Therapeutic Revolutions: Medicine, Psychiatry, and American Culture, 1945-1970

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Rutgers University Press, 19 abr. 2013 - 400 páginas
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Therapeutic Revolutions examines the evolving relationship between American medicine, psychiatry, and culture from World War II to the dawn of the 1970s. In this richly layered intellectual history, Martin Halliwell ranges from national politics, public reports, and healthcare debates to the ways in which film, literature, and the mass media provided cultural channels for shaping and challenging preconceptions about health and illness.

Beginning with a discussion of the profound impact of World War II and the Cold War on mental health, Halliwell moves from the influence of work, family, and growing up in the Eisenhower years to the critique of institutional practice and the search for alternative therapeutic communities during the 1960s. Blending a discussion of such influential postwar thinkers as Erich Fromm, William Menninger, Erving Goffman, Erik Erikson, and Herbert Marcuse with perceptive readings of a range of cultural text that illuminate mental health issues--among them Spellbound, Shock Corridor, Revolutionary Road, and I Never Promised You a Rose Garden--this compelling study argues that the postwar therapeutic revolutions closely interlink contrasting discourses of authority and liberation.
 

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Introduction The Therapeutic Revolutions of Postward America
1
Part 1 Fragmentation 19451983
15
Chapter 1 Going Home World War II and Demobilization
17
Figure 11  Dr Brock Everett Sloane tries to counsel a stubborn Bud Wilcheck Marlon Brando The Men Fred Zinnemann United Artists 1950
36
Figure 12  Al Schmid John Garfield and Ruth Hartley Eleanor Parker appear in Als blindness dream Pride of the Marines Delmer Daves Warner Bro...
42
Figure 13  A hospitalized Larry Nevins Arthur Kennedy struggles to come to terms with his blindness Bright Victory Mark Robson Universal 1951
44
Chapter 2 In the Noir Mirror Neurosis Agression and Disguise
48
Figure 21  Philip Marlowe Dick Powell struggles to regain consciousness after being drugged Murder My Sweet Edward Dmytryk RKO 1944
59
Figure 53  A psychotic Ed Avery James Mason destroys his suburban house and his family during a fight with Wally Gibbs Walter Matthau Bigger ...
161
Chapter 6 Outside the Circle Growing pains Deliquency and Sexuality
166
Figure 61  Herblock Ever Think of Starting the Motor? Washington Post 16 July 1956 The Herb Block Foundation
169
Figure 62  Jim James Dean Judy Natalie Wood and Plato Sal Mineo find their own space in an abandoned mansion Rebel without a Cause Nicholas ...
182
Figure 63  Laura Reynolds Deborah Kerr offers sympathetic words to the bullied Tom Lee John Kerr Tea and Sympathy Vincente Minnelli MGM 1...
189
Part 3 Reorganization 19611970
198
Chapter 7 Institutions of Care and Opression Another American Speaks
199
Figure 71  Johnny Barrett Peter Breck contemplates Trent Hari Rhodes who incites racial hatred Shock Corridor Samuel Fuller Allied Artists 1963
221

Figure 22  Dr Constance Petersen Ingrid Bergman tries to unravel a psychiatric case as John Ballantine Gregory Peck sleeps in Spellbound Alfred Hi...
69
Chapter 3 Ground Zero Science Medicine and the Cold War
76
Figure 31  Grant Williams as Scott Carey contemplates his diminished size surrounded by ineffectual medical cures Publicity still for The Incredible ...
91
Figure 32  Dr Miles Bennell Kevin McCarthy wearing a tie and friends contemplate a biological invasion early in Invasion of the Body Snatchers D...
92
Part 2 Organization 19531961
104
Chapter4 Organization Men Individualism vs Incorporation
107
Figure 41  Fred Staples Van Heflin discovers that an older coworker William Briggs Ed Begley is close to a breakdown Patterns Fielder Cook Unite...
129
Figure 42  Tom Rath Gregory Peck struggles to tell his life story during a job interview The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit Nunnally Johnson Twenti...
133
Chapter 5 In the Family Circle The Suburban Medicine Cabinet
135
Figure 51  Herblock SplitLevel Living Washington Post 9 March 1960 The Herb Block Foundation
142
Figure 52  An anxious Betsy Rath Jennifer Jones in her suburban Connecticut kitchen The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit Nunnally Johnson Twentiet...
149
Figure 72  An institutionalized Dale Nelson Stuart Whitman receives aggressive therapy Shock Treatment Denis Sanders Twentieth CenturyFox 1964
222
Chapter 8 The Human face of Therapy Humanistic and Existential Trends
231
Figure 82  Walter Younger Sidney Poitier tries to overcome his depression with a threeday drinking session A Raisin in the Sun Daniel Petrie Colum...
257
Chapter 9 Counterculture Dissent Drugs and Holistic Communities
260
Figure 91  Paul Groves Peter Fonda is guided by John Bruce Dern during his LSD experience The Trip Roger Corman American International Pictu...
274
Figure 92  Elliot Gould Natalie Wood Robert Culp and Dyan Cannon left to right selfadminister group therapy after a visit to The Institute Bob Car...
286
Conclusion Beyond the two Cultures?
289
Notes
301
Index
371
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Sobre el autor (2013)

MARTIN HALLIWELL is a professor of American studies and deputy pro-vice-chancellor for Internationalization at the University of Leicester, U.K. He was the 18th chair of the British Association for American Studies (2010-13), he is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, and the author of eight monographs and two edited volumes, most recently William James and the Transatlantic Conversation.

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