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seen with no less pleasure, that the tone | No. 56.-Extract from a dispatch from and the moderatiou observed in this com. Mr. Arbuthnot to Mr. Secretary Fox; munication correspoyd with the sentiments dated Buyukdéré, Aug, 25, 1806.-Rewhich accoinpany theiy. On this subject ceived Sept. 29. his excellency may rest assured, that the It was yesterday settled at the Porte, French government could not in any way that the present Hospodars of Moldavia express a stronger desire to see an end put and Wallachia should be recalled, and that to the calamities of war, than that which prince Charles Callimaki, the first dragohis Britannick majesty will invariably feel inan of the Porte, should be named to the whenever peace can be concluded on con- government of Moldavia, and prince Alex, ditions compatible with the honour of his ander Suzzo to that of Wallachia; at the crową and the interests of his subjects.— same time Mr. Bano Hanchyry was apo The undersigned ought here to conclude pointed dragoman in the room of prince the official answer which he has thought Callimaki.- To give you a perfect idea of necessary to make to the note of bis ex- the disrespect with which Russia has been cellency the minister for foreign affairs. treated in this instance, it is necessary that But he cannot pass over in silence one part I should transmit to you an extract from of this note, where his excellency, wishes the regulations respecting Moldavia and to convey the idea, that the British govern- Wallachia, which were published in the ment seems no longer disposed to act ou year 1802. As no accusation whatever the same principles which directed the con- has been brought against either of the Hosduct of the great man whom England has podars who are now removed, there can lately lost. The undersigned, without be- be no excuse for breaking the convention; ing authorized to mention this subject, nor by which it was stipulated with Russia that even to introduce it in an oficial paper, 7 years should be the period of each prince's trusts in the known goodness and indul government. You will probably expect gence of his sovereign, when he allows to hear tbat this measure has originated himself to make the following observations with the French ambassador; in effect, there on this subject.-During 6 years of inti- are proofs sufficient that it is his work. mate and uninterrupted connection with (Inclosure.)- Extract of a regulation re11r. Fox, the undersigned, as much as any specting the principalities of Wallachia, one, has had an opportunity of coufiden- and Moldavia; dated Sept. 24, 1802. cially learning the sentiments of that cele- The term of the continuance of the Hosbrated nian. From his knowledge of them, be podars in their governmeuts, sball from is impressed with the strongest conviction, henceforth be fixed at 7. complete and enthat no mioister could give to the instruc-tire years, to date from the day of their tions of which he was to be the organ, a more nomination, and if they are not guilty of perfect assent, or concur more effectually in any, open offence, they shall not be dis. their execution, than Alr, Fox would have placed before that term is expired;, if they done, in giving to the undersigned, on the do commit an offence during that time, the part of his Britannick majesty, such orders Sublime Porle will inform the minister of as the undersigned has in fact received, Russia of the circumstance; and if, after under circumeshances in wirich peace (on due examination is made into the affair on the just and equitable conditions which both sides, it shall appear that the Hospohad been proposed to tbat minister) woulddar has really committedan offence, in have appeared to him impracticable. that case only. his deposition shall be How much would this, opinion have been allowed. strengthened in the mind of that minister, No. 57,
-Extract, from a dispatch from on perceivmg the French government re- Mr. Arbuthnot. to Mr, Secretary Fox; fuse the just demands of that illustrious dated Buyukdéré, Sept, 29, 1806.-Really, who, by his fidelity to his Britannick ceived Nov. I, majesty, has deserved on the part of the Sirs On the 18th of this month, the draking, ibat his interests should be as dear goman of the Porte communicated to Mr. to him as his own! The undersigned has Pisani (first. dragoman ur interpreter at the honour to acquaint his excellency the tached to the British mission) for my inminister for foreign affairs, that he this formation, a note which had been presented morning applied to his excelleucy M. de by the French anıbassador; a copy of which Champaguy fur bis passpurts. At the same 1 baye herewith the honour to inclose. time be requests, &c. LAUDERDALE, (Inclosure.- Nole presented by the French
Ambassador at the Porte, to the Reis clare to the Sublime Porte, that not only Effendi ; Pera, Sept. 16, 1806.
the principles of friendship, but those of The undersigned general of division, the strictest neutrality, require that the ambassador of his majesty the emperor Bosphorus should be shut against all Rusof the French, king of Italy, has the sian ships of war, as well as against every Honour to lay before his excellency other vessel of that nation, bringing troops, the Reis Effendi the following considera- ammunition, or provisions; and that the tions. He has been positively informed, said passage cannot be opened to them although iu au' indirect manner, that the without committing an act of hostility Russian legation has delivered a note to the against France, and without giving his maSublime Porte, in which it is said that the jesty Napoleon the Great a right of passage emperor of Russia has resused to ratify over the territories of the Ottoman empire, the treaty of peace signed at Paris by his in order to combat with the Russian army plenipotentiary. This refusal places Eu- on the banks of the Dniester.-Any rerope in the same situation in which she newal or continuation of alliance with the was 6 weeks ago, but it unmasks the pro-enemies of France, such as England and jects of Russia. This treaty of peace Russia, would be not only a manifest viola. stipulated for the independence of the 7 tion of the neutrality, but an accession, on islands ; a stipulation which removing the the part of the Sublime Porte, to the war Russians from the Mediterranean, where which those powers wage against France, they had established themselves in order to and his majesty would see himself comattack the Ottoman empire at various pelled to take measures conformable to his points, could not be acceptable to them. interests and his dignity. The Sublime -Ragusa was restored to its independence Porte cannot maintain her relations with under the protection of the Sublime Porte : two missions from Naples, and his majesty this arrangement rendering it impossible the emperor of the French cannot suffer his for the Russians to keep up their intelli-august brother, Napoleon Joseph, king of gence with the Montenegrians and with the Naples and the two Sicilies, to meet with revolted Serviais, was contrary to their difficulties here which he does not experiviews. Doubtless it is the article which ence from any power in amily with France. stipulates for the independence of the Ot-|-His majesty the emperor has a large toman empire and the iutegrity of its ter- army in Dalmatia : this army is collected ritory which has occasioned the rejection for the defence of the Ottoman empire, of the peace at Petersburgh ; Russia then unless an equivocal conduct on the part of perceived that she could no longer seize the Porte, and a condescension towards provinces of that empire by force of arms Russia and England, which might again as she seized the Crimea, or extort them throw her into their power, should compel from her in time of peace, as she did with bis majesty the emperor of the French, to regard to Georgia and the passage of the bring forward his formidable forces for a Dardanelles. This treaty of peace, in purpose totally opposite to that which he fine, leaving the French in Albania and had in view.-His majesty has ordered the Dalmatia, placed upon the frontiers of undersigned to state to the Sublime Porte Turkey her most ancient ally and her in the most frieadly though energetic manner most faithful friend, who would have re-these demands, for the purpose of obtainmained and will ever remain ready to de- ing an answer in writing, and it is expected fend her. Such are the motives which that this answer shall be positive and catehave led the cabinet of Petersburgh to this gorical.—No further delay can be allowed; refusal. I do not give way to vain decla- and his majesty has no doubt that the mation ; I lay facts before you; I beseech Sublime Porte will give him the assurances you to weigh them with all the attention be desires, and which are so much in unito which they are entitled.If in these dif-son with the interests of the Ottoman em. ficult circumstances the Porte does not pire. The undersigned bas . no wish to form a true estimate of her dangers and of make a vain display of the formidable for her force, if she does not form the deci- ces of the great Napoleon ; his friends sion her interests require of her, I shall know how to estimate their importperhaps ere long have lo lameat her fate. ance; his enemies bave felt their power. The undersigned has received the most The genius of his august master is well positive orders from his majesty the empe- kuown; bis determinations are wise and ror of the French, king of Italy, to de- prompe, his personal attacboient to bis highness is sincere. He only seeks the in-ber unremitted projects of encroachment dependence, the integrity, and the glory and aggression. Her conduct in the reof Turkey. He desires nothing. He asks cent discussions has afforded but too many nothing. What inducements to an union proofs of this disposition.-The negociawith him! at the same time what reason tion originated in an offer made by the to apprehend the loss of his good-will by French government of treating for peace adopting a timid, uncertain, or inimical on the basis of actual possession, which line of conduct! Under these circumstan- was stated to admit of mutual compensa ces the answer of the Sublime. Porte will tion, and a distinct assurance was added, regulate the conduct of my august master. that his majesty's German dominions, which Let not the threats of ihe enemies of had been attacked without even the preFrance impose upon the Sublime Porte; tence of any cause of hostility, should be they have been vanquished, and they will restored.—Such a proposal appeared to his ever be so. The great Napoleon will em- majesty to afford a just foundation for neploş all his resources for the glory of his gociating : it was therefore accepted with highness Selim III. his friend, and his re- this reserve, that the negociation should sources are immense, his genius is still be conducted by his majesty in concert greater. This note is of sufficient impor- with bis allies.- No sooner had this basis tauce to be submitted to the profound wis-been mutually admitted, than it was de. dom of his majesty the emperor Selim III. parted from by the enemy, and that too, and your excellency is requested to take in points of so great importance, as to call the earliest opportunity of laying it before for an immediate declaration on the part bim.- The undersigned requests, &c. Ho- of his majesty, that unless the principle KACE SEBASTIANI.
proposed by France herself was adhered to, the communications which had been opened
between the two governments must at once DECLARATION OF THE KING OF GREAT be closed. This produced new professions BRITAIN; DATED OCTOBER 21, 1806.
of the dispositions of France to make conThe negociations in which his majesty siderable sacrifices for the attainment of has been engaged with France having ter- peace, if the discussions were suffered to minated unsuccessfully, his majesty thinks proceed; at the same time that a difficulty proper to make this public declaration to was started on account of the want of full bis subjects and to Europe, of the circun- powers in the person intrusted by bis mastances wbich have led to an issue which jesty with this communication. Steps were his majesty deeply regrets. He has no thereupon taken by his majesty for opening object nearer to his heart than the conclu- a regular negociation by ministers duly ausion of a secure and permanent peace. He thorized, in order to ascertain, in a man. laments the continuance of a war affect- ner the most satisfactory and authentic, ing the happiness of so many nations, and whether peace could be obtained on terms which, even amidst all the successes that hợuourable to the king and his allies, and attend bis arms, is so burthensome to his consistent with the general security of Eufaithful and affectionate people. But he is rope.—During these proceedings, a miconfident that there can arise on this occa- nister sent by the emperor of Russia to treat sion no other sentiment, either in his own for the same important object, in concert dominions, or in any part of Europe, with his majesty's government, was induced than that of an increased conviction, that by the artifices of the enemy, to sign . the restoration of general tranquillity is separate treaty, on terms equally repug. retarded only by the injustice and ambi-nant to the honour and interests of his imtion of the enemy.-The French govern- perial majesty.Uomoved by this unexment, unsatisfied with its immense acqui-pected event, the king continued to negositions on the continent, still openly perse- ciate precisely on the same principles as veres in a system destructive of the inde- before. He relied, with a confidence which pendence of every other power. War is experience has amply justified, on the pursued, not for security but for conquest; good faith and steadiness of an ally, in and negociations for peace appear to be concert with whom he had begun to treat, entered into for po other object than that and whose interests he had maintained of deluding the neighbouring powers into a throughout with the same firmuess as his state of false security, while France is her own. The French government, on the self preparing, arranging, and executing contrary, elated by this advantage, of VOL. VIII.
which it boasted as equal in importance took the most effectual method to avoid all to the most decisive victory, departed in appearance of delay, and to accelerate, if every conference 'more and more widely possible, the favourable issue of the nego. from its own offers and engage nients.' Not ciation. The confidential intercourse whicli only did it take upon itself to change at he bad constantly maintained with Russia, its own will the basis of the negociation enabled his majesty to specily the terms on with Great Britain, but violated, in points which peace with that power miglit be obstill more important, every principle of tained ; and his minister was accordingly good faith with Russia. The chief in- instructed to state to France, in addition ducement offered to that power as the to the king's demands, those of his ally, price of all the sacrifices extorted from her to reduce them into distinct articles, and minister, had been the preservation of even to conclude on those grounds a proGermany. Yet, before the decision of visional treaty, to take effect whenever Russia on this treaty could be known, Russia should signify her accession. This France had already annihilated the whole form of negociating was, after some obframe and constitution of the German em. jection, acceded to by France; terms were pire; had reduced under her own yoke a vow offered to his majesty more nearly apJarge proportion of the states and provin- proaching than before to the original basis ces of Germany'; and, not content with of negociation ; but these were still far this open contempt of obligations so re- short of what bis majesty had uniformly cently contracted, had, at the same time, insisted on, and was now more than ever instigated the Porte to measures directly entitled to expect; and the decisive rejecsubversive of her subsisting enagements tion of the just demands of Russia, as with Russia.-While such a conduct was well as of the conditions proposed by bis pursued towards his majesty, towards bis majesty in behalf of his other allies, left allies, and towards all independent powers, to his majesty po other course than that of there appeared so little hope of any fa- ordering his minister to terminate the disvourable issue to the negociation, that his cussion, and return to England.-The foremajesty's plenipotentiaries demanded their going short and simple exposition of facts passports to return to England. This de- stands in need of no comment. The first inand was at first eluded by an unusual and overtures which led to negociation were unexplained delay, and the French govern- made by the enerny, and they were acceptment afterwards, by some material con- ed by his majesty in the sincerest spirit of cessions, accompanied with intimations peace. Every opening which sected to that others of still greater consequence afford the most distant prospect of accommight be the result of further discussion, modation has been anxiously embraced, procured a renewal of the conferences, nor was the negociation finally broken off
, which were protracted from day to day, while any hope of a favourable issue could till at length it was announced at Paris that be entertained. Ilis majesty's demands the emperor of Russia had indignantly re- were uniformly just and reasonable ; dijected the unauthorized and separate treaty rected to no objects of persoual aggransigned by his minister.-In consequence of dizement, but to such only as were indisthis important event, the strongest assu- pensably required by the honour of his rances were given to his majesty's minister crown, his engagements to his allies, and that France was now prepared to make a due consideration of the general interests 'sacrifices to a great extent, in order, by of Europe.--It is with heartfelt concern securing peace with Great Britain, lo re- that his majesty contemplates the contiestablish the tranquillity of the world. nuance of those evils always inseparable The object of these assurances appeared from a state of war; but it is with his however to be, that of engaging his ma- enemies that this awful responsibility rests; jesty in a separate negociation, to the ex- and for the issue of the contest his majesty clusion of his allies ; a proposal which his trusts, with confidence, to the justice of majesty had rejected in the outset, and his cause ; to the resources and bravery of which he could still less admit of at a time his people; to the fidelity of his allies ; when the conduct of Russia had imposed and, above all, to the protection and supon bim an increased obligation not to sepa- port of the Divine Providence. In conrate bis interests from those of so faithful stributing to the great efforts which such a an ally. To these insidious overtures, his contest must unavoidably require, bis faithmajesty steadily refused to listen; but he ful and affectionate subjects will not forget that all their dearest interests are at stake; and as tending to illustrate the position, that no sacrifices they can be called on to that wherever the British troops had been make, are to be compared with the certain equal in point of numbers to their adverdisgrace and ruin of yielding to the inju- saries, or even where they were not greatly rious pretensions of the enemy; that with inferior, that native and characteristic vathe inviolable maintenance of the good lour for which they were so eminently faith and public honour of their country, distinguished, failed not to display itself, its prosperity, its strength, and its inde- and to secure the palm of victory. In this pendence, are essentially connected; and view, he knew not where, in all the mili-, that in asserting the rights, and upholding tary annals of this country, to look for a the dignity of the British empire, they de- more signal or brilliant example than that fend the inost powerful bulwark of the li- which gave rise to his present observations. berties of mankind.
In viewing this operation, the first con
sideration that presented itself was the HOUSE. OF LORDS.
great disparity in the number of troops on Monday, December 22.
the side of the British: these were consi[MINUTES. ] The earl of Aylesford stated, derably less than 5000 men. Of the enemy that his majesty had been waited on with there were certainly many more. What the Address of that house, to which his was the result? that the number of killed, majesty bad been pleased to return a most wounded, and taken prisoners, either in gracious answer, ihanking the house for the action at Maida itself, or in its aptheir determination to concur in every mea- proximate consequences, considerably exsure which the exigency of affairs might re- ceeded the number of the victorious army! quire.-Lord Grenville presented, by his He knew of no occasion which could majesty's command, the Papers respecting more forcibly call upon them for the testithe late Negociation. In moving, his lord- mony of their thanks, by affording which ship said, to fix a day for the discussion, it the assurance would be held out to them, was his wish, with every regard for their that while his majesty's troops were risking lordships' convenience, that, on the one their lives and combating for their country, hand, sufficient time should be given for the no part of that country was insensible to consideration of this very importaut sub- their merits, or would hesitate to express ject; whilst, on the other, that no longer its grateful sense and approbation of them. delay should take place than was absolutely Upon these grounds it was, that he then necessary, in the expression of the opinion moved, ist, “ That the thanks of this of that house, with respect to the result of house be given to major.general sir John the negociation. llis lordship concluded Stuart, K. B. and also to the hon. brigadierby moving, that the papers be taken into gen. G. Lowry Cole, and brigadier-gen. W. consideration on Friday the 2d of January. P. Ackland, for their gallant and merito-Ordered.
rious conduct in the action with the French (BATTLE OF MAIDA-VOTE OF THANKS troops at Maida on the 4th of July last, to Sir J. STUART, &c.] Lord Grenville and to the officers under their command. rose for the purpose of moving the Thanks Secondly, That the Thanks of this house of the House to sir Juhn Stuart, and the be given to the non-commissioned officers officers and soldiers by whose valour the and private soldiers serving under the same, victory of Maida was obtained. His lord for their bravery and good conduct, and ship said he had ever been of opinion that that this vote be signitied to them by the the bigh honour conferred by a vote of officers of the respective corps."-On the thanks of that house, ought to be reserved question being put, these motions were for great occasions; for deeds of valour of voted, nem. diss. and the thanks were ordera superior description, for actions which ed to be communicated to the general offi. tended to throw a lustre around the British cers in the usual way. The house then adname, or materially to benefit the interests journed for the Christmas recess till Wedof the country. Of this general descrip-nesday the 31st instant, tion and character be conceived the instance to be on which he should presently
HOUSE OF COMMONS. move their lordships to come to a vote of
Monday, December 22. thanks; and on that principle he proceeded. [MINUTES.] Lord Ossulston stated, that - The case before them was most distin- his majesty had been waited upon with the guishable for its display of heroic valour, Address of this house upon his majesty's