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BLACKWALL, two miles and a half E. from London, ɛituate between Poplar and the mouth of the Lea, became famed for its ship-yard and wet dock, both formerly belonging to Mr. Perry. By this gentleman a dock was constructed, capable of containing twenty-eight East Indiamen and sixty Greenland ships; together with all necessary storehouses, and every other convenience. fn excavating these docks, roots and pieces of trees were found in a perfect state, although they had probably lain there for ages.
BOW, or STRATFORD LE-BOW, a village in Middlesex, two miles to the E. of London, on the great Essex road. Here is a bridge over the river Lea, said to have been built by Matilda, Queen of Henry I. and to be the first stone bridge in England.
BOXHILL, two miles N. E. from Dorking, in Surrey, received its name from the box-trees planted on the south side of it, by the Earl of Arundel, in the reign of Charles I.
BRANDENBURG HOUSE, the residence of her Serene Highness the Margravine of Anspach, a celebrated villa, seated on the Thames at Ham mersmith.
BRENTFORD, a market town in Middlesex, seven miles W. froin London, has its name from a brook, called the Brent. Here, in 1016, King Edmund Ironside defeated the Danes with great slaughter; and here, iu 1642, Charles II. defeated some regiments of the Parliamentarians.
BRENTWOOD, a market-town in Essex, on a fine eminence, on the road to Harwich, 18 miles E. from London; and within 2 miles S. is Thorndon Hall, the magnificent seat of Lord Petre, in which is a fine collection of paintings.
RRIXTON CAUSEWAY, Surrey, three miles S. from London, where a te has lately sprung up from the neighboring brick-fields.
PROCKET HALL, Herts, three miles N. W. from Hatfield, the magnificent seat of Lord Melbourne.
BROMLEY, a market-town in Kent, nine miles and three quarters S. E. from London, in the road to Tunbridge.
BROMLEY, a village near Bow, in Middlesex, two miles and a half E. from London.
BROMPTON, Middlesex, one mile and a half S. W. from London, is a hamlet of Kensington, adjoining to Knightsbridge, remarkable for the salubrity of its air.
BULSTRODE, Bucks, three miles S. E. from Beaconsfield, was the seat of the late Duke of l'ortland, and, since his decease, has been purchased by the Duke of Somerset.
BUSH HILL, Middlesex, three quarters of a mile S. W. from Enfield, a delightful spot in the parish of Edmonton, eight miles from London. BUSHY, a village, one mile S. E. from Waterford, in Herts, adjoining to which is a spacious common, called Bushy Heath, extending towards Stanmore.
BUSHY PARK, a royal park, near Hampton Court, Middlesex, seven miles E. from Staines, is well stocked with deer; and the residence of H. R. H. the Duke of Clarence, who is ranger.
CAMBERWELL, in Surrey, two miles S. of Loudon, is an extensive parish, including Peckbam and Dulwich.
CANONS, Middlesex, adjoining Edgware, eight miles and a quarter N. W. from London. On the site of this villa rose and vanished, in the last century, the palace erected by the first Duke of Chandos, whose princely spirit was such, that the people in this neighbourhood still style him, "The Grand Duke." It is now the residence of Sir Thomas Plum
CARSHALTON, a village in Surrey, eleven miles S. from London, is situated among innumerable springs, which form a river in the centre of the town.
CASHIOBURY PARK, near Watford, in Herts, fifteen miles N. W. from London, is said to have been the seat of the Kings of Mercia; but now of the Earl of Essex.
CHARLTON, a village in Kent, two miles S. from Woolwich, on the edge of Blackheath, is famed for a fair on St. Luke's day, when the mob wear horns on their heads.
CHELSEA, a village in Middlesex, seated on the Thames, two miles W. from London, extends almost to Hyde Park Corner, and includes a considerable part of Knightsbridge.
CHERTSEY, a market town in Surrey, twenty miles S. S. W. from London. On the side of St. Anne's Hill, is the seat of the Honourable Mrs. Fox, relict of the late Right Honourable Charles James Fox. To this place Cowley, the poet, retired; and here he ended his days, in a house called the Porch House.
CHESHUNT, a village, once a market town, 13 miles N. N. E. from London. At Cheshunt, Richard Cromwell, the Protector, spent many years of a venerable old age. He assumed the name of Clark, and first resided, in 1680, in a house near the church; and here he died, in 1712, in his soth year, enjoying a good state of health to the last. Oliver Cromwell, Esq. lincal descendant of the Protector, has lately built an ele gant house here, in a park called Cheshunt Park.
CHINGFORD, a village in Essex, five miles S. from Waltham Abbey CHISLEHURST, a village near Bromley, in Kent, 11 miles and a quarter S. E. from London.
CHISWICK, a village in Middlesex, six miles W. from London, seated on the Thames, near the road to Hounslow.
CHISWICK HOUSE, a celebrated seat of the Duke of Devonshire, built by the great Earl of Burlington. That is the center part of this house Lord Chesterfield said wittily, it was extremely pretty, but too small for a house, and too large to hang to a watch chain. The late Duke added two wings in the style of the center.
CLAPHAM, a village in Surrey, three miles and a quarter S. from London, consisting chiefly of handsome houses.
COMMERCIAL ROAD, commencing at Whitechapel church, aud excending to the East and West India Docks at Blackwall.
COOPER'S HILL, in Surrey, the subject of a poem by Denham, is situated in the parish of Egham, on the right of the road from London. COLNBROOK, a neat town six miles W of Hounslow.
COWLEY, Middlesex, one mile from Uxbridge.
CRAYFORD, a village near Dartford.
CROYDON, a market town in Surrey, on the edge of Banstead Downs, nine miles and a half S. from London.
DARTFORD, a market town in Kent, and the first stage on that road out of London.
DENHAM, Bucks, a village two miles from Uxbridge.
DENMARK BILL, a fine hill uear Camberwell, Surrey, in the road from that village to Dulwich.
DEPTFORD, anciently called West Greenwich and Deptford, a large town in Kent, divided into Upper and Lower Deptford. It is seated on the Thames, four miles S. E. from London, and is remarkable for its uoble dock-yard.
DOCKS, EAST INDIA, at Blackwall, have been formed by the East India Company, for the accommodation of their trade.
DOCK, LONDON, situated on the banks of the river, in the heart of Wapping.
DOCKS, WEST INDIA, are situated in the Isle of Dogs, and have been, constructed for the accommodation of the West India trade. These docks have been already described.
DORKING, a market town in Surrey, 23 miles from London, remarkable for its breed of fine fowls.
DROPMORE HILL, the new-built villa of Lord Grenville, at Burnham, in Buckinghamshire.
DENIIAM, Bucks, a village 2 miles from Uxbridge.
DULWICH, a village in the parish of Camberwell, five miles S. S. E. from London.
DULWICH COLLEGE, founded at Dulwich in 1614, by Mr. Edward Alleyn, who named it the College of God's Gift.
EALING, a parish in Middlesex, situate near the road to Uxbridge, about seven miles W. from London: withiu half a mile of which is Castle Bear Hill, the seat of the Duke of Kent.
EDGEWARE, a market town, eight miles N. W. from London, on the road (the ancient Watling Street) to St. Alban's.
EDMONTON, a village in Middlesex, seven miles E. from London, on the road to Ware.
EGHAM, a village in Surrey, on the Thames, 18 miles W. S. W, from London.
ELSTREE, a village in Herts, 11 miles N. N. W. from London, in the road from Edgware to St. Alban's.
ELTHAM, a market town in Kent, eight miles S. from London, on the road to Maidstone. Edward II. frequently resided here. His Queen was here delivered of a son, who had the name of John of Eltham. Possibly from this circumstance it is improperly called King John's Palace; unless it obtained this appellation from the sumptuous entertainment given here by Edward III. to the captive King John of France. Succeeding princes, and particularly Henry VII. enlarged and improved this palace; but it was neglected, after Greenwich became the favourite country residence.
ENFIELD, a town in Middlesex, ten miles east from London, was famed for its chase, a large tract of Woodland, filled with deer.
EPPING, a town in Essex, 16 miles and three quarters E. from London.
EPPING FOREST, a royal chase, extending from Epping almost to London, was anciently a very extensive district, and, under the name of the Forest of Essex, included a great part of the county.
EPSOM, properly Ebbesham, a town in Surrey, 14 miles and a half S. S. W. from London.
ESHER PLACE, was anciently one of the seats of the prelates of Winchester, being built by Bishop Wainfleete, and greatly improved by Cardinal Wolsey, when he held that see in conjunction with those of York and Durham.
ETON, a village on the Thames, in Bucks, opposite Windsor, from which it is only separated by a bridge, was in ancient times, and is at present, famed for its royal college and a school.
FINCHLEY, a village in Middlesex, seven miles N. N. W. from London, in the road to St. Alban's.
FROGMORE HOUSE, Berks, half a mile from Windsor, purchased by her Majesty, who has made very considerable additions to the house and gardens. In different parts of the grounds, Gothic temples, rural huts, c. have been erected. The grounds wère laid out, and the ornamental
Improvements were effected by the directions of the Princess Elizabeth. Near the house is the Queen's Dairy, commended for its neatness and simplicity.
FULHAM, a village of Middlesex, four miles S. W. from London, is situated on the Thames, opposite Putney, with which it is connected by a wooden bridge.
GATTON, in Surrey, two miles and three quarters N. E from Reigate, was formerly a very populous place, but now only a mean village.
GRAVESEND, in Kent, the first port iu the Thames, 22 miles E. S. E. from London. Gravesend hoys leave London every tide, and the fare is but is. 6d.
GREENHITHE, in Kent, three miles N. E. from Dartford, a hamlet of Swanscombe, on the Thames, has a horse ferry to West Thurrock, in Essex.
GREENWICH, a town in Kent, five miles E. S. E, from London, is situated on the southern bank of the Thames.
GUNNERBURY, Middlesex, within haif a mile northward of Kew
GERARD'S CROSS, Bucks, one mile and a half from Uxbridge.
HACKNEY, Middlesex, a large and populous village, two miles N. E. from London. The parish has several hamlets, among which are Upper and Lower Clapton on the north; Dalston, Shacklewell, and Kingsland, on the west; and Homerton on the east.
HADLEY, a village in Middlesex, three quarters of a mile N. N. E. from Barnet.
HAINAULT FOREST, adjoining Epping Eorest, in Essex, two miles and a half N. E. from Woodford. In this forest, about a mile from Barking side, stands an oak, which has been known through many centuries by the name of Fairlop Oak, under which an annual fair is held on the first Friday in July.
HAM COMMON, a village in Surrey, one mile and a half N. from Kingston, to which it is a hamlet.
HAM, EAST, a village in Essex, half a mile E. from Barking, is pecuHarly noted for the growth of vast quantities of potatoes and vegetables for the supply of the metropolis.
HAMMERSMITH, a village in Middlesex, four miles W. from London, on the great western road, which, with Brook Green, Pallenswick, or Stanbrook Green, and Bush Green, and Shepherd's Bush, forms the Hammersmith division, or side, as it is termed, of the parish of Fulham.
HAMPSTEAD, a romantic and favourite village, five miles W. N. W. of St. Paul's.
HANWELL, a village, eight miles west from London, in the road to Uxbridge.
HANWORTH PARK, in Middlesex, three miles and a half S. W. from Hounslow, lately the seat of the Duke of St. Alban's was a favourite palace of Henry VIII.
HAREFIELD, in Middlesex, two miles N. E. of Uxbridge, is Gush Wells, the late residence of J. Hunt, Esq. here is a fine organ, which plays by the movement of a water-wheel.
HARROW ON THE HILL, in Middlesex, ten miles N. W. from London, on the highest hill in the county. Here is a celebrated grammar school, at which many very celebrated men have been educated.
HATFIELD HOUSE. Herts, adjoining Hatfield, was in ancient times part of the revenue of the Saxon princes. It was alienated to the crown In the reign of Elizabeth, but had been before that period an occasional royal residence. James I. exchanged this royal demesue for Theobalds,
in Herts, with Sir Robert Cecil, afterwards Earl of Salisbury; who erected the present magnificent seat on the site of the ancient episcopal palace, and it still continues in the possession of the same noble family.
HAVERING BOWER, a village in Essex, three miles N. from Rumford, in the parish of Hornchurch, and liberty of Havering, was a seat of some of our Saxon kings; particularly of Edward the Confessor.
HEDSOR LODGE, Bucks, four miles S. W. from Beaconsfield, the ele gant seat of Lord Boston, stands in a lofty, situation, near Cliefden. HENDON, a village in Middlesex, 7 miles N. N. E. from London. HESTON, one mile N. of Hounslow, Middlesex.
HIGHGATE, Middlesex, a populous hamlet in the parishes of Hornsey and Pancras, four miles N. N. W. from London. The chapel and twothirds of the village belong to Hornsey.
HOLLAND HOUSE, Middlesex, the ancient mansion-house of the manor of Abbot's, Kensington, in the parish of Kensington, two miles from London, having from the public road a most venerable appearance. It is the seat of Lord Holland.
HORNSEY, a village in Middlesex, 5 miles north from London.
HOUNSLOW, a market town of Middlesex, 9 miles and three quarters W. from London. It stands on the edge of the heath of the same name, on which are some powder mills on a branch of the river Coln.
HOXTON, Middlesex, a small village in the parish of Shoreditch, fermerly quite distinct from, but now joined to the metropolis.
ILFORD, Essex, 6 miles from London, on the road to Romford.
ISLE OF DOGS, a part of Poplar Marsh, on the north side of the Thames, in Middlesex. When our sovereigns had a palace at Greenwich, they used it as a hunting seat, and, it is said, kept the kennels of their hounds in this marsh. These hounds frequently making a great noise, the seamen called the place the Isle of Dogs.
ISLEWORTH, a village in Middlesex, on the Thames, eight miles and
a half W. from London.
ISLINGTON, a considerable village N. of London, to which it is now The parish contains, besides the village, the hamlets of Hollo way, Kingsland Green, and part of Newington Green.
IVER, Bucks, a neat village, standing on a hill, 2 miles S. W. of Ux. bridge, famous for the fine trout streams.
KENNINGTON, Surrey, one of the eight precincts of Lambeth. KENSINGTON, a village in Middlesex, 1 mile and a half W. from Hyde Park Corner, contains the hamlets of Brompton, Earl's Court, the Gravels, and a part of Little Chelsea.
KENTISH TOWN, Middlesex, a village in the parish of St. Pancras, three miles north from London, between London and Hampstead, con taining several handsome houses.
KEW, six miles from London, famous for its royal garden and its botanical collections, the finest in Europe. A new palace has been built here by his present Majesty.
KILBOURN, a village of Middlesex, two miles and a half N. W. from London, in the parish of Hampstead, is famed for a fine spring of mine. ral water, belonging to a tea-drinking house, called Killbourn Wells.
KINGSTON UPON THAMES, a market town in Surrey, eleven miles and a half S. W. from London., is, as its name implies, situated on the banks of the Thames, over which is a wooden bridge to Hampton Wick. KNIGHTSBRIDGE, Middlesex, the first village from London, in the great western road.
LATCHAM, a beautiful village on the banks of the Thames, 2 miles N. E. of Chertsey.