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in a thunder of foam and ruin. In length became so frequent as to lead ordinary cases, after two days of rain, to the construction of the hut. the stream will rise twenty or thirty feet -it has risen nearly ten fathoms in its

“ Such continually and unexpectedly rocky golf; and once upon this occasion

were the ferries of the Findhorn, and it mounted fifteen feet in a quarter of an hour. When the dawn broke, it appeared

many such escapes we had, in daylight

and in darkness. - Twice I have been sweeping through the trees, which the

swamped, often nearly upset, and more evening before hung fifty feet above its

than once carried off my legs in the fords; brink - a black roaring tempest loaded

and—I say it with humility, and always with ruins and debris, from which were

under the mercy of heaven—that I owed seen to rise at times the white skeletons

rescue either to actual swimming, or to of trees peeled of their bark, beams and

the confidence inspired by that power couples of houses -s--a cart-- a door – a

when struggling with the strong and cradle, hurrying and tilting through the

terrible enemy." foam and spray, like the scattered 'floatsome' of a wreck.

“This continual exposure to battle and

disappointment, however, became at “ It may be judged how far it was convenient in winter to hunt a forest sepa

length too vexatious an abridgment of

sport and certainty ; and as I wouldrated by such a boundary, of which the

and often-have made my bed under a nearest certain passage was by a bridge

fir tree rather than go round by the two miles to the west, with frequently

bridge of Daltullich, I resolved upon the view of hunting three miles to the

another alternative--to build in the forest east. Often we have gone out in a clear

a 'bothan an t-scalgair,' or 'hunter's sapphire morning, when there was scarce

hut,' where we might lodge for the night 3 ripple on the pools, and the water on

when it was impossible to cross the the ford was not over our 'glunachan, water. and when we returned at evening, and

“ There is a high and beautiful craig at approached through the dark veil of pines

the crook of the river near the ‘ Little which descended to the river, have heard

—a precipice eighty feet in height, a roar as if the world was rolling together

and then like a vast stone helmet crowned down the black trough before us, and as we came out on the bank, found a furi- nodded over its brow. From its top you

with a feathery plume of wood, which ous tempest of water, tumbling, and

might drop a bullet into the pool below, plunging, and leaping, over stock and

but on the south side there is an accesrock twenty feet upon the clatach, where

sible woody bank, down which, by plantwe had left it whimpering among the

ing your heels firmly in the soil and pebbles in the morning ; while, in the far, deep, birch-embowered channel, where descent to a deep but smooth and sandy

among the roots of the trees, there is a the stream was then so still and placid ford. Upon the summit of the rock there that you could only guess its course by is, or there was-my blessing upon it !-the bright glistening eye which here and

a thick and beautiful bird-cherry, which there blinked between the trees and

hung over the craig, and whose pendant stones,-now it came yelling, and skirl.

branches, taking root on the edge of the ing, and clamouring down the rocks and falls, as if all the air was full of gibbering, formed a natural arbour and close trellis

steep, shot up again like the banana, and babbling, laughing demons, who were

along the margin of the precipice. Bemuttering, and yammering, and prophesy- hind its little gallery, there is a mighty ing, and hooting, at what you were going holly, under which the snow rarely lays to do, if you attempted to cross."

in winter, or the rain drops in summer.

Beneath the shelter of this tree, and We pray you at your leisure to within the bank at its foot, I dug a little read on, and you will presently see cell, large enough to hold two beds, a what peril our authors underwent at bench, a hearth, a table, and a kistie.' the fearful fords of the Findhorn. The sides were lined with deals well Once or twice in our life we have

caulked with moss, and the roof was conbeen in similar jeopardy, and we can

structed in the same manner, but covered testify, with unction to the singular with a tarpauling, which, lying in the slope sensations which beset a man in the

of the surrounding bank, carried off any midst of a roaring river, when the

water which might descend from thaw

or rain, and, when the autumn trees shook rapids are shooting away below, and off their leaves, could not be distinguished the boulder-stones rolling beneath from the adjoining bank. Its door was his feet. We pass over some perilous on the brink of the craig, veiled by the instances of adventure, which at thick bird-cherries on the edge of the




precipice ; and the entrance to the little main curtain by a deep woody slope, which path, which ascended from either side dips into the precipice with little more upon the brow of the rock, was concealed inclination from the perpendicular than to by a screen of birch and hazel, beneath admit of careful footing. In the face of which the banks were covered with prim- the divided craig, the decomposition of roses, wood-anemones, and forget-me-not. the softer stone between the courses of Bowers of honeysuckle and wild-roses the strata has wasted it away into nartwined among the lower trees ; and even row galleries, which, passing behind the in the tall pines above, the rose sometimes tall pillars of the pines growing from the climbed to the very top, where all its rifts and ledges, extend along the face of blossoms, clustering to the sun, hung in the precipice, veiled by a deep tapestry of white tassels out of the dark-blue foliage. ivy, which spreads over the mighty wall There the thrush and the blackbird sang of rock, and hangs from shelf to shelf over at morning and evening, and the owl the covered ways. Beyond the craigs, cried at night, and the buck belled upon the bank of the forest, an abrupt steep, the Torr. — Blessed, wild, free, joyous covered with oak and copsewood, slopes dwelling, which we shall never down to the river, its brow darkened with again !"

a deep-blue cloud of pines, and its descent

carpeted with moss, primroses, and pyroA lovely place indeed must that las, here and there hollowed into quaint have been in the pleasant days of cuachs, filled with hazels, thorns, and summer! We do not wonder at the giant pines. Along this woody scarp, and fondness with which the Stuarts speak through its thick copse, the roe had made of that lodge in the wilderness, reared narrow galleries, which communicated as it was in the midst of the most with the ivy corridors on the face of the beautiful and romantic scenery which craig, to which there were corresponding exists within the compass of the seas

ways upon the opposite side. In that of Britain, or, for aught we know,

fortress of the rock, for shelter from the elsewhere. Years have rolled by since of the world during the day in the heat

sun and flies, and seclusion from the stir we last set foot upon the banks of of summer, the red-deer and roe made their Findhorn ; but never shall we forget secret haunt, concealed behind the deep the glories of that deep ravine, or the dim veil of leaves, unseen and unsuspected noble woods of Altyre, still possessed in the cool hollows of the cliff. The pryby the descendants of the princely ing eye might search the craig from below, Comyns. Did we not expect to be and the beaters or the woodmen might summoned out within half an hour to whistle, and whoop, and shout above, but contribute to the safety of the realm nothing appeared or moved except the by breaking the head of a Chartist,

gray falcon, which rose channering out of we should ourselves launch out into

the rifts. Above the craig the wooded description, and try conclusions with

bank was so abrupt, that to the front view Horatio M'Culloch. But, after all,

there was no indication of a slope, and it would be a work of supererogation,

any who passed quickly over the brow

was immediately out of sight. At each Mr St John has already illustrated descent beyond the extremities of the most charmingly that abode of the whole range of rocks there was a common faithful; and he will not be displeased roe's run and pass, which was supposed to see that, even in painting, he has to be deadly sure if the deer took the met with formidable rivals. "Rarely, path, since the precipice below was beindeed, have we met with any thing lieved to be an infallible barrier against so perfect as the following sketch :

any intermediate escape. Often, however,

when pressed upon the terrace above, the “Near Slui on the Findhorn there is a deer neither went through the passes nor range of precipices and wooded steeps turned against the beaters, but vanished crowned with pine, and washed by a clear as if by magic-nobody could tell where; and rippling stream of the river, through and it was the common opinion of the which there is an excellent ford, very well drivers and fishermen, that, when forced known to the roe, for escaping to the near the river, they threw themselves over woods of Slui when pressed by the hounds. the craigs 'for spite,'- - a belief often This reach is called the Ledanreich, from confirmed by old Davie Simpson, who a remarkable craig, a sheer naked even declared that he had often found their wall of sandstone, lying in horizontal bodies beneath the rocks, and in the strata eighty or ninety feet high : At the Cluach, the Clerk's Pool, and the “ Fureastern extremity of this rock there is a ling Hole.' He did not, however, relate great division, partly separated from the what wounds they had, and the truth was, that those which disappeared at the brow their slender trunks appeared like fretted of the Ledanreich dashed down the sud- columns, over which the thorny foliage den dip of the bank between the precipices, served as a trellis to suspend the heavy and, turning through the ivy corridors, plumes of the ivy and the golden tassels went out through the copse galleries upon of the woodbine. Many a ladye's bower' the other side, and either descended to we have seen, and many a rich and costly the water or skirted below the pass, and plant reared by the care of man, but none went back into the forest. Those which so beautiful as those lonely sisters of the were found dead were such as had been forest, planted by His hand in His great mortally wounded at some in-wood pass, garden, where none beheld but those for and, unable to take, or cross the water, whom He made it lovely- the ravens of had died on the beach, or been carried the rock, the deer who couched under its down by the river. In the same myste- shade by night, and the birds who sang rious passages which gave concealment their matins and their even-song out of its and escape to the stags and bucks, the sweet boughs." does were used to lay with their kids, and from thence at morning and evening If we go on quoting at this rate, we they brought them out to pluck the tender shall never reach the hill, and as yet grass upon the green banks beyond. Often we have not started from the hut. from the brow above, or from behind the To say the truth, we are in no hurry, ivy screen, we have watched their 'red and neither, we suspect, upon many garment' stealing through the boughs, occasions were the Stuarts, indomifollowed by their little pair drawing their table huntsmen as they are.

What slender legs daintily through the wet dew, though at night the river swept with and turning their large velvet ears to catch every passing sound upon the breeze

the sound of thunder below, making as it brought the hum of the water, or

the solid rock vibrate to its deep the crow of the distant cock-now foundation,—what though the wind trotting before, now lingering behind swept mightily down the ravine, their dam, now nestling together, now swaying the trees like saplings, and starting off as the gale suddenly rustled threatening to tear them away,—what the leaves behind them—then listening though the windows of heaven were and re-uniting in a timorous plump, pricking their ears, and bobbing their little

open, and the deluge came down, and

the bark of the hill-fox sounded black noses in the wind, -then, as the sharp above the roaring of the water doe dropped on her knees in the moss, and laid her side on the warm spot where

and the wood,-yet within that little the morning sun glanced in through the bothy that rests upon the face of the branches, they gambolled about her, leap- craig, the wearied huntsmen slept ing over her back, and running round in peacefully; and in the morning, says little circles, uttering that soft, wild, plain- one of them,_“I was awakened as tive cry like the treble note of an accor- usual by the whistle of the robin in dion, till, weary of their sport, they lay the bird-cherry, and the sharp note of down at her side, and slept while she the blue bonnet sharpening his little watched as only a mother can. No marvel it was that they loved that safe and

saw on the top of the holly. I went fair retreat, with all'its songs and flowers, craig. The wind was gone, and the

out to the narrow terre-plain over the its plenty and repose. All around was sweet, and beautiful, and abundant, such

sun smiling on the still leaves and as the poetical imagination of the painter dewy grass—the flood torrent of the can rarely compose, and never, unless like river dancing and laughing in its light, Salvator he has lived in the wilderness and the calm bright air breathing with its free denizens. Upon the summit with the sweet perfume of the damp above the craig there was a broad and plants, and all the freshness and verdant terrace surrounded by ivied pines fragrance of the forest wilderness.” and feathering birches, and upon a little Wê back it against the forest of green glade in the midst grew two of the Ardennes ! most beautiful objects ever produced by art or nature. These were a pair of twin

Every true hunter is humane. thorns exactly similar in size, age, and What! you say—do you call it humane form, and standing about three yards

to persecute the unfortunate stag, the from each other : their stems as straight monarch of the wilds, to the death ? as shafts, and their round and even heads

-to drive rifle-bullets into the target like vast bushes of wild thyme, but each of the harmless roe? to murder otters $0 overgrown with ivy and woodbine, that by the dozen, and to slaughter seals


by the score? Indubitably we do. are not at all unlikely to join in a Let us reason a little upon this. Yes- general St Bartholomew of the sparterday, you recollect that you dined rows. Do you venture to retort upon upon very juvenile veal, smothered in us? Do you think we take life unnea mess of dingy vegetable matter cessarily, or that we are base enough which we apprehend to have been to use our weapons until the quarry sorrel, after the beastly fashion of the has reached its prime? No calf or Gauls. Posterior to that, you de- fawn ever fell by the hand of the voured the larger moiety of a duckling. genuine hunter-no cheeper or pout This morning we saw you, with our

ever sullied the interior of the sportsown eyes, regaling yourself at the man's bag. Not until the better part club, between the intervals of muffin, of his life has been run,-till his with what assuredly were cutlets of muscles are hard as iron, his slot deep, lamb. After all this, can you have and his branches towering on the the face to stand up and defend your beam,—not until he has lived and own humanity ? For how many days loved, do we strike down, as if with had the sun dawned upon that luck- lightning and painless death, the great less calf, the mangled fragments of hart in the middle of the wilderness. which upon your platter rather re- But to all innocent things-to the sembled the rags of a kid-glove, harmless indwellers of the forest and than food meet for the stomach moor, the true hunter is a guardian of a Christian ? How long had and a friend. The strong man is ever the feeble quackle of Draco been brave, and none but the strong can heard round the of peas pass to where the herds of the mounnear which he unsuspiciously per

tain dwell. ambulated, little dreaming how much One more scene at the Hut, and we the pods thereof were mixed up

shall illustrate this subject further. with his future destiny? How many “But though our bothie was far from races were run upon the meadow by resembling the Peri Paribanon's cell, or that perished daughter of the sheep?

the rock-palace where the old kaiser Three infantine lives cut off simply keeps his court in the bowels of the Unfor your sole gormandising! This is terberg-we loved it

, not only for its but a slight case.

bucks and stags, and all its greenwood Set you down to a rook-pie, and you will engulf a dozen

cheer, but for the love of nature by which unfortunates before you bury your

it was surrounded. Beyond its 'vert

and venison,' there was a world of life visage in the pewter. Pay for you at and interest for those who had the eye Blackwall, and the whitebait will dis- to mark and the heart to read its book. appear by the thousand. It is in vain On every side we had companions ; from that you attempt to shift the atrocity the passenger which came from Norway, of your inordinate appetite from your to the little native guest-the robin which own shoulders to those of the grazier, roosted in the holly-bush above us. The the butcher, the poulterer, or the

robin ?'--you smile and say. Yes, there fisherman. Cobden, or Joe Hume,

was but one. He lived in the bush, as we or any other of the political economist's lived in the bothie, and we were his neighibelonging to the tribe who would quainted. His species, as well as all the

bours too long not to be very well acstarve the workman in order that they small tribes, conformable to the minutemay guzzle themselves, will tell you ness of their range and habits, are very that invariably the demand regulates local, and may be found all the year in, the supply. You, therefore, are the re- or near, the same place; and those who sponsible party: the young have fallen feed them will

rarely wait many minutes into your Scylla — the immature of for their appearance. There were many days have been swept into the vortex robins which lived about the bothie, and of your Charybdis ! Moreover, if you

all were continually in its vicinity, and were a sportsman-which you are not

very tame; but none so gentle and grate-our minds would be grievously They would, however, enter the hut, sit

ful as our little neighbour in the holly. troubled for the future safety of the singing-birds. Welford, the friend of the floor, and, when I went out, follow

on the bed or the table, and hop about Bright, as we all remember, proposed me to the brae. They liked very much a grand crusade throughout Britain to see me turn up the soil, which always against the feathered tribe ; and you provided them with a little feast ; ac

cordingly, they were never absent at the I remember a day, one of those deep planting of a shrub or a flower; and when still blue days so solemn in the forest; I brought home, in my shooting-bag, a the ground was covered with a foot of tuft of primroses, pyrolas, or lilies of the snow, and all the trees were hanging like valley, they were always in attendance to gigantic ostrich feathers ; but all the see them put into the bank. For watch- world was blue,—the sky was a sleeping ing my occupation, they preferred some- mass of those heavy indigo clouds which thing more elevated than the ground, but forebode a 'feeding storm,'--not a temnot so high as the branches of the trees, pest, but a fall of snow; for, in Scotland, which were too far from the earth to give snow is called 'storm,' however light and them a clear sight of what I turned up; still it falls : thus, in tracking the deer, for their accommodation, therefore, I we say he' has brushed the storm from made little crosses and crotchets, and, the heather;' and a 'feeding storm' is when I was planting, set them up beside when the clouds are continually feeding me, moving them as I proceeded from the earth with its velvet pall.— The replace to place. Each was immediately flection of those deep-blue clouds cast a occupied by an attentive observer; and, delicate tint of the same colour over the whenever an insect or a worm was dis. whitened world. I was standing with covered, one of the nearest darted down my back against a huge pine-one of the and caught it, even from between my old remuant of the great forest of Moray, fingers, and disappeared for a few mo- which had, no doubt, heard the bell toll ments under the rock or behind the great for the first Stuart earl.-I counted the holly, to enjoy his success undisturbed. rings in a smaller tree which once stood At his disappearance his place was im- in the same hollow ;-I shunned its wreck mediately occupied by another, but at as I would have avoided a corpse which the return of the first it was amiably re- I could not bury, and always, when I signed by his successor. The blue-bonpassed near it, averted my face ; but one nets were almost as numerous as the day running to cut off a buck, and just robins, but they never arrived at the same heading him, I dropped on my knee to intimacy and confidence. They never receive him as he came out from a mass entered the bothie in my presence, and of junipers, and when reloading, I found even when I fed them they would not that I had knelt by the stump of my old approach as long as I remained outside friend. — I counted two hundred and the door; but as soon as I went in they sixty-four rings in his wood !-how many descended four or five together, chatter- earls had he seen ?-Well, I was leaning ing and fluttering about the entrance, against his elder brother, as I suppose peeping in at the little window, and by the size. I had been there for a long stretching their necks as far as they could, tine, waiting to hear the dogs bring back to see where I was, and if all was right. a buck from—I don't know now from Then they would begin their breakfast on where.--As I had been through all the what I had left for them, talking a great swamps, and stripes, and wet hollows on deal about it, but occasionally ogling the that side of the forest, and waded through door, in a manner from which I concluded two and three feet of snow-wreaths, my that there was but small esteem or grati- kilt and hose, and, as it seemed, my flesh was tude in their conversation.- -Far diffe- saturated to the bones with snaw-bree,' rent was the friendship of our little neigh- and I began to beat, first one foot, and then bour in the holly. In the morning he the other, to quicken the blood, which used to come down and perch on the arm was warm enough in my trunk.-I had of the bird-cherry, which stretched over scarce commenced this exercise, when I. the precipice before the door, waiting for heard a little ótic! close to my ear, its opening and the preparation of the and the soft low voice of a bird—a sound, breakfast, which he always shared; and neither a whistle nor a chirp, but which when we were seated he would venture I knew very well before I turned and over the sill, and gather the crumbs about saw the robin, who sat on a dry branch the table at our feet. Often when the within a yard of my cheek. I guessed first blood-red streaks of the autumn morn- what had brought him : he was very ing shone like lurid fire through the little cold, his ruffled back humped as round as window, we were awakened by his sad a ball, and his tail drooping almost perand solitary whistle, as he sat on his pendicular with his legs, as if it was a usual branch, his jet-black eye cast to- little brown peg to lean on, like that on wards the door, impatient for our appear- which the travelling Tyrolean merchant ance. Many of his little cousins there rests his pack. He looked at me with were in the wood, with whom we were his large black eye; then, with a flirt of also well acquainted, and between us his tail and a bow with his head, indihappened many an incident, which in- cated that, if I had no objection, he creased our interest and familiarity. should like to descend to the place which

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