A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Routledge, 2 ago. 2004 - 440 páginas
Written for students of linguistics, applied linguistics and speech therapy, this dictionary covers over 2,000 terms in phonetics and phonology. In addition to providing a comprehensive, yet concise, guide to an enormous number of individual terms, it also includes an explanation of the most important theoretical approaches to phonology. Its usefulness as a reference tool is further enhanced by the inclusion of pronunciations, notational devices and symbols, earliest sources of terms, suggestions for further reading, and advice with regard to usage.
The wide range of topics explained include:
* Classical phonology, including American Structuralism and the Prague School
* Contemporary approaches, including Autosegmental Phonology, Metrical Phonology, Dependency Phonology, Government Phonology and Lexical Phonology
* Prosodic ideas in phonology, both traditional and contemporary ^ * * historical phonology
* Intonation and tonology
This dictionary devotes space to the various theoretical approaches in proportion to their importance, but it concentrates most heavily on non-theory-bound descriptive terminology. It will remain a definitive reference for years to come.
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Abstr accent acoustic affix affricates airstream mechanism allophone alveolar American Structuralists analysis applied articulatory assimilation Autosegmental Phonology Basque binary boundary Catford cavity consonant constraint constriction contrast creaky voice Dependency Phonology derived device diacritic diphthong distinctive feature defined distinctive feature invoked distinguish elements English example formants framework frequency fricative glottal glottis grammatical Greek intonation involving label labial Labov Ladefoged feature system larynx Lass Latin Laver lexical item linguistic Metrical Phonology morpheme morphological nasal notation obstruents occurring palatal pharynx phenomenon phonation type phonological change phonological process phonological rules pitch plosive position possible values Prague School principle produced pronunciation prosodic Received Pronunciation representation represented segment so articulated sense sequence Sommerstein 1977 sonority SPE feature system speakers speech sounds stress structure syllable symbol synonym term theory of phonology tier tone languages tongue typically usually velar velum versions vibration vocal folds vocal tract voice voiceless vowel harmony vowel height Williamson feature system word