The State in Myanmar
Hurst, 2009 - 555 páginas
Statecraft in Myanmar, previously referred to as Burma, has a lineage going back ten centuries or more. While the state today is expected to provide many other services for a vastly larger population than were its pre-modern predecessors, its basic functions of maintaining social order, controlling economic distribution, and ensuring the perpetuation of itself and its elite managers, remain much the same. The tools available now to do so may be different, and the challenges it faces may have grown, but the issues it addresses would be familiar to the predecessors of the modern rulers of Myanmar. Myanmar, with an estimated population of about 55 million, the 24th largest country in the world, is larger than England. With a territory as big as Texas, it is wedged between the two of the oldest civilisations and now dynamic economies on the globe, India and China. Having been influenced by both India and China for centuries, Myanmar has developed its own cultural distinctiveness in contrast with its near neighbors in South East Asia, especially Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Once governed as a British Indian province, Myanmar emerged from the colonial era and the Second World War an economically devastated but strongly nationalistic socialist state. Riven since independence by armed ethnic and ideological conflicts that lasted most of the years between 1948 and the 1990s when ceasefire agreements were reached with multiple insurgent armies, Myanmar's little studied politics contain element common to many countries. However, in few have the complexity of forces, historical and contemporary, religious and secular, foreign and indigenous, come together in one place to create so many little understood, and seemingly irresolvable, political issues. The State of Myanmar attempts to draw the complex history of state making and state perpetuation in Myanmar into one volume. The social and economic forces, as well as international and domestic issues, which have made Myanmar one of the poorest and least understood Asian countries, are discussed in this volume. The efforts of Myanmar's kings, British colonial officials, nationalist politicians, socialist ideologues, and army generals to preserve the state in Myanmar is a history worth attempting to understand on its own terms. -- from cover flap.
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The Precolonial State
The Rationalisation of the State 18251942
Class Positions 1931
Politics under the Rationalised State 18861942
The Displacement of the State 19421962
Reasserting the State 19621987
Percentage of Valid Votes Won by Party
The Third Constitution of the State in Myanmar
Delegate Categories and Numbers First
The State Redux 19882008
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