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what has taken place. No sooner ment; with an assurance that, in that was Naples—a country which has event, Britain would recognise the also felt the revolutionary shock- prince who might be elected by the quieted by the granting of a constitu- people. tion, than King Ferdinand, desirous This is neither more nor less than a of quelling rebellion in Sicily, is inti- recognition of the right of revolt; and midated from sending his squadron we should like to know upon what for that purpose, by the appearance principle of the law of nations it can of a British fleet off his own territory. be defended. It is one thing to Against this unjustiiiable demonstra- acknowledge the right of a nation to tion the King of Naples has protested, change the character of its institudeclaring that he will hold any armed tions, -as for example, in the case of interference between himself and his France, which from a monarchy has besubjects as tantamount to a declara- come a republic. Were we to undergo tion of war on the part of the British the same organic change, France, government. Lord Stanley—whose doubtless, would recognise us, and conconduct throughout the session, on all tinue the same relations with us under questions connected with foreign or the altered form of government. But colonial affairs, has been pre-emi- what if France had chosen to espouse nently distinguished for temperance, the cause of the Irish confederates ? rectitude, and ability, and who has What if-supposing our troops had exhibited, in a remarkable degree, been defeated by a general rising, every qualification requisite for the and Smith O'Brien had been proleader of a great and national party claimed not only King of Munster, bronght the whole subject before the but of Ireland -General Cavaignac consideration of the House of Lords: should have assured the rebels, that but the explanations given by Lord he would recognise the descendant Lansdowne are not calculated to im- of Brian Boru as the prince elected prove our character for good faith, by the people? Would not that whilst they may afford a ready apology negotiation, that assurance, be treatto other states for any act of aggres- ed by England as an open declasion whatever. Also, at a later period ration of hostility, - an interference of the session, Mr D'Israeli, in one of which no circumstances could palliate, those brilliant speeches for which he is and for which no explanation could unrivalled, again demanded explana- suffice? We apprehend there can be tion from the Foreign Secretary, and no difficulty in answering the question, took occasion to comment, with sar- and yet our position with regard to castic felicity, on the Minto pilgrimage Naples was precisely similar. to Rome. We shall presently allude No official recognition of the indeto the reply which Lord Palmerston pendence of Sicily has as yet taken thought proper to make.

place. Her Britannic Majesty has The facts of the case, as admitted accredited no ambassador to that by Lord Lansdowne, are shortly court, nor does she know any thing these :-Britain was never asked to more of the King of Sicily than her mediate formally between the con- royal predecessor did of Theodore flicting parties. The Sicilians stood King of Corsica. In all Sicilian in the position of rebels, victorious matters, as yet, this country nominperhaps on their own soil, but not, on ally recognises the supremacy of King that account, released from an alle- Ferdinand, who has in no way incurgiance which had been formally recog- red a forfeiture. Yet at the very nised by Europe. They proceeded, moment when that potentate has comas all insurgents do, to debate upon pleted his preparations for coercing some form of government, and at this his rebel subjects, a British fleet point, it seems, the Foreign Office appears off his shores, and no exthought fit to use its influence. Lord planation has been vouchsafed of Palmerston became a party to the the reasons which have brought it discussions of the revolted Sicilians, there. to the extent at least of advising In answer to Lord Malmesbury, them to select a monarchical instead who reiterated the question originally of a republican form of govern- put by Lord Stanley, “Is the fleet of Admiral Parker to interfere with any in mysteries, and peril the fair fame expedition which his Neapolitan of England's open dealing for a paltry Majesty may send against his subjects Palmerston intrigue ? in Sicily Lord Lansdowne dis- If we contemplate seriously the tinctly refused explanation. So did whole course of our foreign policy, in Lord Palmerston in answer to Mr so far as regards Italy, we cannot fail D'Israeli; and he further added, “that to be impressed with the idea that the it is not the practice of the government Whigs have given undue countenance of this country to announce to parlia- to the late insurrectionary movements. ment what the intentions of the govern- Great Britain might have come forment are." All that we shall say upon ward honourably at the commencethat point is, that, even during the ment of the Lombardy campaign to present session of parliament, ministers stop the effusion of blood and the have more than once been particularly horrors of war, by the offer of a eager to parade their intentions, with timely mediation; but no such step out even the formality of a question was taken. On the contrary, our Such answers are very apt to make Cabinet remained quiescent and looked distrustful people recollect that Naples on approvingly, so long as success is but a small state, and not so for- appeared to favour the Sardinian midable as some others which have arms : it is only after the invader has led the van of revolution. But even been beaten back, and driven within supposing that the Whig govern the frontiers of his own kingdomment are not prepared to go the after Austria has redeemed by force length of violating treaties, and break- all her Lombard territory, that Lord ing alliances by a direct and forcible Palmerston, and his new ally Cavaiginterference, this concealment is pecu- nac, have thought fit to tender their liarly unwise at a moment when nen- good offices. We may safely asktrality is of the last importance. what good purpose can be achieved Apart from this question of Sicilian by this very late intervention? Who interference, no one wants to know are the parties whose quarrel is to be why Admiral Parker's fleet is there. taken up ? Mr D'Israeli put the It is not alone Lord Stanley or Mr matter well when he asked, —First, D'Israeli whose curiosity requires to be what was to be the principle of this gratified. The King of Naples believes mediation ; secondly, what was to be this armament is sent with intentions the motive of the mediation; and hostile to him, and he has a right to thirdly, what was the end proposed to know whether Britain proposes to be attained by the mediation? The throw an impediment betwixt him motive, we are assured, is the preand his revolted dominions. Are servation of peace, and we fully subministers aware of the effect which scribe to its importance; but on all such ambiguous answers may have other matters we are left as thoroughly upon the future policy of France ? in the dark as ever. Really this General Oudinot, we know, is at the mystery is, to say the least of it, tanhead of a large army on the southern talising; and we would fain know frontier of France, and Charles Albert whether Austria is the party who has has notoriously solicited assistance taken the initiative, in securing the from that quarter. What if the French, advice of two peace-makers like drawing their own deduction from the Palmerston and Caraignac. Austria fact of the fleet being there, and has recovered the possessions guaranall explanation refused, should choose teed her by the faith of the leading to assume that we have exceeded the states of Europe, has put down insurbounds of neutrality, and are now rection, and driven back in rout and tercoercing the King of Naples ?what ror the invading Sardinian over his own if they should march an army to the frontier. There remains no body of support of the Piedmontese, again her revolted subjects in a position to make Lombardy a field of battle, and ask for mediation. As for Charles throw all Europe into irretrievable Albert, he is not, we presume, either confusion, by engaging in hostilities King of Italy or Lord of Lombardy, with Austria ? Is that contingency neither have we heard of any other 80 remote that we can afford to indulge claim, save that of sympathy, which could entitle him to enter into the gering the character and position of contest. Personally he had no wrong his country? to avenge ; but having chosen to Whether we regard the conduct of espouse the cause of the rebels, and the present ministry at home or to encounter the risks of war, he is abroad, in domestic or in foreign surely not entitled, especially after relations, we find little to praise, and defeat, to insist upon any conditions. much which we must conscientiously If Austria shall choose, of her own condemn. Late events do not seem to free will and accord, to cede posses- have conveyed to them any important sion of Lombardy, it will be a mere lesson. Diminished exports, want of act of grace, which cannot be reciprocity, and the disorganisation demanded from her by any state in of affairs on the Continent, have Europe. But she is clearly entitled effected as yet no change in their to dictate, and not to receive condi- commercial policy. They are still tions; and any interference with her determined to persevere in the course guaranteed and fully recovered rights, which they have unfortunately adopta either on the part of England or of ed, and to neglect the home and colonial France, would be tantamount to a markets for the desperate chance of declaration of war.

pushing exportation further. By deFrom first to last, therefore, we saying to make any provision for the condemn the course which has been relaxation of the odious Bank Restricpursued by the British foreign minis- tion Acts-by placing upon the comter with reference to the affairs of mittee of the House of Commons Italy, as undignified, unconstitutional, men whose financial reputation deand mischievous. It has naturally pended upon the maintenance of these lowered the estimate of our character measures—they have again exposed in the eyes of the Italian people, the country to a recurrence of that whose own fondness for intrigue does crisis which, in November last, was not prevent them from despising that so near a fatal termination. Who system, when pursued on the part of a shall answer for it that a fresh drain strong and powerful nation. Minto of bullion will not take place this jobbing has proved an utter failure. autumn ? If the harvest shall prove It may not indeed have been unpro- deficient, such undoubtedly may be ductive in results, for it has materially the case, and the mercantile world stimulated sedition, but certainly it will be left without the means of has not tended to the preservation of accommodation at the moment of its peace, or the consolidation of govern- utmost need. ment in Italy.

When we look at the long period of Lord Palmerston has not been happy tranquillity which this country has for the present year in his foreign enjoyed since the peace-when we relations. Some gratuitous advice to reflect upon the extension of trade, Spain, which he no doubt tendered the increase of our colonies, the appawith the best possible intentions, was rent accumulation of wealth at home, ignominiously returned upon his hand; the development of industry, and the and this affront was followed up by enormous social improvements which another still more serious, for our have resulted from the progress of ambassador at Madrid was dismissed. science-it seems almost miraculous Such are the results of constant med that any combination of circumstances dling with the institutions of foreign should so rapidly have involved us in states, or prying into their domestic financial embarrassments. Those emarrangements, and of everlastingly ten- barrassments are marked by the price dering unsolicited and unpalatable of money and its fluctuations, by the advice. We do Lord Palmerston the difficulty of accommodation, by the justice to believe, that he is the last unprecedented decline in the value of man in the world who would brook every kind of property, by the amount such conduct at the hands of others. of unemployed labour in the market, Why then will he persist in acting the and by the long list of bankruptcies. part of Mentor to all the states of We ask for an explanation of these Europe, at the risk of attracting insult phenomena, and we are referred to a to himself, and of materially endan- failure of the potato crop! The political economists will not acknowledge so to do, until it is called together the share they have had in the pro- under the auspices of a Cabinet imduction of such lamentable results- bued with patriotic principles, aware but, fortunately, they cannot alter of the responsibility of their situation, dates; and one thing at least is in- and thoroughly resolved to release contestible, that the commencement themselves from the trammels of a of the period of decline corresponds system which has fraud and selfishexactly with that of Sir Robert Peel's ness for its foundation, and which fiscal and currency measures. It may seeks to aggrandise a few at the sacrihave been that we were previously in fice of the industrious many. May danger from the want of these, but the Heaven grant that such men may country neither knew nor felt it. The speedily be called to the supreme change was made, and since then our councils of the nation, and that this prospects have been dark and gloomy. may be the last session, the futilities

Parliament has utterly failed, during of which it is our duty to record, last session, to suggest any remedy under the imbecile and slovenly adfor the general distress. It must fail ministration of the Whigs !

TO A CAGED SKYLARK, REGENT'S CIRCUS, PICCADILLY.

BY B. SIMMONS.

The city's stony roar around!

The city's stifling air!
The London May's distracting sound,

And dust, and heat, and glare!
She sings to-night who puts to shame
Her fabled sisters' syren-fame;
And, swarming through one mighty street,
From all opposing points they meet;
And hurrying, whirling, madd’ning on,

The crashing wheels and battling crowd
Are coming still, and still are gone-
The Thunder and the Cloud.
But the gush of faint odours

From apple-tree blooms-
The dew-fall by starlight

In green mossy glooms-
The sob of low breezes

Through hill-lifted pines
Looking miles o'er lone moorlands

While evening declines-
The dying away

Of far bleats at the shealing,
The hum of the night-fly

Where streamlets are stealing

All are floating, this moment, or mournfully heard, (Distinct as lutes mid trumpets) round thy cage, heart-breaking Bird !

They heed, nor hear—that seething mass

But storm and brawl and burst along,
Porter and Peer-the City class
And high-born Beauty shrined in glass-
The pale Mechanic and his lass-
Thick as the scythe-awaiting grass,

In one discordant throng.
While, loud with many a clanging bell,
Some annual joy the steeples tell,
And waggons' groan and drivers' yell

The loud hubbub and riot swell ;
Yet still the stunnid ear drinks, through all, that liquid song.

And far sinks the tumult,

And takes the soft moan
Of billows that shoreward

Are lapsingly thrown,
When the stars o'er the light-house

Set faintly and few,
And the waves' level blackness

Is trembling to blue.
Wing'd Darling of Sunrise !

How oft at that hour,
Where the grassy lea lovingly

Tufted thy bower,
Thy friends the meek cowslips

Still folded in sleep,
Didst thou burst, and meet Morning

Half way from the deep,
And circle and soar

Till thy small rosy wing
Seem'd a sparkle the far-coming

Splendour might fling!
How lavishly then

On the night-hidden hill
Didst thou rain down thy carol

Deliciously shrill-
Still mounting to Heaven,

As thou didst rejoice
To be nearer the Angels,

Since nearest in voice!
And thy wild liquid warbling,

Sweet Thing ! after all,
Leaves thee thus aching-breasted,

A captive and thrall.
For the thymy dell's freshness and free dewy cloud
A barr'd nook in this furnace-heat and suffocating crowd.

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