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Christmas Bores.
7. Why is a school-boy, who has just begun to read,

IV.
like knowledge itself ?

First in the court of kings I take my birth, 8. Why do fine ladies squeezing wet linen remind us Despatch'd from thence I ravage all the earth ; In the first volume of the old series of the Kalei. of going to church ?

O'er rea and land I bear a lawless sway, descope, pages 88, 91, 96, 100, and 104, we presented our 9. Why is the sun like people of fashion ?

Revel in blood, make human kind my prey, juvenile readers with a very complete collection of puz

10. What step must I take to remove the letter A from And slay ten thousand victims in a day. the alphabet ?

Under the reign of my sworn enemy vies, problems, enigmas, &c. illustrated by several wood 11. 'Why is an avaricious man like one with a short I first was born, my birth soon made her die. Agravings. Such of the readers of our present new memory?

Through love and hatred of our good and ill. aries of the Kaleidoscope as possess the old series, will,

12. Why is an axe like coffee ?

We do each other both create and kill. e trust, turn to the pages to which we have referred, it the fuller the box will be ?

13. What kind of snuff is that, the more you take of Th'ingenious nymph, who first reveals my name,

Shall be recorded in the Book of Faine. where they will find an infinite fund of amusement for 14. In what month do ladies talk the least ? she boliday folk. We have this week provided the fol. 15. What trade is the sun ? lowing collection of anagrams, &c. some of wbich are

16. Why are Algiers and Malta as opposite as light and darkness ?

Scientific Kecords. nev, and the answers to which are reserved for our next;

17. What is that which God never saw, Kings seldom and we recommend to the perusal of our youthful readers see, and we see every day? very pleasing experiment with glass tubes, to be found 18. What is smaller than a mite's mouth?

[Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve

12. When is a door not a door? oder our scientific dapartment 20. Which can see the better, a blind man or a man

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sinthat bas not eyes ?

gular Medical Cases ; Astronomical, Mechanically 21. What question is that to which you must answer Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and MiniRECREATIONS. “ Yes."

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural Asy Number being named, by adding a Figure to that 22. You are required to make one word of " New Number to make it divisible by ninc. door ?"

History; Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.; to be If the number named be, for example, 72.857, you 23. Why is the gallows the last refuge of a condemned continued in a Series through the Volume.) tell him who names it to place the number 7 between man ? any tro figures of that sum, and it will be divisible by 24. Why is a blind beggar like a wig? mine for by aphorism 9, if any number be multiplied

PLEASING AND SINGULAR EXPERIMENTS by 9, the sum of the figures of the product will be either

WITH GLASS TUBES. 9. or a number divisible by 9. But the sum of the

ANAGRAMS. figures Damned is 29, cherefore 7 must be added to make is divisible by 9.

A most remarkable phenomenon is produced in You may diversify this recreation, by specifying, be

1. All great sin

14. 0 I taste no gin. glass cubes, placed in certain circumstances. When

2. Men bar me rest 15. 0 I send pastry. fore the sum is named, the particular place where the

these are laid before a fire id an horizontal position, 3. Grin O ant.

16. I can't tell soon. Rigure shall be inserted, to make the number divisible

4 Ten mad men.
17. I secret no sport.

having their extremities properly supported, they as5. A mild bear.

18. Saint Lucy beals ik quire a rotatory motion round their axis, and also a prom 6. Fits creep on.

19. The wig. Person having an even Number of Counters in one

gressive motion towards the fire, even when their 7. Rats in deep rains 20. A tame sin. Haad, and an odd Number in the other, to tell which

8. It lies in sugar.
21. Eat cherry.

ports are declining from the fire, so that the tubes will Hand the odd or even Number is.

9. Men die in a trot. 22. Our big hens move a little way upwards to the fire. When the proLet the person multiply the number in his right hand 10. Serve saint Peter. 23. Cool cheat.

gressive motion of the cubes towards the fire is stopped by a odd number, and the number in his left hand by 11. Yes lambs.

24. Peter's cable. wherea number, and tell you if the sum of the pro- 12. Tan a Lion.

by any obstacle, their rolation still continues. When

25. I start gane. facts added together be odd or even. If it be even the 18. It is a fact Son.

the tubes are placed in a nearly upright posture, leaning ved number is in the right hand; but if it be odd, the

to the right band, the motion will be from east to wers en qumber is in the left hand: as is evident from

but, if they lean to the left hand, the motion will be he first five aphorisms.

ENIGMAS.
EXAMPLE..

from west to east; and the nearer they are placed 10 Number in the right hand 18 In the left 7

the upright posture, the less will the motion be, either

I.
Multipliers

way. If the cube is placed horizontally on a glass
When tempests deform the smooth face of the sky,
All winter neglected and naked I lie;

plane, the fragnient, for instance, of coach window But as soon as approaches the beautiful May,

glass, instead of moving towards the fire, it will move When the fields and the meadows and nature look gay, from it, and about its aris in a contrary direction Their sum 68 "Tis then I step forth, à-la-mode, like the fair,

what it had done before; nay, it will recede from the With my long silken train, and all plaited my

hair, : Number in the right handig In the left 18 When thus I'm adorn'd, and drest in my fly,

fire, and move a little upwards when the plane inclines Multipliers 2 O ye gods! what a beautiful creature am I!

cowards the fire.—These experiments are recorded in of an object so striking, ye gazers beware ;

the Philos. Trans. No. 476, § 1. They succeed best 21

36 Come not within reach of so fatal a snare.
For with malice prepense, and a desperate will,

with tubes about 20 or 22 inches long, which have in I'm bent to destroy, and determind to kill

each end a pretty strong pin fized in cork for their axla. Their sum 57

The causes of these pbenomena bave not been disco

vered.
II.

Young ladies, now give ear, I pray,
PUZZLE.
To one the most forlorn ;

Note.-The foregoing experiment is taken from tbe
For share my hapless fate you may,

Encyclopædia Perihensis ; but we cannot avoid exThere is one letter in the marriage ceremony, the

And grieve that you were born.

pressing our surprise at the concluding paragraph, in

which it is stated that “ The causes of these phenobaituting of which by another would induce thou - Your lovely image I've display'd,

inena have not been discovered." We think the moands to marry who are now single, and would give a Possess'd of life and breath

tion in the first experiment admits of a very simple cence for unfaithfulness to thousands who are married. I'm flesh and blood, though always made

solution ; and we shall be glad to hear the explanation hich is the letter?

By the rude hand of death.

from any of our readers who may make the experiNow to conclude my mournful lay,

ment, which will amply repay them for the trouble. Of mortal frame am 1:

Kdit. Kal. CONUNDRUMS.

And feel the pangs of death I may,

Though some of us ne'er die. 1. What is that which makes every body sick, but

The following is the famous American recipe for the ose who swallow it?

III.

cure of the rheumatism, and, in some cases, even a con. 2. What word is that of eight letters, five of which re the same?

I'm double, I'm single, I'm good, and I'm bad,

traction of the joints. Take of garlic two cloves, or 3. Pray tell our ladies, if you can,

As my followers abundantly prove;

gum ammoniac one drachm, bruise them wel together Who is that highly-favour'd man, By a trick it is known I'm oft to be had,

in a mortar, make the mixture into two or three boluses Who, though he has married many a wife, But ain gain'd with more pleasure by love.

with spring water, and take one of them every and May be a bachelor all his life? What strange may appear, I can give to the face.

morning, and drink while regularly taking these boluses 4. Why is a slaughtered ox like an ell of cloth? At one moinent both smiles and chngrin; 5. Why is a surgeon like a kidnapper?

And though oft to mankind I bring slaine and disgrace, very strong sassafras tea. The cures performed by this 6. Why is a pair of skutes like an apple?

Without honour I never am seen.

recipe in America have been extremely numerous.

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Natural History.
You will determine how unjustifiable it is to kill very

PARODY OP A POACHER. small pikes, when you are told the size to which they

will reach. They are taken in Whittlesea Mere of 20 INTERESTING PARTICULARS CONCERĂINO pounds weight. Two very large ones in the course of part of a poather and being taken before we had

A poor strolling player was once caught perform THE PIKE.

one summer were found dead, floating on the surface of trates, assembled at á quarter sessions, for exam Blenheim Lake, each weighing 20 pounds. One that one of them asked him what right he had to kill was forty-five inches long, and weighed 22 pounds,

was when he replied in the following parody go The nature of the pike is peculiar, as it is a solitary taken out of a piece of water near Naeton, in Suffolk, speech to the Romans, in defence of his killing Ash. Pikes never congregate in shoals like most other March 27, 1780, by Mr. Stanley. He seized a small Gish; so that you will rarely find more than two in the pike by the middle, that had been hopked in trolling, and cause and be silent that you may hear: beliete me

“ Britons, hungrymen, and epicutes! bear me came hole. They frequent the deepest waters, lie near which he would not quit, but suffered himself to be under stumps of trees, and at the mouths of ditches and was struck into his side. Pike of the great weight of senses, that you may be the better judges

. If the banks, and among bull-rushes, reeds, and weeds, or drawn to the bank, and was taken out with an iron that my honor and have respect for my bonor that you sille. They spawn in February or March, according to 35 pounds have been taken in Winander Mere. Daniel, any in this assembly, any dear friend of ihis hare, the forwardness of the spring, and are then to be seen in hio Rural Sports, says, " that pike are in great perfec I say, that a poacher's love for hare was not leve lying motionless in ditches, where, in an unsportsman- tion in Loch Dee, near Kirkcudbright, where they grow if then that friend demand why o poacher rose like manner, they

are taken with wire snares. The best to the size of 20 or 80 pounds, and one of 57 pounds has a hare, this is my answer, not that I loved fare pikes are bred in rivers, they are more firm, whiter, and been caught

. They bite at the fly, or line baited with that I loved eating more. Had you rather the of stanstedt those bred in ponds, and large sheets burn-lrouts, or frogs,"

living than I had died quite starvingThe pike bites moist keenly, in cloudy and windy wea- He describes one he caught trolling in Loch Alva, that this hare was pretty,

I weep for him-s her To complete the climax of pikes comes Col. Thornton hare were dead, that I might live a jolly felly ther. He is fond of such báits

as the rouch, dace, min. was five feet four inches long, and weighed nearly 48 I rejoice at it; as he was nimble, I honor him: now, or piece of an eel. One of his favourite morsels is pounds. He says that it was so monstrous a fish that was eatable, I slew him. There are tears for his gudgcon. You may substitute a small perch, but the his landing net admitted only the nose !!! We are joy for his condition, honor for his speed, and thia Gin should be cut off. The fishermen of the lakes of much indebted to the French for many additions to the his toothsomeness. Who is here so cruel Cumberland and Westmorland bait their night-lines for luxuries of our tables, exclusive of ragouts and fricasees. a starved man?' If any, speak, for bim I homo pike with frogs and mice. After all, no fish is a more They highly esteem various kinds of cold fish, and par. Who is here so sitly that would not taket

lluring bait than a small trout, this is a secret worth ticularly cold pike. You will find it excellent, whether any, speak, for him I have offended. Whois bar Enowing, particularly when you have no other tempta- you eat it a-la-Francaise with oil, or with vinegar only that does not love his belly! If anys dan for him.

It has much the flavour of cold turbot, or sole, and will have I offended."* You have offended jada, The pleasantest manner of fishing for pike is trolling be highly gratifying to your taste as an epicure, particut cried one of the magistrates; out of all I do not enter into a description of the cackle, or a de larly if you have caught the pike with baik. From the long and strange haratigue, which began to tail of the practice, because I do not think I could New Monthly Magazine. convey very dear ideas of them : you may indeed be

time that his own belly told him had arrived." segured that instruction and observation taken for one

replied the culprit, gueasing at the hungry

the bench, "stice justice is dissatisfied, i day from a good troller, will make you more perfect in the art, than the perusal of all the rules given in angling

have something to devour :-Heaven forbid

Miscellantes. Hooks, not excepting Nobb's famous work upon the

keep any justice from dinner; so, if you platu. subject:

your worships a good day and a good appethe As she pike is the fiercest and most voracious of our DESTRUCTIOX or tot LOWER ASSEMBLY ROOMS with the fellow's last wish. gave him a reprimand

The magistrate, eager to retire, and somewhat Hver fish, Pope has thus well described the species :

AT BATH BY TIRE.

change for the bare, and let him go. “And Pites the tyrants of the watery plains." With reference to the well-known properties of other

We regret to announce, chat; on Thursday se's. AN" ANECDOTE KZLATIVE to orofot it animals, they may be called water wolves, or fresh: nighe, those extensive, elegant, and far-famed prewater sharks. Fishes of prey seem designed by nature mises, the Kingston, or Lower Assembly-rooms, Bath,

When his Majesty, accuna pasted by 24761 to consume the sapetabundant produce of the waters, were totally

destroyed by fire. The loss of property is young nobility, was viewing the curiositiei and particularly the sickly and the feeble; and as they stated to be very great. The insurances effected amount an old warder that conducted them brumilitar course of trial and probation with reference to another the vaults, or rather the rooms under those appropriated pointed to one of the breastplates, the lower world, they are best removed immediately out of the for balls, reading-rooms, &c. were used as a private which had been carried away by a slant shot way by these ravenous devourers. proceed to give you a few well-attested anecdotes, to ing; next to which was a crrpenter's shop: and adjoin. bowels

and rein of the man's belly that were optirm the opinion you may have formed of the pike as ing that a large quantity of oil; consequendy, fire withstanding which, being put under the count the greatest glutton of all the inhabitants of fresh-water: breaking out amidst such inflammable matter could not skilfal surgeon, the man recovered, and lived The Glym I have before mentioned

as one of the be otherwise than destructive. A gentleman named afterwards." The conspany smiled at the grave stresins that feed Blenheim Lake It meanders round Houlton, one of the proprietors, had lately fitted up a which the warder repeated bie tale, and the the beautifully-situated vicarage house, at Glympton. suit of rooms in the premises, with much taste and eles with as much good nature and pleasantry air There

the worthy rector nourished a brood of ducks; gance, for his residence, where he had collected musical been talking to his equal, said, I remember, atid anticipated the pleasure of seeing them one day instrumenu, pictures,

and many other fine specimens of to have heard or read somewhere a un like stero his table with the delicious accompaniment of art, which can never be replaced; the whole of these at a soldier who had

his head cleft iarn so dem grach peas. But how fallacious are the hopes of man!

were destroyed. The loss to the renter, Mr. Mills, a by the enemy, that one balf of it fell on one It was observed for several mornings, that the old duck worthy industrious man,

is very great. Portunately no and the other half of ti on the other side: 108 had one less of her brood than she

had the day before lives were lost. The elegant Chandelier, pictures of his comrade laying his hands carefully under the mis gradual decrease induced a gentleman, on a visit Beau Nash; &c. were all consumed. Some gentlemen sides, and binding them close

at night, and on looking at the spot, brightened by the sunshine such was its fury, it could

not be got under.

scarcely remembered he bad been hurt." This is he saw a large pike basking: He shot the pike, and

story, so well applied, set all the company that after when it was opened, the disappearance of the ducklings pus easily accounted for, as i wo were found in his belly A mill, upon an improved plan, has been erected in eflect upon the old warder, that he never seen

his Majesty into a horse laugh, which bad sud undigested; and it was easy to conjecture in what way the prison at Northallerton, in Yorkshire, which grinds had

the courage to tell hhe accustomed story the others had been disposed' of, and what fate awaited corn of every description, and is worked entirely by the the old one. prisoners in confinement there.

on Conne The fishermen' at Trentham, the seat

Repartee.On Counsellor Bethel ben beneatcero phe Marquis

brother barrister in the hall of thic Pour Corner of Stafford, saw the body of a swan with its neck and and head under water. This position did not at all sur. inscription: Roast and boiled at 2d. hend." He was nary robbery of his clothes, he replied with

A traveler was tempted to go into a cook's shop by this on Friday the 8tk instant; who lamented place and the same position elle next day, his "curiosity not a little disappointed by two courses of potatoes noiveté, “ It is an extraordinary robbes was awakened—he rowed his boat to the place, and to

for, without vanity, I may say this is his astonishment saw a large pike adhering to the swan. Pythagoras. When any one of his scholars was given

lost!” The ravenous fish had gorged the swan's head and part up to sin, and so excommunicated, he placed a coffin in . as

A tendet Wife Ds. Maurisen, of Chday That pikes will devour any of the finny, or the fea- society.

was apt to quarrel with his wife. Returning from thercd race, and even each other, are facts so well ascer.

hám, he was overtaken by a terrible storm mined that they require no proofs of their truth. An An inbabitant of Carmarthenshire, who, like most of hearse came up going to Chelsea. Any port in a fer old angler informed me, that as he was playing a roach his countrymen, was very superstitious, went to the The doctor crept in, with the pall and plans for in deep water in the river Wensum, a snall pike seized parson of his parish a few days ago, aná declared that companions. The hearse stopped at bio dode: bi 4, and as he was playing this small pike a much larger he saw the ghost of his friend Taffy Evans, a convivial looked out : “ Who have you got there, erectomba! one dn the like. The angler added, that if his compahostler who died a month before;'" and bow did you. The Doctor, ma'am." 4. Thank Hark!" kton had been alert with the landing-net, an the three know," said the parson, that it was the ghost of Taffy, she;" he's safe at lasti". Thank you. Ale Blah might have been caught. I assure you I met with friend Owen?" “Oh!" answered Owen, because the Doctor (getting out of the homes) " gimilar occurrence whear fishing in Blaabeiste Lake, Iows was staggering drunk"

anxiety for my sasety.".

bandted!

os

:

[graphic]

Aorthy and facetions Alderman. whose Cockney. an appalling width of hoop. But I was a bold young perhaps be requisite. What comes of thisThe poor, ima pre properibile started the following con un doua fellow in my day, Mr. Editor; (I could tell you some who seem sometimes to forget eke gratuitous nature of fla Siike." It was in vain the ingenious

persons pre-trick, of mine that would make you die with laughing, plain of an apparent want of attention inseparable from best rack'd their brains for an explanation. The worthy but I reserve them for a private meeting) I watched existing circumstances the Institution falls into dis Alderthian was applied to, when the following admirable ber, Sir, I watched her; and every day that we met credit, and its funds become involved. Let any one sciato was given : Because its & Wiper."

in the Pump-rooni, and every night at the Assembly, look at the history of the Dispensary for some time past

I could perceive that she rose nearer and nearer to the The increase of its subscriptions bears no ratio to the Correspondence.

centre of her hoop, till at last, (by the way, it was the increase of the town. It is in vain that a vigorous effor

night after I returned from taking possession of my is now and then made by those who interest themselyes TO THE EDITOR. Herefordshire estate, an unexpected windfall) she sunk in its welfare the improvement in its circumstances

can only be temporary, for the causes which operate from the centre, and rose three quarters of an inch in against it go on increasing, and we cannot wonder if the

advance! Upon that hint, Ispake, as my old friend hand of charity ceases to be held out, when it perceives Written for the Kaleidoscope.]

Mr. Shakspeare used to say; I took my hair out of the inefficiency of the Institution it has so often be club, got a new Brutus, and soon became the happy increase the number of medical officers at the Dispen

is simple: we may 81,-Looking over some former numbers of your busband of my poor wife, Mrs. Modish. But I don't sary, or we may establish a second in an eligible situa maging publication, I fell in with thas in which

you know how it was, sir, during the whole of cur long ation; the latter alternative appears to me the best bars ingested the truly humourous letter on "Shaking unian, a period of thirty-three years and a balf

, she lous district of Harrington, on the south side of the

. Handa1 After reading it, and when I had a little never gave me a courtesy so much in advance by four own mind being prea biarketer wienetion to proposestio the bad thrown me, I was led to the consideration of ever, I never complained; for besides being a par- public, seeing at once the real utility of such a plan,

various forms of salute used in general society. ticular friend of mine, be was a very pretty hand at casions, where the interests of the lower classes have been in one of the old school, and, as such, have a pardon the small-sword; but this, by the way. But I see at stake---a generous emulation will arise between the Ser predilection for old customs. Having confessed my paper runs short, and at seventy-five my fingers old and the new Dispensary—both will fully answer the

reell a "laudator temporis acti," you will not be are rather stiffer than abey used to be; so I shall con: the sum of human misery will be diminished. erprised at my regret for the gradual disappearance of clude, by recommending to your young female readers If any thing in the manner in which I have treated GE" Courtesy," wbich is exchanged in these degenes the practise of the Courtesy, and the adoption of the the subject appear to you to render this letter unfit for te days, for an undignified dip of the head; a mode Hoop, which may serve to keep off rude young fellows; insertion, I must beg you, Gentlemen, to take the subsalutation inänitely less expressive. Formerly, Sic, they say I was a rude young fellow opce; but, as I said jest into your own hands: I have long known your

impartance attached to the manner in which a before, I keep the history of my pranks in petta, till human happiness, our cause is the same, equally good Sartegy was executed was extreme; and there were we meet, and am, Mr. Editor,

and glorious, whether it be pleaded by the Editors of gulacione laid down for the use of young beginners.

Yours,

the Liverpool Mereury, or by a less skilful, but not lever could discover that there were more than two

MARMADUKE MODISH.
less sincere advocate,

JUNIUS. aers in this system; but then, they admitted of an Great George-street, Dec. 27. inte variety of modifications; and, when backed by

70 THE EDITOR. ifal management of the boop, conveyed a grea al more than met the eye. The first of these was

NEW DISPENSARY.

SIR, -Allow me to point out a mistake of some Recreating Courtesy, executed on the principles of

tenta consequence in your copy of the Rev. Mr. Phillips u Nash; head drawn up: and throw a little back:

TO THE EDITOR. Vaddress; at the bottom of the first column you ada; sye steady; elbow beat at an angle of 778;

fods make bina spend the evening at an ipo, and see redager and thumb lightly grasping the circumfe- Sır, -Allow me to call your attention once more to a Highlanders approachivg in all directions to scboul,

ce of the hoop; then right foot brought (if I miss subject, not the less important, because it has so often and then, although he had travelled night and day ke not) five inches three lines behind the left; knees the establishment of a second Dispensary in this popu- to reach that iun, you do not allow his days' journey ading slowly; body, in risiog, throwi gracefully lous and increasing town. It is needless to dwell on the

to close. Sad, so as to rest on the right leg; countenance un general principles which should prompt us to assist our This paragraph beginning. It was, indeed, too ored. Such, as I reniember, was the retreating evils of life, should at least have an admitted claim to of setting out next day for the wilds of Stanackan:

poorer brethren, whose situation, exposed to all the small," has lust from its commencement the notice urtesy, as practised by my poor wife, Mrs. Modish, its sympathies. I should be sorry to think that any one In the second column there is Jona” for “ long, e's gone now, dear woman) at the Lower Raoms, could be found to deny the principle on which these "Lisurora” for

Lismore." In the third column Ruth, in 75. Permit this passing tribute from a claims are founded ; yet it would appear, that, in the Tirec" for Tiree." lo the the first columu, posolite husband a my poor wife, Mrs. Modish, the better feelings of our richer fellow-townsmen are not

particular instance which is the subject of this letter, third pays, gloomy complacency” for “glowing universaliy allowed to execute the Retreat in, easy to be roused, perhaps from an ignorance of the

complacency."

A READER. ter style than any lady of her day, the Dowager real state of the case. It is impossible for any one antess of M. not excepted. The other genus is the and the zeal of its medical officers. But that zeal, urtesy is Advance, used only in cases of The strictest which finds its utmost exertions fall short of their

TO THE EDITOR Amacys so much so, indeed, that I never recollect object, might well be excused for yielding to despair, have seen my poor wife, Mrs. Modish, indulge in and forgetting the motto of successful labour; Sır.-If any of your ingenious correspondente but cace, and that was to Captain Coupdetnain, of “Nil actum reputans, si quid superesset agendum.!

will favour ne with solutions of the following Hig galer's regiment, the handsomest man then extant, Now, though the medical gentlemen at this Dispensary

torical Queries, I shall feel infinitely obliged.

A SAXON. a particular friend of mine. Rules : head in- disdain to relax in their efforts and shelter themselves med a little forward; countenance gracious and en-behind so tolerable an excuse, there is yet much want

1. Who and what was the name of the Saxon eraging; hoop, firmly grasped; right foot en avant. I want of medical aid to the poor, which it is physically be land: where was the first battle,

and was he the ing towards the furtherance of their object--there is a Chieftaio, who first invaded Devonshire; where did, distance regulated by the degree of intimacys impossible for them to supply The Dispensary was des bent, rather more aletely than in the Retreat originally in a tolerably central situation, but of late founder of the Kingdom of the the West Saxons ?

2. Who and what was the name of the Saxon y exactly at the centre of the circle, formed by the years the town has spread so much, particularly to

wards the south, that the inhabitants of the outskirts Chieftain who invaded Yorkshire; where did he ap when it begins to sink, but rising in front of the who have as good a title as others to assistance) have come from, where did he land, qud where wan bis

umference; whereas in the other case it rises at the to go such a distance in search of advice and medicine, Grst battle?
matess point, te as to interpose between the parties, the these interfony interfere with the progress of their Chester and North Wales?

3. Who was the Saxon Chieftain that conquered egular chevaux-de-frite, in the shape of nearly, the

cure. These circumstances operate in the same unfaole width of the hoop. Ah! Sir, those were glo-vourable way against the attendants of those who are

4. Who founded the Kingdom of Mercia ?

5. Who founded the Kiogdum of Northumber u times. When I was presented to my poor wife, I visited at their own houses, and the consequence must

be #o. Modish, for the first time, I was struck wità awe, be that the patient will neglect to go for his medicine, land, and what its extent?

6. What Saxus Chieftain was the first King v I saw her perform the Courtesy in Retreat, in lier and a large portion of the time of his physician will be

taken up in paying him an occasional visit, which can the picts? st syle, with a steady eye, a frigid countenance, and not from the nature of things, be repeated so often as may 7. Who was Ezbert the first King of England

* The writer of the following essay has chalked out ever has seen the confident air of some young men To Correspondents.

for himself a task of no ordinary difficulty, in his on eutering a room; the embarrassment of others meditated series of papers on the state of society and whoever has perceived the inattention and neglect manners , in Liverpool; and, if it be not using too of unany towards their partners, the awkward off. HOUSELESS POOR — In order to lose no time in this ciousness of several, and ju fart the total absence

important business, we take this opportunity to state, great a freedom with him, we shall venture to express of ease and grace in the generality, will think the

that notwithstanding what we remarked in the last the hope, that his satyric vein may be tempered with latter part of any position well advanced; and I am

Mercury, finding by inquiries from the street Watch

men, that there really was occasion for the re-establish all possible candour and good humour ; by which he couvinced that the entire silence of the younger ment of an asylum for the houseless, we on Saturday will be ultimately most successful, if his aim be to part of the Gentlemen, though furtunately relieved last procured a cellar, with good tires and clean strai, improve those who may be the subject of his stric- by the striking witticisms of ihe more forward, will in Kitchen-streetopposite the weighmg-machine

,

where there are about six inmates. All the watchner 'tures, rather than to inflict castigation, however me. bear me out in the former. For, what is the male rited it may occasionally be. We cannot choose but chants, whose education (generally speaking) has portion of Liverpool suciety composed of ?-Of mer. of the town were apprised on Saturday, previously

going their rounds, of this establishinent, with dire observe, en passant, that we have had the pleasure to been circumscribed, and whose couversativu turns

tions to pass on to Kitchen-street any houseless veg. associate with many young gentlemen resident amongst far more frequently on subjects relating to com

derer with whom they might meet. The pecuniary

means with which we have been favoured towards the us, whose minds are highly cultivated, and who cer- merre than ou those of general interest ;-of pro

prosecution of this establishment, shall be acknos tainly may claim exemption from the genus alluded feasional men, who have certainly far better oppor.

ledged in thə next Mercury. so in the following essay.-Edt. Kalcidoscope.

tunities of acquiring information, aud who may be
deenied enlightened; and lastly, of young men in CHRISTMAS.–Such of our readers as possess the fortune

ufficer. These deserve some attention. The greater volumes of the Kaleidoscope (old series) may minae ORIGINAL ESSAY.

part are taken from school at an early age, loug be- and instruct their young friends, by turning to make fore they have acquired any taste for learning, and most interesting sketches of Geoffrey Crayon, which are sent from different parts of the kingdoin to fill

appeared in the second volume, and which have been (Written expressly for the Kaleidoscope. situations, of whose duties and employments they

recently copied into the London and provincial papers are wholly ignorant. Perhaps they have a few io.

We allude particularly to the following incomparable

sketches : * Christmas," “ The Stage Coach, SIR, -No performance has lately interested me 'roductions given them, and are then left in lodg.

• Christmas Eve," “Christmas Day." See Kalo more than the sketches of society from the admira ings to use or mispend their time at pleasure. The

doscope, old series, Vol. II. pages 141, 145, 149. 159, ble pen of The Hermit in London. It has fre. consequences are obviously of a bad tendency, for 157. There are also, in the same volume, about fify quently struck me, that observations confined to independent of other and more important cousider.

choice stratagems of Chess, which will be a sources our own town, written on a similar plan, would ations, youths seldom prefer society which will im. much anzusement to such of our youthful teaders is

have cultivated the game. be acceptable to your miscellany. I have often prove them. They feel a pleasure in being at ease, thought of attempting such : idleness, or a diffidenee and therefore descend below the level of rank to CHRISTMAS HOLIDAY READERS. We have estas of my own powers, has hitherto preveuted my put which they are entitled. Their names become propor

voured to render our publication of this daymammans ting my design into execution, until I fear it is tootionably degraded, and when, after some time, ihey

as possible to the juvenile part of our readeni w late. An essay, similar to the one in my contem-have felt and regretted ibe bad taste which induced

our arrangements for their recreation have, fet plation, has, I am sold, already, appeared in the them to make so unfortuvale a choice, and agaio week, interfered with the original paper on the Four Monthly Magazine, and thus my purpose has been re-enter into company, it is plain tbat much atten OF Max, and the third number of HOLA OTSON, anticipated. I have not read the publication in tive and great pains will be required to rub off the which shall appear in our next. question; hut iny informants assure me that it con.

rust and containination contracted by degrading tains an able delinestion of the present nianners and associatiuns. But it is more easy to commit a fault RED SNOW-A correspondent enquires whether te

rod appearance of the snow in the Arctic regions, Be customs of society in Liverpool. Such being the than to repair it, and even after the most strenuous

tioned by Captains Ross and Parry, is not owing to the case, it may seem presumption in me to follow the exertions for that purpose, something of a stain

presence

of oxide of iron. A quantity of the most same track, since I shall neither possess the charm will often remain behind, and betray to the eye of

preserved in bottles, was submitted to Mr. Braak of novelty, nor the merit of originality. Perhaps, an observer that such politeness is an effort, and

of the Royal Institution, who determined that deal however, you will give precedence to this attempt

, not the result of natural and easy acquiremeut. colour was, owing to an immense quantity of la consequence of its being written expressly for I have spoken of manner only, but the same rea- small species of fungus. of red colour. Hees your paper; and to those who may not have an op. son will hold as to the general cultivation of the succeeded in separating the fungi from the snow, portunity of perusing the sketch I allude to, the mind, which is even worse attended to than the

making them vegetate in another medium. preseut will prove amusing, as they will recognise, other. It will hardly be necessary to add any thing we shall do all in our power to render the Kaleidoscope at all events, that the picture, thougb imperfect, is further on this head, tban to say that sunne Gentle

as entertaining and instructive as possible while drawn from the life.

meu descend so low io poiot of literary attainments, Christmas vacation continues. Our public amusements, during the winter, are

as not to be able to spell correctly. few; the Wellington Rooms and concerts constitute On the whole, such is the impression 1 bave re. One of our correspondents, whom we need not parties the whole. But we are by no means destitute of ceived; but, I beg to observe, that ibere are many

larize, will perceive that we have taken the liberta

omit a simile in which he had indulged, as we gaiety, by reason of the hospitable disposition of exceptions. There are numbers of gentlemen of all

ceive, in violation of analogy and fact : the diens the genteel part of society. Few families suffer the the above classes in this town, who possess eminent dors not become corroded or carnished in the season to pass without giving one route at least; talents and acquirements; who unite the charm of alluded to many weble that pomber. Generally speaking, these perfect case of manner to the still greater grace of halls entertain from fifty to one or two hundred refinement of mind, and whose acquaintauce it is an The Lines transcribed by L. G. are very acceptable persons, and are given in a style, which, if it dues honour 10 cultivate. It will hardly be expected not emulate the magnificence of nobility, yet makes that I should omit meationing something about the PINCHER's Letter in our next. ap in real gratification what they want in splendor. 1 important article of dress; an article most truly we entirely agree in opinion with A SUBSCRIBE would by no means be understood to imply that they important to the majority of those whom I have be WELL-WISHER, and shall endeavour w Black are deficient in this respect, as I have mure ibaú fure noticed. If a cravat with a paper stiffeuer, out with as good a grace as possible. once compared, and to advantage, the entertaiuments which occupies an hour in tying on in the proper given in this town, to those of the highest circles in form; if a head, curled till it becomes a perfect wig London and Bath. The decorations ; the lights; in appearance; if a long-waisted and short-tailed

Printed, published, and sold the music; the crowds of elegantly dressed ladies; coat, with a gay watch ribbon, constitule fashionable BY EGERTON SMITH AND ÇO. all conspire to steal away our senses, and lead us to costume, you bave here “the full, true, and parti.

Liverpool Mercury Ofic. fanev, almost, that we are enjoying an Elysium, snch cular" description of a Liverpool beau. This dress, Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lone Waren as Mohammed promised, and Moore describes.' 'Tis with the assistance of the information acquired in

Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castlo street, Mr. The ng illusion so dear and delightful, that I love to in. sitting behind a huge ledger, or a ponderous law Smith, Paradise-street ; Mr. Warbrick, Publik dulge in it. As for those who never felt as if they book, is all ibat is necessary to enable a young man Library, Lime-street ; Mr. G. P. Day, Newsma, vere entranced and transported beyond the common to imagine himself an accomplished member of so- Dale-street; Mr. Lamb, Hanover-street; ssd ME. realities of life, I pity them; they will not under- ciety iu this place.

John Smith, St. James'-road. for ready money and stand me. But, to returu to the subject.

I turn with pleasure (as says a celebrated writer) London, Sherwood and Co Warrington, Mr. Harri ladien in Liverpool are better cultivated; their man- plants take root, to characters fertile, as I willingly Stockport, Mr. Dawson. It seems evident to me that the minds of the from that barreu waste, in which so few salutary Dublin, J. K. Johnston & Ca Preston, Mr. Whitecker

Manchester, Mrs. Richardson. Stoke, Mr. Tomkins here more refined than those of the men. This may believe, jo many excelleut qualifications to the Leeds, Mr Dewhirst.

Hanley, Mr. Abbut

Wlan, Meses Lyon appear ao iodiscriminate and sweeping assertion, ladies.

Bolton, Mr. Kell. hut I believe any accurate observer will agree with

Ormakirk, Mr. Garette Hull, Mr. Perkins

Blackburn, Mr. Rogen mc in thinking that it is borne out by facta. Who

(To be continued in our c36.)

Longter, Mr Bender Northwh, . Kalo

#

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ORIGINAL ESSAY.

Sallust.

Scientific Notices. being most excited into action, become the great foci | We come now to the consideration of aliments from

of the vital energy of the system; and, instead of the the animal kingdom. It is allowed by all that the pineal gland of Descartes, are the seat of the soul, and milk of the mother, or of a healthy nurse, is the most

deprive the brain, nerves, and muscles of their due wholesome and nutritious food for the infant; and No. III.

proportion of vitality. This did not escape our poet next to ibis, the new, warm milk of the cow, ass, or

of nature, ON THE FOOD OF MAN.

goat. The eggs of our tame fowls afford a simple,

“Fat paunches have lean pates, and dainty bits pure, and nourishing food to man. Flesh in a new (Written expressly for the Kaleidoscope.)

Make rich the sides, but hanker out the wite." state, although more nutritious than when roasted or

I shall now proceed to make a few observations boiled, is rarely eaten, unless it is salted or smoked. Sed multi mortales dedite ventri atque somno, indocti on the quantity and quality of the food of man. For we generally use the flesh of herbivorous, but very avfecto, contra naturam, corpus voluptati, anima onert the proper nourishment of the human body, it seems seldom that of carnivorous, animals. The accounts of fuit, eorum ego vitam mortemque juxta æstumo, quoniam requisite that we partake of the food which agrees Anthropophogi, or such as eat human flesh, have been de utraque sületur.

best with our juices,-that of a blaod, diluted, muci- supposed to originate more from a taste for the mar

laginous, or gelatinous nature. A soft and gelatinoas vellous, so common to travellers, than from a regard Excess in food and drink is the principal cause of matter is contained in plants as well as flesh ; but that to truth; but, if any such exist, they are confined to a Buse manifold diseases which desh is heir to". In this which is procured from che former is rather acidulous, few of the islands of the South Pacific Ocean. Amespect " the toe of the peasant galls the kibe of the contains more carbon, and is consequently less liable to phibious animals, such as eels, vipers, and curtles, likecourtier." The shepherd of the hills, and the plough- decomposition or putrefaction than animal matter of si- wise administer to our repasts. From the fowls of the

man of the plains, after a day of labour and fatigue, milar qualities, in which a greater proportion of azote re. air, and of the lake, we obtain some of the most partate of their bumble fare wich a keen appetite, sides. This highly nutritious aliment is procured ingreat agreeable, wholesome, and elegant of our dishes. The njoy a night of updisturbed repose, and awaloe in the abundance - from the farina of seeds: of our common ingenuity of man, stimulated by the cravings of healthy Setning with buoyant spirics and renovated strength. corn, wheat affords it in the greatest quantity, barley and pampered appetite, has devised various means of But the wealthy citizen and refined courtier are next and then oats. It resides to a greater or less de- rendering the fish of the sea and of the lake more strangers to these pleasures. After wallowing in all gree in others ; such as rice, millet, peas, beans, ches- delicious to his taste, and more easily preserved ; for, the luxuries of Epicurus, they consign themselves to nuts, and hazel-nuts. Likewise in some fruits, such as by dhe process of toasting, smoaking, and salting, we Trst; bac sleep seldom visits their sad eyes, and they cucumbers, melons, figs, olives, prunes, apples, pears, can enjoy this prevalent article of food, when the conrise in the morning weak, melancholy, and irritable. grapes, and black mulberries ; and in roots, some bul pests of the one, and the freezing of the other, precum I is the digestive organs which chiefly suffer by these bous plants, a few flowers, various fungi, and in those serve their finoy treasures safe from the hardy fisher

babics, and thus diseases are generally contracted, trees wbicb produce gum arabic and sugar. But vege man. We even extend our appetite to insects and * which terminale sooner or later in death. This, bow- table bas been found less nutritious to man than ani- worms ; from the former we select the crab, and from

ever, is nut the only evil consequence; the brain be- mal matter, as the juices of plants are not so analagous the latter the oyster, one of the most admired, and by comes secondarily affected, and many derangements to his juices; thus those who are fed solely on vege- some supposed to be the most salubrious, of the various of the mind, supposed to proceed from moral causes, tables, particularly if they are of sedentary habits, and articles of food. ate solely to be attributed to material opes. Thus the have been previously accustomed to animal food, be- Upon the whole, we may reckon the flesh of here epicure and the hard drinker will find the springs of come debilitated, lean, and pale, and are frequently bivorous animals the most nutricious article of food

their mental energies often lost, and many imaginary afflicted with acidity in the stomach. Of fruits, ripe to men, from the great quantity of gelatine and fat dificulties arise to embarrass their pursuits and defeat apples seem to be the most agreeable to nature, and which it contains, and from its property of restoring their abjects.

the most simple and useful kind of aliment, for the the wasted strength of our bodies, and, as some sup Encerprises of vast pith and moment,

following reasons--they contain a sufficient quantity of pose, of rendering the manners more fierce, to a In this respect their currents turn away,

nutritious matter, as a solid gelatine can be extracted greater extent than any other species of diet. The And doge the name of action."

from them by the simplest process; they belong to hunter is generally bolder and fiereer than the peasant It has been well remarked by the Florentine moralist, that species of food which is grateful to our palate of the fields; but whether this is to be ascribed to that “luxury renders us unfit for the studies of litera- they allay both hunger and thirst, and in the sandy and physical or moral causes is uncertain. To me it apture, shakes the strength of the limbs, makes a woman arld deserts of Arabia, administer both food and drink pears, that the superior ferocity of the veteran soldier of a man, causes the learned to be ignorant, and the to the pilgrim wbo travels to the shrine of his prophet; and of the experienced hunter, is deducible from the wise to be foolish; therefore,” he continues, " you in the sick room they are not less valuable, and convey same cause a long acquaintance with dangers and always find that those who are given to luxury bave 00 both refreshment and nourishment to the feverish hardships. Courage, the most characteristic quality maad, no vigour, no prudence; and that they are fool patient. In the primitive ages they were the chief of the English nation, has been impuced by some isla, abject, and contemptible.” This moral reflection article of fond to man, and the poets in their glowing theorists to their living chiefly on animal food; but of Poggio is confirmed by daily expertence, and by the descriptions of Arcadian happiness, generally assign for a refutation of such an opinion, we bave only to researches of the physiologist, who has discovered this them the highest rank amongst the viands of the pas- adduce the Swedes, who are by no means over fond inaportant law in the animal economy, that where one coral banquet. Thus, the shepherd Tityrus, in his of that diet, but who have gained a name in arms, or zan, or set of organs is over-exerted, the others fall benevolent invitation to the banished Melibæus to which is exceeded by that of no other country. 1o a state of quiescence or deficient action. Thus in spend the night with him, promises him the following Although the mineral kingdom has unlocked its the luxurious ; the scomach and neighbouring organs humble repast :

treasures to us for various purposes, we have been Some French writer his quaintly oliserved, that " most men

"Sunt nobis mitia poma,

ouly enabled to select, with the exception of water, dig their graves with their teeth."--Note by the Editor...

. Castanæ molles, et pressi copja laciis.'

one article from its vast stores, for the gratification of

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