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ed by the mountaineers promising to “Old hos," continued the other ; give sundry dollars to the friends of “thar's no use câching anyhow what two of the Mexicans, who died during a niggur feels-so hyar's to put out.' the night of their wounds, and to pay You're good for beaver I know ; at for a certain amount of masses to be deer or buffler, or darned red Injun sung for the repose of their souls in either, you're some. Now that's a purgatory. Thus the affair blew over; fact. Off-hand,' or with a rest,' but for several days the mountaineers you make 'em come.' You knows the never showed themselves in the streets « sign of Injuns slick-Blackfoot or of Fernandez without their rifles on Sioux, Pawnee or Burntwood, Zeton, their shoulders, and refrained from Rapaho, Shian, or Shoshonée, Yutah, attending fandangos for the present, Piyutah, or Yamhareek—their trail's and until the excitement had cooled as plain as writin', old hos, to you." down.

"Wagh!" grunted Killbuck, blushA bitter feeling, however, existed ing bronze at all these compliments. on the part of the men; and one or “ Your sight ain't bad. Elks is two offers of a matrimonial nature elk; black-tail deer ain't white-tails; were rejected by the papas of certain and b'ar is bar to you, and nothin' ladies who had been wooed by some of else, a long mile off and more." the white hunters, and their hands “Wa-agh!" formally demanded from the respec- " Thar ain't a track as leaves its tive padres.

mark upon the plains or mountains La Bonté had been rather smitten but you can read off-hand ; that I've with the charms of one Dolores Sala. see'd myself. But tell me, old hos, zar-a buxom lass, more than three can you make understand the sign' parts Indian in her blood, but con- as shows itself in a woman's breast ? " fessedly the “beauty" of the Vale of Killbuck removed the pipe from his Taos. She, by dint of eye, and of name- mouth, raised his head, and puffed a less acts of elaborate coquetry, with rolling cloud of smoke into the air, which the sex so universally bait their knocked the ashes from the bowl, traps, whether in the salons of Bel- likewise made his “medicine”-and gravia, or the rancherias of New Mex. answered thus:ico, contrived to make considerable “From Red River, away up north havoc in the heart of our mountaineer; amongst the Britishers, to Heely and when once Dolores saw she had (Gila) in the Spanislı country—from made an impression, she followed old Missoura to the sea of Caliup her advantage with all the arts the forny, I've trapped and hunted. I most civilised of her sex could use knows the Injuns and thar 'sign,' when fishing for a husband.

and they knows me, I'm thinkin. La Bonté, however, was too old a Thirty winters has snowed on me in hunter to be easily caught; and, these hyar mountains, and a niggur before committing himself, he sought or a Spaniard* would larn 'some' in the advice of his tried companion that time. This old tool” (tapping his Killbuck. Taking him to a retired rifle) “,' she does; and spot without the village, he drew out if thar's game afoot, this child knows his pipe and charged it-seated him. bull' from cow,' and ought to self cross-legged on the ground, and, could. That deer is deer, and goats with Indian gravity, composed him is goats, is plain as paint to any but self for a " talk."

a greenhorn. Beaver 's a cunning "Ho, Killbuck!” he began, touch crittur, but I've trapped a 'heap ;' ing the ground with the bowl of his and at killing meat when meat's a-runpipe, and then turning the stem up. ning, I'll shine' in the biggest kind wards for “ medicine"-" Hyar's a of crowd. For twenty year I packed child feels squamptious like, and nigh a squaw along. Not one, but a many. upon' gone beaver,' he is— Wagh!" First I had a Blackfoot- the darndest

" Wagh!" exclaimed Killbuck, all slut as ever cried for fofarraw. I attention.

lodge-poled her on Colter's Creek,

* Always alluding to Mexicans, who are invariably called Spaniards by the Western Americans.

and made her quit. My buffler hos, The day came, however. The and as good as four packs of beaver, band of mountaineers were already I gave for old Bull-tail's daughter. mounted, and those with wives in He was head chief of the Ricaree, charge were some hours on the road, and came' nicely round' me. Thar leaving the remainder quaffing many was'nt enough scarlet cloth, nor beads, a stirrup-cup before they left. Dick nor vermilion in Sublette's packs for Wooton was as melancholy as a buf. her. Traps wouldn't buy her all the falo bull in spring; and as he rode fofarrow she wanted ; and in two down the village, and approached the years I'd sold her to Cross-Eagle for house of his lady-love, who stood one of Jake Hawkin's guns-this very wrapped in reboso, and cigarito in one I hold in my hands. Then I mouth, on the sill of the door, he tried the Sioux, the Shian, and a turned away his head as if dreading Digger from the other side, who made to say adios. La Bonté rode beside the best mocassin as ever I wore him, and a thought struck him. She was the best of all, and was rub- “Ho, Dick !" he said, “thar's the bed out by the Yutahs in the Bayon gal, and thar's the mountains : shoot Salade. Bad was the best; and after sharp 's the word.” she was gone under I tried no more. Dick instantly understood him,

“Afore I left the settlements I and was “himself again.” He rode know'd a white gal, and she was up to the girl as if to bid her adieu, some punkins. I have never seed and she came to meet him. Whispernothing as 'ould beat her. Red ing one word, she put her foot upon blood won't shine' any ways you fix his, was instantly seized round the it; and though I'm hell for sign,' a waist, and placed upon the horn of woman's breast is the hardest kind of his saddle. He struck spurs into his rock to me, and leaves no trail that I horse, and in a minute was out of can see of. I've hearn you talk of a sight, his three companions covering gal in Memphis county, Mary Brand his retreat, and menacing with their you called her oncest. The gal I said rifles the crowd which was soon drawn I know'd, her name I disremember, to the spot by the cries of the girl's but she stands afore me as plain as parents, who had been astonished Chimley Rock on Platte, and thirty spectators of the daring rape. year and more har'nt changed a fea. The trapper and his bride, however, ture in her face, to me.

escaped scatheless, and the whole "If you ask this child, he'll tell you party effected a safe passage of the to leave the Spanish slut to her mountains, and reached the Arkansa, Greasers, and hold on till you take where the band was broken up,—some the trail to old Missoura, whar white proceeding to Bent's Fort, and others and Christian gals are to be had for to the Platte, amongst whom were axing. Wagh !”

Killbuck and La Bonté, still in comLa Bonté rose to his feet. The pany. mention of Mary Brand's name de These two once more betook themcided him ; and he said

selves to trapping, the Yellow Stone “Darn the Spaniard! she cant shine being their chief hunting-ground. with me; come, old hos ! let's move." But we must again leap over months

And, shouldering their rifles, the two and years, rather than conduct the compañeros returned to the Ronch. reader through all their perilous wanMore than one of the mountaineers derings, and at last bring him back had fulfilled the object of their jour- to the camp on Bijou, where we first ney, and had taken to themselves a introduced him to our mountaineers; partner from amongst the belles of and as we have already followed Taos, and now they were preparing them on the Arapaho trail, which for their return to the mountains. they pursued to recover their stolen Dick Wooton was the only unfortu- animals from a band of that nation, nate one. He had wooed a damsel we will once again seat ourselves whose parents peremptorily forbade at the camp on Boiling Spring, their daughter to wed the hunter, where they had met a strange hunter and he therefore made ready for his on a solitary expedition to the Bayou departure with considerable regret. Salade, and whose double-barrelled rifle bad excited their wonder and deciphered and translated. Joe found curiosity.

the spot indicated without any diffiFrom him they learned also that a culty, cleared away the earth, and dislarge band of Mormons were winter covered a hollow place formed by four ing on the Arkansa, en route to the flat stones ; on removing the topmost Great Salt Lake and Upper Califor- one of which sundry plates of brass nia; and as our hunters had before presented themselves, covered with fallen in with the advanced guard of quaint and antique carving; on the these fanatic emigrants, and felt no top lay Urim and Thummim, (comlittle wonder that such helpless people monly known to the Mormons as should undertake so long a journey Mummum and Thummum, the pebbles through the wilderness, the stranger of wonderful virtue,) through which narrated to them the history of the the miracle of reading the plates of sect, which we will also shortly trans- brass was to be performed. cribe for the benefit of the reader. Joe Smith, on whom the mantle of

The Mormons were originally of the Moses had so suddenly fallen, caresect known as “ Latter-day Saints," fully removed the plates and hid which sect flourishes wherever Anglo- them, burying himself in woods and Saxon gulls are found in sufficient mountains whilst engaged in the work numbers to swallow the egregious non- of translation. However, he made no sense of fanatic humbugs who fatten/ secret of the important task imposed upon their credulity. In the United upon him, nor of the great work to States they especially abounded; but, which he had been called. Numbers the creed becoming slow," one Joe at once believed him, but not a few Smith, a smart man, arose from its were deaf to belief, and openly derided ranks, and instilled a little life into the him. Being persecuted, (as the sect decaying sect.

declares, at the instigation of the auJoe, better known as the Prophet thorities,) and many attempts being Joe,” was taking his siesta one fine made to steal his precious treasure, day, upon a hill in one of the New Joe, one fine night, packed his plates England States, when an angel sud- in a sack of beans, bundled them into denly appeared to him, and made a Jersey waggon, and made tracks for known the locality of a new Bible or the West. Here he completed the Testament, which contained the history great work of translation, and not of the lost tribes of Israel; that these long after gave to the world the tribes were no other than the Indian " Book of Mormon," a work as bulky nations which possessed the continent as the Bible, and called “ of Mormon," of America at the time of its disco- forso was the prophet named by whose very, and the remains of which still hand the history of the lost tribes had existed in their savage state; that, been handed down in the plates of through the agency of Joe, these were brass thus miraculously preserved for to be reclaimed, collected into the thousands of years, and brought to bosom of a church to be there esta- light through the agency of Joseph blished, according to principles which Smith. would be found in the wonderful book The fame of the Book of Mormon

and which church was gradually to spread over all America, and even to receive into its bosom all other Great Britain and Ireland. Hunchurches, sects, and persuasions, with dreds of proselytes flocked to Joe, to “ unanimity of belief and perfect bro- hear from his lips the doctrine of therhood."

Mormonism; and in a very brief After a certain probation, Joe was period the Mormons became a numeled in body and spirit to the mountain rous and recognised sect, and Joe was by the angel who first appeared to him, at once, and by universal acclamawas pointed out the position of the tion, installed as the head of the wonderful book, which was covered by Mormon church, and was ever known a flat stone, on which would be found by the name of the “ Prophet Jotwo round pebbles, called Urim and seph." Thummim, and through the agency of However, from certain peculiarities which the mystic characters inscribed in their social system, the Mormons on the pages of the book were to be became rather unpopular in the settled

States, and at length moved bodily threatening vengeance against the into Missouri, where they purchased town and people. Here they met, howseveral tracts of land in the neigh- ever, a band of sturdy backwoodsbourhood of Independence. Here men, armed with rifles, determined to they erected a large building, which defend the town against the fanatic they called the Lord's Store, where mob, who, not relishing their appeargoods were collected on the common ance, refused the encounter, and suraccount, and retailed to members of rendered their leaders at the first the church at moderate prices. All demand. The prisoners were afterthis time their numbers increased wards released, on condition that the in a wonderful manner, and immi- Mormons left that part of the country grants from all parts of the States, without delay. as well as Europe, continually joined Accordingly, they once more "took them. As they became stronger, up their beds and walked,” crossthey grew bolder and more arrogant ing the Missouri to Clay County, in their projects. They had hitherto where they established themselves, been considered as bad neighbours, and would finally have formed a on account of their pilfering propen- thriving settlement but for their sities, and their utter disregard of the own acts of wilful dishonesty. At conventional decencies of society- this time their blasphemous mumexhibiting the greatest immorality, mery knew no bounds. Joe Smith, and endeavouring to establish amongst and other prophets who had lately their society a universal concubinage. arisen, were declared to be chosen of This was sufficient to produce an ill God; and it was the general creed feeling against them on the part of that, on the day of judgment, the their neighbours, the honest Mis- former would take his stand on the sourians; but they still tolerated their right hand of the judgment-seat, and presence amongst them, until the that none would pass into the kingSaints openly proclaimed their inten- dom of heaven without his seal and tion of seizing upon the country, and touch. One of their tencts was the expelling by force the present occu- faith in “spiritual matrimony." No pants-giving, as their reason, that it woman, it appeared, would be admithad been revealed to their prophets ted into heaven unless “passed" by that the “Land of Zion" was to be a saint. To qualify them for this, it possessed by themselves alone.

was necessary that the woman should The sturdy Missourians began to first be received by the guaranteeing think this was a little too strong, and Mormon as an “earthly wife," in that, if they permitted such aggres- order that he did not pass in any of sions any longer, they would be in a whom he had no knowledge. The fair way of being despoiled of their consequence of this state of things lands by the Mormon interlopers. may be imagined. The most debasAt length matters came to a crisis, ing immorality was a precept of the and the Saints, emboldened by order, and an almost universal concuthe impunity with which they had binage existed amongst the sect, hitherto carried out their plans, which at this time numbered at least issued a proclamation to the effect forty thousand. Their disregard to that all in that part of the country, the laws of decency and morality was who did not belong to the Mormon such as could not be tolerated in any persuasion, must “ clear out," and class of civilised society. give up possession of their lands and Again did the honest Missourians houses. The Missourians collected set their faces against this pernicious in a body, burned the printing-press example, and when the county to from which the proclamation had which the Mormons had removed beemanated, seized several of the Mor- came more thickly settled, they rose mon leaders, and, after inflicting a to a man against the modern Gomorsummary chastisement, “tarred and rah. The Mormons, by this time, feathered" them, and let them go. having on their part gained consi

To revenge this insult, the Mor- derable accession to their strength, mons marshalled an army of Saints, thought to set the laws at defiance, and marched upon Independence, organised and armed large bodies of men, in order to maintain the ascen- Joe Smith was a tall, fine-looking dency over the legitimate settlers, man, of most plausible address, and and bid fair to constitute an “impe- possessed the gift of the gab in great rium in imperio" in the State, and perfection. At the time appointed for become the sole possessors of the the performance of the walking-water public lands. This, of course, could miracle, he duly attended on the river not be tolerated. Governor Boggs at banks, and descended barefoot to the once ordered out a large force of State edge of the water. militia to put down this formidable My brethren !” he exclaimed in a demonstration, marched against the loud voice, “this day is a happy one to Mormons, and suppressed the insurrec- me, to us all, who venerate the great tionary movement without bloodshed. and only faith. The truth of our

From Clay County they moved great and blessed doctrine will now be still farther into the wilds, and proved before the thousands I see settled at last in Caldwell County, around me. You have asked me to where they built the town of “Far prove by a miracle that the power of West," and here they remained for the prophets of old has been given to the space of three years.

me. I say unto you, not only to me, During this time they were conti- but to all who have faith. I have nually receiving converts to the faith, faith, and can perform miracles-that and many of the more ignorant coun- faith empowers me to walk across the try people were disposed to join them, broad surface of that mighty river being only deterred by the fear of in- without wetting the soles of my uncurring ridicule from the stronger- worthy feet; but if ye are to see this minded. The body of the Mormons miracle performed, it is necessary that seeing this, called upon their prophet, ye have faith also, not only in yourJoe Smith, to perform a miracle in selves, but in me. Have ye this faith public before all comers, which was in yourselves?". to prove to those of their own people " We have, we have !" roared the who still doubted the doctrine, the crowd. truth of what it advanced — (the "Have ye the faith in me, that ye power of performing miracles was believe I can perform this miracle? steadfastly declared to be in their hands “We have, we have!” roared the by the prophets)—and to enlist those crowd. who wavered in the Mormon cause. " Then,” said Joe Smith, coolly

The prophet instantly agreed, and walking away, “ with such faith do ye declared that, upon a certain day, he know well that I could, but it boots would walk across the broad waters not that I should, do it ; therefore, my of the Missouri without wetting the brethren, doubt no more"-and Joe soles of his feet. On the appointed put on his boots and disappeared. day, the river banks were thronged by Being again compelled to emigrate, an expectant crowd. The Mormons the Mormons proceeded into the state sang hymns of praise in honour of of Illinois, where, in a beautiful situatheir prophet, and were proud of the ation, they founded the new Jerusaforthcoming miracle, which was to set lem, which, it had been declared by the finally at rest all doubt as to his power prophet Mormon, should rise out of and sanctity.

the wilderness of the west, and where This power of performing miracles, the chosen people should be collected and effecting miraculous cures of the under one church, and governed by sick, was so generally believed by the the elders after a "spiritual fashion." Mormons, that physic was never The city of Nauvoo soon became uscd amongst them. The prophets a large and imposing settlement. An visited the beds of the sick, and laid enormous building, called the Temple hands upon them, and if, as of course of Zion, was erected, half church, half was almost invariably the case, the hotel, in which Joe Smith and the patient died, it was attributed to other prophets resided-and large his or her want of faith ; but if, on storehouses were connected with it, in the contrary, the patient recovered, which the goods and chattels belongthere was universal glorification on ing to the community were kept for the miraculous cure.

the common good. VOL. LXIV.-20. CCCXCVII.

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