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them both begun on earth. And now the wolvish part doth but tell us how much better company we shall have above. O that we had more of a holy love to God and one another on earth, that it might be a foretaste and notice to us (more than hearsay) what we shall be and have in heaven. What the light and warmth of the sun are to us on earth, that God, by communicated knowledge and love, will be to all that dwell with him. Light, love, and joy, are not mere accidents of heaven, but its very essence. 0, that we did more study heaven, as it is love! Every saint there will love us better than husband, or wife, or the dearest friend on earth did ever love each other; and the whole society is but one love and joy, by the union of many. And Christ will love us more than they; and then we shall sweetlier understand that word (which I value above any word in the Bible or world,) “God is love, and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him.” To dwell in heaven is to dwell in perfect love; and they are the best on earth who are the likest to that state.

I pray thank my lord for his great liberality. Pardon this tediousness, and present my service to my lord, and to the lady Russell. I rest your unworthy brother, hasting homeward,

RICHARD BAXTER. From ' Memoirs of the House of Russell.'



SHALL I be considered as trenching upon the province occupied by the fair writer of · Female Biography of Scripture, if I venture to make a few remarks on the character of that admirable woman whose name I have placed at the head of this page ? I fancy that I shall not: perhaps it is not very probable that the ladies may undertake the subject themselves, and I have therefore chosen it the more willingly, lest so illustrious an ornament to the sex should be forgotten, amid the milder but less brilliant luminaries of the Hebrew church.

I profess myself an ardent admirer of Deborah, and I cannot help wishing that the general character of my countrywomen resembled hers more than it does at present; for I regard her as one of the most eminent as well as highly-favoured among

“ the holy women of old,” of whom the apostle speaks as ensamples to the women of later times. Perhaps some of the ladies will be disposed to differ from me here; for I verily believe that there are those of the tender and delicate women among you who are half ashamed of belonging to the same sex with such a masculine character' as they think Deborah to have been.

I fear I shall be considered as utterly beyond endurance, if I proceed to panegyrize “ Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite ; yet Deborah declares her to

be “ blessed above women-blessed above women in the tent.” And that in a song which, as the thanksgiving of a prophetess, is probably as much an inspired composition as any book of the prophets.

Matthew Henry, in his admirable commentary says here, · Deborah concludes this triumphant song with the praises of Jael, her sister hero, whose valiant act had completed and crowned the victory.'

I do not, however, intend to hold up Jael as a pattern to the Christian Ladies' who read this Magazine, nor yet Deborah herself, literally taken. I do not wish to see them going forth with our armies, advising our Wellingtons, nor nailing to the floor the head of Mehemet Ali nor of the Grand Signor. No: and for this valid reason, that they are not divinely inspired nor divinely commissioned ; they are not prophetesses, like Deborah, nor indeed can such peculiar inspirations be expected in these days of “open vision” and gospel light:

If days similar to those of Jael and Deborah could return, I doubt not that the female sex would again furnish its share of inspired seers and commissioned leaders. I was going to say they would deserve to do so; and certainly, as far as anything human can be said to deserve favour from heaven, that sex would now have the first claim to such distinction ; for I presume no one will deny that, although the talents and attainments of women are (from the defects of their education and habits) inferior to those of men, yet their virtue and piety are of a higher aggregate amount. The domestic and quiet life led by women in general, however unfavourable to the growth and display of the more energetic and more intellectual qualities, is far more adDECEMBER, 1839.

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vantageous to religion and high morals than the turmoil and temptation amid which men so usually live. Women are, justly, and as part of the punishment by subjection inflicted on our first mother, cut off from the employments of public life, generally speaking; and I must crave their pardon for saying that, with their present education and pursuits, it is well that they are so.

I should indeed be sorry to see a female parliament, composed of ladies such as those with whom we generally meet. Timid, wayward, .genteellyeducated,' frivolous, fancy-work, dancing dames and damsels would make poor legislators truly; our own court has lately shewn us that they make miserable state-counsellors. A parliament composed of Miraims, Deborahs, Jaels, Huldahs, and Judiths, and presided over by a Queen Esther, would be another matter.

But there are many occasions in private life, where women with the spirit of Deborah might produce a different state of things from that which we now see. It is a pity that woman will not learn that although her sex is (and ought to be) subject, it need not be abject,—that though she should be gentle, she need not be frivolous,—though soft, not timorous,-though kind, not weak,-though submissive, not despicable. Man, proud and assuming, has so long taught her that she is, by nature, his inferior, that she at length believes it, and contentedly sits down to amuse herself with those trifles and light accomplishments which he leaves for her as beneath his own dignity; or else she toils through the domestic occupations which Providence allots her, as the drudgery fit for an inferior creature, perhaps even as the sole end of her


being. How many females have not a thought nor a wish beyond their own kitchen-establishment, or their own furniture, or the next rout they intend to give; or, it may be, their own musical proficiency, or perhaps that very handsome wool-work carpet now in progress of completion. Such women are honour to the sex, nor to human nature in general; they deserve only to be classed with the sportsman, who adores his horses, or with the miser, who surveys his gold with the eye and the heart of an idolator.

And yet I cannot find in my heart to blame these women much. They have been brought up with the notion that mental culture is not their province, •What have women to do with learning ?'—that the welfare of their cour is nothing to them, “What have women to do with politics ?'—that, in short, the handsome appearance of their houses, or the excellence of their tables, or the improvement of their persons, or the attraction of admiration by the display of fashionable accomplishments, that some one or more of these things, all good enough in their way, is the chief end of a woman's being; and let us do them justice by saying, that they act out the principles they have received with a zeal and perseverance which would do honour to a better cause, and serve to convince an impartial bystander that these slaves of fashion, or of householdry, are by nature capable of better things.

Let us refresh our eyes with a glance at Deborah ; we shall see some striking points in her character and history. The first three things recorded of her (Judges iv. 4,) are that she was a prophetess, a wife, and a judge. Judgment given by a woman sounds strange

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