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The following articles in this volume are copyrighted, 1903, by J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY in the United States of America :

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The Nineteenth Century. By Theodore Watts-Dunton.
William Wordsworth to the poem " Expostulation and Reply,” page 17. By W. P. Ker, LL.D.
Sir Walter Scott to the poem “The Minstrel,” page 35. By W. P. Ker, LL.D.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge to extract from “The Ancient Mariner,” page 63. By Ernest Hartley Coleridge.
John Keats to the second paragraph on page 102, beginning “ In the following,” etc. By A. Cecil Brad-

ley, LL.D.
Percy Bysshe Shelley to selection from the “Hymn to Intellectual Beauty,” page 112. By Algernon Charles

Swinburne.
Byron to the poem To Thyrza," page 130. By Theodore Watts-Dunton.
Thomas Moore to the poem “At the Mid Hour of Night,” page 348. By W. Litton Falkiner.
Thomas Babington Macaulay to selection from “ Horatius,” page 369. By Professor Richard Lodge.
Thomas Carlyle to letter entitled “Life in Dumfriesshire,” page 407. By W. Wallace, LL.D.
Charles Robert Darwin to the end of the first column of page 419. By Professor J. Arthur Thomson.
George Henry Borrow to “The Flaming Tinman,” page 434. By Theodore Watts-Dunton.
Lord Beaconsfield to “Genius and Youth,” page 438. By Charles Whibley.
John Stuart Mill to “ The Stationary State," page 445. By Hector Macpherson.
William Makepeace Thackeray to “Sir Pitt Crawley Proposes,” page 459. By John Arthur Blaikie.
Charles Dickens to “Mr. Lenville's Apology,” page 470. By R. C. Lehmann.
James Anthony Froude to “ History,” page 504. By P. Hume Brown.
Philip James Bailey. By James Douglas.
Charlotte Brontë to “Mme. Rachel,” page 523. By Rev. W. Robertson Nicoll, LL.D.
Lord Tennyson to the poem “The Bridal,” page 543. By Mrs. Mary J. J. Brotherton.
Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning to the poem “ Cowper's Grave,” page 559. By Mrs.

Miller Morison.
John Ruskin to “Restoration and Destruction,” page 573. By J. W. Mackail.
Herbert Spencer to “ Evolution and Dissolution,” page 589. By Hector Macpherson.
Matthew Arnold to the poem “ To a Friend,” page 595. By Edward Dowden.
Alfred Russel Wallace. By J. Arthur Thomson.
Thomas Henry Huxley to “Aims in Life,” page 618. By J. Arthur Thomson.
Edward Augustus Freeman to “ The Death of Harold,” page 627. By Professor Richard Lodge.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti to“ Sonnet VII.-Supreme Surrender,” page 644. By Walter Raleigh.
Christina Rossetti to the poem “Shall I forget ?" page 647. By Walter Raleigh.
John Richard Green to “Oxford in the Middle Ages,” page 653. By Professor Richard Lodge.
George Meredith to selection from “Love in the Valley,” page 659. By James Oliphant.
William Morris to “ The Wedding Path,” page 667. By Robert Steele.
Theodore Watts-Dunton. By James Douglas.
Algernon Charles Swinburne. By James Douglas.
Thomas Hardy to selection from “The Return of the Native," page 682. By Dr. W. Robertson Nicoll.
Robert Louis Stevenson to selection from “Notes on Edinburgh,” page 702. By J. W. Mackail.
Rudyard Kipling. By Rudolf C. Lehmann.
American Literature. By G. E. Woodberry.
Ralph Waldo Emerson to selection from “ Nature,” page 758. By J. G. Schurman.
William Hickling Prescott to “ Aguilar,” page 763. By Ruth Putnam.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow to the poem “Resignation,” page 768. By John White Chadwick.
John Greenleaf Whittier to selection from “Massachusetts to Virginia,” page 773. By John White

Chadwick.
Nathaniel Hawthorne to selection from “ The Great Stone Face,” page 779. By John White Chadwick.
Edgar Allan Poe to selection from “Silence : a Fable,” page 785. By John White Chadwick.
Oliver Wendell Holmes to the poem The Chambered Nautilus,” page 789. By John White Chadwick.
Henry David Thoreau to “Building the Chimney,” page 794. By John White Chadwick.
James Russell Lowell to page 799, inclusive. By John White Chadwick.
Walter Whitman to “Hours for the Soul," page 806. By John White Chadwick.
Harriet Beecher Stowe. By John White Chadwick.
John Lothrop Motley to “The Beggars,” page 813. By Ruth Putnam.
Francis Parkman to “The Heights of Abraham,” page 816. By Professor Charles H. Hull.

ENVOY.

The New Edition of the CYCLOPEDIA OF ENGLISH LITERATURE is completed by the issue of a third volume little over two years after the appearance of the first. The first volume carried the history down to near the close of the seventeenth century; the second was mainly devoted to the men and women of the eighteenth. The third volume commences with the group of great writers who had begun their work in the eighteenth century, but were destined to be the glory of early nineteenth century letters; and, refusing to attempt a hard and fast line between nineteenth and twentieth, essays to bring down the story to the present time and include-under obvious limitations and conditionsthe writers of the day.

In a work of this kind-which is essentially a history-it would be out of place, even if it were possible, to attempt to deal with contemporaries as has been done with the men of the past; and the limits of the volume debar it from allotting to the incalculably more numerous writers of the present day-whose best work, it may be, is not yet given to the world-the same amount of illustrative quotation as has been conceded to the older writers. By favour of a few of the most eminent living authors, we are permitted to illustrate the brief articles on them with quotations from their choicest work. But in the case of the great majority of quite recent and living authors, it has been inevitable that the Cyclopædia should limit its scope to giving the essential biographical and bibliographical facts demanded in a work of reference, and for the rest to refer to their books, which are even now passing from hand to hand, and are to be found in every library. And of even the ablest of the younger writers of the day, by far the larger number are, along with some older authors not fully in the main currents of national literature, commemorated only by a brief paragraph in a complementary list of British authors-an earnest surely that erelong an additional or supplementary volume may be required to give more adequate treatment than is here possible to those with whom lies the nearer future of British letters. In such a volume some account of the several Celtic literatures of the British Isles, and their chief ornaments, might well find a place.

The limitations of space and detail in regard to recent writers must obviously press more closely on the younger branches-on the literature of the United States and of the British dominions beyond the seas. And it may be anticipated that in any future supplement to this work the contributions of Greater Britain in the wider sense will occupy a space proportionately much larger than in the century which saw the daughter literatures arisefor the story of American national literature may fairly be said to begin with the century so recently closed. And therefore it has been found advantageous to give here, and not in an earlier volume, a brief history of the origins of American literature; yet of the authors separately treated there are only three who did not at least live into the nineteenth century. As in the corresponding British one, the complementary list of American authors is selective, suggesting rather than 'expressing multitude,' and does not pretend to be in any sense complete or exhaustive.

The Editor and Publishers have again to thank the distinguished men -whose names will be found appended to their articles-who have contributed the large body of critical work to which this volume owes its main interest and value.

They have further to thank Lord Tennyson for revising the article on his father, and for choosing the selections to be here presented in illustration of it; Mr Barrett Browning for his co-operation with the writer of the article on his father and mother; Mr Watts-Dunton for invaluable advice

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in regard to other articles than the three important ones he has himself contributed ; Mr John Morley for revising the article on John Stuart Mill; President Schurman of Cornell University and Mr W. P. Garrison of the New York Nation for advice in regard to some of the important American articles. Mr Robert Aitken has written not a few of the unsigned articles, and has assisted the Editor by reading the proofs of them all.

Their thanks are due to Mr Swinburne and Mr Watts-Dunton, to Mr Austin Dobson and Mr Gosse, to Mr Andrew Lang, to Mr Herbert Spencer and the late Mr Lecky, to Mr George Meredith, Mr Thomas Hardy and the late Mr Blackmore, to Dr J. K. Ingram and Mr T. D. Sullivan, to Professor Masson and Mr John Morley, for permission to quote here the poems or passages taken from their works.

In the case of authors here and in America whose works are copyright, they have to thank the following publishers and owners of copyrights for their courteous permission to print the quotations hereinafter given ; and they crave indulgence if they have unwittingly made encroachment on any right of literary property, or inadvertently failed here to make due and express acknowledgment of leave granted. Mr George Allen and Mrl Ruskin's literary executors, ,

for quotations from John Ruskin. Messrs George Bell & Sons,

Calverley. Messrs Blackwood,

Laurence Oliphant. Messrs Cassell & Co.,

Stevenson's Kidnappi. Messrs Chapman & Hall,

Carlyle's Friedrich.
Stevenson's

Pulvis et Messrs Chatto & Windus,

Umbra, Un terwooris, l and Songs of Travel.

Freeman's Norman Con. The Delegates of the Claren

quest. don Press,

Stubbs's Mediæval and

Modern History. Mr Bertram Dobell,

James Thomson's City of

Dreadful Night. 'Emerson.

Holmes. Messrs Houghton, Miffin, and

Longfellow. Co., Boston,

Lowell.

Whittier. Miss Harriet Jay,

Robert Buchanan.
Messrs Little, Brown, & Co.,

Parkman.
Boston,
Messrs Longmans, Green, and

William Morris.
Co., and the Executors,
Messrs Sampson Low, Mar.

Blackmore.
ston, & Co.,
Messrs Maclehose,

David Gray
Matthew Arnold.

Carlyle's Reminiscences. Messrs Macmillan & Co.,

Tennyson.

Christina Rossetti. Mr Lloyd Osbourne,

R. L. Stevenson. Mr John D. Outram,

Outram. The Owners of the Copyright,

Jowett's Plato. The Owner of the Copyrights,

Mr and Mrs Browning. Mrs Coventry Patmore,

Coventry Patmore. Messrs G. P. Putnam's Sons,

Whitman. Messrs Seeley & Co.,

Stevenson's Edinburgh. Messrs Smith, Elder, & Co.,

Matthew Arnold. The Controller of H.M.

Stubbs's Preface to the 1. M.} Stationery Office,

Chronicle of Henry II. Mr Walter Wingate,

Wingate.

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SIR WILLIAM FRANCIS PATRICK NAPIER

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JAMES SHERIDAN KNOWLES

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