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to them is that they are mental, and cient artists studied the forms of inwill not, therefore, apply uncondition- ferior animals for the purpose of emally in a theory from which we set out bellishing the human. The bull and by abstracting association.

lion have been recognised in the heads Nor can we go so far as to carry of Jupiter and Hercules. Mr Eastlake this idea of “ life" into the theory of lays stress upon the necessity in colour.

avoiding, in representing the human, « Colour,” says Mr Eastlake. “ viewed every characteristic of the brute ; and under the ordinary effects of light and quotes Sir Charles Bell, who says, “I atmosphere, may be considered according hold it to be an inevitable consequence to the same general principles. It is of such a comparison, that they should first to be observed that, like forms, they discover that the perfection of the may or may not be characteristic, and human form was to be attained by that no object would be improved by avoiding what was characteristic of means, however intrinsically agreeable, the inferior animals, and increasing the which are never its own. Next, as to the proportions of those features which idea of life : creatures exhibit the hues belong to man.” with which nature has clothed them in

This is doubtless well put ; but greatest brilliancy during the period of consummate life and health. Bright red,

there is an extraordinary fact that which, by universal consent, represents

seems to remove this characteristic the idea of life, (perhaps from its identity peculiarity from the idea of beauty, with the hue of the blood,) is the colour however it may add it to the idea of which most stimulates the organs of perfection. Man is the only risible sight."

animal: risibility may be said, there

fore, to be his distinguishing mark. We doubt if any one colour, as we If so, far from attributing any beauty doubted of any one line, is the colour to it, even when we admit its agreeof beauty; and as to red representing ability, we deny its beauty,—we even life, possibly by resemblance to blood, see in it distortion. Painters universpeaking to the eye of Art, we should sally avoid representing it. They not say that redness is the best expo- prefer the nent of the beautiful flesh of human life.

“ Santo, onesto, e grave ciglio." If so, it is most seen in earliest in

Some have thought the smile, so sucfancy, when it positively displeases.

cessfully rendered by Correggio, the The young bird and young mouse

letting down of beauty into an inferior create even disgust from this too visible blood-redness.

grace.

Perhaps the sum of the view What is beauty? is quite another

taken by Mr Eastlake may be best question from that of whether there is a line of beauty. Lines may be

shown by a quotation :pleasing or displeasing, in a degree

“We have now briefly considered the independent of the objects in which principal æsthetic attributes of the orthey happen to be. Lines that corre

ganic and inorganic world. We have

traced the influence of two leading prinspond in symmetry, as well as co

ciples of beauty-the visible evidence of Tours which agree in harmony, may character in form. and the visible evi. exist in disagreeable objects, leaving dence of the higher character of life. yet the question of beauty to be an- We have endeavoured to separate these swered; though beauty, whatever it from other auxiliary sources of agreeable is, may require this correspondence impressions—such as the effect of colours, of parts, this order, this sympathy in and the influences derived from the symmetry.

memory of the other senses. Lastly, all Burke has separated the sublime these elements have been kept independfrom the beautiful. Mr Eastlake bas,

ent of accidental and remote associations, we suppose intentionally, with a view

since a reference to such sources of inte.

rest could only serve to complicate the to his ulterior object, in this fragment

question; and render the interpretation of omitted any such distinction. He

nature less possible. may be the more judicious in this, as

A third criterion remains ; it is appliBurke admits ugliness into his Sub cable to human beings, and to them only. lime.

Human beauty is then most complete, It has been supposed that the an. when it not only conforms to the arche

typal standard of its species, when it contradiction to the subduing influence not only exhibits in the greatest perfec. of the sublime, it makes ourselves in tion the attributes of life, but when it some respects the superior, and pats most bears the impress of mind, control- us in good humour both with the obling and spiritualising both.” “ The con

ject and ourselves. clusion which the foregoing considerations appear to warrant, may be now

We are loath to quit this most inbriefly stated as follows :-Character is

teresting subject. We thank Mr relative beauty-Life is the highest char Eastlake for bringing it so charmingly acter-Mind is the highest life.

before us. We feel that our remarks We confess, in conclusion, that we have been very inadequate, both with are not yet disposed to admit, from regard to the nature of the subject, any thing we have read, that Burke's and as "The Philosophy of the Fine “Sublime and Beautiful” is super- Arts" may seem to demand. But we seded. We can as readily believe that are aware that to do both justice the sublime and beautiful may be would require larger space than can reunited in one view, as that it is op- be here allowed, and an abler pen tional to separate them. The sublime than we can command. We almost and the beautiful both belong to us fear a complete elucidation of beauty as human beings, making their sensible is not within the scope of the human impressions all sources of pleasure, mind. It may be to us not from greatly differing in kind. It is inse- earth, but from above; and we are parable from our condition to have a not prepared to receive its whole sense of a being vastly superior to truth. Burke somewhere observes ourselves : sublimity has a reference that_"The waters must be troubled to that superior power over us, and to ere they will give out their virtues." ourselves, as subject to it: while it The allusion is admirable, and justifies renders us inferior, it lifts our minds disturbing discussions. On such a to the knowledge of the greater. subject, where the root of the matter Beauty, on the contrary, seems to look grows not on earth, it may be added, up to us for aid, support, or sympathy. in further allusion, that the stirring It thus flatters while it pleases, and, in hand should be that of an angel.

INDEX TO VOL. LXIV.

Acting in China, 89.

Byron's address to the ocean, on, 499.
Agriculture of France and England, com- Cabrera, movement under, 630.
parison of, 3.

Caged skylark, to a, 290.
Alain family, the, extracts from, 560. Cali, a, by Julia Day, 625.
Algoa bay, settlement of, 159.

· Canning, rupture of Castlereagh with, 620.
American thoughts on European revolu- Canterbury tales, the, 466.
tions, 31.

Cape, sketches of the, 158.
1 American war, caricatures illustrating Caricatures of the 18th century, the, 543.
the, 552.

Caroline, queen, 331, 332, 334, et seq.
Anne, queen, character of, 327.

Carpentaria, gulf of, expedition to, 68.
Antwerp, a legend from, 444.

Castlereagh, lord, memoirs of, 610.
Arabian nights, the, 472.

Catholic priesthood, proposed endowment
Aristocracy, necessity of a, to Britain, 14. of the, 638
Art, its prospects, 145-Eastlake's lite- Cavaignac, general, 259.
rature of, 753.

Caxtons, the, Part Iy, chap. ix., 40-
Art-unions, results of, 146.

chap. A., 41 chap. xi, 43-chay.
Ashley, lord, on the juvenile population, xii., 44 --- chap. xiii., 48 -- chap. xiv.,
66.

50—Part V. chap. xv., 171-chap. XV.,
Ateliers Nationaux, sketches of the, 249. 179--chap. xvi., 181-chap. xvii., 182
Auersperg, count, 382, 532.

- Part VI. chap. xviii., l5_chap.
Australia, importance of, 66-demand for xix., 317-chap. xx., 318-chap. xxi.,

emigration to, 67-Mitchell's researches ib.- chap. xxii., 320-chap. xxiii., 321
in, 68.

-chap. xxiv., 323-chap. xxv. 324-
Austria, the revolution in, 519.

Part VII. chap. xxvi., 388 – chap.
Baden, state of, 378.

xxvii., 392-chap. xxviii., 395_chap.
Baikal, the lake, 88.

xxix., 396—chap. XXX., My father's
Balloons, rage for, 554.

first love, 397-chap. xxxi., Wherein
Balzac, M. de, 572.

my father continues his story, 400-
Banking act, suspension of the, 262, 263 chap. xxxii., Wherein my father brings
Barbauld's hymns, 404.

about his denouement, 402 — chap.
Barnard's cruise, &c., review of, 158. xxxiii., 405-chap. xxxiv., ib.-Part
Bashkirs, the, 81.

VIII. chap. xxxv., 672-chap. xxxvi.,
Basil, letter to, 31.

674 – chap. xxxvii., 677 – chap.
Baston, Robert, 222, 223.

xxxviii., 680.
Bavaria, the revolution in, 518.

Chartism, classes among whom prevalent,
Beauty, Eastlake's theory of, 762.

269.
Beaver and Beaver-stone, the, 84. Chartist demonstration, feeling regarding,
Beggar's Opera, origin of the, 336.

in America, 35.
Belgium, state of, 521.

Chartists, sympathy between, and the
Bentinck, lord George, death of, 632. Irish, 261.
Beresov, town of, 80, 81.

Chaucer as laureate, 224.
Bernard, Andrew, 225, 226.

Cheremisses, the, 87.
Blue Dragoon, the, 207.

Chesterfield, lord, 334.
Blum, Robert, 532.

China, Erman's travels in, 88.
Bright, John, 271.

Chuvasses, the, 87.
British navy, the, 595.

Cibber, Colley, 230.
Buraets, the, 90.

Cinque Cento, the, 145.
Buried flower, the, 108.

Cleghorn's ancient and modern art, re
Burke's eulogy on' Walpole, 331.

view of, 145.

Cobden, Mr, reductions proposed by, 265, Entail, the law of, l-bill, examination
266.

of the, 9.
Coercion, necessity of, in Ireland, 485. Erman's Siberia, review of, 76.
Coercion bill, the Irish, 281.

Ernest, letter from, 31.
Cologne, state of, 378, 521,

European revolutions, American thoughts
Colonial legislation, reriew of recent, 275. on, 31.
Colonisation, 66.

Eusden, Lawrence, 229.
Colours, Goethe's theory of, 759.

Eusebius, letter to, on novels, 459.
Compton, Sir Spencer, 329.

Eustathius, the romances of, 472.
Commerce, statisties of, 496.

Excise bill, Walpole's, 336, et seq.
Commercial classes, rise of, to power, Exports, diminution of, 274.
115.

Fashions in the 18th century, the, 554.
Commercial crisis, the, 262.

Female poetesses, on, 641.
Conciliation, failure of, in Ireland, 485. Feudal law of succession, the, 5.
Congress of Vienna, errors of the, 516.. Few words about novels, a, 459.
Conservative union, 632.

Fielding's novels, on, 460,466.
Constitution of the United States, the, Financial measures, recent, 263.

Findhorn river, the, 96.
Continental revolutions-Irish rebellion Fine arts commission, the, 148—Easte
-English distress, 475.

lake's literature of the, 753.
Cossacks, the, 81.

Fishing in Russia, 83.
Cottier system, the, 423.

Fitzgerald, lord Edward, 615, 616.
Cotton manufactures, growth of, 409. Fleming on the papacy, notice of, 710.
Crown security bill for Ireland, the, 283. Fleury, cardinal, 332.
Currency, on the, 492.

Fo, temple of, 89.
Da Vinci, Leonardo, 76 0.

Foote, Samuel, 550.
Dante's Beatrice, 220.

Forty shilling franchise in Ireland, the,
Danube and the Euxine, the, 608.

611.
Davenant, William, 227, 228.

Fox, caricatures of, 553.
Day, Julia, " A Call" by, 625.

France, agriculture of, compared with
De Chatillon, Mrs Hemans', 652.

that of England, 3- her law of real
Deer forests and deer-stalking, 92.

property, succession, &c., 6, 11-feeling
Denmark, state and character of, 286 in America on the revolution in, 31-
sonnet to, 292.

State of, June 1848, 51-the present
Deronshire, the duke of, 329.

state of, and lessons from it, 476, 477
Dickens, the novels of, 468.

-pictures of, from Jérome Paturot,
Dogs of Siberia, the, 86.

687.
Doomster's first-born, the, chap. I., The François le Champi, notices of, 568.
tavern, 447-chap. II., The lovers, 450 Frankfort, appearance of the town of, 525

chap. III., Father and son, 453— --the insurrection in, 541-parliament,
chap. IV., The execution, 455.

the, 375, 380, 515.
Drama, decline of the, 648.

Frederick William, character, policy, &c.,
Dryden as laureate, 228.

of, 518, 519, 523.
Dudevant, madame, and her works, 568. Free trade, progress of, 114-its influence
Dumas, Alexander, 557, 558, 695.

on shipping, 125—its failure, 264, 268
Dunbar, William, 226.

examination of its principles, 269, 409.
Eastern life, Miss Martineau's, reviewed, French actors, riots against, in London,
185.

1755, 549— literature, recent, 557 ~ ,
Eastlake's literature of the fine arts, re- novels, on, 471.
view of, 753.

Fur trade of Siberia, the, 84.
Economists, rise and doctrines of the, 408. Gagern, Herr von, 381, 531.
Egypt, Miss Martineau on, 185.

Gaming in England, rage for, 554.
Eighteen hundred and twelve, a retro George I., accession of, 328.

spective review, 190—-part II., The George II., life and times of, 327– his
Moscow retreat, 359.

personal and public character, 329-
Electric telegraph in America, the, 31. sketches and anecdotes of him, 334, et
Emersonianism in America, 38.

seg.
Emigration, importance of, 66–from Ire- George III., caricatures of, 552.
land, necessity of, 663.

German novels, modern, 190.
England, necessity of an aristocracy to, Germanic confederation, the, 285.

14-under George II., 327 – the history Germany, objects of the revolutionary
of, illustrated by caricatures, 543—the party in, 373--and its parliament, i
present position of, 477, 492.

glimpse at, 515-errors of the congress
English and French agriculture, com of Vienna regarding, 516-democratic

parison of, 3-laureates, sketches of character of the smaller states, 517-
221.

first outbreak and rapid progress of the

movement, 518-objects of the demo- Jewish disabilities bill, the, 279-an
cratic party, 536-state of the coun- American on the, 36.
try, 538.

John, the archduke, 520.
Gillray the caricaturist, 544, 553.

Johnson, Daniel and Ben, 227.
Glass, painting on, 156.

Kaffirland, 158.
Glimpse at Germany and its parliament,a, Kames, lord, on the law of entail, 3.
515.

Karr, M., and his writings, 560.
Godwin's novels, on, 466.

King, lord chancellor, 339.
Goethe's Theory of Colours, 759.

Kock, Paul de, 571.
Gothic architecture, rise of, 145.

Kosacks of the Ural, the, 81.
Gower the poet, 224.

La Famille Alain, the, 560.
Grattan, close of the career of, 620. Lady tourists, on, 185.
Gravière's sketches of the naval war, re- Laffan, archdeacon, 280.
view of, 595.

Lamb plant, the, 79.
Great Britain, importance of Australia to, Lamoricière, general, 259.
66--present state of, 479, 492.

Land, the laws of, 1.
Great Tragedian, the, chap. I., 345 — Last Constantine, Mrs Hemans', 652.

chap., II. 348--chap. III., 349—chap. Laurels and laureates, 220.
IV., 352 -- chap. V., 355--chap. VI Law, John, career of, 546.
358.

Laws of land, the, 1.
Greek sculpture, on, 154-romances, 472. Lays of the Deer Forest, review of, 92.
Green Hand, the, 743.

Legend from Antwerp, a. Introduction,
Gulielmus, the first English laureate, 444—The Doomster's first-born ; chap.
222.

I., The tavern, 447-chap. II., The
Habeas corpus act, suspension of the, in lovers, 450--chap. III., Father and son,
Ireland, 284.

453--chap. IV., The execution, 455.
Harrington, lord, 341.

Leiningen, prince, 383.
Harrowby, lord, notices of Castlereagh Letter to Eusebius, a, on novels, 459.
by, 621.

Lichnowsky, prince, 532–his murder,533.
Heidelberg, first revolutionary assembly Life and times of George II., the, 327.
at, 518-state of, 378.

Life in the Far West, part II. 17-part
Hemans, Mrs, 641.

III., 130-part IV., 293-part V., 429
Hervey's life and times of George II., -part VI., 573-memoir of the author,
review of, 327.

591.
Heywood the poet, 226.

London, state of, under George I., 545.
Highway robbery, prevalence of, in 1720, Londonderry, lord, memoirs of Lord
546.

Castlereagh by, reviewed, 610.
Hoadley, bishop, 342.

Louis XV., character of, 332.
Hogarth as a painter, 153—-his first cari- Louis Philippe, American estimation of,
cature, 548--career of, 551.

32.
Horse-dealer, the, a tale of Denmark, 232. Lyons, state of, 59.
Huzzah for the rule of the Whigs, 112. Macculloch on the succession to property
Imports, increase of manufactured, 273. vacant by death, review of, 1.
Income tax, modifications of, proposed, Madame de Malguet, remarks on, 474.
421, note.

Maimachen, town of, 88.
Intestacy, law of succession in, 5.

Manufactures, state of exports and im-
Ireland, agriculture and laws of property ports, 273, 274.
in, 12-amount of immigration from, 261 Mariage de Paris, notice of the, 565.
- legislation of the session regarding, Martineau's Eastern life, review of, 185.
279-its state, remedies proposed, &c., Masquerades, prevalence of, during the
421, 423—the rebellion in, 480, et seg. eighteenth century, 548, 550.
proper government for, 489-state of, Mayence, state of, 525.
before the union, 611- the rebellion of Memoirs of Lord Castlereagh, 610.
1798,615—the union,619—the miseries Menchikoff, a Russian favourite, 81.
of, and their remedies, 658.

Mery, M., the works of, 565.
Irish crime bill, the, 281.

Mill's political economy, review of, 407.
Irkutsk, town of, 88.

Mill, Mr, on the waste lands of Ireland
Italy, Whig policy toward, 286--present and their improvement, 668, et seq.
state of, 476.

Miseries of Ireland, the, and their reme-
Jacobitism, prevalence of, under George dies, 658.
I., 545.

Mississippi scheme, the, 546.
Jahn, professor, 531.

Mitchell, trial and condemnation of, 283.
Jane Eyre, remarks on, 473.

Mitchell's Australia, review of, 66.
Jérome Paturot, review of, 687.

Modern tourism, 185.
· Jervis, Sir John, 599,

Molesworth, Sir William, 271.
VOL. LXIV.-NO. CCCXCVIII.

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