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Most of the poems are too long to be quoted; our citations, therefore, must be confined to two of the smaller pieces.
"TO SIR WILLIAM JONES,
"On the firft Publication of his ASIATIC POEMS.
"A fweeter lyre no eaftern swain hath ftrung,
"Yet not that Britain's laurels round thy head,
We are forry to learn (from the preface!, that another volume, containing the author's dramatic productions, which will appear in the courfe of the winter," will be the final limit of his poetical excurfions; and when the Seventh volume of Antiquities, on the Arts, Sciences, and Jurifprudence of India, now far advanced towards maturity, fhall have been published, his career in profe will also terminate; but not without many unfeigned thanks for the partiality,
* "Alluding to the beautiful allegorical poem of the Seven Foun tains."
"See the preface to Nadir Shah, towards the conclufion."
NO. XXVII, VOL. VII,
during many inaufpicious years, of a generous, enlightened, and • indulgent public.
Mr. Maurice is in the prime of life, and his talents and his judgment are in full maturity; we earnestly hope, therefore, that he will ftill continue his literary pursuits, with honour to himself, and advantage to his readers.
ART. VIII. Bevan's Refutation of Modern Mifrepresentations. (Continued from Vol. VI. p. 398.)
AVING already enlarged fo much on the important points of CHURCH and STATE,with a view to expofe the femerity of J. G. Bevan, we fhall be more brief, than we at first intended to be, on other points. But fhould J. B. be induced to impute fuch brevity to any other than the real motive, we shall very readily convince him of his mistake. At P. 4. he objects to Mofheim "affociating the triumvirate of Barclay, Keith, and Fisher,* as needful to affift the grofs ignorance of G. Fox."
BARCLAY is ftated, by Sewell (P. 456.) to have been early tinctured with Popery, from his education at Paris. His pretended apology exposes and refutes his brethren. See the anfwers of " Notcutt," and others. Remarks on the tenets and principles of the Quakers, in Barclay's Thefes Theologica, 1758. They allowed KEITH to act for them while he would; but when he expofed their blafphemy, denial of Chrift, &c. and returned to England recanting his former opinions, they loaded him with every kind of reproach. See Sewell, PP. 504-616. 636–639. 648-664; and Leslie, Vol. ii. P. 44. their refufing to meet him at Turner's-Hall, P. 177. Keith's Charges, P. 208, & feq. Keith's Reafons against the Light within, P. 222; and at P. 430, in the "Preface to a collection of papers, we fee that Mr. K. was fupported and vindicated by many, and feveral (about twelve) new meetings were fet up in and near Penfylvania. What do the Quakers call this? Mr. K. printing the errors of old friends, and faying "THERE ARE SUCH DAMNABLE DOCTRINES, and HERESIES CLOAKED AMONG THE QUAKERS HERE, THAT NO PROTESTANT SOCIETY IN CHRISTENDOM WOULD TOLERATE THE LIKE." All these were disclaimed; but Col. Quarry detect ed and exposed them for Mr. Leflie. See the account, which is a detection of falfhoods. Maclaine obferves, from Burnet, (in a note to Mosheim, Vol. v. P. 477,) that "Keith regarded the Quakers as DEISTS; but that he continued to preach among them, as far as he faw any appearance of fuccefs; but then left them, and was reconciled
Fox." We think Fox's Will fufficiently proves his grofs ignorance, and his confequent need of help; and alfo that the neceffity and rarity of talents among the Quakers are fufficiently manifefted by their conftant and ridiculous boasts of poffeffing them. At P. 6, Mr. B. avoids" ftopping to confider difcipline, cuftoms, manners, and other affairs of little moment ;' but that Mofheim was perfectly correct in saying, the “ early friends were deficient in fraternal charity and union," we think has been fufficiently fhewn. The falfities and abfurdities, enumerated in PP. 7-11. will be fufficiently expofed and refuted by a reference to Leflie, and Bugg, efpecially those which refpect Keith, whom they imprisoned in America for preaching a Chrift without;" whom Burroughs (at P. 101.) blafphemously calls an idol God! and "if there is any other Chrift," fays Fox, in his Great Myftery (of Iniquity), P. 206, "than he that was crucified within, he is a falje Chrift."* We therefore fay with J. B. P. 12, "obloquy is generally quicker work than refutation," as he has fully demonftrated. The extracts from Formey are fuch as have been virtually answered before. J. B. of course, pleads guilty to which he does not object.+ We now come to Hume. The inftances objected to, at P. 33, are fuch as exift at this day; it would, therefore, be ridiculous to answer them, though we cannot but wonder at the author's temerity in denying them. "The ftory of the Faft
to the Church." Burnet's own Times, Vol. ii. P. 249. FISHER was a Sectarian Teacher among the Baptifts, after being a renegado from the Church, becoming a farmer and preacher at the fame time, "fometimes allowing himself," as Sewell fays, P. 101, "the liberty of Elijah against the prophets of Baal!" The miferable ignorance of the Quakers, and their affiftance from this triumvirate, are too flagrant to need remark. We fhall notice the nature and tendency of their DOCTRINES in the Summary.
* See Leflie, Vol. ii. P. 67; and for their schifms, mutual excommunications, and uncertainty, where to place their infallibility. See P. 45, & feq. and particularly the last note.
+ As G. Fox was a man of a very turbulent fpirit, and who be lieved that he was always FILLED with the divinity-the party could not be kept in any bounds, but dared to interrupt the public worship, and furiously attack those who celebrated it. Cromwell repreffed the impetuofity of thefe madmen, who, under the pretence of obeying the fpirit, difregarded all laws, divine and human. Numbers of them perished in prifon through their obftinacy and extravagancies. BARCLAY and PENN took great pains to give their doc trine a more specious appearance.
ing Quaker" is objected to, though without any reference. Let J. B. however, remember the Quakers' challenge to try the truth of their doctrine by FASTING and AVOIDING SLEEP, Seven days and feven nights together; given by Solom. Eccles, but, when, accepted by J. Pennyman, evaded by their champion. Alfo the boast of G. Fox's female friend; for in a book of Fox's,* it is faid, P. · 3, "I which am a woman, the writer of this book, FASTED TWENTY-TWO DAYS!" and, fays he, or Fox, or whoever was his book maker,
many of us have fafted, twenty days, fifteen days, ten days, Seven days together :" then challenging others, the fays, "and the Quakers is (are) known that they never had more strength than when they have fafted twenty-two, and thirty days together; therefore you are LIARS who fay the Quakers deny fafting." See Bugg, PP. 207. 298. 301, 302. Let Mr. B. obferve this! The other ftory of the naked female (fays. J. B. at p.34.) is already fpoken to, under the head Mofheim;" but, upon referring to P. 20, of his book, we find his fpeaking to be this, The firft, (circumftance mentioned by Maclaine in a note to Mosheim,t) about a naked woman, is mentioned without authority." This is the aufwer, and a curious one it is, ‡ Mr. B. carefully avoids referring to the pages in Hume; but, from the above, we may venture to remind him of his own words, P. 33. "A writer who neglects to procure the information which he might eafily obtain, deferves the less excufe for his ignorance." Let J. B. apply this to his affertions refpecting the fasting story, and naked female: the teftimony of two writers, Formey and Hume, being tolerable affumptions in favour of their veracity. As to the other ftory of one Dorcas Earberry making oath before a Magiftrate, that she had been dead TWO DAYS, and that Nayler brought her to life, to which J. B. because of the oath, (we must obferve the oath is of his own making, for the account fays, fhe affirmed upon her examination at Briftol.") See Bugg, P. 245. The whole account is here related, with the equivocating anfwers of Nayler, as to his meaning of the word dead, until he was fo clofely preffed as to fay, "if you fpeak of SUCH a death as you may understand, SHE WAS DEAD, adding many blafphemous
"Some principles of the elect people of God, in fcorn called Quakers," printed 1671.
+ See Vol. v. P. 470. edit. 1790. We earnestly recommend the reader to perufe this note, to fee the various enormities mentioned there, viz." a command from the fpirit, to KILL every man in the Parliament House," &c. &c.
See Leflie, Vol. ii. p. 269, and of our Review, P. 261.
expreffions, as there is a power in me from above," &c. and being afked, if it was to raise the dead, he replied in Chrift's words, I HAVE SAID!" If however, it had been otherwife, we should have preferred the Harleian Mifcel. Vol. vi. P. 399, as Hume's authority, to that of J. B. whom, indeed, an explanation by antithefis, ought to have fatisfied, as the woman might have fworn after leaving the Quakers; for J. B. makes and UNmakes QUAKERS at his pleasure. Here then, we fay, as before, that J. B's exception to the particulars named from Hume, is an acknowledgement of guilt as to all the others.* We país now to the Encyclopædia Brittannica. That Fox really was " fanatical and turbulent,” "fanatical and turbulent," we trust has been fufficiently fhewn, though J. B. denies it at P. 35. The attack upon Leflie, at P. 36, may be expected from the Quakers, against a man who spent fo much time, and trouble in expofing their BLASPHEMIES and ATROCITIES, by fuch an unanswerable affemblage of FACTS as they never have, and never will be able to confront, but in the way of artifice, fubterfuge, and falsehood; of which J. B. has afforded an additional fample, in the fpecimen before us. This they well know. We earnestly refer the reader to this fame Leflie's Works, Vol. ii. from P. 329 to 373, for an account of THE QUAKERS METHOD of anfwering books. May they imitate this excellent man: renounce their blafphemies, and embrace the trutheven CHRISTIANITY! May our Church never want such able and zealous DEFENDERS OF THE FAITH; fuch opposers, and exposers of "all falfe doctrine, HERESY, and SCHISM." That which J. B. therefore, calls "the mud of his page,' must have been made foul by the dirty but neceffary work,
*The other charges were, beginning with the loweft vulgar. Fox, reaching the pitch of perfection, foon difregarded that divine compofition, the Bible, imagining he was full of the fame inspiration, which guided the prophets and apoftles; and rejecting, from fuperior pride and oftentation, all forms and ceremonies. Shunning the ordinary rites of civility. Retrenching ordinary drefs, and common language. Their enthufiafm, being too ftrong for weak nerves, produced convulfions, distortions, &c. and thence their name. They broke into Churches, disturbed worship, railing and harraffing the Minifter and people. Refufing reverence to Magiftrates, feduced the military zealots," (one fanatic countermining another). "No fanatics ever carried hatred to forms, rites, and pofitive inftitutions further, difdainfully rejecting BAPTISM and the LORD'S SUPPER. They prophaned the SABBATH, and derided the holiness of CHURCHES; each having fuperior illumination to the facerdotal character," See Hume, Vol. vii. P. 334, and fequel.