Function, Phylogeny, and Fossils: Miocene Hominoid Evolution and Adaptations

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David R. Begun, Carol V. Ward, Michael D. Rose
Springer Science & Business Media, 21 nov. 2013 - 424 páginas
An insightful new work, Function, Phylogeny, and Fossils integrates two practices in paleobiology which are often separated - functional and phylogenetic analysis. The book summarizes the evidence on paleoenvironments at the most important Miocene hominoid sites and relates it to the pertinent fossil record. The contributors present the most up-to-date statements on the functional anatomy and likely behavior of the best known hominoids of this crucial period of ape and human evolution. A key feature is a comprehensive table listing 240 characteristics among 13 genera of living and extinct hominoids.
 

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Índice

Function and Phylogeny in Miocene Hominoids
1
Function and Phylogeny 3 Parallelism
10
Two Decades of Progress 14 CranioDental
25
Songhor and Koru Kenya 30 Rusinga Island
47
References
53
The Early Evolution of the Hominoid Face
59
Materials 62 Characters 63 Methods
65
Other Taxa 70 Functional Implications
71
What Is a Hominoid? 174 A Definition of the Hominoidea Based on Life
192
Conclusions 201 References
202
Function and Phylogeny
209
The Hypodigm 211 Body Size in Proconsul 212 Sexual
219
Function and Phylogeny
225
Function 229 Phylogeny 233 References
237
Postcranial Morphology and Adaptations 250 Taxonomic Diversity
265
The Data Base 274 Facial and Gnathic
288

Functional and Phylogenetic Features of the Forelimb
79
Proconsul and Afropithecus
85
Phylogenetic Considerations 91 Discussion
96
Miocene Hominoid Anatomy and Its Functional
102
Methods 111 Results of Phylogenetic Analysis
118
References
125
7
131
Phylogenetic Background 132 Ape Dental
138
Materials and Methods 139 Results 142 Discussion
147
Functional Perspectives 154 Phylogenetic
169
Paleobiological and Phylogenetic Significance of Life History
173
Phyletic Affinities and Functional Convergence in Dryopithecus and Other Miocene
291
Methods 292 European Miocene Hominid
302
Functional Anatomy and the Homoplasies
308
References
314
Geological Setting and Dating of O macedoniensis 318 Main Characters
323
Chronology Paleoecology and Biogeography
332
Phylogenetic Relationships 336 Conclusions 354 References
358
Comparative Morphology
366
References
386
Results 391 Discussion 404 Evolutionary
414
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