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1666, to John Shuckburgh, of Upton, in Wirral, a younger son of the Shuckburghs, of Warwickshire. Anne, d. young. Elizabeth, d. unm. in 1628. Mr. Aston d. 13th May, 1615, and was s. by his eldest son, 1. Thow as Aston, esq. of Aston, who was created a b A RoNET by King CHARLes I. 25th July, 1628, and was subsequently in the civil wars a zealous supporter of the Royal cause. He m. first, in 1627, Magdalene, daughter of Sir John Poultney, knt. of Misterton, in the county of Leicester, and co-heir of her brother, John Poultney, of the same place, by whom (who d. 2nd June, 1635) he had no surviving issue. He wedded, secondly, Anne, daughter and sole heir of Sir Henry Willoughby, bart. of Ridley, in the county of Derby, by his first wife, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir Thomas Knollys, knt. of Berks, and by that lady (who survived him, and m. in her widowhood the Hon. Anchetel Grey, second son of Henry, Earl of Stamford) had Willoughey, his successor.

Magdalene, m. to Sir Robert Burdett, (third) baronet, of Foremark, in the county of Derby— his second wife, and had several children. Mary, m. to — Biddulph, esq. of Polesworth, in the county of Warwick. Sir Thomas Aston sustained a defeat from Sir William Brereton's party of parliamentarians near Nantwich, 28th January, 1642, but effected his escape: he was afterwards however made prisoner in another skirmish, and brought into Stafford, whence attempting again to escape, he was observed by a soldier who gave him a blow on the head, which, and his other wounds brought on a fever and occasioned his death in Stafford, 24th May, 1645. He was s. by his son, 11. Sir Willough by Aston. This gentleman erected a sumptuous mansion at Aston, a little distant from the old seat. He m. Mary, daughter of John Offley, esq. of Madeley Manor, in Staffordshire, and had eight sons and nine surviving daughters, viz. Thomas, his heir. John, captain R.N. d.s.p. Willoughby, m. and left two daughters. Arthur, d. at Constantinople unmarried. Gilbert, d. young. Richard, m. Elizabeth, daughter of John Warren, esq. of Oxfordshire, and died 24th November, 1741, leaving issue, Willough BY, who inherited as fifth baronet. Richard, barrister-at-law, constituted one of the judges of the court of King's Bench in 1765, and received the honour of knighthood. Sir Richard m. first, Miss Eldred, and, secondly, the relict of Sir David Williams, bart. Mary, m. to — Dawson, M.D. Robert, a merchant in London. Edward, d. young.

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ton, in Cheshire; and, secondly, to Dr. Chamberlen, of Alderton and Hinton. Magdalen, m. to Thomas Norris, esq. of Speke, in Lancashire. Frances. Dorothy. Charlotte, m. to John Pickering, esq. of Thelwall, in Cheshire. Catherine, died unmarried. Purefoy, m. to Henry Wright, esq. of Mobberley, in Cheshire, and of this marriage the grandson is the present Laur exce. Wright, esq. of Mottram St. Andrew. (See BUR ke's Commoners, vol. iii. p. 405.) Helena, m. to Captain Pennington, who assumed the surname of Legh, and was great grandfather of the present Proton Legh, esq. of Booths. Letitia, m. to — Jenks, esq. Sir Willoughby d. 11th December, 1702, and was s. by his eldest son, 111. Sir Thow as AsroN, who wedded Catherine, daughter of William Widdrington, esq. and died 16th January, 1721, left, with eight daughters, of whom CAth ERINE, m. in 1730, the Hon. and Rev. Henry Hervey, fourth son of John, Earl of Bristol, and Margery, became the wife of Gilbert Walmesly, esq. register of the diocese of Lichfield and Coventry, an only son and heir, 1 v. SiR Thomas Aston, elected M.P. for Liverpool in the 1st of George II. and afterwards for St. Albans. He m. in March, 1735-6, Rebecca, daughter of John Shishe, esq. of Greenwich, by whom (who d. in May. 1737), having had no issue, he devised his estates, at his decease in France, 17th February, 1744, to his eldest sister, CATHER INE," wife of the Hon. and Rev. Jon N HER vey, D.D. who in consequence assumed, by act of parliament, the surname of Asrox. The baronetcy reverted to his cousin, (refer to Rich ARD, sixth son of the second baronet). v. Sir Willouch by Asrox, who wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Pye, esq. of Farringdon, Berks, (by his wife Anne, sister of Lord Bathurst), and had issue, Willoughby, his successor.

Elizabeth, m. to Admiral Cotton.
Purefoy, m. to the Hon. James Preston, brother
of Lord Gormanston.

Mary, m. to Francis-Grant Gordon, esq. capt. R. N.

Selina, died unmarried in 1764.

*::) died unmarried. Sir Willoughby was returned to parliament for Nottingham in 1754, and appointed colonel of the Berkshire militia in 1759. He d. 24th August, 1772, and was s. by his son,

v1. Sir Willough by Aston, who m. Lady Jane

Henley, second daughter of Robert, Earl of Northington, Lond Ch ANcellor or ENGLAND in 1761, but dying s. p. 22nd March, 1815, his sisters became his heirs, and the BARoxetcy expired.

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This family was originally of Great Berkhampsted, in Hertfordshire, where it was located in the time of Eliza errh, but it rose into eminence through the professional success of Hewry Arkixs, M.D. physician to King JAMEs I. who was offered by his royal master the first baronet's patent, on the institution of the order, but he declined accepting the honor. His son and heir, Sir H Ex RY ATK iNs, received the honor of knighthood from the same monarch, and marrying Annabeila, daughter of John Hawkins, esq. of Chiddingstone, in Kent, had a numerous family. He was s. at lis decease by his eldest surviving son, 1. Ric HARD Atki Ns, esq. of Clapham, in the county of Surrey, who was created a B.A.Ron ET by King Cassiles II. 13th June, 1660. He m. Rebecca, daughter of Sir Edmund Wright, of London, knt. and had issue, Henry, who d. 15th February, 1677, aged twentyfour, unmarried. Richard, successor to the title. Annabella, } d. unm Rebecca, - Mary, m. to the Right Rev. William Moreton, D. D. Bishop of Meath, and had issue, Richard Moreton, in holy orders, d. s. p. Axx a billa MoRETox, m. to William Taylor, esq. of Dublin, barrister-at-law, and dying in 1774, left a son, The Rev. Rich and TAYLor, who inherited the estate of Little Moreton, in the county of Chester, at the decease of his uncle of the half blood, Sir William Moreton, recorder of the city of London in 1763, and assumed the name and arms of MoRETox. He was father of the present Rev. William-Moreton Moreton, of Little Moreton. Arres, m. to Edward Atkins, esq. brother of Sir Robert Atkins, K. B. lizabeth, m. to Thomas Tooke, esq. of Wormley. Hebecca, m. to Sir Wolstan Dixie, bart. of Market Bosworth, in the county of Leicester. $or Rurhard d. 19th August, 1689, and was s. by his *** *rviving son, it. Sus Richard Ark INs, who wedded Elizabeth, *aughter of Sir Thomas Byde, knt. of Ware Park, a Hertfordshire, and had surviving issue, H to a Y, his successor. RalphEartiard. Annabella. ** rentleman, who was a colonel in the army, d. ** November, 1696, and was s. by his eldest son,

111. S1 R HENRY AT KINs, who m. Rebecca-Maria, eldest daughter of Sir Wolstan Dixie, bart. and had, with one surviving daughter, Rebecca-Maria, m. in 1730, to Thomas Polkes, esq. an only surviving son, his successor at his decease in 1712, 1 v. Sir HENRY Atki Ns. This gentleman m. in October 1723, Penelope, daughter of Sir John Stonhouse, bart. of Radley, in the county of Berks, by whom (who rem. 31st October, 1733, John, first Earl Gower"), he had H ENRY, Rich AR D, Penelope, m. 5th January, 1745-6, George Pitt, first Lord Rivers, and was great-grandfather of the present peer. He d. in France, in 1728, and was s. by his elder son, v. SIR HENRY ATR INs, who d. at the age of sixteen, 1st September, 1742, and was s. by his brother, v1. Sir Rich A R D Atki Ns. This gentleman d. unm. 19th June, 1756, when the representation of the family vested in the Pitt family, and the BA Ron Ercy became extinct.

} fifth and sixth baronets.

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The family of Auch ER, eminent in ancient times in the counties of Essex, Kent, Sussex, and Nottingham, “ derived” (we quote Hasted) from Ealcher or Aucher, the first Earl of Kent, and among its earliest members we may mention Walter Fitz-Auger, a noble Briton, who flourished at the Conquest, and was a considerable benefactor to the Monks of St. Saviour, Bermondsey; Thomas Fitzaunger, who possessed the manor of Losenham, in Kent, temp. King Joh N ; and Henry Fitzaucher, whose name occurs in the roll of those Kentish gentlemen who were with Edward I. at the siege of Carlaverock. Nicholas Aucher, son of Thomas, Lord of Losenham, in Kent, temp. Edward II. married the daughter of Oxenbridge of Bread, in Snssex, and had two sons. The younger, William, left an only daughter, Christina, the wife of Arnald de Alkham. The elder was father of HENRY Auch ER, of Losenham, m. Elizabeth, daughter of John Diggs, of Barham, in Kent, and had a son and successor. HENRY AUch ER, of Losenham, who wedded, first, Isabella At Towne, of Throwleigh, and had by her, 1. Thomas, of Losenham, whose son, HENRY of Losenham, m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Guldeford, knt. of Halden, and left an only daughter and heir, ANNE, who espoused, temp. HENRY VII. Walter Colepeper, second son of Sir John Colepeper, knt. by Agnes, daughter and

* *-* = a- his lordship's second wite; by him she had a daughter, Penelope, b. at Trenthain, in June 1734, who

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heir of John Bedgebery, esq. The grandson of this marriage, Sir Joh N Cole PEPER, knt. of Wigsell, sold the manor of Losenham to Adrian Moore, esq. of Egham, in Surrey, in whose family it continued until alienated in 1702 to Nicholas Bishop. 11. Robert, ancestor of the Auchers of Westwell. Henry Aucher married, secondly, Joan, daughter and heir of Thomas St. Leger, of Otterden, second son of Sir Ralph St. Leger, of Ulcomb, knight of the shire for Kent 51 Edward, and had an only son, HENRY Aucher, who succeeded to the manor of Otterden, his mother's inheritance, and seated himself there, where he was residing 19 HENRY VI. He m. Alicia Boleyn, and left a son and successor, John Auch ER, of Otterden, who died 23rd April, 1503, and was buried in the north chapel of the parish church, leaving by Alice Church, his wife, three sons and two daughters, viz. 1. JAMEs, his heir. 11. William, d. s. p. 111. Marmaduke, m. a daughter of Gilbole. 1. Elizabeth, m. to Thomas Berham, of Sisinghurst. 11. Jane, m. to Thomas Corbet. The eldest son, JAMEs Aucher, esq. of Otterden, wedded Alice, daughter of Thomas Hills, esq. of Eggarton, near Godmersham, and by her (who m. secondly, James Hardres, esq. of Hardres) had a son and daughter, ANTHoNY, his heir, and Susan, m. to James Aucher. He died 6th January, 1508, was interred near his father, and succeeded by his son, SiR ANTHoNY AUch ER, knt. of Otterden, who acquired from Thomas Colepeper, temp. H I.N.RY VIII. the manors of Bishopsborne and Hautsborne, in Kent. He wedded Affra, daughter of William Cornwallis, of Norfolk, and had issue, 1. John, of Otterden, m. Ann, daughter of Sir William Kellaway, knt. and left an only daughter and heiress, JoAN, m. temp. Queen Eliza perh, to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, knt. by whom the manor of Otterden was sold to William Lewin, LL.D. 11. EnwARD, of whom presently. 111. Thomas, d. s. p. Iv. William, of Nonington.

1. Susannah. The second son, ELw ARD Aucher, esq. inherited, under his father's will, the manors of Bishopsbourne and Hautsborne. He m. Mabel, daughter of Sir Thomas Wrothe, knt. and had ANThony, his heir.

Elizabeth, m. to Sir William Lovelace, knt. of Bethersden, in Kent, and had by him, who died in 1629, with other issue, a son, Sir William Lovelace, of Woolwich, who m. Anne, daughter of Sir William Barnes, knt. and had a son, Rich ARD (Sir), of Lovelace Place, in Kent, who d. in 1658, leaving an only daughter and heir, MARG ARET, m. to Henry, fifth son of Lord Chief Justice Coke. The son and successor, ANahon Y AUch eit, esq. of Bishopsbourne, or Bourne, married two wives, but had issue only by the second, Margaret, daughter of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York, viz. two sons and as many daughters, ANThony, his heir. Edwin, of Willesborough, who m. Mary, daughter

of John Gibbon, and by her, who d. in 1679, had a numerous issue. His son, the Rev. John Aucher, D.D. prebendary of Canterbury, died in 1701. Elizabeth, m. first, to Sir William Hammond, knt. of St. Albans Court, in Kent, ancestor of the poet Hammond, and of the present Willi AM Osmund HAM Mond, esq. of St. Albans Court (see Burke's History of the Commoners). She wedded, secondly, in 1624, the Venerable Walter Balcangual, Dean of Rochester. Margaret, m. to Sir Roger James, knt. He died 13th January, 1609-10, and was succeeded by his son, SiR ANThoNY Auchea, knt. of Bourne, who served as sheriff of Kent in 12 JAMEs I. He in. Hester, daughter and co-heir of Peter Collet, of London, and dying in July 1637, was succeeded by his son, 1. Sir ANThony Auchert, of Bourne, who was created a B.A.Ronet 4th July, 1666. He wedded, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Hatton, esq. by whom (who died in 1648) he had no issue to survive him, and, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Hewitt, knt. by whom he had, 1. ANThon Y, his heir. 11. Hewitt, successor to his brother. 1. Elizabeth, m. to John Corbett, LL.D. Of this lady presently as co-heiress to her brother, the last baronet. 11. Hester, m. to Ralph Blomer, D.D. prebendary of Canterbury, and had, with other issue, a daughter, Anne Blomer, who wedded James Teale, esq. and had a son, Isaac M. Teale, esq. and a daughter, Mary Teale, who m. Major General Sir Charles Shipley, and left three daughters, Katherine-Jane, m. to Colonel Edward Warner. Augusta-Mary, m. to Alexander Manning, esq. Elizabeth-Cole, m. to Henry, Earl of Buchan. Sir Anthony died in May, 1692, and was s. by his son, 11. Sift ANThoxy Aucher, of Bourne, at whose decease in minority in 1691, the title passed to his brother, 111. SIR HE witt Aucher, of Bourne, who died un

married in 1720, when the expired. His elder sister and co-heir, Elizabeth, the wife of John Corbert, LL.D.

left five daughters and co-heirs, viz.

1. CATH ARINE Corbett, who m. Stephen Beckingham, esq. (to whom she was second wife), and had a son, The REv. Joh N CHARLEs Beck 1 No. HA M, who inherited the whole of the Bishopsbourne estate, his father having purchased, in 1752, the shares of his sisters-in-law in the property. Mr. Beckingham left at his decease an only daughter and heir, Louis A, m. in 1802, to Edw A R D TA YLor, esq. of Bifrons, in Kent, and has issue. (See BUR KE's Cornmoners, vol. iii. p. 107). 2. Elizabeth Corbert, m. to Thomas Dinward, esq. and d. s. p. 3. FRANces Corbert, m. to Sir William Hardres, bart. of Hardres, who d. s. 7). 31st Aug. 1764. 4. AN to NIN A Corbett, m. to Ignatius Geoghe. gan, esq. and had issue.

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Edward, of Herendon, m. Rebecca, daughter of Sir Edward Easton, knt. of Mersham, and had a son, Edward, who wedded Jane, only daughter of Cheyney Selhurst, esq. of Tenterden, and d. s. p. John d. unm. in 1655. Rosort. Elizabeth, m. to Samuel Short, of Tenterden. Mary, m- to Anthony Whetenhall, esq. of East Peckham. Abigail, m. to Edward Jervis. The youngest son, 1. Rosrat Austex, esq. of Bexley, high sheriff of Kent in 1660 and 1661, was created a baroner by King CHARLEs il. on the 10th July in the former year. Sir Robert m. first, Margaret, daughter of William WilHamson, of London, vintner, and had an only surviving child, Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Dacres, kno- of Cheshunt, Herts. He m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Thomas Muns, esq. of Otteridge, in Kent, and by that lady had issue, 1. Joax, his successor. 11. Robert, of Herendon, m. Judith, daughter and co-heir of Ralph Freke, esq. of Hanington, Wilts, and had 1. Robert, who wedded Jane, daughter of William Strode, esq. of Barrington, in the county of Somerset, and had three sons and one daughter, viz. William. Edward, who inherited as sixth baronet. Rosert, s. his brother as seventh baronet.

Jane-Grace, m. Richard Windsor, esq.

of Tottenham, and had an only dau. Sarah Windsor, who m. first, Edward Constable, and, secondly, J. Bristow, and left by the former two daughters and co-heirs, viz. MARY Constable, m. to the Rev. Thomas Roberts. ANNE Constable, m. to Sir William Curtis, bart. 2. Edward, of Bexley, m. first, Mary, daughter of Edward Napier, esq. of Dorsetshire, but had no issue. He wedded, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Manning, esq. of Kivington, in Kent, and had a son, John. 111. John, a merchant, who d. in Turkey.

1. Anne, m. to Sir Oliver Boteler, bart. of Treston, in Kent. 11. Ursula, m. first, to George Stawell, esq. of Cotherston, in the county of Somerset, son of Sir John Stawell, K.B. and, secondly, to Henry Seymour, esq. of Langley Park, in the county of Buckingham. Sir Robert d. 30th October, 1666, and was s. by his eldest son, 11. Sir John Austen, M.P. for Rye, in several parliaments temp. William III. and one of the commissioners of the Customs. He m. Rose, daughter and heir of Sir John Hale, knt. of Stagenhoe, in Hertfordshire, by whom (who d. in 1695) he had issue,

Robert, his heir.
Edward, colonel in the Guards, killed at the
Battle of Almanza, d. s. p.

Elizabeth, d. unm. Rose, m. to Comberford Brooke, Esq. of Madeley Court, in Shropshire, and of Comberford, in the county of Stafford. Anne, m. to Robert Rod, esq. of Herefordshire. He d. in 1608, and was s. by his son, 111. SIR Ron ERT Austrin. This gentleman wedded Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of George Stawell, esq. of Cotherston, in Somersetshire, and by her (who survived him, and wedded, secondly, William Wynd, esq. of Norfolk, chamberlain to the Princess Sophia, and d. in 1725) had issue,

Robert, his successor. SHEFFIELD, heir to his brother. John.

Rose, m. to Sherrington Grosvenor, esq. of Holt, in the county of Warwick.





Sir Robert d. in 1706, and was s. by his eldest son, Iv. Sir Robert Austen, M.P. for New Romney, in Kent, m. in November 1738, Rachel, daughter of Sir Francis Dashwood, bart. of West Wycomb, Bucks, but dying without issue in 1743, was s. by his brother, v. Sir Shroffield Austen. This gentleman dying s. p. about the year 1758, was s. by his kinsman (refer to line of Robert, second son of the first baronet), v1. Sir Edward Austen, who d. unm. 28th December, 1760, and was s. by his brother, vii. Sir Robert, at whose decease s. p. 13th February, 1772, the BARoNETcy Expired.

Arms—Or, a chevron gu. between three lions' paws erect and erased sa.

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The ancient seat of this family, one of Saxon extraction, was at Bocton Aloph, near Wye, in the county of Kent, which town they possessed in the reign of HENRY III., and which place, as Mr. Philpot observes, “ had that appellative distinction united to its name to intimate to us, that in the Saxon time it owned the jurisdiction of one Alulphus, a Saxon.” From this Alulphus descended Aliff, a person of great note in the time of Edward the Confessor.

About the reign of HENRY VI.,

Joh N A Y Lorr was seated at Hornchurch, in the county of Essex, and married to Anne, daughter of Thomas West, esq. by whom he had issue,

Thomas A Y Lof F, of the same place, and of Sudbury in Suffolk, holding large possessions in the counties of Essex and Suffolk temp. Edward IV., who had issue, by Agnes, his wife, daughter of William Birch (by Alice his wife, daughter of Roger Grice, of Norfolk), a son, William, and a daughter, Agnes, m. to Sir John Bruges, lord mayor of London, from whom the Barons Chandos descended, and Winifred Bruges, m. to Sir Richard Sackville, of Buckhurst, father of Sir Thomas Sackville, Baron Buckhurst, and Earl of Dorset.

The son, Willi AM Ayloffs, m. Audrey, daughter of Sir John Shaw, knt. alderman of London, by whom he had three children, Willi AM, Thomas,” and Agnes. The elder son, Willi AM AY Loff, esq. was high sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire 6th Elizabeth, and left by Agnes, his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Barnardiston, knt. of Ketton, in Suffolk (by Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Lucas, knt. of Colchester, in Essex), a son and heir, WiLL AM Ayloffe, high sheriff of the county of Essex 36th Elizabeth, and one of the judges of the King's Bench 20th of the same reign. He m. Jane, daughter of Eustace Sulyard, esq. of Flemings, in Suffolk, and had issue three sons and one daughter, viz. 1. Wills Avt. 11. Thomas, who m. Mary Guicciardine, and was father of Guicciardine Ayloff, secretary of the Duchy of Lancaster. 111. George, who d. s. p. 1. Margaret, wife of Edward Broom, esq. of Oxfordshire. The eldest son, 1. Sir Willi AM AYLorpe, knt. s. to the estate, and residing at Braxted Magna, was knighted by Aing JAMEs I. at the Charter-house with many n, ore, on his first arrival in London, and afterwards advanced by the said king to the degree of a BA Rox or in 1612. He m. first, Catharine, daughter and co-heir of John Sterne, esq. of Melburne, in Cambridgeshire, and had by her three sons and four daughters, William, died in the lifetime of his father in the West Indies. B ENJAMIN, his successor. James, had his mother's estate at Melburne, in Cambridgeshire : from his first wife, Jane, dau. of Sir William Herris, knt. of Shenfield, in Essex, descended William Ayloffe, esq. of Basingburn, in Cambridgeshire; and by his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Penyston, esq. of Rochester, Thomas Ayloffe, D.C.L. Mary, wife of Sir Anthony Thomas, knt. of Cobham, in Surrey. Elizabeth, wife of Gervase Lee, of Norwell, in Nottinghamshire. Anne, d. s. p. Jane, m. to Edward Kighley, of Gray, in Essex. Sir William m. secondly, Barbara, daughter and heir of Thomas Sexton, and had two sons, Thomas, of Gray's Inn, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Wentworth, of Bocking, in Essex, and was father of Benjamin Ayloffe, esq. of

Gray's Inn, who m. Victoria, daughter of Alex

ander Erskine, esq. son to John, Earl of Mar. John, was a colonel in the West Indies, and ds. p. The baronet m. thirdly, Alice Stokes, and had issue, Joseph, of Gray's Inn, m. Frances, daughter of Henry Ayscough, esq. and left two sons and five daughters. The elder son, Joseph, of Gray's Inn, barrister-at-law, wedded Mary, daughter of Bryan Aylosse, merchant, of London, and was father of Joseph, who eventually inherited the baronetcy as sixth baronet.

* The younger son of William Ayloffe,

Thox. As A Y Loop E, was a merchant, free of the company of barber-surgeons in London, and when Bridge Ward was finished, 4th Edw A R D VI., the first elected alderman of it. He was afterwards knighted, and died

2nd Philip and MARY. He left William, his son and heir, by his wife Elizabeth, (or Isabel), daughter of Thomas, and sister of Sir Edward Walsingham, knt., who had issue, a son of his own name, William Ayloffe, esq. who was brought up to the study of the law.

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