Models of Understanding Text
What is text understanding?
It is the dynamic process of constructing coherent representations and inferences at multiple levels of text and context, within the bottleneck of a limited-capacity working memory.
The field of text and discourse has advanced to the point where researchers have developed sophisticated models of comprehension, and identified the particular assumptions that underlie comprehension mechanisms in precise analytical or mathematical detail. The models offer a priori predictions about thought and behavior, not merely ad hoc descriptions of data. Indeed, the field has evolved to a mature science.
The contributors to this volume collectively cover the major models of comprehension in the field of text and discourse. Other books are either narrow -- covering only a single theoretical framework -- or do not focus on systematic modeling efforts. In addition, this book focuses on deep levels of understanding rather than language codes, syntax, and other shallower levels of text analysis. As such, it provides readers with up-to-date information on current psychological models specified in quantitative or analytical detail.
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A Predication Semantics Model of Text Comprehension
A Model of Narrative Comprehension and Recall
Fluctuating Patterns of
The Role of Inferential Processing in Reading Ability
Metaphor as a Constraint on Text Understanding
Toward a Model of Literary Comprehension
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anaphoric arguers Australia Broek causal causal antecedent clause cognitive Cognitive Psychology coherence compromise concepts conceptual graph conceptual metaphors connections consistent outline network constructed context contiguity persistence cycle Dijk Discourse Processes encoded example Fletcher free recall Gernsbacher Graesser Hillsdale inconsistent outline inferential processing interpretation Journal of Memory Journal of Verbal Kintsch Kmax knowledge-based inferences Lawrence Erlbaum Associates levels lexical linguistic literary long-term memory McKoon Memory and Language mental models metaphor models theory module narrative negotiation nodes outcomes outline participants pairs parameter passage patterns position predictions prior knowledge pronoun propositions Psychological Review question Ratcliff readers reading reduction referential referred relatedness role Rumelhart semantic semantic memory sentence short-term memory simulation situation model speech act statements Stein story strategy strength value Structure Building Framework's superordinate goal inferences Table text comprehension textbase theory tion Trabasso types understanding Verbal Behavior words world knowledge
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