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medy; which, though evidently written by at fcholar and a man of obfervation , did not pleafe equal to its merits. Many parts of it exhibit the ftrongeft indications of his comic talents. There is, perhaps, no character on the ftage more happily imagined and more highly linifhed than Croaker's. His reading of the incendiary letter in the fourth act z) was received* with a roar of approbation. Goldfmith himself was fo charmed with the performance of flutter a) in that character* that he thanked him before' all the performers, telling him, „he had exceeded his own idea of the character, and diat the fine comic richnefs of his colouring made it ahnoft appear as new to him as to any other perfon in the honfe." The pro

» b) was mrniThed by Dr. jobnfon.

The injuftifiable feverity with which this fhf was treated by the town, irtitated. bis

, . .., ft. i • .,: -.

avfserdtm giebt es noch ein. kleines am Haymarket, •-loranf aber nnr im Summer, wenn die beiden grofsen SchanbuUncn gefchloffen find (d. h. -von den erften Wochen del Junius an bis in die Mitte des Septembers ) viermal wochentlich gefpielt ivird.

'i) Anfpielung avf den' Theil diefes Stinks, wo Croaker durch ein Schreiben 'beAroht. wird, dafs fe'ih Haus ang'.znndet werden foil, wenn er nicht eine gewiffe Sulhtne an tinem ihm be%iichneten Orte deponiren viUrde.

a) Shuter, Name des Schaufpielers, welcher, bei den erften Vorfttllungen diefes Luftfpiels, die Ferfon des Cro«ker machte.

b) prologue. Avf den Evglifchen Schavbi'thnen ift es ge■wohnlich, dafs jedes Drama feiven befondern I'rologus hat (d. i. eint Art Vorrede, welche vor dem Anfaiigt its Stiicks an die Zuhorer gehalten wird), den insgemein ein Frennd des Dichters macht. Die Englander kaben diefes von den Stiieken des PlautHS nnd Tcrcnz tntithnt.

feelings much, and what added to the irritation , was the very great fuccefs of Kelly's - ) „Falfe Delicacy," which appeared at the other houfed), juft at the fame time.

Such was the tafte of the town for fentimental writing, in which this comedy abaunds, jihat it was played every night to crowded audiences; ten thoufand copies of the play were fold that feafon, and the bobkfellers concerned in the profits of it, not only presented Kelly with a piece of plate, value 20 1. e)s but gave him a public breakfaft at the Chapter coffeehoufe f)'.

The fuccefs of ,yFa]fe Delicacy'' diffolved the intimacy between Kelly and Goldfmith; who, though the type of his own Good-natured Man, in every other refpect, yet in point of authorfhip arid particularly in poetry.*"Could bear no rival near his throne g).'' Had Kelly been content to keep in" the back, ground, Goldfmith would have fhared his laft guinea li) with him, and in doing it would have felt all the fine influences of his good

c) Hugh Kelly, tin ijyy geftoriener dramatifcher Dichter. Seine Werke find 177? erfchitneh. Er war tin Landsmann Goldfmith's, . . • . . ■*

d) at the other houfe, d. i. im Drury-Lane Thtattr.

e) AbkUriung fur pound.

f) the Chapter eofteenoufe, tin Kaffeehaur zwifchen der Tanlskhche und dem Paternofter- Row, tine Gegend, in der viele Bnchhandler xvohnen,

g) Verfe von Pope, die in eintm Gemalde vorkommen, -welchet diefer Dichter von Addifon, miter dem No arm Atticus, entwirft.

h) gHinea, f, K«{. j. S. i). dti Vicar.

nature; but to contend for the bow of Ulyffej* „this was a fault; that way envy lay'.."

Goldfmirh cannot be acquitted or all manner of blame in his enmity to Kelly, who yas a very deferving man, and, by the publication of his , Thefpis," „Bal>bler," fome novels, and „Falfe Delicacy,'1 had railed himfelf much into public notice , and what juftly iiicreafed it, was the conlideration of his doing all this from an humble beginning, and a very narrow education. He had a growing family too, which be fupported with decency ana reputation.

Though the fame of his Good-natured] Man did not bear him triumphantly through; yet, by the profits of his nine nights, and the> iak of the copy, he cleared five hundred pounds. With this, and the favings made by his compilations of a Roman Hiftory, in 2 vols. 8vo, and a Hiftory of England, in 4 vols. 8vo, which he ul'ed to call; building a booh he defcended from his attiG ftory in the Stan-cafe, Inner- Temple, and purchafed chambers in Brooke-Court, Middle - Temi pie I), for which he gave four hundred pounds. Thefe he furnifhed rather in an elegant man

i) Wahrfcheinlich eine Anffielung anf die Freier, welche Jich um die Hand dtr Fenelope, der Gattin dei Ulyffes btioarben, und von dieftm hidden bei feiner Ritckkehr ■von einer vieljahrigen Irrfahrt aufgefordert warden, fcinen Bo gen zu fpannen , wehhes Jie nicht vermochten.

k) attic ftoty, das hichftt Gefchofs in einem Haufe.

1) Et iji in diefer Stelle gani eigentlich vom Kan fen einer Wohnung die Rede In den Inns of Court kanu man mehrert Zimmer, anch gtmze Etagen kauflich an fich brinftn.

ner, fitted up and enlarged his library, and commenced quite a man of lettered cafe and confequence.

About this time he was concerned in a fortnightly publication, called The Gentleman's JournalTM), in conjunction with Dr. Kenrick"), Bickerftaff 0 ) etc., which was foon difcontinued. When a friend was obfer■ving what an extraordinary fudden death it trad, „Not at all, Sir," fays Goldfmith, „a verycommon caCe, it died of too many doctors.4'

His next original publication was The Defer ted Village, which came out in the fpring of 1770, and had a very rapid fale. He received a hundred pounds for the copy from Mr. Griffin his bookfeller, which he returned, under an idea of its being too much; and his way of computation was this: „Tliat it was near live fhillings a couplet, which was more than any bookfeller could afford or indeed more than any modern poetry was worth." He, however, loft nothing by his generality, as the bookfeller paid him the hundred pounds, which the rapid fale of the poem foon enabled him to do- He was, by bis own confeflion, four or live years collecting materials in all his

ta) Titel einer, ubrigens wenig bekannten, periodifchen Schrift.

n) Dr Kenrick, ein feiner Zeit ziemlick geehrter* Schriftfteller. Man hat von Hint einige dramatifche Arbeiten, %. B. Falftalf's marriage, tint Nachahmung Shakefpeave's.

e) BicUerltaff, ein gleichfalls geftorbener Schriftfteller. Man hat von ihm einige, noch jetzt fehr gefch'dtzte Opern, als; Love in a Village, the maid of the Mill etc.

country excurfions for this poem, and was actually engaged in the conftruction of it above two years. Dr. Johnfon furnifhed the four laft lines.

The year following, he prefixed a Life of Parnell P), to anew edition of his „Poems on Several Occafions," by T. Davies, 8vo; a performance worthy of Parnell's genius and amiable difpofition.

His next orginal work was his comedy of She Stoops to Conquer, or the Mifta* kes of a Night, which was acted at Covent Garden, in 1772; and notwithftanding the opinion of Mr. Colman ") and fome others, that there were parts in it too farcical, it met with great fuccefs, and reftored the public tafte to his good opinion. — The fir ft night of its performance, inftead of being at the theatre, he was found fauntering between feven and eight o'clock in St. JamePs Park r), and it was on the remonftrance of a friend, who told him how „ufeful his pretence might be ■ in making fome fudden alterations which might be found neceffary in the piece, that he was prevailed?*upon to go to the theatre. He entered the

p) Thomas Parnell viurde m Dublin geboren, und frarb 1717. Seine Gedichte, unter dcr.en einige fehr gefchatzt werden, trfchitntn unter andirn zu London 17*0, unter dtm Titel: Poems on feverjil occafions, written by Thomas Parnell, and publifh'd by A. pope , Z» diefer 1770 wiedeium gedruckten Ausgabe fiigte Goldfmith das Leben dei Dickters hinzu.

q) Colman , ein \guter dramatifcher Schriftftelhr, deffen Werke zu. London im Jahve ijjy in s. trfchitntn find. Er war Direktor des Haymarket Theaters.

*) f Klip. 20. S. if;, des Viear.

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