A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Routledge, 2 ago 2004 - 440 páginas
Written for students of linguistics, applied linguistics and speech therapy, this dictionary covers over 2,000 terms in phonetics and phonology. In addition to providing a comprehensive, yet concise, guide to an enormous number of individual terms, it also includes an explanation of the most important theoretical approaches to phonology. Its usefulness as a reference tool is further enhanced by the inclusion of pronunciations, notational devices and symbols, earliest sources of terms, suggestions for further reading, and advice with regard to usage.
The wide range of topics explained include:
* Classical phonology, including American Structuralism and the Prague School
* Contemporary approaches, including Autosegmental Phonology, Metrical Phonology, Dependency Phonology, Government Phonology and Lexical Phonology
* Prosodic ideas in phonology, both traditional and contemporary ^ * * historical phonology
* Intonation and tonology
This dictionary devotes space to the various theoretical approaches in proportion to their importance, but it concentrates most heavily on non-theory-bound descriptive terminology. It will remain a definitive reference for years to come.
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accent acoustic alternation American analysis applied approach articulation articulatory associated boundary called characteristics complete Condition consisting consonant constriction contrast conventional defined derived developed diphthong distinctive feature distinguish elements English environment especially example exhibiting feature system folds framework frequency fricative front glottal Greek hence intonation invoked involving label Ladefoged language lateral Latin Laver less lexical linguistic lower marked meaning metrical morpheme nasal natural NOTE occurring palatal particular pattern phenomenon phonetic phonological phonological process pitch plosive position possible present primary principle produced pronunciation proposed prosodic realized regarded relation representation represented result rounding rule segment sense sequence single sometimes sound speakers specification speech stop stress structure syllable symbol term theory tone tongue typically unit usually values variety various velar versions vocal vocal tract voice voiceless vowel word