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BLACKWOOD'S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XXIX.

AUGUST 1819.

Vol. V.

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Contents. Restoration of the Parthenon for the On a late Attempt to White-wash Mr National Monumento....... 509 Brougham

arascanna 570 Remarks on Don Juan.........

512 Ritson on Shakspeare Emigration to the Cape of Good Hope 523 A Parallel between the Master Debtor's Sir William Ouseley's Travels in va. Side of Newgate, and the several

rious Countries of the Eastcanoncom. 527 Sponging Houses in the County of Dr Cross on the Foot and Legawancara 532 Middlesex

578 Translation of a Manuscript, found a- Mr Faber on the Pyramid of Cephrenes, mong the Baggage of a French Offi

lately opened by Belzoni.com

582 cer killed at Waterloocan

540 An Account of a Fishing Excursion up Two Reviews of a Military Work

Glenwhargan, in Dumfriesshire, with Proceedings at Ambrose's monosocore 547 some Observations on Bait-Fishing. 585 Mr Odoherty's Opinion................ 548 Boxiana ; or Sketches of Pugilism. By Mr Tickler's Opinion

552 one of the Fancy. No II.......... 593 Remarks on Dr Watt's Bibliotheca The True and Authentic Account of Britannica....na

553 the Twelfth of August, 1819....mom 597 On Musical Expression, in Answer to LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC Musical Queries in last Numberconno 556 INTELLIGENCEcom

614 Common-Place Peoplema.

Works preparing for PUBLICATION 611 The Month of September................. 560 MonthlY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATo ib.

612 Stanzas.com

ib.

MONTHLY REGISTER. Notices of Reprints of Curious Old Commercial Report.

comarca616 Books, No IV.

Meteorological Report marmarannan

621 "Tis merry when Gossips meet...... 561 Promotions and Appointments .....corare 623 Human Beauty.....

564 ' Births, Marriages, and Deaths.com 624

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TIONS

EDINBURGH:

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, NO 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;
AND T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, STRAND, LONDON ;

To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed ;
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

(OLIVER & Boyd, Printers, Edinburgh.)

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XXIX.

AUGUST 1819.

Vol. V.

RESTORATION OF THE PARTHENON FOR THE NATIONAL MONUMENT.

MR EDITOR,

We are not, however, so highly exThe public attention appearing to have cited as to throw away our money for been much roused by an article no other purpose, than to give a show on the subject of the National Monu- of sincerity to the expression of these ment, in your last Number, I trust strong emotions. We feel, that instead you will give admission to a few re- of contributing to the national honour, marks on the same topic, for the re- we should be degrading it, were we to ception of which that article has ably countenance the erection of a monupaved the way.

ment inadequate to the full expression Complaints have been made, that of our sentiments. While we are in the country has been backward upon the dark, therefore, as to the plan of this occasion; and the reasoning used in any proposed monument, we must be the article alluded to, endeavours to ex« in perpetual alarm lest, by raising an explain this, by supposing, that the pa- edifice unworthy of so great an object, triotic principles which lead nations to our triumphs, as well as our appreciaraise such trophies in remembrance of tion of them, would come to be underpast glories, are not fully understood. It valued by posterity, and thus one of is to be hoped, that in this respect the the most obvious advantages of the writer of the article in question is not national monument would be destroyquite correct. If he be, however, his ed. Nor should we, in our own day, strain of argument is well calculated to be free from some feeling of humiliaremedy the evil of which he com- tion, were we to display to our rivals plains.

in arms, a memorial that, instead of The true cause, however, of the evi- sustaining, should tend to depress the dent tardiness (not to call it luke lofty character we have so nobly awarmness) of the public on this occa- chieved. sion, seems to arise very naturally out It is no answer to this to assert, that of the uncertainty which prevails, as to such fears are groundless. We must the plan and situation of the monu- judge on this as on every other occament itself.

sion, by what we know. And what We are described as being a cautious does this knowledge furnish? Let us nation; but caution such as ours is not look over the whole empire-shall we the offspring of cold indifference; nor anywhere find, amidst modern strucof the narrow prudence of selfishness; tures, one edifice in any respect worthy it is the wise circumspection of a delic of the object in view ?-or can any berating and enlightened people ; and person be found bold enough to prois quite compatible with the warmest phecy for the works of this country, a and most enthusiastic nationality; and celebrity as undeviating and enduring with those ennobling feelings of pride as that which, for more than two thouand patriotism, which ought to spring sand years, has been bestowed on the from the recollection of triumphs in magnificent structures of Antient which Scotland has had so eminent a Greece ! share.

Innumerable attempts have been Vol. V.

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made in all countries, to rival these of very doubtful beauty, and almost works. They have all failed ; and as necessarily inadequate to the great purthis is admitted on every hand, the in- pose at present in view. ference is irresistible, that although it There is but one opinion upon this be not, in the nature of things, impos- subject, amongst those who have eisible to reach, or even to surpass, that ther visited Athens, or who have studegree of excellence, yet it is in the died the works which describe that very highest degree improbable, that city. But as the great majority of the invention of any modern architect those persons who are expected to shall produce, all at once, a plan ap- contribute to this monument never proaching, even remotely, to the pera saw the Parthenon, nor even a draw. fection of those models which have ing of it, it cannot be expected, unbeen handed down to us from anti- less some mode be adopted of extendquity.

ing the knowledge of this subject, It ought to be borne in mind, that that any very general feeling will be the public taste in Greece was not the expressed for its being adopted as the growth of any particular occasion, but model of the national monument. was the result of centuries of patient There is very little doubt, however, cultivation. Many Grecian temples that were means afforded to the public are still in existence, which sufficient- of comparing the Parthenon of Athens ly indicate its gradual progress to- with any modern plan whatsoever, the wards the perfection which, in the decision would speedily be pronounced age of Pericles, finally attained. in favour of the former. The commitThe temples of Pæstum and Agrigen- tee of management would therefore be tum mark the step from the heavy ar- doing the highest service to the cause chitecture of Egypt to the more grace of good taste, were they to circulate a ful, though not less solid, proportions drawing of the Parthenon, in a situaof the Dorit order. The temple of tion very nearly resembling its original Jupiter Panhellenius, not only in the position-that is to say, crowning the construction of its parts, and the pro- rock of the Calton-hill. Yet although portion of its columns, but in the rude such a measure would be very imporsculpture of its Frize, tells, what we tant, in as much as it could not fail to know from history to be true, that expand the public taste, yet, with reit was erected prior to that era of ference to the object immediately unpublic taste which gave birth to the der consideration, it would be of little celebrated temple of Minerva. Thus, avail, unless it were accompanied by a both from theory and experience, we pledge that this model, the finest be are entitled to say, that long ere the yond' all question which the world sun of Grecian taste had shed its meri- ever saw, was in fact to be adopted as dian lustre on the Acropolis, there the national monument.* must have been many bright indica- The advantages which would flow tions of the light which was to come from such a decision are numerous and a light of which we, in this coun- striking. The prudential dread alludtry, cannot as yet perceive even the ed to in the early part of this article, dawn. How presumptuous were it would be instantly removed; and then in us to hope, that,' by the mere subscriptions would flow in from effort of our will, however powerfully those who most assuredly will not seconded by talents and wealth, we give their money towards the erection can reach at once an excellence which of any modern structure whatsoever. it cost even the Greeks so many cen- Again, it is well known what efforts turies to accomplish. And what folly have long been made by the taste and were it, with that admitted excellence wealth of England to procure models fully within our grasp, to think of of Grecian architecture in this counraising in its stead an edifice which, try. Societies have been formed; arby every conceivable analogy, must be tists sent out; and ships have been

In order that full justice might be done to the subject, such a drawing ought to be executed by the hand of a master; and we feel confident that in such a cause Mr Hugh Williams would cheerfully lend his powerful assistance. This gentleman, to the command of matchless skill in execution, and the most refined taste and observation, adds the advantage of having studied the original at Athens.

freighted to transport Athenian re- see that the erection of such a temmains to our northern shores. But pleas the Parthenon any where while numberless detached pieces of within their island, would confer beart have, by means of this perseverance, nefits as lasting and important upon labour, and expense, been brought to the progress of the arts in England, as this country, it has hitherto been found in this country; being sensible too, impossible to erect one building on that such an object can be looked for the model of the temples of antiquity. in this metropolis alone, they would This has arisen, not from any want of be far above jealousy, and would an ardent desire to accomplish such cheerfully and liberally contribute toan object; not from any blindness towards its accomplishment. the incalculable benefits which would Much of the same reasoning will apthereby be conferred on public taste; ply to India ; where the taste for Grea but principally from the enormous ex cian architecture has far outstripped pense with which such a structure that which prevails here. The Scotch would be attended in London. The form a great proportion of the society vicinity, however, to the capital of in that country; and as they have the Scotland, of the finest freestone quar- deepest and most lively interest in ries in the world, gives to the people their country's renown--and are posof this country the ready means of ac- sessed of considerable wealth, they complishing this desirable object, at become a body of men whom it is exan expense vastly inferior to what tremely important to engage heartily would be required in any other part in this cause. They have witnessed of the empire.* We have, moreover, the triumphs which this monument is the very important advantage of posa intended to commemorate, though at a sessing a finer situation for so noble a distance, with a degree of ardour and structure, than any other city can enthusiasm not less heartfelt than it boast of; a situation, be it recollected, was here ; but from the absence of which resembles, in the most striking the distracting causes which surround manner, the spot selected for a simi- us, the sentiment has proved even lar monument by Phidias himself. more lasting. Consequently, most of

The object, then, so long and so ar- the Scotch in India may be expected, dently wished for by every man of under any circumstances, to subscribe taste and education in England, will to a certain extent. But as they renow be placed within their reach. tain, even in that country of liberality Can any one doubt that under the and profusion, all their national good proposed circumstances the subscrip- sense and caution, they will not easily tions from that enlightened and enter- be induced to engage in this subprising country would be immense ? scription, to the full extent of their Yet without some such powerful sti- means, while the present uncertainty mulus we have no title to expect that as to the plan and situation of the moour neighbours will assist in accom- nument exists. But it is no less cerplishing an object in which they are tain, that if our countrymen in India not directly concerned. They have were to be assured that the Parthenon enough at home to occupy their atten- of Athens was indeed to be restored, tion and their wealth, and they would and in the capital of their native land, justly consider their resources misap- they would cooperate in this great plied if directed towards any modern cause with an efficiency worthy of edifice out of their own country. But their birth-place. the restoration of the finest of all the The influence of public opinion is, ancient models is an object of such perhaps, no where so strongly felt as general importance ; one that comes in India ; there is no country, indeed, home so immediately to every classical in which enlarged and liberal ideas are recollection and early association,- so generally felt and acted upon : and that, in its support, we might safely those who best know the state of socalculate upon the assistance of our ciety there, will deem it no extravaclassical neighbours. They would gance to assert, that so unexception

• We possess also more than one architect whose powers of execution are fully equal to such a task. And surely, even the most eminent of these would, upon due reflection, feel more highly honoured by becoming the actual restorer of the Parthenon, than from being the original planner of any modern edifice.

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