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When he accepted his father's renun- themselves face to face with a real ciation in his favour of his claims insurrection of most formidable asupon the crown of Spain, Count pect. They have cried wolf till the Montemolin did not bind himself to wolf has come, and they run conadhere to his father's prejudices, or to siderable risk of being devoured. In the less tolerant part of his political vain they deny their peril, affect to creed. During nine years', detention bluster and talk big; their real alarm and exile, the young prince, whose ad- peeps through the flimsy cloak of herents claim for him the rights and bravado. A government confident of title of Charles VI. of Spain, has its strength, and of the support and doubtless become convinced of the sympathies of the governed, does not impossibility of ever bringing back condescend to treat and tamper with the country he aspires to reign over rebels. If the insurgents be so conto the old system of irresponsible temptible in numbers and resources absolutism and priestly tyranny, - as the organs of Narvaez and the a system rendered especially odious Queen-mother daily assert them to by the weakness and vices of the two be, why not crush them at once, instead last monarchs who governed by it. of attempting to buy over their chiefs, The Progresistas, on their part, desire who, on their part, pocket the bribes no exclusive favour, no monopoly of and laugh at their seducers ? If power : compelled to withdraw their Cabrera, for weeks together, lay support from her they once enthusi- sick and bedridden in a Catalonian astically defended, they have no other village, why was not a detachment, candidate to put forward. Don En- or, if necessary, a division, sent to rique, in whom they once were disposed apprehend him? Such flimsy imposto confide, basely sold and betrayed tures deceive no one. The truth is, them; and as to Espartero, whose that, with the exception of a few forambition has been the subject of such tified places, the east of Spain is in fierce diatribes on the part of the the hands of the Carlists and Progresignorant and the malicious, both in istas, who come up to the walls of Spain and in England—the idea of his the cities and levy contributions at the aspiring to regal power appears too very gates. The north only waits ridiculous, to those acquainted with the signal to burst into revolt; in the his simple tastes and unobtrusive Castiles alarming demonstrations are worth, to be for an instant dwelt upon daily made, and armed bands show and seriously refuted. No; all the themselves on various points; in the Progresistas ask is a free press, elec- large commercial towns in the south, tions conducted without bribery or whose desire for a revision of the bayonets, security for persons and present absurd Spanish tariff renders property. Do one of these things them ardent liberals, discontent exist in Spain now ? Let facts reply. smoulders, and in an instant may burst We read the answer in the suppres- into a flame. There are Andalusian sion or silence of every Opposition cities where the appearance of Esparnewspaper; in the packed benches of tero, or of some other popular and the Cortes ; in the imprisonment, ban- influential Progresista, would at once ishment, and confiscation, without raise the entire population. At prestated accusation or form of trial, of sent, however, the revolt is in its hundreds of innocent persons. From infancy, and can hardly be said to have this tyranny, than which none can be begun. Its chiefs avoid encounters, worse, the Count de Montemolin and busy themselves with organisapromises relief. The Progresistas tion-which proceeds rapidly, in spite accept his pledge, and rally round his of the marches and countermarches of standard.

Messrs Cordova, Pavia, Villalonga, The Madrid government, which, and the other Christino generals, and since the commencement of the pre- of the glorious victories narrated in the sent year, has constantly provoked columns of the Heraldo and other equalpetty disturbances, as pretexts for ly veracious journals. According to arbitrarily consigning to the dungeon these, Cabrera has already been seveor the colonies as many as possible of ral times totally routed and driven over those they dislike or fear, now find the frontier. We have strong grounds for believing that, up to this moment, exchanged his ferocity for moderation -although his lieutenants have been and humanity. We hear of no more engaged in small affrays, of little or cold blooded shooting of prisoners, or no importance, but terminating, with wanton and unprovoked aggressions ; scarcely an exception, in their favour Christino soldiers who have fallen - he himself has not smelt powder, into his hands, or into those of his burned in anger, since he left Spain in subordinates, have been disarmed and 1840. He waits the proper moment, set at liberty ; good treatment has when his arrangements shall be com- been shown to magistrates and other pleted, to commence operations upon officials, carried off as hostages or a large scale; and meanwhile he very held for ransom. The contributions judiciously avoids frittering away his levied on the country have been regu. strength in profitless skirmishes. By larised, and are willingly paid; the the last advices worthy of credit, he peasantry receive the insurgents as is at the head of six thousand men, liberators, instead of shunning them well armed and uniformed, and nearly as spoilers. Furious at this state of all old soldiers, in high spirits and things, which they can neither alter thorough discipline. This force does nor conceal, the Christinos know not not include the numerous detached how to show their wrath, or on whom and irregular bands spread over Cata- to wreak it; and the means they resort lonia and Valencia, or various bodies to for the expression of their spite of Progresistas, who march under their are perfectly suicidal. The unfortuown banner, but are on the best of nate Constitucional of Barcelona, one terms with the Carlists, and will co- of the few remaining papers in Spain operate with them in the day of battle. which now and then venture to speak Arms and ammunition are procured the truth, is arbitrarily suppressed without difficulty from France and for drawing a faithful picture of the England. The French Republic has state of the province; whilst the very its hands too. full to attend seriously next day one of the government geneto such trifles. Although General rals confirms the truth of the sketch, Cavaignac, to get rid of the importu- and the disaffection of the peasants, pities of that blatant knave Soto- by enforcing the premature gathering mayor, did order the arrest of a brace in of the fruits of the earth, to rot and of unlucky Progresistas, there is little perish in store, and by forbidding the chance of his carrying out the pre- labourer to carry to the field more than ventive system to a rigorous extent, six ounces of food, lest he should sell or of his depriving the starving French or give it to the Carlists—annexing manufacturers of the crust they may to these stringent enactments others obtain by fabricating arms and cloth- equally onerous and tyrannical. All ing for the Carlist troops. As to this time, at Madrid and in other cities, England, she is, of course, in no arrests continue; and every day fresh way called upon to prevent the ex- victims are consigned to Ceuta, the port of Birmingham muskets and Philippines, or the prisons, their relaHounslow cartridges, even should she tives and friends being thenceforward suspect their destination to be differ- added to the host of the disafent from that entered at the custom- fected. Why, this is stark-staring house. Indeed, it is shrewdly suspected madness !- the insanity, preceding that Lord Palmerston would like perdition, with which God afflicts those nothing better than to see his quon- he would destroy. To discomfiture dam friends ejected from Spain, and and destruction, total and lasting, the to resume amicable relations with party still dominant in Spain are to that country by accrediting an am- all appearance hastening. None will bassador to the court of Charles VI. pity their fall. They will be con

It is worthy of remark that Cabrera, demned not only by all just men, but who made himself so notorious, dur- by the most reckless advocates of ing the last civil war in Spain, by his political expediency; for they have barbarous cruelties - provoked, but been blind to their own true interests, not justified, by his mother's murder as well as unblushingly contemptuous -appears now to have adopted a of every principle of morality and totally different system, and to have good government.

CONSERVATIVE UNION.

No private calamity which has mate cause of his death; for a similar occurred for years has so startled the amount of physical and intellectual mind of England as the withdrawal labour has hardly ever been underof Lord George Bentinck from the taken even by a professional man, scene of his useful labours. In the and never without the imminent risk prime of life, in the full possession of of shattering the constitution. a vigorous and masculine intellect, at We should ill perform our duty to the head of a large and increasing the public, and to the constitutional political party, who revered him for his party whose cause we have undeunsullied honour, and loved him for viatingly supported, if we omitted to his undaunted courage, he has been take this last sad opportunity of testitaken from us by one of those myste- fying our respect for the memory of rious visitations which are sent as so valuable a man. The tendency of a token that the destinies of the world the present age is to estimate merit are indeed in the hands of God. by success, and to offer its sole Short as was his public career, he had homage to the winner of the despewon for himself a name which will not rate game. But those who look lightly die away in the history of his deeper into the secret springs of country, and his memory will be human action and impulse, can cherished among us as that of a hardly fail to recognise in Bentinck a man who had the welfare of Britain character invested with that rare thoroughly at heart; and who, in an chivalry and devotion which, by comage of degenerate and vacillating mon consent, we accept as the attristatesmanship, had the firmness to bute of our purest patriots and tear off the mask from the features of heroes. Chicanery, deceit, and falsehypocrisy, and to expose the awful hood were utterly abhorrent to his consequences of that culpable race for mind. He had no taste for those power which has effected the partial state tricks which have superseded the disorganisation of this great and once old manly English method, and no prosperous empire.

sympathy for those who used them. The loss of such a man at such a He went into the arena of politics as time is indeed far more a public than a soldier might go to battle, confident a private calamity. As such, it has in the integrity and justice of the been felt throughout the realm by cause in which he was engaged, and thousands who understood the true determined to maintain it to the last position of Bentinck as the champion against any weight of opposition. It of native industry, and the utter un- was this resolute and undaunted spirit compromising foe of that selfish and which at once raised him from comsordid system which seeks to aggran- . parative obscurity to the rank of a dise the few at the cost of the great parliamentary leader ; for those labouring many. A large proportion who co-operated with him knew well even of those who originally yielded that they were dealing with a man to the deleterious doctrines of the superior to all intrigue, and ready to free-traders, but who, through sad and lay down his life rather than inwholesome experience, had become fringe, in the slightest degree, on the alive to the folly and iniquity of the pledge which he had offered to his modern scheme, were gathering con- country. fidence from his unremitting exer- We have no hesitation in saying tions, and preparing to rank them- this, because we are certain that no selves by his side. In him the British one will question the sincerity of our colonies have lost their firmest friend conviction. During the last two and advocate. The noble struggle years, and almost without intermiswhich he made this year in behalf of sion, we have been compelled to the oppressed and defrauded West devote a large portion of our space to Indian planters, was, in the opinion of the consideration of public questions, many who knew him well, the proxi- and of the political difficulties of the

time. On more than one point our the effect of the late legislative meaviews were seriously opposed to those sures upon the community at largeentertained and advocated by Lord to consider how far the result of the George Bentinck; nor have we con- free-trade scheme has corresponded cealed our opinion that his tactics, with the nature of its promise-and however bold, were not the best to reflect upon the present precarious adapted for accomplishing the object state of our oldest and most valuable which we have most warmly at heart, dependencies. We blame no one for the reconstitution of the Conservative having entertained an opinion conparty upon such clear and defined scientiously differing from our own. principles as may rescue the country There may not be any disgrace in from its present perilous position. having consented to an experiment

We feel that the necessity of such which, when put into practice, has a union is so plain and urgent-that resulted in an absolute failure; but the danger of allowing the affairs of there is disgrace, ay, and infinite Britain to be longer administered by dishonour, in refusing to acknowledge a feeble but stubborn ministry has an error when its consequences are been so clearly demonstrated—that made palpably manifest, and in perwe cannot any longer afford to remain sisting to gloss it over for the sake of inactive, or to indulge in idle recrimi- an egotistical consistency. We do nation. The safety of the country not believe that high-minded and peremptorily demands the adoption honourable men will be guilty of such of a different policy, and the resump- vain and frivolous conduct; and it is tion of the reins of government by in that belief that we make our prehands that are capable of holding sent most urgent appeal. them. It is for the gentlemen of Look at the effect of our present England to decide whether they shall free-trade laws, not only upon the adopt such a course by uniting cordi- revenue, but upon the internal indusally hand and beart to retrieve us from try of Britain. Is it not clear and our present embarrassments, or sit idly utterly beyond dispute, that our by as mere spectators of a fatal course exports, for which we have sacrificed of legislation. The present crisis is by every thing, are greatly on the decline, far too serious to be viewed with in- and that our imports are steadily difference, or through the coloured increasing ? Not even the merest glass of obsolete party interest. The tyro in political science,- not even welfare of the empire is at stake, and the dullest dolt that clamoured at the that is a subject with which none of meetings of the League,---will venture us can dare to dally.

to affirm that this is a state of things What are the differences which at which can continue without entailing present separate one section of the ruin on the country; and yet the Conservatives from the other? They Whigs, with that insensibility and resolve themselves simply into the sottishness which is as much their adhesion of a few talented, but we characteristic as obstinacy, have anmust say obstinate men, to a leader nounced for next session their intenwhose tortuous policy has been the tion of pushing the experiment furmain cause of our present unhappy ther! For a year we have had no position. We have no wish to say hard budget, a circumstance entirely withthings even of Sir Robert Peel. We out a parallel in parliamentary history. believe, and devoutly hope, that his The excess of the national expenditure reign of office is over, and that no above the revenue has been stated at combination of circumstances may the enormous sum of a million and a occur to bring him back, even for the half, though we believe that in reality shortest period, into power; and, three millions would not cover the believing and hoping this, we are deficiency; and a considerable item content to let him alone, and leave even of that revenue is to be cut off him to the judgment of that posterity from us, when the act repealing the which he is so peculiarly prone to corn law shall come into full operation. invoke. But we ask those who have We cannot look for any improvement clung with such extreme tenacity in trade whilst we leave our marto his cause, seriously to view kets open to the produce of foreign labour, and allow the wealthy classes tal disturbances are not unfavourable to be supplied with almost all their to our export trade. If, on the one articles of consumption from an unre. band, they have occasioned a less munerating source. We must again degree of consumption; on the other, look to the customs as our main they have paralysed industry and desource of revenue, and more than preciated capital abroad. Belgium, it that, as our absolute salvation from is true, is a formidable competitor for the anarchy which must ensue, if the our staples in the foreign market; but, hundred small non-exporting trades notwithstanding, we do not expect of the country are to be sacrificed for any serious diminution in this branch the monopoly of the few, and the of our foreign trade. The evil of millions engaged in these pursuits which we complain is chronic, and it made beggars and driven to despera. has not been caused by any sudden or tion.

violent convulsions. And what is the state of the mono- It is to our colonies that we must poly? How have the manufacturers look for the cause of our diminished gained? Let FOUR MILLIONS of di- exports. It was our paramount duty minished exports on the half year only, and obligation to have fostered these, and the suppression of the Manchester and to have made them, by a wise return of the number of unemployed system of reciprocity, at once the best operatives in the very metropolis of the supporters of our power, and the most League, be the reply. Yes—it has come sure and steady consumers of our mato this pass, that the free-traders DARE nufactured produce. We have done not publish to the world the results of nothing of this. On the contrary, the their own madness. In the month of course which we have thought proper

June last, there were within a fraction to pursue towards those integral por- of EIGHT THOUSAND Workmen without tions of the empire has been marked employment in Manchester alone, and by tyranny and injustice. We have the numbers were increasing so fast, ruined the West Indies, and yet we that it was deemed expedient to dis- wonder why they do not consume our continue the startling return. How cottons! Our weak and ridiculous can we be surprised that Chartism legislation, without foresight and withand disaffection are rankling in men's out principle, has not only retarded minds, when we take such deliberate the progress of the colonies, but absopains to make them paupers ?

lutely frightened them out of our We are told that the state of the market; and unless a very different Continent is such that our export system is speedily adopted, we may market is impeded. Let us for the have bitter occasion to rue our folly, .moment admit that such is the case, and to curse the selfishness of the men and let us see what sort of argument who, from mere lust of personal power, that furnishes for the continuance of have sacrificed the best interests of the present system. Is it deliberately the nation. proposed that we are to remain with How, then, have the manufacturers our ports open, until France and Ger- gained by free trade ? On the one many, and Spain and Italy, are tran- hand, they have not been able, by quillised? Are the prophets of peace inviting and giving every facility to still so sanguine of the speedy realisa- imports, to increase the quantity of tion of their visions ? Are we to wait their export; on the other, they have for years—with an increasing debt, closed up several of their surest mara diminished revenue, and still further kets. The full extent of our egrestagnation of employment-until our gious folly has not yet become visible brethren on the other side of the to the public. The manufacturers, Channel have reconciled their jarring by a sort of retributive justice, are theories of Red Republics and of the persons who are feeling it the unity, adjusted their boundaries, and most, and ere long they will be comagain betaken themselves to the arts pelled to acknowledge it. It is seriof peace ? Our own constitution may ously affecting the trade and comwell be shattered before that consum merce of our greatest cities. The mation can arrive! But the truth is, number of vessels which have cleared that, in many respects, the Continen- out of the Clyde from the port of

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