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to be deserving of applause instead of The question on the last resolution, cenfüre'; and, therefore instead of ne- expreffive of the approbation of the gativing the motion, he should first move House of Sir Charles Grey and Sir John the previous question; and, secondly, in Jervis, was then put and carried with order to thew the neceffity of the House only one diffentient voice. ' repearing its former declaration, he would s. The Chancellor of the Exchequer put the following resolutions :

proposed to the House fome additional " That the inhabitants of the French resolutions, as instructions to the ComWeft-India islands not having availed mitteę who are to prepare, and bring themselves of the proclamation of the in, a bill relative to the Prince's debts.. ift. of January, 1794, was not to be con- Mr Sheridan, in a speech of great fidered as a general rule for the British length and eloquence, entered into a deforces in that quarter to act upon.

tail of the Prince's affairs, from the time “ That, as the proclamations of the of his eftablishment being formed, down Toth and 2ift of May were not carried to the present time. He contended, that into effect, the 'Houle conceived it un. the pledge given to Parliament, in the necessary to give an opinion upon them. year 1787, was without the consent of

" And that the House fill retains the ihe Prince, and stated a variety of facts sense which it has already expressed of to corroborate that assertion. He then the able and gallant conduct of Sir adverted to the mode to be adopted for

Charles Grey and Sir John Jervis during the payment of the debts, and suggested, - their command in the West Indies." that ten thousand a year might be allow

Sir Wm. Scott feconded the motion of ed from the King's privy purse, and five Mr Dundas. He said, it was improper thousand from the Queen's ; and that for the House to give any opinion on the the remainder might be made up by the law of nations; nor should it think of aBolishment of finecure places. He conproceding to a vote of censure without cluded with moving a resolution, purfull and sufficient evidence.

porting that no burden Mould fall upon Mr C. Dundas rose merely for the the people for the payment of the debts, purpose of reading a letter from an of, until it appeared that the privy purse,ficer under the command of Sir Charles and the abolishment of finecure places, Grey, respecting the conduct of that were found insufficient for that purpose. gallant officer, and the measures had re- Mr Dundas replied ; and contended course to by him; setting forth, that he that it was impossible to apply those funds had preferred the lenient mode of con- to that object. friburion to the more severe proceeding A long conversation ensued ; after of confiscation, which the nature of his which the House divided; for Mr Pite's conquests might have warranted him in motion 148, Against it 93. adopting.

Mr Sheridan then proposed a refolu-, Sir W. Young said, that although, he tion; and Mr Pitt moved to adjourn. did not entirely disapprove of the con- Ayes 153. Noes 29. duct of the officers who were the sub- 8. The Chancellor of the Exchequera ject of debate, he nevertheless thought moved, that the sum of 65,000l. be apthat they were not wholly warranted by propriated from the Consolidated Fund the laws of war in adopting the severe for the payment of the Prince of Wales's measures againft, the inhabitants which debts, in case of his demise. This prothey had done, and should vote for the duced a long debate, at the conclusion of original motion :

which the House divided, for the motion Mr Sheridan was persuaded that the 93, against it 68. officers had acted in a manner that re- Mr Ansiruther then moved, “ That fected the highest honour on their wif- it be an inftruction to the Committee, dom and humanity.

that they may have power to apply the Several other members fpoke; after revenue of the Dutchy of Cornwall to which the House divided on the previous the purpose of discharging the Prince's question; when there appeared, Ayes 67,

debis ;

on which the House again divi

ded; for the motion 58, against it 96. The next divifion which took place Mr Pitt now moved, that the Speaker was on the first resolution moved by Mr do leave the chair, in order for the Dundas. Ayes 64, Noes 13.

House to go into a Committee on thic The second resolution was carried by bill. a majority of 43 ; the numbers being, Another debate ensued, in which Mr for it. 57, against it, 14.

Sheridan and Mr Whitbread opposed the
Ed. Mag. Jan, 1796.
I

bill,

Noes 170

bill, and condemned it, in toto, as dif- pose of having parliamentary aid affordgraceful, degrading, and inconsistent. 'ed to their embarrassments; a proceedThe House then divided on the question ing which he deemed highly dangerous of the Speaker's leaving the chair ; Ayes to the constitution, and to the liberty of 157, Noes 36.

Englishmen; for those innovations were In the Committee on the bill there were most dangerous which were filent in their divisions on three clauses.

effe ct. He concluded by saying, that it On the clause for granting his. Royal was his intention to give the negative to Highness an additional allowance of the application. 65.cool. a year, an amendinent was pro- Mr Dundas defended the measure. pored by Mr Wilberforce, that, instead The question was then put, and carof 65,000l. the blank be filled up with ried in the affirmative. 40,000l. After several other Members 15. The Auftrian loan bill was read a had spoken, a division took place, for the third time, and passed. The same day, amendment 38, against it 141.

'the House come to a resolution, that On the claute impowering his Ma- Exchequer bills, to the amount of one jefly to appoint commiffioners, &c. Ayes million and a half, be issued for the ac132, Noes 35.

commodation of persons trading to the And on the clause appointing the iflands of St Vincent and Grenada, to be 65,cool. additional income to be caken advanced to them by commissioners apfrom the Consolidated Fund, Ayes 149, pointed for that purpose, who shall reNoes 16.

ceive proper security for the fumos so ad. 13. On the second reading of the Im- vanced. perial Loan Bill, it was opposed by fee 17. The bill for providing for the payveral genilemen, particularly by Mr Fox, ment of the debts of the Prince of Wales who moved, as an amendment, that, in- was read a third time, and paffed. The stead of the word now be inserted, commissioners named to carry it into ex• this day two months.'-On a division 'ecution are, the Speaker, the Chancellor the amendment was loft by 55 to 29, and of the Exchequer, the master of the rolls, the original motion was carried.

Sir F. H. Drake, master of the house11. Mr Fox moved, that a new writ hold, and John Robinson Esq. furveyor be issued, for a burgess to ferve in para of the Crown lands. The bill afterward Tiament for the borough of Helftone, in went through the usual forms in the othe room of Sir Gilbert Elliott, bart. ap- ther House; and, on June 27, his M3.0 pointed viceroy of Corfica. This was jefty put an end to the feffion by the fol. ordered. The same day, Lord Sheffield lowing most gracious speech from the presented a petition from the merchants throne: trading to the islands of Grenada and St Vincent's, stating the calamitous effc ets' My Lords and Gentlemen, of the insurrections in those islands, on The zealous and uniform regard which their commercial dealings, and praying you have fhown to the general interest for relief. His Lordship briefly alluded of my people, and particularly the pru. to the support which the commercial dent, firm, and spirited support which credit of the nation received in 179.3, by you have continued to afford me, in the a loan of Exchequer bills, and thought a prosecution of the great conteft in which fimilar measure in the present case would we are ftill unavoidabiy engaged, deproduce equally falutary effects. He mand my warmeft acknowledgements. concluded by moving, · That the peti- The

encouragement which my allies tion be referred to a committee, to exa- muft derive from the knowledge of your mine the 'matter of it, and report their sentimeuts, and the ex:raordinary exeropinion to the house.

tions which you have enabled me to Mr. Pitt feconded the motion.

make, in supporting and augmenting Mr Fox said, that the calamity in quef- ' my naval and military forces, afford the tion was an additionnl proof of the rui-' means most likely to conduce to the rel. nous tendency of the war; and he could toration of peace to these kingdoms, and not help looking upon the present appli- to the re-eliablishment of general tran. cation as illustrative of the motives which quillity, on a fecure, an honourable, and actuated commercial men to support ad- a lafting foundation. ministration in the prosecution of it, who, Genilemen of the House of Commons, apprehending danger in their own credit, fanctioned by their voice, what they I have to return you my hearty thanks condemned in their hearts, for the pure for the liberal and ample fupplico which

the

the resources of the country have enabled when my subjects can be restored to the you to provide, beyond all former exam- fecure enjoyment of the blessings of peace, ple, for the various exigencies of the pub- I fhall not fail to make the most effectulic service.

al use of the force which you have put I have also to acknowledge, with pe- in'o my hands. culiar fenfibility, the recent proof which It is with the utmost satisfaction that you have given me of your attachment I have recently received the advices of to my person and family, in the provi- an important and brilliant fuccess ok. fion which you have made for feitling tained over the enemy, by a detachment the eftablishment of the Prince and Prin- of my fleet under the able conduct of cels of Wales, and for extricating the Lord Bridport. Prince from the incumbrances in which I have every reason to rely on the conhe was involved.

tinuance of the distinguished bravery anı!

conduct of my feet and armies, as well My Lords and Gentlemen,

as of the zeal, spirit, and perleverance It is impossible to contemplate the in- of my people, which have been uniformternal Aluation of the enemy with whom ly manitetied through the whole courte we are contending, without indulging a of this just and necessary war, hope, that the present circumstances of 'Then the Lord Chancellor, by his France may, in their effects, baften the Majetty's command said, return of fuch a state of order and regular government, as may be capable of My Lords and Gentlemen, maintaining the accustomed relations of It is his Majesty's royal will and plea, amity and peace with other powers. fure, that this Parliament be prorogued

The issue, however, of these extraor- to Wednesday, the 5th of Auguft next, dinary transactions is out of the reach of to be then here holden: and this Parliahuman foresight.

ment is accordingly prorogued to WedTill that defireable period arrives, nesday the sth August 1795.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE SIXTH SESSION OF THE SEVEN

TEENTH PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN.

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House or LORDS.

tures, on certain conditions, as might be THE order of the day being compatible with the accufomed relations deration his Majesty's speech to both was, in his wpinion, all that candour Houses of Parliament, (iee p. 397 of our could expect or policy allow. In allusion last volume,) and the same being read by to the West India expedition, he said he the principal Clerk,

looked with a fasisfaction much increased Lord Mount Edgecumbe rose to move towards the fucceffes, he anticipated in an Address to his Majesty in return for that quarter. Our affairs were, upon the his gracious communication. He began whole, lo prosperous, that instead of unby reviewing the leading circumstances becoming and imprudent condefcenfion of the war, and remarked that the very on our part, he recommended, in the lan. defeats of the Allies had been favourable guage of the Speech, that we should be to us, for unless the military torce of prepared for the alternative of war, and France had been to occupied, it would continue undiminished our activity and have been feverely felt by this country. vigour,. This was the mode of conduct The defection of some of our Ailies, he best calculated to produce a peace on faid, was of less moment than might have terms safe and honourable to accept. He been expected, for no serious inconveni. then entered into a minute inveiligation ence could accrue from that detection, of the fate of the French finances, which when we considered this country as se- he contrasted with our own, and contendparately at war with France. Our own ed, that tuch was the rapid depreciation operation's had, upon the whole, been . of assignats, that it would be imposible greatly if not unitormly successful. In . for them to continue the war on the same the East and West Indies we had made principle. The Noble Lord concluded many conquefls, and still retained a de- by reading the Address he moved, which cided superiority. His Lordship next ad- was, as usual, responsive of the fenti. verted in the disposition expressed in his stients contained in the Speech. Majefty's Specch to receive such over- Lord Walfingham feconded the Address.

12

A mcflage

ence.

A message from the Commons ac- country, were unable to procure even quainted the House that the Commons bread and water. The Government had agreed to the Address for a confer- Contractors were always upon the watch,

and bought up all the cattle and hoge The question being put on the Ad. that were formerly Naughtered for the dress,

use of the poor. Befiúes this, they were The Duke of Bedford rose to state his generally killed half fastened, and before ohjections to the Addrets in its present they had attained their full growth, Mape, and to propose another exactly, fi- which destroyed the breed, and extended milar to the one which had been propo- the inconvenience to posterity. The sed in the House of Commons. His consumption in fleets and encampments Grace said, it would be more cor.fiftent was much greater than if the men were with the dignity of Parliament for the dispersed in the country villages, exerciHouse to speak their own sentiments fing their refpective trades. Peace, imthan to subscribe to a mere echo of the mediate peace, was therefore, in his oSpeech, and happy should he be if their pinion, the only remedy that eould reach decision was a recommendation for a pa- the root of the evil, and save the country cification. He then animadverted on from impending ruin. Next to this, the different topics contained in the he thought the sufferings of the poor Speech in an able and satisfactory manner. might be alleviated by the equalization But as the remarks were in some degree of labour; and he fuzgested the proprieanticipated by the debate on the Address ty of bringing in a bill for that purpose, in the House of Commons, we deem it in order that every man's pay Tould be unnecessary to follow his Grace in a in proportion to the increased price of detail of those remarks. He next ar- provisions. After reprobating in severe raigned the conduct of Administration, terms the conduct of Administration, the whom he termed wicked and corrupt, Noble Marquis concluded by giving his and conjured the House. to draw alide most hearty support to the Amendment. that Aimsy veil which was thrown over A debate of considerable length ensuhis Majesty, whole paternal care would ed, which being merely a repetition of induce him to exercife an act of the Roy- the arguments uled in the House of Comal Prerogative, which alone could save mons, we shall not lay it before our readthe Country from destruction. He concluded by moving an Amendment to the The speakers in favour of the AdAddress.

dress were, the Earl of Mansfield, Lord Lord Grenville, in a speech of two Hawke Ibury, Earl Spencer, and the Lord hours, combated the arguments that had Chanceitor. been adduced by the Duke of Bedford, In support of the Amendment, Lord and concluded by giving his most deci- Darnley, the Duke of Grafion, and Lord ded negarive to the Amendment.

Lauderdale. The Marquis of Lansdowne exprefied The Duke of Bedford did not choose his astonishment at the words that had to take the sense of the House on his been put into his Majesty's mouth, and Motion, and accordingly withdrew it. delivered from the Throne : and having Earl Spencer gave notice, that on Mon"passed a number of strictures on the day next he should propose a Vote of Speech, proceeded to the topics that had Thanks to Admiral Lord Bridport for induced him to attend the Houle on this his meritorious fervices. occasion. The enormous price of grain At half past one o'clock the Huse adwas the subject he alluded to. Lai Ja- journed.to nuary, when he read a paper, ftating O&. 31. This day the House met at thatehe industrious poor of his neighbour- half past one ,and proceeded to St James's hood could not procure other food than with their Addreis. bread and water; and when he mentioned the excessive scarcity of provisions with which the country was about to be af

House or COMMONS. fleted, he was branded with the appella- 08. 29. The Speaker having read his tion of Jacobin, who wished to aroute Majefty's speech, Lord Dalkeitb, son of the populace against the Government of the Duke of Buccleugh, rose to move an "the Country. How far his prédictions Address. His Lordship proceeded to

on the subject of scarcity had been reali- take a general view of our resources, the zed, he left for others to determine, extent of our commerce, and the success Thic poor, he faid, in many parts of the - ses which have attended our arms, both

ers.

in the Eaft and West Indies ; which hav- Their views of aggrandizement were ing gone through, he moved, that an founded on overturning the government humble Addrels be presented to his Man of this nation, through the propagation jesty, for his most gracious speech which of their opinions and political system. he had been pleased to deliver from the He thought that these objects were to be Throne. [Here followed the Address, opposed by every effort of our arms. At which, as uiual, was an echo of the the period when hoftilities commenced, Speech.]

the French system was ruinous, but now The Hon. Mr Stewart, son of the Earl their conftitutional ideas were somewhat of Londonderry, role to second the Ad altered. Instead of that unqualified deo drets. It was not necessary to go back mocracy they at first professed, they now to the beginning of the war, in order to required of their clectors a qualification prove the defperate state of France; the of landed property greater than in Eng, prelent was sufficient to prove that the land. He observed, that the proposed contett must be brought to a conclusion division of offices in the new French favourable to this country. Affignats Legislature afforded a prospect of great. and the syftem of terror, two great lup- er security, and removed in part our porters of the French resources, were objections to peace, which would be still now almoft exhausted. The Hon. Gene further lessened, when the new governtleman here entered into a calculation of ment now forming was fairly reduced to the losses on the assignats, and the enor- practice. mous cxpences of the French govern. Mr Jenkinson next adverted to an ment. The present system, he maintain- effect of the present war, which he con. ed, would also be abandoned by them, fidered of no small consequence. All as well as the system of terror. Ho con- ranks of his Majesty's subjects, except eluded by seconding the Address. the moft profligate among the rich, and

Mr Sheridan began with expreffing the vileft among the vulgar, had fepped his" suprize that the word satisfaction forwards to express their deteftation of Thouid appear in the first line of his Ma. French opinions ; for there could be ne jelly's Speech. He conceived it a mark compromise with these opinions and the of irue religion, to be satisfied in the safety of the constitution. He then took midst of distress and disappointment. a view of the internal state and diftress Tlie abstinence, the religion, the mecke of France, where there are affignats now ness, and piety of his Majesty's Mini. in circulation to the amount of 780 mil. .fters were generally acknowledged, but lions fterling, which are growing daily

it was necesary to know on what their into such discredit, that one guinea in fatisfa&tion reited. When the House is gold will purchase so guineas in affignow assured from the Throne, that they nats. are menaced with famine, how could the Mr Fox declared, that after the very

Minifter have the assurance to use the extraordinary Speech which he had word satisfaIion.

heard from the Throne, he could not Mr Sheridan then expatiated on the pass it over in filence. He wilhed to wisdom of the Elector of Hanover in know how long his Majesty's Ministers making peace, and obseryed, that how- were to build on speculations of terror ever averse the House might be to the and anarchy. Was it not fufficient to introduction of Hanoverian troops, he add 500,000l. sterling to the annual yentured to pronounce it would haye taxes to pay the interest of 100,000,oool. no objection to make an exchange and and to have brought on the scarcity of hring' over, his Majesty's Hanoverian laft year; but must Ministers, besides, counsellors. He then went into a long insult the people, by telling them that dilplay of the catalogue of our misfor- their condition is better than it was last tunes, to place the conduct of Ministry year? in the most contsmptible light imagin. With respect to the victory of the able.

Apftrians, is was not victory of lad y year, Mr Sheridan then cocluded a very but last week. animated speech with a declaration, that He then entered on these topics, the he would not vote a filling for the fup-. general defection of the Allies, and the plies, except such as related inerely to expeditions to the Coasts of France, ibe Navy.

which he considered as conceived in the Mr Jenkinson replied to Mr Sheridan. true spirit of madness and folly to reinHe reverted to the origin of the war, state the despotism of the Bourbons. which was firft begun by the French, He maintained, that not onc family in

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