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without any exception: those who are once estated in His favor, He continues loving unto them to the end. Hark, then, how He woos us (Isa. lv. 1): “Ho, everyone that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come,” etc. How He woos us (Matt. xi. 28): “Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. Love His love-letter, His Word, His love-tokens, His sacraments, His spokesmen, His ministers, which labor to favor the match betwixt Him and thy soul. But beware of two things. I. Take heed of that dangerous conceit, that at the same time thou mayest keep both God and the world, and love these outward delights, as a concubine to thy soul. Nay, God He is “a jealous God;” He will have all, or none at all. There is a city in Germany, pertaining half to the bishop thereof, and half to the Duke of Saxony, who named the city Myndyn, that is, “mine and thine;” because it was theirs communi jure, and at this day by corruption it is called Minden. But God will admit of no such divisions; He will hold nothing in coparceny; He will not share or part stakes with any; but He will have all entire to himself alone. 2. Take heed thou dost not only fall out with the world, to fall in with it again, according to that
“Amantium irae amori's redintegratio est."
For even as some furious gamesters, when they have a bad game, throw their cards out of their hands, and vow to play no more (not so much out of mislike of gaming as of their present game); but when the cards run on their side, they are reconciled to them again; so many men, when the world frowns on them and crosses them, and they miss some preferment they desire, then a qualm of piety comes over their hearts; they are mortified on a sudden, and disavow to have any further dealing with worldly contentments. But when the world smiles on them again, favors and prospers them, they then return to their former love, and doting upon it. Thus Demas (2 Tim. iv. Io) would needs have another farewell embrace of the world, even after his solemn conversion to Christianity: “Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world.” But when we are once at variance with the world, let us continue at deadly eternal feuds with it; and as it is said of Amnon (2 Sam. xiii. 15), that “the hatred wherewith he hated his sister Tamar was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her;” so (what was cruelty in him will be Christianity in us), once fallen out with the world, let the joint be never set again, that it may be the stronger; but let our hatred be immortal, and so much the stronger by how much our love was before.
SPEECH O N T H E B I L L OF A T TA IN DER A GA INS T L OR D S T RAF F ORD
GEORGE DI G BY
GEORGE DIGBY, EARL OF BRISTOL
George Digby was born in Madrid in the year 1612, when his father resided in that city as English Ambassador to the Court of Spain. He received his education at Magdalen College, Oxford, and entered political life at the age of twenty-eight, being elected member for the county of Dorset in 1640. Lord Digby soon came forward as a determined enemy of the Court. Among the “Speeches on Grievances,” his own stands forth as the most bold and impassioned. His argument in favor of triennial Parliament is remarkable for a still higher order of eloquence; in the course of it he made a bitter attack on Strafford, showin; the necessity of frequent Parliaments as a control on ministers.
n consequence of the zeal displayed in these matters and as an ardent advocate of the people's rights, Lord Digby was appointed one of the managers of the impeachment of Strafford. In this undertaking he at first displayed great zeal. Clarendon describes Digby as a man of uncommon activity of mind and fertility of invention, bold and impetuous in whatever designs he undertook; but deficient in judgment, inordinately vain and ambitious, of a volatile and unquiet spirit, disposed to separate councils, and governed more by impulse than by fixed principles. Such being the characteristics of the man it is idle to seek for the motives that determined him in his change of attitude during the trial of Strafford.
Much of the celebrity attached to this speech is owing, no doubt, to the circumstances under which it was delivered. The House of Commons must have presented an exciting scene when, at the last moment, one of the managers of the impeachment came forward to abandon his ground; to disclose the proceedings of the Committee in secret session; and to denounce the condemnation of Strafford by a bill of attainder, as an act of murder. But, whatever may be thought of the man, the speech is one of great manliness and force. It is plausible in its statements, just in its distinctions, and weighty in its reasonings. Its diction is worthy to be studied in one respect, at least. It abounds in those direct and pointed forms of speech which sink at once into the heart; and by their very plainness give an air of perfect sincerity to the speaker. These qualities are most important to a speaker who is contending against the force of popular prejudice.