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ficient augmeotation, and the Prince proportion of his income (leaving the ought to compound his debts.

blank so be, afterwards filled up) to the Mr M. Montague was much of the liquidation of his debts.”. fame opinion,

Mr Duncombe, Mr Grey, Mr White Mr Lambton (poke in favour of the bread, and Mr Sturt, directly opputea original motion.

the motion. They recommended æconMr Curwen opposed it, as did Mr Bur- omy and retirement, as a more probable don.

means of gaining true popularity to his Mr Alderman Newnham spoke in fa- Highness than unnecessary iplendour and your of it.

extravagant expence. Mr Fox thought the Duchy of Corn- Mr Dundas, Mr Fox, and Mr Anfiruwall ought to be told, as it would bring ther, supported the motion. 600,oool. one half of which thould be Mr Sumner moved an amendment, applicd to the liquidation of the Prince's to leave out the latter part of the debts.

instructions to the Committee, which Sir W. Pulteney and Mr Wilberforce mentioned that a certain part of the thought 40,000l. a sufficient augmenta- 125,000l. Mould be applied to the lirion. On which the Committee divid- quidation of the debts of his Royal od : for Mr Pitt’s motion 260, against it Highness." 91.

Mr Grey feconded the amendment. Another division took place on the Mr Pitt and Mr Fox declared thempropofition relative to allowances for the felves against it. completion of Carleton-House, &c. For The House divided on the amendment; the resolution 200, againit it 99.

Ayes 52, Noes 266. The original moJune r. Mr Ansiruther delivered a

tion was then put, and another division Message from the Prince of Wales. After took place; Ayes 242, Noes 46; Majofome preliminary observations on the rity. 196. The other orders of the day propriety and necessity of supporting the were then deferred. dignity of the monarchy, more peculiarly 2. Mr Barham made his promised at the present moment, against the ai motion, and commented upon the ruin: tacks of artful and designing men, he ous transactions in the West Indies dur. proceeded io itate the feelings and fen- ing the command of Sir John Jervis and timents of His "Royal Highness ; and Sir Charles Grey; in the course of faid, that he was authorised, on the part which he read various extracts from of His Royal Highness, to express his their differem proclamations; and conutmost alacrity and readiness to acquiesce cluded by moving, “that an Address in any limitations, or restrictions, which be presented to his Majesty, praying the wisdom of the Houfe might think it the releinding of all the acts done in proper to lay down, for appropriating a pursuance of those proclamations, as part of his income to the liquidation of being contrary to the law of nations and his debts. It was even his eager with, if the rights of fovereignty.” possible, to anticipate the wjihes of the

Mr. Manning feconded the motion. House on the subject, and to submit most In doing fo, he declared he did it for cheerfully to any abatement of the the purpole of rescuing ihe national fplendour usually annexed in his firua- character ; which, without a disavowal tion and rank, in order to accomplish an of the proceedings alluded to, he conend in which he felt himself so deeply fidered as committed. and so peculiarly intereited.

Mr Grey took the earliest opportuThe Chancellor of the Exchequer, after nity of rising, for the purpose of obviapaying several deserved and delicate ting the impreflions which might bave compliments to the Prince, and ex- been made by the preceding speakers, presing his hopes in the unanimity of He entered into a general defence of the House on the present occafion, the conduct of his father, Sir Charles moved, " that instructions be given to Grey, and Sir John Jervis. the Committee, appointed to prepare Mr Dundas tared to the House, that the bill for granting an increased efa- an application had been made hy the blishment to his Royal Highoess, to West. India merchants to his Majelly's make provision in the bill for such a Ministers requesting them to undertake regular and a punctual order of pay- the fame measure which had been proment, in his future establishment, as to posed that night. He refifted that appliprevent the poffibility of future incum- cation, because, he conceived the conduct brances; and to appropriate a certain of Sir Charles Grey and Sir John Jervis


to be deserving of applaufe instead of The question on the last resolution, cenfure'; and, therefore inftcad of ne- expreffive of the rapprobation of the gativing the motion, he should first move House of Sir Charles Grey and Sir John the previous question; and, secondly, in Jervis, was then put and carried with order to sew the neceffity of the House only one dissentient voice. ! ropearing its former declaration, he would 5. The Chancellor of the Exchequer put the following resolutions :

proposed to the House fome additional “ That the inhabitants of the French resolutions, as instructions to the ComWeft-India islands not having availed mittee who are to prepare, and bring themselves of the proclamation of the in, a bill relative to the Prince's debts. ift. of January, 1794, was not to be con- Mr Sheridan, in a speech of great fidered as a general rule for the British length and eloquence, entered into a deforces in that quarter to act upon.

tail of the Prince's affairs, from the time “ That, as the proclamations of the of his establishment being formed, down Toth and zift of May were not carried to the present time. He contended, that into effect, the Houle conceived it un. the pledge given to Parliament, in the necessary to give an opinion upon them. year 1787, was withope the consent of

“ And that the House fill retains the ihe Prince, and stated a variety of facts fenfe which it has already expressed of to, corroborate that allertion. He then the able and gallant conduct of Sir adverted to the mode to be adopted for Charles Grey and Sir John

Jervis during the payment of the debts, and suggested, their command in the West Indies." that ten thousand a year might be allow.

Sir Wm. Scott feconded the motion of ėd from the King's privy purse, and five Mr Dundas. He said, it was improper thousand from the Queen's ; and that for the House to give any opinion on the the remainder might be made up by the law of nations ; nor should it think of a olishment of finecure places. He con

proceding to a vote of censure without cluded with moving a refolution, purfull and sufficient evidence.

porting that no burden Mould fall upon Mr C. Dundas rose merely for the the people for the payment of the debts, purpose of reading a letter from an of- until it appeared that the privy purse, ficer under the command of Sir Charles and the abolishment of finecure places, Grey, respecting the conduct of that were found insufficient for that purpose. gallant officer, and the measures had re- Mr Dundas replied ; and contended course to by him; setting forth, that he that it was impossible to apply those funds had preferred the lenient mode of con- to that object. tribution to the more severe proceeding A long conversation ensued; after of confiscation, which the nature of his which the House divided; for Mr Piti's conquests might have warranted him in motion 148, Against it'93. adopting.

Mr Sheridan then proposed a refolu-, Sir W. Young said, that although, he tion; . and Mr Pitt moved to adjourn. did not entirely disapprove of the con- Ayes 153. Nocs 29. duct of the officers who were the sub- 8. The Chancellor of the Exchequer ject of debate, he nevertheless thought moved, that the sum of 65,000l. be apthat they were not wholly warranted by propriated from the Consolidated Fund the laws of war in adopting the severe for the payment of the Prince of Wales's measures against the inhabitants which debts, in case of his demise. This prothey had done, and should vote for the duced a long debate, at the conclusion of original motion :

which the House divided, for the motion Mr Sheridan was persuaded that the 93, against it 68. officers had acted in a manner that re- Mr Anftruther then moved, " That - fected the highest honour on their wif. it be an instruction to the Committee, dom and humanity.

that they may have power to apply the Several other members fpoke; after revenue of the Dutcay of Cornwall to which the House divided on the previous the purpose of discharging the Prince's queftion; when there appeared, Ayes 67, debts; on which the House again diviNoes 17.

ded; for the motion 58, against it 96. The next divifion which took place Mr Pitt now moved, that the Speaker was on the first resolution moved by Mr do leave the chair, in order for the Dundas. Ayes 64, Noes 13.

House to go into a Committee on the The second resolution was carried by bill. a majority of 43 ; the numbers being, Another debate ensued, in which Mr for it. 57, against it, 14.

Sheridan and Mr Whitbread opposed the
Ed. Mag. Jan. 1796.


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bill, and condemned it, in toto, as dif- pose of having parliamentary aid affordgraceful, degrading, and inconsistent. ed to their embarrassments; a proceedThe House then divided on the question ing which he deemed highly dangerous of the Speaker's leaving the chair ; Ayes to the constitution, and to the liberty of 157, Noes 36.

Englishmen; for those innovations were In the Committee on the bill there were most dangerous which were filent in their divisions on three clauses.

effect. He concluded by saying, that it On the clause for granting his. Royal was his intention to give the negative to Highness an additional allowance of the application. 65,cool. a year, an amendment was pro- Mr Dundas defended the measure. pored by Mr Wilberforce, that, instead The question was then pui, and carof 65,000l. the blank be filled up with ried in the affirmative. 40,000l. After several other Members 15. The Austrian loan bill was read a

had spoken, a division took place, for the third time, and pafled. The same day, amendment 38, against it 141.

'the House come to a resolution, that On the claute impowering his Ma- Exchequer bills, to the amount of one jelly to appoint commiffioners, &c. Ayes million and a half, be isued for the ac132, Noes 35:

commodation of persons trading to the And on the clause appointing the itlands of St Vincent and Grenada, to be 65,cool. additional income to be taken advanced to them by commissioners apfrom the Corfolidated Fund, Ayes 149, ' pointed for that purpose, who shall reNoes 16.

ceive proper security for the fums so ad. 15. On the second reading of the Im- vanced.' perial Loan Bill, it was opposed by fe- 17. The bill for providing for the payveral genilemen, particularly by Mr Fox, ment of the debts of the Prince of Wales who moved, as an amendment, that, in- was read a third time, and passed. The stead of the word now be inserted, commissioners named to carry it into ex** this day two months,'-- On a division 'ecution are, the Speaker, the Chancellor the amendment was loft by S5 to 29, and of the Exchequer, the master of the rolls, the original motion was carried.

Sir F. H. Drake, master of the houseII. Mr Fox moved, that a new writ hold, and John Robinson Esq. furveyor be issued, for a burgess to ferve in pare of the Crown lands. The bill afterward Tiament for the borough of Helftone, in went through the usual forms in the othe room of Sir Gilbert Elliott, bart. ap- ther House; and, on June 24, his Ma. pointed viceroy of Corfica. This was jefty put an end to the seffion by the fol. ordered. The same day, Lord Sheffield Towing most gracious speech from the presented a petition from the merchants throne : trading to the islands of Grenada and St * Vincent's, ftating the calamitous effects My Lords and Gentlemen, of the insurrections in those islands, on - The zealous and uniform regard which their commercial dealings, and praying you have shown to the general interest for relief. His Lordship briefly alluded of my people, and particularly the pru. to the fupport which the commercial dent, firm, and spirited support which credit of the nation received in 179.3, by you have continued to afford me, in the a loan of Exchequer bills, and thought a prosecution of the great conteft in which fimilar mealure in the present case would we are fill unavoidabiy engaged, deproduce equally faluiary effects. He mand my warmeft acknowledgements. concluded by moving, • That the peti- The encouragement which my allies tion be referred to a committee, to exa- muft derive from the knowledge of your mine the 'matter of it, and report their fentimeuts, and the ex:raordinary exeropinion to the house.

tions which you have enabled me to Mr. Pitt feconded the motion.

make, in supporting and augmenting Mr Fox said, that the calamity in queso my naval and military forces, afford the tion was an additionnl proof of the rui-' means most likely to conduce to the rele nous tendency of the war; and he could toration of peace to these kingdoms, and not help looking upon the present appli- to the re-eliablishment of general trancation as illuftrative of the motives which 'quillity, on a secure, an honourable, and actuated commercial men to support ad- a lafting foundation. ministration in the prosecution of it, who, apprehending danger in their own cre

Gentlemen of the House of Commons, dit, sanctioned by their voice, what they I have to return you my hearty thanks condemned in their hearts, for the pure for the liberal and ample fupplice which


the resources of the country have enabled when my subjects can be restored to the you to provide, beyond all former exam- fecure enjoyment of the bleslings of peace, ple, for the various exigencies of the pub- I thall not fail to make the most effectulic service.

al vse of the force which you have put I have also to acknowledge, with pe- in'o my hands. culiar fenfibility, the recent proof which It is with the utmost satisfaction that you have given me of your attachment I have recently received the advices of to my person and family, in the provin an important and brilliant success okfion which you have made for fettling tained over the enemy, by a detachment the eftablishment of the Prince and Prine of my fleet under the able conduct of cefs of Wales, and for extricating the Lord Bridport. Prince from the incumbrances in which I have every reason to rely on the conhe was involved.

tinuance of the distinguished bravery ani!

couduct of my feet and armies, as well My Lords and Gentlemen,

as of the zeal, spirit, and perleverance It is impossible to contemplate the in- of my people, which have been uniformternal Aiyation of the enemy with whom ly manifelled through the whole courte we are contending, without indulging a of this just and necellary war. hope, that the present circumstances of Then the Lord Chancellor, by his France may, in their effc Ets, baften the Majesty's command said, return of fuch a state of order and regular government, as may be capable of My Lords and Gentlemen, maintaining the accustomed relations of It is his Majesty's royal will and pleaamity and peace with other powers. sure, that this Parliament be prorogued

The issue, however, of these extraor- to Wednesday, the 5th of August next, dinary transactions is out of the reach of to be then here holden: and this Parliahuman foresight.

ment is accordingly prorogued to WedTill that defireable period arrives, nesday the sth August 1995.



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oa. 30.

House or LORDS.

tures, on certain conditions, as might be HE order of lhe day being compatible with the accufomed relations

deration his Majesty's speech to both was, in his opinion, all that candour Houses of Parliament, (iee p. 397 of our could expect or policy allow. In allusion last volume,) and the same being read by to the Weft India expedition, he said he the principal Clerk,

looked with a satisfaction much increated Lord Mount Edgecumbe rose to move towards the fucceffes, he anticipated in an Address to his Majetty in return for that quarter. Our affairs were, upon the his gracious communication. He began whole, so prosperous, that instead of unby reviewing the leading circumstances becoming and imprudent condescension of the war, and remarked that the very on cur part, he recommended, in the landefeats of the Allies had been favourable guage of the Speech, that we should be to us, for unless the military torce of prepared for the alternative of war, and France had been to occupied, it would continue undiminished our activity and have been severely felt by this country. vigour, This was the mode of conduct The defection of some of our Allies, he belt calculated to produce a peace on faiŭ, was of less moment than might have terms safe and honourable to accept. He been expected, for no serious inconvenio then entered into a minute investigation ence could accrue from that defection, of the fate of the French finances, which when we considered this country as se- he contrasted with our own, and contencparately at war with France. Our own ed, that tuch was the rapid depreciation operationis had, upon the whole, been . of assignats, that it would be impossible greatly if not uniformly successful. In . for them to continue the war on the same the East and West Indies we had made principle. The Noble Lord concluded many conquells, and ftill retained a de- by reading the Address he moved, which cided superiority. His Lordship next ad- was, as usual, responfive of the sentiverted to the disposition expressed in his ments contained in the Speech. Majesty's Specch to receive such over. Lord Walfingham feconded the Address.

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A message from the Commons ac- country, were unable to procure even quainted the House that the Commons bread and water. The Government had agreed to the Address for a confer- Contractors were always upon the watch,

and bought up all the cattle and hoge The question being put on the Ad. that were formerly Naughtered for the dress,

use of the poor. Befiúes this, they were The Duke of Bedford rose to state bis generally killed half fastened, and before ohjections to the Addrets in its present they had attained their full growih, shape, and to propose another exactly, fi- which destroyed the breed, and extended milar to the one which had been propo- the inconvenience to posterity. The fed in the House of Commons. His consumption in fleets and encampments Grace said, it would be more cor.fiftent was much greater than if the men were with the dignity of Parliament for the dispersed in the country villages, exerciHouse to speak their own sentiments fing their respective trades. Peace, imthan to subicribe to a mere echo of the mediate peace, was therefore, in his oSpeech, and happy should he be if their pinion, the only remedy that could reach decision was a recommendation for a pa- the root of the evil, and lave the country cification. He then animadverted on from impending ruin. Next to this, the different topics contained in the he thought the sufferings of the poor Speech in an able and satisfactory manner. might be alleviated by the equalization But as the remarks were in some degree of labour; and he fuggested the proprieanticipated by the debate on the Address ty of bringing in a Bill for that purpose, in the House of Commons, we deem it in order that every man's pay fould be unnecessary to follow his Grace in a in proportion to the increased price of detail of those remarks. He next ar, provisions. After reprobaring in severe raigned the conduct of Administration, terms the conduct of Administration, the whom he termed wicked and corrupt, Noble Marquis concluded by giving his and conjured the House to draw alide most hearty support to the Amendment. that aimsy veil which was thrown over A debate of confiderable length ensuhis Majesty, whole paternal care would ed, which being merely a repetition of induce him to exércife an act of the Roy- the arguments uled in the House of Comal Prerogative, which alone could save mons, we shall not lay it before our readthe Country from destruction. He concluded by moving an Amendment to the The speakers in favour of the AdAddress.

dress were, the Earl of Mansfield, Lord Lord Grenville, in a speech of two Hawkelbury, Earl Spencer, and the Lord hours, combated the arguments that had Chancellor. been adduced by the Duke of Bedford, In support of the Amendment, Lord and concluded by giving his moft deci- Darnley, the Duke of Grafion, and Lord ded negarive to the Amendment. Lauderdale.

The Marquis of Lansdowne expresied - The Duke of Bedford did not choose his astonishment at the words that had to take the fenfe of the House on his been put into his Majesty's mouth, and Motion, and accordingly withdrew it. delivered from the Throne : and having Earl Spencer gave notice, that on Mon"passed a number of Atrictures on the day next he thould propose a Vore of Speech, proceeded to the topics that had Thanks to Admiral Lord Bridport for induced him to attend the Houle on this His meritorious fervices. occasion. The enormous price of grain : At half past one o'clock the Huse adwas the subject he alluded to. Lait Ja- nuary, when he read a paper, ftating 08. 31. This day the House met at thatthe industrious poor of his neighbour- half past one ,and proceeded to St James's hood could not procure other food than with their Address. bread and water; and when he mentioned the excessive scarcity of provisions with which the country was about to be af,

House or COMMONS. flicted, he was branded with the appella- 08. 29. The Speaker having read his tion of Jacobin, who wished to aroulé Majesty's speech, Lord Dalkeitb, son of the populace against the Government of the Duke of Buccleugh, rose to move an the Country. How far his predictions Address. His Lordship proceeded to

on the subject of scarcisy had been reali- take a general view of our resources, the zed, he left for others to determine, extent of our commerce, and the succes- Thc poor, he faid, in many parts of the - ses which have attended our arms, both


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