Lord North, 440; turn-
ed out abruptly, ib. ; joins the Whigs as a pupil of
Burke, 441; his labors to form himself as a debater,
goes out with Lord Rockingham, and becomes leader
retary of State under Lord Rockingham, 444; disap-
pointed in not becoming Prime Minister on the death
of Rockingham, ib.; forms his Coalition with Lord
North, 445 ; drives out the ministry and becomes Sec.
retary of State, ib. ; his East India Bill, 446; speech in
support of it, 447; carried in the House, ib. ; defeated
in the Lords, ib.; his speech against secret influence,
ous to the election, 216–17; declines the polls, and re-
unsuccessful efforts to drive Pitt from power, ib. ; West.
minster election, 449; Mr. Fox's speech on the subject,
after the fall of Lord North, comes in with Lord Rock-
ment of the King, ib.; Mr. Fox asserts the right of the
Prince of Wales to the Regency, 451; King recovers,
East India Bill of Mr. Fox, ib.; his intimate acquaint-
Russia, 453 ; his Libel bill, ib.; his views of the French
Revolution, 454; his speech on Mr. Pitt's rejection of
Bonaparte's overtures for peace, 458; comes in under
Lord Grenville as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 459; his
death, personal appearance, 460; characteristics of his
Cambridge at fourteen, ib. ; his ambition from boy hood suades bis school-fellows to practice extemporaneous
his admirable speech against the Slave Trade, ib.; war
CHARACTER of Charles J. Fox....
His birth in London, 851 ; descended from an Irish fam-
ily of distinction, ib.; premature death of his father, ib.;
dependent condition of his mother, who goes on to the
stage for her support, ib. ; his early proficiency at school,
ib.; his love of English literature, ib. ; is removed to
His birth at Edinburgh, 629; early education at Edin.
ib. ; leaves the university and commences the study of
the law, ib.; is invited by Mr. Pitt to become his polit.
ical adherent, ib. ; elected to Parliament, ib. ; his early
character as a speaker, 853; ubites in establishing the
Anti-Jacobin Review, ib. ; author of the most striking
poetical effusions in the work, ib.; the Needy Knife-
grinder, 853-4; made Under Secretary of State, and aft-
erward Treasurer of the Navy by Mr. Pitt, 854; becomes
Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Duke of Port-
land, ib.; fights a duel with Lord Castlereagh, and goes
out of office, ib. ; is chosen member of Parliament for
Liverpool, 855; goes as embassador extraordinary to
Lisbon, ib. ; appointed Governor General of India, ib.;
is appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs, ib.; his strong
stand against the invasion of Spain by France, ib. ; his
SPEECH in behalf of Bingham..
708 of his character by Sir James Mackintosh, 856-8.
of health, 788-9; resigns his office, 789; his death,
SPEECH on the Army Estimates......
SPEECH in behalf of Finnerty ....
INAUGURAL DISCOURSE, when inducted as Lord Rector