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doubt that he and I would arrange the in the morning totally disqualified for exbusiness. On my part, I stated, that I ertion, I wrote to him a note of which I was afraid he proceeded on the supposi- now inclose a copy (marked B.) - Your tion that I might give way in some of the lordship will perceive, that in this note ! points in question, which I thought it fair pressed for an answer in writing, in a manto assure him at once was impossible. Iner as strong and as inoffensive as I could stated to kim generally the demands I was devise. --On the morning of the 17th, I to make on the part of England, which wrote to M. Talleyrand a short note would no way vary from the terms we had (narked C.) expressing my desire that he originally understood to have been propo- would come to me any tinje after three sed; and that he must expect I would be o'clock, which was hardly dispatched be. as positive in relation to the conditions for fore I received a letter from his excellency. Russia, with which he was acquainted, as I announcing the arrival of a courier at should be with respect to any point more Boulogne, and the inelancholy account of peculiarly of British interest. I then thought Mr. Fox's death. A copy of this, toit right to introduce the subject of my geber with my answer, a copy of whick having no powers from Russia, observing (marked D. and E.) I have the honour of that, although there might be some irre- inclosing. In the evening I received the gularity in this mode of proceeding, yet inclosure (marked F.) from which your that, under all the circumstances of the lordship will perceive that I shall at last present case, it seemed unavoidable, be- have a meeting with M. Talleyrand tocause the principle and feelings of bis morrow at one o'clock. I have the honour majesty would never permit him to think to be, &c. LAUDERDALE, of treating, but in such a

as First inclosure (A.)-Copy of a note from might insure to the court of Petersburgh the Earl of Lauderdale to M. Talley an honourable peace, at the moment rand; dated Paris, Sept. 13, 1806. that peace should be concluded between The undersigned, plenipotentiary of his England and France ; and that unless Britannic majesty, lost no time in transI could be allowed to state the objects mitting to his court the communication of Russia, this could be hardly effect. which his excellency the minister for fo. ed. He assured me that they would reign affairs made to him on Thursday the wave all objections with regard to form, 4th inst.; and he now hastens to reply to and that they would be perfectly ready to that communication, by informing his exhear me on the subject of a treaty of peace cellency of the line of conduct his majesty with Russia ; his objection to my proposal has thought proper to direct him to pursue being founded, not on the circumstance of under the present circumstances.-His Brimy wanting powers from Russia, but on tannic majesty, ever auxious to maintain the very unusual proposal of concluding a the intimate connection and alliance which treaty, which, when signed, was only to subsist between bis majesty and the empetake place in a certain event. I mentioned ror of all the Russias, naturally finds in ihe to him that the same thing bad been done recent conduct of his illustrious ally, and in Paris in 1782, when Mr. Oswald con- in the proofs which he has lately afforded of cluded a treaty of peace with Dr. Franklin the interest which he takes in the welfare and Mr. Adam. During the whole of this of Great Britain and in the general happiconversation, I had gone even out of my ness of Europe, additional motives not to way to repeat to him the necessity of his separate, in any case, his interests from laying his account with my adhering rigidly those of the court of St. Petersburgh.-It to the terms I had detailed; and yet he is not, bowever, the intention of his maleft me with such expressions as could not jesty to carry this principle farther than the fail to create a belief, that he intended to earl of Yarmouth was instructed to carry accede to my propositions. At the mo- it by Mr. Fox, in his lordship’s communiment be quitted me I was much better than cations with the French government. There I had been for some days, and was in is nothing to prevent the interests of Great such bopes that I was about to get well, Britain and of France from being treated that I undertook to write to him next separately : only his majesty does not au. morning, Tuesday the 16th, to say whe-thorize the undersigned to sign any treaty ther I could appoint a meeting in the except provisionally: such treaty not to course of that day. Unfortunately I had have its full effect until peace shall have a miserably bad nigbt, and finding myself been concluded between that faithful ally of Great Britain and France. It is upon sires.-Lord Lauderdale hopes, neverthe these conditions alone that the undersigned less, that his excellency will be pleased, at is at present authorized to negociate. The this interview, to put into his hands a undersigned has orders to add, that his written answer to his last note.--He enBritannic majesty, fully acquainted with treats his excellency to believe, that it is the desire entertained by the court of St. by no means from a desire of insisting Petersburgh for peace upon conditions re- upon a demand merely because it has been ciprocally honourable and advantageous, once made, that he now renews it, but the and at the same time compatible with the orders of his court are positive in this interests of Europe, has authorized him respect, and lord Lauderdale feels it the to impart to the French plenipotentiaries more indispensable for bim to remind bis the conditions upon which Russia (accord- excellency of this circumstance at the preing to the full and perfect knowledge his sent moment, since he finds himself called Britannic majesty has of the intentions of upon to treat for a court from which he has that court) would be willing to negociate received no direct powers.-Lord Lauderwith the French government; to reduce dale has the honour, &c. LAUDERDALE. them into the form of a treaty in the event Third inclosure (C.)--Copy of a note froni of their being agreed to on both sides ; and the Earl of Lauderdale to M. Talleyto insert an article in the provisional rand; dated Paris, Sept. 17, 1806. treaty between G. Britain and France, by Lord Lauderdale, although still too unwhich his Britannic majesty should engage well to leave the house, thinks bimself able to employ' his mediation, for the purpose to hold a conference with his excellency of obtaining the accession of his majesty M. Talleyrand to-day, if his excellency the emperor of all the Russias to the said will do him the honour of coming to the treaty.—The undersigned is aware that he botel de l'Empire, any time after three ouglit to make the official communication o'clock that may best suit his excellency.of the conditions to the French plenipo- Should this proposal interfere with his extentiaries : in the mean time, and for the cellericy's engagements, or be in any other satisfaction of his excellency the minister respect inconvenient to him, lord Lauderfor foreign affairs, he has no difficulty in dale hopes to be able to go out to-morrow, telling him that they will be in substance and will wait upon his excellency M. Talthe same as those which have already been leyrand at whatever hour may best suit communicated to his excellency by his ex. him. He has the honour, &c. LAUDERcellency baron de Budberg.-The under- VALE. signed expects with great impatience the Fourth inclosure (D.)--Copy of a note from answer to this communication, which his M. Talleyrand to the Earl of Lauderdale ; excellency the minister for foreign affairs dated Paris, Sept. 17, 1806. will have the goodness to send in writing. The prince of Benevento has this moIt is the more necessary for him to receive ment learnt that the messenger, Jobu it in that form, as luis court has remarked son, is arrived, and will be in Paris to-day: that the communications the undersigned It is with sincere regret that the prince of has already made, have frequently re- | Benevento, at the same time, heard of the mained without a written answer. The death of Mr. Fox, of which event, he has undersigned has the honour, &c. Lau- the honour of informing his excellency lord DERDAL.E.

Lauderdale. Mr. Spencer succeeds Nir. Second inclosure (B.)-Copy of a note Fox provisionally. The prince of Bene

from the Earl of Lauderdale to M. Tal vento hopes that lord Lauderdale finds leyrand; dated Paris, Sept. 16, 1806. himself better 10-day. He has the honour,

Lord Lauderdale has the honour of in- &c. Ch. Mau. TALLEYRAND, prince of forn:ing his excellency M. Talleyrand, that Benevento. he has passed a very bad vight, and finds Fifth inclosure (E.)-Copy of a note from himself utterly incapable of entering upou the Earl of Lauderdale to M. Talley: business to-day:-Lord Lauderdale will rand; dated Paris, Sept. 17, 1806. have the honour of writing to his excel- Lord Lauderdale received the note that lency to-morrow moruing, when he hopes Iris excellency the prince of Benevento the indisposition under which he wow sent him this morning, at the moment when labours, will have taken such a turn as he had just dispatched the note in which may enable him to hold the conversation he proposed to hold a conference with his with his excellency, which he so much dc- excellency this day. Lord Lauderdale

presumes that, considering the state of his object, and that they were even ready to health, and the approaching arrival of the make any sacrifice to secure it; he produmessenger, his excellency will agree with ced the paper to which he had alluded him in opinion, that the conference may be (marked A.); and. which I had at first unpostponed till tomorrow.-Lord Lauder-derstood he ineant to transmit to me when dale thanks his excellency the prince of he should go home.-Before he opened it, Benevento for his attention in acquainting he looked at me, and said, that there was bim with the arrival of the courier. The a mixture in it of what perhaps I should death of Mr. Fox occasioned him no sur- not like, but that I must take the evil with prise ; and it appears from what his excel-ibe good. He begged that I would allow lency mentions in hiş note, that the seals bim to read it through without interrupting of the foreign department (as is usually him. When he had finished, I said that I the case) have been provisionally entrusted should of course send such an answer as I to lord Spencer, secretary of state for the thought becoming and proper. I told him, home department, until a successor is ap- and, I trust, withi perfect temper and seempointed.-Lord Lauderdale, has the ho-ing indifference, that the most important nour, &c. LAUDERDALE.

thing for me to know was, whether these Sixth inclosure (F.)Copy of a note from concessions would be to the extent of al

M. Talleyrand to the Earl of Lauderdale; lowing us to retain what they had originaldated Sept, 17, 1806.

ly proposed? He answered, that the emThe minister for foreign affairs, on his peror would leave every thing open to the return from St. Cloud, found the note plenipotentiaries.-On his going away I which his excellency lord Lauderdale had ielt myself so extremely fatigued, in consedone hiin the honour of writing to him. quence of the weak state in which my

late He regrets extremely the continued indis- illness has left me, that I was obliged to lie position of his excellency. To-morrow down and recruit iny strength before I could being the day of his official attendance at turn my niind to the formation of what I St. Cloud, he cannot have the honour of conceived to be a proper answer to his seeing his excelleney, but he will not fail 10 note. I trust your lordship will approve

him the next day about 1 o'clock. of the answer I have sent, a copy of which - He has the honour, &c. Ch. Mav. Tal- I have the honour of inclosing, (inarked B.) LEYRAND, prince of Benevento.

My object in framing it, was to facilitate as No. 50.-Copy of a dispatch from the much as possible the immediate progress

Earl of Lauderdale to Earl Spencer ; of the negociation, and, at the same time, dated Paris, Sept. 19, 1806.--Recei- to let the government of France feel that I ved Sept. 22.

was alive to what, in point of dignity, bem My lord'; At one o'clock this day, M. longed to the plenipotentiary of his BritanTalleyrand called upon me according to nick majesty. I have, &c. LAUDERDALE,

appointment which I announced to your First inclosure (A.)-Copy of a note delilordship in my last dispatch. I immediately vered by M. Talleyrand to the Earl of perceived, that bis plan was to exbibit 'ex- Lauderdale; dated Sept. 18th, 1806. treme civility, which no one knows better The undersigned, the minister for foreign how to execute. After some time spent in affairs, has laid before his majesty the emcompliments, and in condolence on the peror, king of Italy, the note which his exgreat loss the world had sustained, he told cellency the earl of Lauderdale, minister me, that as I insisted on an answer in plenipotentiary from his Britannick majesty, writing, one was prepared, which contained did bin the honour to address to him on a declaration consonant to what he suppo- the 13th of this month.-His majesty the sed me to wish on the two niost material emperor and king sees with regret that the points. Ist, That the emperor was willing negociation seems to take every day a reto admit of an article being introduced to trograde course, and he is at a loss to disanswer the objects I had in view in relation cover what point the English government to Russia, and to instruct his plenipoten- wish to attain.-In the first instance, obsotiaries to hear mne with respect to the inte- lete forms were brought forward and urged rests of that power. 2dly, That France for our acceptance, the text and the subwould be ready to make great concessions stance of which had never been admitted, for the purpose of obtaining peace. After nor even discussed, by the French governsome conversation, all tending to impress ment, and when this difficulty appeared to the with the idea that peace was their main be removed, and the French plenipoteo

wait upon

the

tiaries held out a prospect of sacrifices | bis Britanvick majesty, peace is still wished which proved more and inore the desire of for in England, peace may be made, and their government for peace, points antece- that without delay. The emperor will not dent to the negociation were recurred to, hesitate to make some sacrifices in order to and a questiou was started again which had accelerate it, and to render it durable; but been three times decided ; ist, by the if the dispositions for peace should have powers given to M. d'Oubril

, with which changed in London, if the wise and liberal his Britannick majesty's plenipotentiaries views manifested in the first communicawere acquainted, afterwards by the powers tions which took place with the illustrious given to the earl' of Yarmouth, and lastly, minister, wbom both nations lament, should for the third time, by those of the earl of no longer prevail, a vague discussion, imLauderdale. One might have supposed moderate pretensions, and ainbiguous prothat a discussion, terminated before the posals, wide of that tone of frankness and first conference of the respective negocia- dignity necessary to conduce to a real retors, and decided even by the very fact of conciliation, would only bare the effect of their negociation, would not again be producing more irritation, and would be unbrought forward.--His majesty the emperor worthy of both nations. France does not wishing however to give a fresh proof of his pretend to dictate either to Russia or to uniform desire for the re-establishment of England, but she will be dictated to by peace, adheres to the following proposal; neither of these powers. Let the condiThat the negociations between France and tions be equal, just, and moderate, and the England shall continue; that the minister peace is concluded; but if an imperious and plenipotentiary of his majesty the king of exaggerating disposition is evinced, if preG. Britain shall be at liberty to introduce eminence is affected, if, in a word, it is into the treaty, either as a public or a secret meant to dictate peace, the enperor and the article, or in any other form which would an- French people will not even notice these swer the same end, whatever he may conceive proposals. Confiding in themselves, they would tend to reconcile the existing diffe- will say as a nation of antiquity answered rences between France and Rrussia, and its enemies," you demand our arms, come would procure for the latter a participation and take them."-The undersigned, &c. in the benefits of peace, it being well un- Ch. Mau. TALLEYRAND, prince of Benederstood, that no proposals shall be admit- vento. ted except such as are respectively honour- Second Inclosure (B.)-Copy of a note able, and are not injurious to the real from Lord Lauderdale to M. Talleyrand; power and the dignity of the two empires ; dated Sept. f9th, 1806. and that we shall not see again brought The undersigned plenipotentiary of his forward the extraordinary proposals which majesty the king of G. Britain, in answering M. de Novosiltzoff was charged 10 make the official note of his excellency the mion the part of Russia, and which having nister for foreign affairs, dated the 18th inarked the origin of a coalition conquered inst., which has been received to-day, and destroyed in its birth, ought equally to begins by remarking, that he purposely abbe forgotten with the coalition itself. There stains as much as possible from all obserare proposals which, being only the result vation upon those points contained in it, of blind confidence, and of a species of in- which are foreign to the immediate object fatuation, and, being founded neither on in question. By this means, he will ayoid the real force of the parties, nor on their discussions of a nature to lead him to forget geographical situation, are deprived of a pa- that tone of moderation which it is his duty cific character, and carry with them their to obserde in the whole course of his misown condemnation.France ough tneither sion. He will thus maintain the line of to abandon the interests of the Ottoman conduct which is conformable to that love empire, nor a position whieh enables her to sof peace, which characterizes all the proceesustain that empire against the aggressions dings of the king his master. When the with which she is openly menaced by Rus- undersigned reflects, that he came to Paris,

but as all the objects destined to enter authorized to conclude peace upon terms into the arrangements of the treaty, must understood to have been proposed by be reserved for discussion, the undersigned France; that notwithstanding the refusal will not seek to anticipate the result which of his imperial majesty of all the Russias to it may produce. If, after the changes ratify the treaty signed by M. d'Oubril, which bave taken place inthe cabinet of and the splendid successes obtained by bis

gia;

majesty's arms in Spanish America, he was | 23d, being anxious that the hegociation authorized to give assurances (as he had the should proceed as soon as possible, I took honour of dcing to his excellency the mi- the opportunity of M. de Champagny's nister for foreign affairs) that the demands sending to enquire after my health, to urge of his court, in its own favour, would not him, in writing, to renew the conferences in consequence of these successes be mate without farther loss of time. Your lordrially increased ; the undersigned had ship will find a copy of my letter (marked reason to be surprized at finding his go-C.), together with his answer (marked D.) Fernment charged with manifesting an enclosed.-On the 24th I received from M. "imperious and exaggerating disposition." Talleyrand an answer to the demand I had He is not less astonished, that his excellen- made for an explanationon the subject of ry, in replying to a note in which lord Lau-passports, in my letter of the 22d. This derdale had the honour of explaining dis- cominunication (marked E.) I think it prctinctly to him, that the conditions pointed per also to transmit to your lordship.-On out by his excellency baron de Budberg, the 25th at 1 o'clock, M. de Champagny were in substance what would be insisted called on me, as had been previously agreed, upon by G. Britain in favour of Russia, for the purpose of renewing the conferences. should have thought it necessary to repro-1-After the usual interchange of civilities, bate so strongly conditions proposed by M. he proceeded to say, that, to secure peace, de Norosiltzoff under totally different cir- the emperor had determined to make great cumstances, and of the nature of which, the sacrifices.- lat, That Hanover with its deundersigned is entirely ignorant.-Never-pendencies should be restored to his maj. theless, after the explaciations given by the —2d, That the possession of Malta should undersigued to his excellency the minister be confirmed to Great Britain.-3d, That for foreign affairs, and the declaration made France would interfere with Holland to by him to his excellency, that the under confirm to his majesty the absolute possessigned is not authorized to negociate other- sion of the Cape.-4th, That the emperor wise than so as to ensure the conclusion of would confirm to his majesty the possession a peace with G. Britain and with Russia at of Pondicherry, Chandernagore, Mahee, the same moment ; and, after having recei. and the other dependent comptoirs.-5th, ved, in the official note of yesterday's date, That as 'Tobago was originally settled by assurances that the French government the English, it was meant also to give that does not refuse the admission of an article, island to the crown of Great Britain,-To the design of which shall be to provide for all this be added, that what he had now this indispensable object, the undersigned said, proceeded on the supposition, that Siwill make no difficulty in resuming the con- cily was to be ceded, and that the French ferences with their excellencies the French government proposed that his Sicilian maplenipotentiaries, as soon as their excel- jesty slrould have as indemnity, not only Jencies shall be duly authorized for this the Balearic islands, but should also receive purpose. Tle undersigned, &c. LAUDER- an annuity from the court of Spain to enaDALE.

ble him lo support his dignity.--I liere inNo. 51.--Extract from a dispatch from terrupted him, expressing my surprise after

the Earl of Lauderdale to Earl Spencer; the full explanation I had with M. Talleydated Paris, Sept. 20, 1800.-Received rand on that very point, that the possiSept. 28th.

bility of our giving up Sicily should be Notbing material happened after the mentioned again, that the guarantee of it conference with M. Talleyrand, which I to the king of the two Sicilies was as much detailed in my dispatch of the 19th inst. an object with England as M. Talleyrand till the 22d, when I received from him a knew it to be with Russia; and that I was commuuication, informing me that the em- happy to take that opportunity of stating peror having thought gen. Clarke's services to hin fairly, that I felt myself bound to near his person necessary in a journey he consider the obtaining for Russia the arwas about to undertake immediately, M. rangement which she desired, as an object de Champaguy would be instructed to con- more interesting if possible to England, duct singly on the part of France the bu- than those points which might be consisiuess of the negociation in future.—This dered as peculiarly connected with her own communication was made in a letter which interests. He informed me, that there I enclose (marked A.) together with a was no clause in his instructions empowering copy of my answer (marked B.). On the him to hear me on the part of Russia; but

YOL.VIII.

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