Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture

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Jan Lewis, Jan Ellen Taylor, Peter S. Onuf, Professor Peter S Onuf
University of Virginia Press, 1999 - 280 páginas

The publication of DNA test results showing that Thomas Jefferson was probably the father of one of his slave Sally Hemings's children has sparked a broad but often superficial debate. The editors of this volume have assembled some of the most distinguished American historians, including three Pulitzer Prize winners, and other experts on Jefferson, his times, race, and slavery. Their essays reflect the deeper questions the relationship between Hemings and Jefferson has raised about American history and national culture.

The DNA tests would not have been conducted had there not already been strong historical evidence for the possibility of a relationship. As historians from Winthrop D. Jordan to Annette Gordon-Reed have argued, much more is at stake in this liaison than the mere question of paternity: historians must ask themselves if they are prepared to accept the full implications of our complicated racial history, a history powerfully shaped by the institution of slavery and by sex across the color line.

How, for example, does it change our understanding of American history to place Thomas Jefferson in his social context as a plantation owner who fathered white and black families both? What happens when we shift our focus from Jefferson and his white family to Sally Hemings and her children? How do we understand interracial sexual relationships in the early republic and in our own time? Can a renewed exploration of the contradiction between Jefferson's life as a slaveholder and his libertarian views yield a clearer understanding of the great political principles he articulated so eloquently and that Americans cherish? Are there moral or political lessons to be learned from the lives of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings and the way that historians and the public have attempted to explain their liaison?

Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture promises an open-ended discussion on the living legacy of slavery and race relations in our national culture.

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Índice

The Ghosts of Monticello Gordon S Wood
19
Redux Winthrop D Jordan
35
Interracial Sex in the Chesapeake and the
52
James Callender and Social Knowledge of Interracial
87
Monticello Stories Old and New Rhys Isaac
114
The White Jeffersons Jan Ellen Lewis
127
Identity and the Hemings Family
161
Denial Is Not a River in Egypt Clarence Walker
187
Presidents Race and Sex Werner Sailors
199
Our Jefferson Jack N Rakove
210
Rescuing
236
Appendix A Madison Hemingss Memoir
255
Thomas Jefferson to Francis Gray 4 March 1815
262
Appendix E Thomas Jefferson Notes on the State of Virginia
269
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Sobre el autor (1999)

Jan Ellen Lewis is Professor of History at Rutgers University, Newark, and author of of The Pursuit of Happiness: Family and Values in Jefferson's Virginia.

Peter S. Onuf is Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor of History at the University of Virginia and editor of Jeffersonian Legacies (Virginia). His new book, Jefferson's Empire will be published in April 2000.

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