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(From the Preface to the Rev. J. Hough's History of Christianity in
IN a letter of a Romish bishop alluded to above, one principal cause of the writer's displeasure was, my use of the term Papist, instead of Catholic, in the reply to the Abbé Dubois. Nothing was more foreign from my intention than to give offence by using an obnoxious term, and therefore in the present history I have adopted the word Romanist. The term papist occurs indeed, but it will be found generally, if not exclusively, in quotations from other authors. If asked why I have not called them Catholics, since it is the name which they prefer, I answer_because of the advantage that they disingenuously take of our use of the term. The church of England retains the word Catholic in her Liturgy, and the Romanists know that we do not use it in their exclusive sense, but apply it universally to all that have been baptized in the name of the Trinity, hold the true faith in Jesus Christ, have“ the pure word of God preached ” to them, and the sacraments“ duly administered, according to Christ's ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite and necessary to the same.” (Article xix.) The church of England regards all other churches who answer to this character as united with her to Jesus, their common head, by
communion of the same spirit. Though varying in outward circumstances, and in matters not essential to salvation, they form various branches of the Catholic or universal church, yet Romanists well know that many members of both our church and theirs do not make this distinction, but apply the term exclusively to that of Rome: and taking advantage of this ignoranee in some, and négligence in others, they charge us with inconsistency in using the term, while we protest against their church, whereas they know that Protestants use it in its legitimate sense; and the inconsistency is theirs, in applying it only to their own communion. Are we then to be charged with illiberality for refusing to concede to them this name, while they persist in making so unfair a use of the concession ? This is not a mere logomachy. Truly has it been said 'names are things !' For Protestants to call Romanists Catholics, is to put a weapon in their hands which they neglect no opportunity to wield against us. While in courtesy yielding the name, they pretend that we concede the principle it implies; and hereby we expose our brethren, who do not take trouble, or have not ability to discriminate, to the designs of these enemies to the truth and freedom of the gospel. The single point they keep in view is, that theirs is the only Catholic church ; that all Christians out of her pale, by whomsoever baptized, owe allegiance to the pope ; and that every term is to be repudiated that implies the existence of any church independent of Rome. Catholic is the name that best accords with these arrogant pretensions; no wonder therefore that they so strenuously contend for it: but for the same reason should Protestants resist their exclusive appropria
tion of it to their own communion. Papist is, undoubtedly, their most appropriate designation, for it implies an acknowledgment of the Papal supremacy and infallibility, which they alone believe; and the learned Bossuet, and others of their best writers, were not ashamed to use it. In the days of those authors, indeed, it was not in such bad odour as it is at present, and this is the real cause of the modern Romanists' anxiety to get rid of it: but unless their character is altered, they will gain nothing by changing their name. There are countries where even the word Catholic is as odious: as ever the term Papist was in Europe ; and wherever the light and liberty of the gospel shall predominate, no mere appellation will shield the darkness and tyranny of Rome from general abhorrence.
1 See Smith and Dwight's Missionary Researches in Armenia, page 392, &c.
We know not what those heaven-illuming orbs
Review of Books.
THE HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY IN INDIA,
From the Commencement of the Christian Era. By the Rev. James Hough, M. A., F.C. P.S. Perpetual Curate of Ham, late Chaplain to the Hon. East India Company at Madras. Seeley and Burnside.
We should agree with the Author that the title of his book was a misnomer, had we not the promise of two additional volumes, to treat of the progress of Christianity in India, as the two before us do of Anti-Christianity. The history, so far, is nearly confined to the doings of Popery in the east: and we rejoice that so able a narrator as Mr. Hough, possessed of such invaluable and incontrovertible materials for the work, has undertaken this task. His object, as appears by an important Preface, is to vindicate Protestantism from the libellous aspersions of the crafty men who have come forward as the historians or the eulogists of their Romish brethren in the Indian Mission. The extreme mildness of Mr. Hough's language, and the moderation of temper and feeling that characterizes his work, even where relating the most nefarious transactions of the apostacy, will commend the book to those whose tenderness shrinks from using the homely language, and repeating the plain assertions of scripture concerning Babylon the great. Mr. Hough has ably apologized, in the Preface, for not using the term “ Catholic,' in reference to the members of the Romish church. This our readers will find at page 73 of the present number. Altogether, these volumes are amongst the most important we have seen for a long time
THE POETICAL WORKS of the Rev. R. Montgomery, A.M. Oxon. New Edition, carefully revised by the Author. Glasgow: Symington and Co,
THREE beautiful little volumes have successively appeared, comprising each one of the larger and several of the smaller of the Rev. Robert Montgomery's poems. It seems that another, under the title of 'Immanuel, or Sacred Contemplations,' is to follow. Of an author so well known, and so justly appreciated, we need say no more than that we are among the warm admirers of his truly poetical genius, and have watched with gladness of heart the progressive conformity of his thoughts and expressions to the mind that was in Christ Jesus, We look for greater things yet at the hand of Mr. Montgomery; one of that name ranks high as a Christian lyrist; but the junior poet takes a higher and more lengthened flight in the wide space of poesy. Thanks be to God that